ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

free research papers-biotechnology recent 2014


Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering as well as cell- and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures (and history) for modifying living organisms according to human purposes : going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and improvements to these through breeding programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. By comparison to biotechnology, bioengineering is generally thought of as a related field with its emphasis more on higher systems approaches (not necessarily altering or using biological materials directly) for interfacing with and utilizing living things.

Editorial overview: Energy Biotechnology Korneel Rabaey and Arthur J Ragauskas
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The world population of approx. 7.1 billion will grow by 1754% by 2050. The world economy in 2050 will be four times larger than today and is projected to need 80% more energy in 2050. And, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are on track to increase by Volumes are organized topically and provide a comprehensive discussion of developments in the field over the past 35 years. The series also discusses new discoveries and applications. Special volumes are dedicated to selected topics which focus on new rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation,

Basic Concept of Biotechnology
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Biotechnology is broadly defined in a 1991 Office of Technology Assessment report as" any technique that uses living organisms (or parts of organisms) to make or modify products, to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific uses." This

Welcome to Fungal Biology and Biotechnology
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Fungi are fundamental and predominant influences in our lives. These species impact us in diverse ways, such as generating the food we eat and drink, providing life-saving pharmaceutical agents, and are sources of enzymes; and yet they adversely affect the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on

Yeast biotechnology: teaching the old dog new tricks
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Abstract Yeasts are regarded as the first microorganisms used by humans to process food and alcoholic beverages. The technology developed out of these ancient processes has been the basis for modern industrial biotechnology. Yeast biotechnology has gained great

Fungal Biology and Biotechnology
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Background Phytochelatin synthase (PCS) is an enzyme that catalyzes the biosynthesis of phytochelatin from glutathione. Phytochelatins protect cells against the toxic effects of non- essential heavy metals, such as cadmium, and hence growth is restricted in the presence

BMR Biotechnology
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Abstract The study was undertaken to assess the genetic diversity on the basis of molecular characterization among 48 traditional aromatic rice varieties of India. It is very important for germplasm management, varietal identification, and DNA fingerprinting. Twenty four ISSR

Editorial overview: Analytical biotechnology: New technologies for quantitative analysis of biological specimens and natural products
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High-throughput screens to identify bioactive compounds that can benefit human health have become commonplace. While these screens have not been limited by imagination, they have been limited by the simple truth that analytical characterization of complex

A novel thermostable xylanase GH10 from Malbranchea pulchella expressed in Aspergillus nidulans with potential applications in biotechnology
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Abstract Background: The search for novel thermostable xylanases for industrial use has intensified in recent years, and thermophilic fungi are a promising source of useful enzymes. The present work reports the heterologous expression and biochemical characterization

Editorial overview: Environmental Biotechnology Hauke Harms and Howard Junca
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Research into the fate of environmental chemicals has come a long way since its early days. Approximately four decades ago, the scientific discovery and public perception of rising concentrations of poisonous chemicals in the environment triggered a wave of attempts to

Biotechnology of Silk
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Silks continue to attract attention of researchers in biology, biochemistry, biophysics, analytical chemistry, polymer technology, textile technology and tissue engineering. Increase in the number of papers in spider silk research is remarkable today. Advances in

Embarking on a second green revolution for sustainable agriculture by vermiculturebiotechnology using earthworms: reviving the dreams of Sir Charles Darwin
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Vermiculture biotechnology promises to usher in the 'Second Green Revolution'by completely replacing the destructive agro-chemicals which did more harm than good to both the farmers and their farmland. Earthworms restore and improve soil fertility and

The Biotechnology and Genetics Race: Bio-materials Versus Biological Materials in Orthopaedic Applications
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Copyright: Murr LE 2014. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Bone

5th World Congress on Biotechnology
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The transcription factor NURR1 plays a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of neurotransmitter phenotype in dopamine neurons. These neurons are present in the substantianigra of the midbrain, and produce the neurotransmitter dopamine by which

Copyright 2014 by Academic Publishing House Researcher Published in the Russian Federation European Journal of Molecular Biotechnology
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Abstract Climate change is one of the major issues affecting all of us on our planet. Predicted increase in temperature and decrease in precipitation due to climate change may add complexity and uncertainty to plant and agricultural systems and threaten their

Genomics and Systems Biotechnology in Biopharmaceutical Processing
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SBE SUPPLEMENT: A DECADE OF PROGRESS also antibodies or antibody-based molecules, such as Fc-fusion proteins (Figure 1). Recently, researchers have started studying more nonnatural proteins. Some of the molecules, called bispecific antibodies (

A study on Green Suppliers Selecting for Biotechnology Industry on the basis of Analytic Hierarchy Process
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Abstract:. The objectives of the research were twofold:(1) to establish collaborative evaluation criteria of green suppliers utilizing AHP; and (2) to construct evaluation processes according to the aforementioned set of criteria. In order to fulfil the two goals, an

Biotechnology: a case of delayed international convergence
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Catching up and leapfrogging regularly occur in capitalist economies, both at the level of entire countries and specific industries. The USA has taken the lead in biopharmaceuticals and has kept it for over fifty years. Biotechnology is now helping the US pharmaceutical

Department of Biotechnology, Pacific Academy of Higher Education Research, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
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ABSTRACT Biotechnology plays a predominant role in discovery and production of hydrocarbon for energy security of the world and thereby plays a pivotal role in oil industry. Oil industry have performed substantial amount of research and applied bioprocesses as

5th World Congress on Biotechnology
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In this regard DQCM (Quartz Crystal Microbalances with Dissipation) offers unique properties of sensing mass as well as viscoelastic effects together in single set of measurements. DQCM is attractive due to sensor response in the form of dissipation

(Bertoni) on Alloxan induced Diabetic Mice Sunanda Singh and Veena Garg Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapeeth, Banasthali,
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ABSTRACT We have investigated the possible role of root extract of Stevia rebaudiana in managing the oxidative stress and hyperglycemia caused by alloxan induction in Swiss albino mice. Material and Methods: Four groups of mice were studied. Group NC The 3rd International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology (iCBEB 2014), held in Beijing from the 25th to the 28th of September 2014, is an annual conference that intends to provide an opportunity for researchers and practitioners around the world to

Present and future trends in the animal biotechnology sector Edo Dagaro DIAL, University of Udine, Italy E-mail address: dagaro@ uniud. it.
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In the last two decades, genomic research in farm animals has greatly improved our knowledge on the genetic control of the most important production, reproduction and fitness traits. Results have already been applied in breeding programs in order to improve

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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Biotechnology for micropropagation and enhancing variations in Vanilla
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ABSTRACT Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia), a tropical orchid cultivated for its pleasant flavour, is a native of Mexico, and an introduced crop to other countries. Continuous vegetative propagation and lack of sufficient variations in the gene pool hampers crop improvement

RESEARCH AND REVIEWS: JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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ABSTRACT Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) refers to retrograde flow of gastric contents to the upper aero-digestive tract which causes a variety of symptoms such as cough, hoarseness and asthma. In this study, we observed the changes seen in the

Receptor Capacity for Biotechnology Innovation in Canada
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Executive Summary Biotechnology innovation and its impact on private sector growth has been an interest of the Canadian federal government for more than 40 years. Despite this perennial interest, the evidence from life science and biotechnology related funding

Effect of biotechnology on biodiversity
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ABSTRACT: Biotechnology has emerged as a key technology for economic development in the next century. Some of scientists believe that biodiversity is threatened by agriculture as whole, and particularly also by traditional methods of agriculture. Knowledge-based

Current Concepts and Translational Uses of Platelet Rich Plasma Biotechnology
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A two-decade long research has expedited knowledge about tissue repair mechanisms, and the field of Regenerative Medicine is gaining ground stimulated by novel insights and the development of therapeutic biotechnologies, intending to restore tissue architecture and The purpose of this article is to document the relationship between intellectual capital disclosure and dividend policies of biotechnology firms listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange during the period between 2001 and 2010. The firms' intellectual capital

Determinants of Patent Cita/ons in Biotechnology: An Analysis of Patent Influence Across the Industrial and Organiza/onal Boundaries
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ABSTRACT The present paper extends the literature investigating key drivers leading certain patents to exert a stronger influence on the subsequent technological developments (inventions) than other ones. We investigated six key determinants, as (i) the use of

Biotechnology for Medicinal Plants
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Plant-based medicines are used in all civilizations and cultures, and have been one of the indispensable lines of defense in maintaining health and combating diseases worldwide. With the increasing demand of medicinal plants at the global level for use in 2012 International Conference on Applied Biotechnology (ICAB2012) was organized by Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology,

The Effect of Biotechnology and Biofuels on US Corn Belt Cropping Systems
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The objective of this paper is to investigate the linkage between the use of genetically- enhanced crops in production agriculture, bioenergy produced from these crops, and their combined effects on cropping patterns in the US Corn Belt. Specifically, we investigate the

Growing Uses of 2A in Plant Biotechnology
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The combination,'pyramiding'or 'stacking'of multiple genes in plants is a fundamental aspect of modern plant research and biotechnology. The most widely adopted stacked traits (herbi- cide tolerance and insect protection) provide growers with benefits of increased crop yield,

Stabilizing Biotechnology of Double Matrix Capsule Containing Lactobacillus Bacteria in Healthy Food Industry.
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Abstract This study is to develop the double matrix capsulation biotechnology in order to increase the conservativeness and stability of lactobacillus bacteria, to be deliciously flavored and give it visually differential effect in healthy food industries, were described. In

Food for the Few: Neoliberal Globalism and Biotechnology in Latin America
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Since the commercial introduction of genetically engineered crops to the United States in the mid-1990s, modern biotechnology has been highly contested as a mode of agricultural production. Substantial disagreement in both the scientific community and civil society

THE ROLE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY
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ABSTRACT Biological diversity provides the variety of life on the Earth and can be defined as the variability among and between the living organisms and species of surrounding ecosystems and ecological complexes of their life support. It has been estimated that one

Toxin-antitoxin systems: classification, biological function and application in biotechnology
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Abstract The toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are systems in which an unstable antitoxin inhibits a stable toxin. This review aims to introduce the TA system and its biological application in bacteria. For this purpose, first we describe a new classification for the TA systems based

RESEARCH AND REVIEWS: JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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Bioresources Engineering Department, CSIR-Institute of Minerals Materials Technology, Bhubaneswar-751013, Orissa, India. Tel.:+ 91-9937081852; Fax:+ 91-674 2581637, Keywords: Biomineral Processing, Metal extraction, Microorganisms, Bioleaching,

Biotechnology and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Rice
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World population is escalating day by day and by 2050 it is expected to reach 9.1 billion, but agricultural production is not rising at a parallel pace. In order to feed the world population, global agricultural production should be increased by 60-110 per cent and 70 per cent This paper is about a specific type of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS), namely RD services sector in biotechnology, and their growth in four Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay. Like other emerging and developing countries,

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND METABOLIC ENGINEERING OF STEVIA REBAUDIANA (BERT.) BERTONI: PERSPECTIVE AND POSSIBILITIES
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Metabolic engineering has emerged as a powerful tool for higher yields of secondary metabolites of industrial importance. Stevia plants are known for providing natural calorie- free sweetener and the sweetness arising from several steviol glycosides and their

REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS: THE APPLIED BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH COMPONENT OF THE DA BIOTECHNOLOGY PROGRAM
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Biotechnology RDE Program Team was tasked:(1) To review the current Research, Development and Extension (RDE) Roadmap of the Department of Agriculture Biotech Program and other roadmaps or programs being implemented and

Performance Evaluation of Industrial Effluent Treatment Systems (IETSs)-An Insight forBiotechnology Advances in Agro-Based Wastewater Treatment
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Accepted: Feb 24, 2014; Published: Mar 12, 2014 Abstract: Seven Industrial Effluent Treatment Systems (IETSs, IETS1-IETS7) were evaluated to identify the most effective biological treatment for palm oil mill effluent (POME) and their compliance to the prevailing The 2nd International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology (iCBEB 2013), held in Wuhan on 1113 October 2013, is an annual conference that aims at providing an opportunity for international and national researchers and practitioners to

Evaluating the Success of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program: Impact on Biotechnology Companies in Pennsylvania
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Abstract: The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program was created to stimulate technological innovation and business development at early stage companies in the United States. In its 21-year history, the program has channeled over $35 billion of public funds to

Use of Biotechnology to Engineer Starch in Cereals
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Abstract The starch accumulated in rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, and millet grain is indispensible for human survival as it accounts for most of the consumed calories. In addition, cereal starch is used in its natural or modified state as a healthful food, and as an

Health biotechnology development in Malaysia:targeting local and global health needs through health technology
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During last few decades, Malaysia has successfully transformed from an agriculture based poor nation to a modern industrial upper middle income country. Since the independence in 1957 till 2005, real gross domestic product (GDP) has grown by an average of 6.5 per cent

Developing Digital Courseware for a Virtual Nano-Biotechnology Laboratory: A Design-based Research Approach
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ABSTRACT This paper first reviews applications of multimedia in engineering education, especially in laboratory learning. It then illustrates a model and accreditation criteria adopted for developing a specific set of nanotechnology laboratory courseware and reports the

Applications of Analytical Instruments in Biotechnology: A Comparative Review
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ABSTRACT Knowing the appropriate applications of various analytical techniques used in biotechnology, makes the experiment more easier and let the researcher obtain a better result which also reduces the time period of experiment by eliminating the trial and error

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND PLANT BREEDING PERSPECTIVES
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ABSTRACT Methods of plant biotechnology are considered as one of the powerful tools for conservation and effective utilization of the world flora biodiversity. In vitro plant germplasm bank of the world flora is maintained at the Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic

RESEARCH AND REVIEWS: JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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1Department of Microbiology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi 110095, India. 2Department of Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi 110095, India. 3Department of Biochemistry,

Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
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Background To induce peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor a (PPARa) expression and increase milk fat utilization in pigs at birth, the effect of maternal feeding of the PPARa agonist, clofibrate (2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methyl-propanoic acid, ethyl ester), on fatty acid

Perceptions of Non-Europeans on Biotechnology in Europe: Bridging the Knowledge Gap
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Abstract: Countries around the world are utilising the new tools of modern biotechnology in their national agricultural research and development programmes to enhance food and nutritional security and foster economic growth. While the ongoing heated debate and Already millenniums before the chemical industry invented ''white biotechnology'', food has been produced in biotechnological ways. Wine, beer, soy sauce, tempeh, sauerkraut, and many more traditional foods impressively show that biotechnological processes today are

Tools and Techniques using in Microbial Biotechnology
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ABSTRACT Biotechnology is a vast criterion which makes today's life easy. By the tools and techniques of biotechnology various alterations in medicine, agricultural field made possible. Even some advance tools gives gene alteration facilities by which genetic

Can Venture Capitalists in Biotechnology Time the Market
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Abstract: This paper investigates the ability of venture capitalists to time market conditions when deciding between public and private financings as well as issuance of follow-on offerings, focusing on a segment of the US biotechnology industry. This has been

Biosafety and Biosecurity Issues in Biotechnology Research
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Biotechnology is broadly defined as the application of scientific and engineering principles to produce valuable substances by deploying biological agents. Here, the biological agents are not only limited to microorganisms but animals and plants are also being used for the

Applications of Biotechnology in Oncology
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This book puts together excerpts from various writings by the author on biotechnology topics as they relate to cancer. It is meant for oncologists, scientists involved in research on cancer biology, and physicians in various specialties who deal with cancer. It will be useful for

Biotechnology Center of the TU Dresden January 7, 2015
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The PyScanFCS software provided is free software: you can redistribute it and/or mod- ify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, The 2014 International Conference on Applied Biotechnology (ICAB 2014), organized by Chinese Society of Biotechnology and Tianjin University of Science, was held from November 28 to 30, 2014 in Tianjin, China. The conference served as a forum for

Application of Biotechnology for Nematode Control in Crop Plants
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Abstract Effective control of plant parasitic nematodes in crop plants will contribute hundreds of millions of dollars to global agriculture and help underpin future food security. Natural nematode resistance genes present in gene pools of crop species and their relatives have The paper empirically examines biotechnology innovation system in order to present the concerns of developing countries. Through mapping innovation processes/functions over time, it is possible to develop insights of the dynamics of innovation systems. This In the past decade, we have witnessed the giant advancement of silicon nanotechnology, which provides exciting new avenues for myriad electronic, energetic, environmental, biological, and biomedical applications. Among them, the exploration of silicon

Biotechnology in Environmental Monitoring and Pollution Abatement
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The aim of this study was characterization of the isolated dissimilatory arsenate reducing bacteria in the context of their potential for arsenic removal from primary arsenic minerals through reductive dissolution. Four strains, Shewanella sp. OM1, Pseudomonas sp. OM2,

The Interplay of Standardization and Research: Evidence from the Biotechnology Industry
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Abstract State-of-the-art: Standards can limit creativity, but recent studies have established that potential drawbacks are outweighed by the benefits along the innovation process (Tassey, 2000). In the past, research in standardization has often focused on compatibility

Recent Advances in Microalgal Biotechnology
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Abstract The world is facing lack of alternative fuels. The demand for alternate energy is increasing every day and concurrently the depletion of fossil fuels has been so rapid that it could lead to energy crisis in the future. The energy production from photosynthetic

Biotechnology Reports
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StAP3 is a plant aspartic protease with cytotoxic activity toward a broad spectrum of pathogens, including potato and human pathogen microorganisms, and cancer cells, but not against human T cells, human red blood cells or plant cells. For this reason, StAP3 could

Environmental Bioremediation: A Low Cost Nature's Natural Biotechnology for Environmental Clean-up
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Abstract Setting up of new industries or expansion of existing industrial establishments resulted in the disposal of industrial effluents, which discharge untreated effluents causing air, water, soil and solid waste pollution. Bioremediation is an ecologically sound and

RESEARCH AND REVIEWS: JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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Polygalacturonase enzyme has its industrial application in extraction and clarification of fruit juices. Growth as pellet is an important character for any industrial fungal strain as product recovery becomes easy and simple. The simultaneous effect of fermentation conditions
Digital Image Processing-project-Image Segmentation

Global nanotechnology research -overview



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