ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

ontology IEEE PAPER 2017




Ontology -Based Data Access and Integration
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An ontology -based data integration (OBDI) system is an information management system consisting of three components: an ontology , a set of data sources, and the mapping between the two. The ontology is a conceptual, formal description of the domain of interest to

2.02 A New Mammalian Brain Ontology Based on Developmental Gene Expression
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Abstract Traditional attempts to classify the relationships between parts of the central nervous system of vertebrates have been almost entirely based on the external appearance of structures in the adult brain. Developmental gene expression and fate mapping have

Audio Set: An ontology and human-labeled dataset for audio events
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ABSTRACT Audio event recognition, the human-like ability to identify and relate sounds from audio, is a nascent problem in machine perception. Comparable problems such as object detection in images have reaped enormous benefits from comprehensive datasets

Putting the epistemology back: writing against ontology in HE philosophy
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Page 1. 1 | Page Putting the epistemology back: writing against ontology in HE philosophy Dr. Steve Hanson University of Salford, Salford, UK pedagogy, and therefore is of relevance to international HE practitioners of all subjects. Key words: education, policy, philosophy,

Whats ontology got to do with it? On nature and knowledge in a political ecology of thegreen economy
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Abstract Contemporary market-based (ie neoliberal)green economyapproaches to environmental degradation emphasise exchanges whereby quantified units of environmental harm are traded oroffsetfor compensating units of environmental health. Also

Special issue on ontology and linked data matching.
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Semantic web technologies break down many of the barriers to leveraging the large amount of data and information that has been collected or created. The use of unique identifiers, transport protocols like HTTP, and uniform data description languages like RDF go a

Epistemolgical Ontology and Logical Form in Russellls Logical Atomism 1914o1918
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Abstract Logical analysis, according to Bertrand Russell, leads to and ends with logical atomism, an ontology of atomic facts that is epistemologi# cally founded on sense# data, which Russell claimed are mind# independent physical objects. We first explain how But can we trust these annotations? In Part III, we consider the problem of evaluating GO annotations. We first provide an overview of the different approaches, the challenges associated with them, but also some successful initiatives (Chapter 8). We then focus on the

Subjects under evaluation with the urref ontology
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Abstract The question addressed in this paper is what is to be evaluated by the Uncertainty Representation and Reasoning Evaluation Framework (URREF) ontology . We thus identify the elements composing uncertainty representation and reasoning approaches,

Ontology -mediated querying with the description logic el: Trichotomy and linear datalog rewritability
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Abstract We consider ontology -mediated queries (OMQs) based on an EL ontology and an atomic query (AQ), provide an ultimately fine-grained analysis of data complexity and study rewritability into linear Datalog aiming to capture linear recursion in SQL. Our main results

Applied Ontology : A foreword by the new Editors-in-Chief
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One of the earliest gatherings that focused on applied ontology was the ECAI 1994 Workshop on Implemented Ontologies. Each submission was required to include the specification of the ontologies discussed in the paper, so that discussions about the

Data Curation with Ontology Functional Dependencies
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Abstract Poor data quality has become a pervasive issue due to the increasing complexity and size of modern datasets. Constraint based data cleaning techniques rely on integrity constraints as a benchmark to identify and correct errors. While functional dependencies

The european legal taxonomy syllabus: a multi-lingual, multi-level ontology framework to untangle the web of european legal terminology
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Development of Integrated Visualization Tool for Differentially Expressed Genes and Gene Ontology Analysis
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Abstract To study biological significance, biologists deal with differentially expressed genes and corresponding gene ontology data. For more intuitive research, biologists visualize them with heatmap and gene ontology graph, respectively. We propose a tool that integrates

Ontology -Driven Conceptual Modeling for Early Warning Systems: Redesigning the Situation Modeling Language.
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Abstract: An early warning system (EWS) is an integrated system that supports the detection, monitoring and alerting of emergency situations. A possible application of an EWS is in epidemiological surveillance, to detect infectious disease outbreaks in geographical areas.

Towards an ontology for formalising process documents within the Observations Measurements information model
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Within the scope of the European Commissions Ocean Data Interoperability Platform-II and SeaDataCloud projects, an effort has begun to describe the SeaDataNet Common Data Inventory metadata format [1] using the ISO/Open Geospatial Consortium standard

Game Character Ontology (GCO)
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ABSTRACT Creating video games that are market competent costs in time, e ort and resources which often cannot be a orded by small-medium enterprises, especially by independent game development studios. As most of the tasks involved in developing games

IncMap: A Journey towards Ontology -based Data Integration.
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Abstract: Ontology -based data integration (OBDI) allows users to federate over heterogeneous data sources using a semantic rich conceptual data model. An important challenge in ODBI is the curation of mappings between the data sources and the global

A few notes on ontology and destituent power. A reply to Gordon
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In his reply to my recent paper (Joronen, 2016), Neve Gordon raises several critical claims that question the usefulness and coherence of understanding some Palestinian forms of resistance in terms of Agambens recent writings on destituent power, or what I call

Why the internet of things needs object orientated ontology
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Abstract: The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of connected devices with inputs and outputs operating in, and on, the physical world. The network is simultaneously fed by, and feeds into, data streams flowing across digital-physical boundaries, connecting sensors,

An Integration-Oriented Ontology to Govern Evolution in Big Data Ecosystems.
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ABSTRACT Big Data architectures allow to flexibly store and process heterogeneous data, from multiple sources, in its original format. The structure of those data, commonly supplied by means of REST APIs, is continuously evolving, forcing data analysts using it need to

Source Information Disclosure in Ontology -Based Data Integration (with proofs)
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Ontology -based data integration systems allow users to effectively access data sitting in multiple sources by means of queries over a global schema described by an ontology . In practice, datasources often contain sensitive information that the data owners want to keep

Making Cross Products and Guarded Ontology Languages Compatible
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Abstract Cross products form a useful modelling tool that allows us to express natural statements such as elephants are bigger than mice , or, more generally, to define relations that connect every instance in a relation with every instance in another relation. Despite their

An Enterprise Feature Ontology for Feature-Based Product Line Engineering
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Abstract. Feature-Based Software and Systems Product Line Engineering ( Feature-Based PLE ) has emerged as a modern, repeatable, codified, and proven-in-practice specialization of generic PLE practice. Feature-Based PLE involves automation-supported configuration of

An Ontology about Expertise Management
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Abstract An Expertise Management ontology (EMont) is presented with which human expertise is captured. EMont aims at describing and collectively finding improvements for complex situations in which people interact with often conflicting worldviews in order to

Temporal Ontology in Perspective
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Abstract Do non-present things exist? A number of authors have argued that this question lacks substance in that the rival temporal ontologies Presentism (non-present things dont exist) and Eternalism (non-present things exist) are not properly distinct, and so temporal

Finding of Interesting Rules from Association Mining by Ontology and Page Ranking
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In Data Mining, the usefulness of association rules is strongly limited by the huge amount of delivered rules. Association rule mining is considered as one of the most important tasks in Knowledge Discovery in Databases among sets of items in transaction. To overcome this drawback, several

A Public Safety Ontology for Global City Indicators (ISO37120)
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Cities use a variety of metrics to evaluate themselves. With the introduction of ISO 37120, which contains over 100 indicators for measuring a citys quality of life and sustainability, it is now possible to consistently measure and compare cities, assuming they adhere to the Leonidas Zelmanovitzs The Ontology and Function of Money is divided into four sections (with a fifth for appendices), each dealing with a separate philosophical aspect of money. The first section is titled Metaphysics and explores key concepts concerning moneys origin

An Energy Ontology for Global City Indicators (ISO 37120)
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Enterprise Integration Laboratory (eil.utoronto.ca) University of Toronto 5 Kings College Road, Toronto ON, M5S 3G8 EIL Working Paper, First Published: May 30, 2017 To create tomorrows smarter cities, todays initiatives will need to create measurable improvements.

Set Theory Ontology as an Approach to Gamings Composite Form
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This paper will explore the possibilities that mathematical set theory has to offer the scholarly study of videogames. Videogames are highly heterogeneous objects of study, comprising what Linderoth (2015) has called a composite form: complex arrangements of material,

Knowledge Fusion and Synchronization over Ubiquitous Ontology Mapping
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Abstract With the rapid development and popularization of web services, the available information types and structure are becoming more and more complex and challenging. Actually web services involve the need for dynamic integration and transparent knowledge

Dealing with fuzzy ontology integration problem by using constraint satisfaction problem
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Abstract The problem of fuzzy ontology integration can be divided into two phases: the matching phase between ontologies and conflicting resolution on fuzzy values. This paper focuses on the problems of the matching phase, which currently has exhaustive and

Event Ontology based on Four-Dimensionalism
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Donald Davidson (1980) developed an event-based semantics. According to Davidson, we can quantify over events as well as things. In this paper, we extend this view and formalize an ultimate form of event-based ontology . Not only do we accept events as concrete objects

Mathematics, Ontology and Reference
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Ontology the study of what kinds of things there are is a central question of philosophy, cognitive science and artificial intelligence. This talk addresses mathematical ontology and its relationship to cognitive science. In mathematics we have concepts such as graphs,

Activity Theory Based Ontology Model for Efficient Knowledge Sharing in eHealth
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Abstract Knowledge sharing has become an important issue that challenges the efficient healthcare delivery in eHealth system. It also rises as one of the most demanding applications with reference to dynamic interactivities among various healthcare actors (eg Wendy Wheelers new book is about semiotics in life and culture, or about Bthe contribution that biosemiotics can make to these arguments about the intertwined, living and communicative sign systems which humans call culture, nature, environment, and mind^(p.

Automated Predictive big data analytics using Ontology based Semantics
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Abstract: Study the growth history of galaxies by following theirmerger trees in large-scale astrophysical simulations. The service uses the addition of lambda expressions and the Stream API in Java 8, Java has gained a powerful and expressive query language that

An application of the ontology based GOAL-Framework in a higher education institution in Australia: A case study
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Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate and develop a methodology to analyse organizational data in order to evaluate the level of the organizational goals achievement. In order to achieve this aim, we proposed a framework, named GOAL-Framework for the

Towards Ontology Quality Assessment
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Abstract. The success of systems making use of ontology schemas depend mainly on the quality of their underlying ontologies. This has been acknowledged by researchers who responded by suggesting metrics to measure different aspects of quality. Tools have also The exponential growth of demand for sharing of knowledge beyond the normative mental capacity of human beings is accelerating construction of and contributions to the Semantic Web. Development and integration of computer ontologies, with multi-agent knowledge

ENTERPRISE ONTOLOGY MODEL FOR TACIT KNOWLEDGE EXTERNALIZATION IN SOCIO-TECHNICAL ENTERPRISES.
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ABSTRACT Aim/Purpose A vital business activity within socio-technical enterprises is tacit knowledge externalization, which elicits and explicates tacit knowledge of enterprise employees as external knowledge. The aim of this paper is to integrate diverse aspects of

Data Privacy Ontology for Ubiquitous Computing
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Abstract Privacy is an ability to understand, choose, and regulate what personal data one shares, with whom, for how long and under what context. Data owners must not lose the rights of ownership, once the data is shared. Privacy decisions have many components that

Comparison of Ontology -Based Semantic-Similarity Measures in the Biomedical Text
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Abstract In recent years, there are many types of semantic similarity measures, which are used to measure the similarity between two concepts. It is necessary to define the differences between the measures, performance, and evaluations. The major contribution of

FORMALIZING QUALITY RULES ON MUSIC NOTATION AN ONTOLOGY -BASED APPROACH
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ABSTRACT We address the issue of expressing and evaluating quality rules on music notation. Since music engraving is a highly flexible process that can hardly be constrained by universal principles and rules, score production still heavily relies on the user expertise in

Using Explicit Semantic Similarity for an Improved Web Explorer with ontology and TF-IDF
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Abstract The Improved Web Explorer aims at extraction and selection of the best possible hyperlinks and retrieving more accurate search results for the entered search query. The Explicit Semantic Similarity analysis along with Naïve Bayes method is used to find the

Ontology Learning Process as a Bottom-up Strategy for Building Domain-specific Ontology from Legal Texts.
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Abstract: The objective of this paper is to present the role of Ontology Learning Process in supporting an ontology engineer for creating and maintaining ontologies from textual resources. The knowledge structures that interest us are legal domain-specific ontologies.

AN OBJECT PROPERTIES FILTER FOR MULTI-MODALITY ONTOLOGY SEMANTIC IMAGE RETRIEVAL
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ABSTRACT Ontology is a semantic technology that provides the possible approach to bridge the issue on semantic gap in image retrieval between low-level visual features and high-level human semantic. The semantic gap occurs when there is a discrepancy between

Decolonizing political ecology: ontology , technology andcriticalenchantment
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Abstract Current debates about the Anthropocene have sparked renewed interest in the relationship between ecology, technology, and coloniality. How do humans relate to one another, to the living environment, and to their material or technological artifacts; and how

AN ONTOLOGY -BASED GOAL FRAMEWORK TO EVALUATE THE LEVEL OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS ACHIEVEMENT
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ABSTRACT. This paper is about gathering the measurement data and making an effectiveness results to assist decision-making process to evaluate the level of the organizational goals achievement. In order to achieve this aim, we designed GOAL

Using Ontology to Incorporate Social Media Data and Organizational Data for Efficient Decision-Making
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Abstract: People have access to more data in single day than most people that have access to data in the previous decade. Data are created in many forms and it highlights the development of big data. Big data in organizations have transformed the way organizations

The political ontology of climate change: moral meteorology, climate justice, and the coloniality of reality in the Bolivian Andes
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Abstract Taking Boaventura de Sousa Santos argument that there is no global social justice without global cognitive justice as its starting point, this article suggests that there is no global climate justice without global cognitive justice (implying both ontological justice and

2. Space physics ontology for ESPAS
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The major challenge that ESPAS project had to face was the standardization of metadata describing inhomogeneous data files. To make this possible, ESPAS had to use a data model capable to describe all hierarchies and procedures involved in the chain of

Ontology Alignment using WordNet Method
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Abstract Nowadays, the ontology alignment plays an important role in development of information-based systems due to the growing use of ontology in information systems. New technologies such as the Semantic Web facilitate the application of ontology in information

Unit-1 Ontology of Art
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Let us remember the words of the great philosopher who said, all philosophy after Plato are footnotes of Plato . It is about the beginning stage of civilizational history, when people had limited knowledge and the words physics or Mind used to be entailing several meanings. The knowledge In the original version of the book, in Chap. 30, Figure 3 was affected and has to be replaced. The erratum chapter and the book have been updated with the change. The updated original online version of this chapters can be found at

Ontology -guided Job Market Demand Analysis
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In the past twenty years, the use of the Web has increased dramatically and as a consequence, job advertisements are now mainly published electronically online [14]. In addition, due to the digitization of society and economy, the job markets are consistently and

The transparent photograph: reflections on the ontology of photographs in a changing digital landscape
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Anthropology Photography is a new open-access RAI publication series edited by the RAI Photography Committee. Emerging from the international conference of the same name organized by the RAI at the British Museum in 2014, the series will highlight and make

Fuzzy Ontology based Approach for Flexible Association Rules Mining
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The association rules approach is one of the used methods for analyzing, discovering and extracting knowledge and mining the relationships among raw data. Commonly, it is important to understand and discover such knowledge directly from huge records of items

Concept Based Text Document Summarization Using Domain Ontology
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ABSTRACT In todays world, the web search engine often returns thousands of web pages which makes difficult for users to browse or to find relevant information. Clustering methods help to automatically group the retrieved documents into a list of meaningful sections. Abstract While the words utopia and anticipation frequently appear together in discussions of the concepts of utopia and dystopia, little attention to the relationship of Anticipation Studies to utopian studies exists. Moreover, the relevance of literature and the

THE SOCIAL ONTOLOGY OF INSTITUTIONS: A REASSESSMENT
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ABSTRACT. This article reviews Little (2016) and supplements it with theoretically based empirical research concerning the ontology of the social world, the socially situated individual, the ontological status of social structures, the character of social entities and their

A Scalable Framework for Data-Driven Ontology Evaluation.
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Abstract. Ontology evaluation is an important method supporting the lifecycle of ontology engineering. In particular, in the context of self-learning support systems that aim at supporting ontology learning the evaluation of the learned ontology is crucial. In order to This series offers books that seek to explore new perspectives in social and political criticism. Seeing contemporary academic political theory and philosophy as largely dominated by hyper-academic and overly-technical debates, the books in this series seek to

Information Extraction in Medical Domain Using Ontology and Knowledge Graphs
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Abstract Medical documents contain lots of information which can be useful to build many health related applications. Since medical documents present unstructured information in nonstandard natural language so it is difficult to extract this information and present in a

THE IMPORTANCE OF ONTOLOGY IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING EDUCATION PROGRAMS
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Abstract: Since late 1970s (Yordon Structured Design, DeMarco Structured Analysis) and early 1980s (Structured System Analysis and Design Method-SSADM) to early 1990s (Booch Method), software developing methodologies have planned to model system

Dialogue as a Knot: The First Ideas of Dialogue Ontology
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ABSTRACT The paper proposes an idea of explicating the invariant universal structure of dialogue through the mathematics of knots and braids, which is relevant, both for the development of particular models of communication and/or dialogue, and for constructing a

Ontology -based data access for extracting event logs from legacy data: the onprom tool and methodology
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Abstract. Process mining aims at discovering, monitoring, and improving business processes by extracting knowledge from event logs. In this respect, process mining can be applied only if there are proper event logs that are compatible with accepted standards, such

The Bag Semantics of Ontology -Based Data Access (Extended Abstract)?
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Ontology -based data access (OBDA) is an increasingly popular approach to enable uniform access to multiple data sources with diverging schemas. In OBDA, an ontology provides a unifying conceptual model for the data sources together with domain knowledge. The

Comparative Study Between Three Approaches in Ontology Mapping
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Abstract Due to an increased use of ontology applications in different communities a growing number of ontologies are created by different organizations and individuals. Further, ontology users or developers want to integrate or use other ontologies to solve the

Phylogenetic-based gene function prediction in the Gene Ontology Consortium
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Gene Ontology (GO) is a community resource that represents biological knowledge of gene functions through the use of a structured ontology (1). Currently, there are two main approaches to capturing gene functions. The first is manual annotation by trained

Semantic Web with Ontology Agents for Improved Search Results-A Survey
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Abstract Semantic web is an upcoming research area, being emerged actively from late 2000 onwards. Lot of progress has been observed for implementation of automated knowledge extraction methodologies in the field of semantic web. Support of Ontologies and

Social Event Detection a systematic approach using Ontology and Linked Open Data with Significance to Semantic Links
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Abstract: With the growing interest in capturing daily activities and sharing it through social media sites, enormous amount of multimedia content such as photographs, videos, texts, audio are made available on the web. Retrieval of multimedia content has now become a

Towards an Ontology for Privacy Requirements via a Systematic Literature Review
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Abstract. Privacy has been frequently identified as a main concern for systems that deal with personal information. However, much of existing work on privacy requirements deals with them as a special case of security requirements, thereby overlooking key aspects of privacy.

Towards the MEANING Top Ontology : Sources of Ontological Meaning
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Authors: Jordi Atserias (UPC), Salvador Climent (UOC), German Rigau (UPV/EHU) Keywords: Ontologies, WordNet, EuroWordNet Abstract: This working paper describes the initial research steps towards the Top Ontology for the Multilingual Central Repository (Mcr) built in

COMMIT at SemEval-2017 Task 5: Ontology -based Method for Sentiment Analysis of Financial Headlines
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Abstract This paper describes our submission to Task 5 of SemEval 2017, Fine-Grained Sentiment Analysis on Financial Microblogs and News, where we limit ourselves to performing sentiment analysis on news headlines only (track 2). The approach presented in

Learning from Ontology Streams with Semantic Concept Drift
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Abstract Data stream learning has been largely studied for extracting knowledge structures from continuous and rapid data records. In the semantic Web, data is interpreted in ontologies and its ordered sequence is represented as an ontology stream. Our work

OntoQAV: A Pipeline for Visualising Ontology Quality
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Abstract. Ontological Quality has been the subject of extensive research due to the importance of ensuring that a systems underlying ontologies are fit for purpose. Understanding quality problems may not be straightforward, depending on the ontologies

Determining Multifunctional Genes and Diseases in Human Using Gene Ontology
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Abstract The study of human genes and diseases is very rewarding and can lead to improvements in healthcare, disease diagnostics and drug discovery. In this paper, we further our previous study on gene disease relationship specifically with the multifunctional

GENE ONTOLOGY (GO) PREDICTION USING MACHINE LEARNING METHODS
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We aimed to apply machine learning to predict whether a gene is involved in axon regeneration. We extracted 31 features from different databases and trained five machine learning models. Our optimal model, a Random Forest Classifier with 50 submodels, yielded

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