A 3-12 GHz UWB planar triangular monopole antenna with ridged ground-plane

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—A novel technique to increase the bandwidth of the conventional planar triangular monopole antenna (PTMA) is presented. With two symmetrical corrugations extended from the flat ground plane, a significant improvement on the impedance bandwidth up to about 4:1 can be achieved. The proposed antenna design is a modification from the conventional volcano smoke antenna (VSA) and can be more compact and easily fabricated. The HFSS 3-D EM solver is employed for design simulation. The effects of the ridged ground plane on the impedance bandwidth are studied. A printed PTMA is fabricated on the FR-4 PCB substrate. Measured VSWR of the printed PTMA with the ridged ground plane is less than 2 from 3 to 12 GHz which covers the UWB frequency band. The measured antenna patterns also show the monopole-type omni-directional radiation patterns from 3 to about 10 GHz