ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

bioinformatics IEEE PAPER 2017




RNA- bioinformatics : Tools, Services and Databases for the Analysis of RNA-based Regulation
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Abstract The importance of RNA-based regulation is becoming more and more evident. Genome-wide sequencing efforts have shown that the majority of the DNA in eukaryotic genomes is transcribed. Advanced high-throughput techniques like CLIP for the genome- are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting,

Economic Impacts of the Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics (RCSB) Protein Data Bank
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The Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics Protein Data Bank (RCSB-PDB), the US data center for the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB) archive, manages and provides large-scale data of experimental 3D structures of biological macromolecules.

Insights into Diabetic Kidney Disease Using Urinary Proteomics and Bioinformatics
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ABSTRACT A number of proteomic and peptidomic analyses of urine from diabetic subjects have been published in the quest for a biomarker that predicts progression of nephropathy. Less attention has been paid to the relationships between urinary proteins and the

Significant target genes and signaling for miR-34a in gastrointestinal stromal tumors: a study of GEO-data mining and bioinformatics approaches
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Abstract: Objective: The study intent is to conduct an enquiry into the probable mechanism of miR-34a in the onset of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and to clarify the clinical role of miR-34a in GIST. Methods: Datasets relevant to miR-34a were collected from the Gene

Project topics for the course Special Course in Bioinformatics II: Machine Learning in Bioinformatics
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Background: In untargeted metabolomics studies complex biological sample with possibly thousands of molecules are encountered. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) is a widely used technique to extract patterns from biological samples to identify the molecules in it.

A Brief Review of Current Bioinformatics Decision Support System (DSS) Tools for Screening for GMOs in the EU using PCR-Based Approaches
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Summary The development and commercial use of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) is subject to strict legal regulation in many countries around the world 1. Key to the enforcement of legislation is the availability of appropriate methods and analytical

Recent Advances in Bioinformatics For Fish Genomics
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Abstract In the past few years, we have contributed efforts to~ 1/5 of the reported fish genomes. Based on our related experience, here we outline recent advances in bioinformatics for fish genomics, with an emphasis on development of software for genome

STUDY AND SEQUENCE STRUCTURE RELATIONSHIP OF FUNGAL TANNASE AND ITS SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION THROUGH BIOINFORMATICS
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ABSTRACT: Tannase (Tannin acyl hydrolase, EC 3.1. 1.20), an industrially important enzyme, is predominantly produced by bacteria as well as fungi. Present study reports evolutionary relatedness among 112 fungal tannase protein sequences through

Characterization of glucose-tolerant β-glucosidases used in biofuel production under the bioinformatics perspective: a systematic review
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ABSTRACT. β-glucosidases are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of oligosaccharides and disaccharides, such as cellobiose. These enzymes play a key role in cellulose degrading, such as alleviating product inhibition of cellulases. Consequently, they have

Developing and Assessing an Instructional Definition of Bioinformatics [Version 1, Awaiting Peer Review]
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Abstract The lack of a common instructional definition for bioinformatics impedes progress within the discipline and delays the effective integration of bioinformatics into biology coursework. Using an iterative process, our team of biologists, a mathematician/computer

BIOINFORMATICS IN PLANT SCIENCES: AN ICT TOOL
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ABSTRACT Bioinformatics is the study of biological data using information tools. Bioinformatics is a combination of computer, mathematics algorithm and statistics with concept in life science to solve biological problem. The main task of bioinformatics is to

Prospective target genes and pathways of miR-30a-5p in colorectal cancer: an investigation using TCGA and bioinformatics analysis
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Abstract: Objective: Our study aimed to explore the potential mechanism of mircroRNA-30a 5p (miR-30a-5p) in colorectal cancer (CRC) development using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and a bioinformatics analysis. Methods: The miR-30a-5p expression profiles and

Down-regulation of miR-133a-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and its potential regulatory molecular mechanism: a study of qRT-PCR and bioinformatics
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Abstract: MicroRNAs have recently been discovered to be of great importance in regulating biological processes including proliferation differentiation, apoptosis necrosis and invasion. Here, we aimed to verify the clinical implication of miR-133a-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma

Bioinformatics Resources in Facilitating Students Conception on Molecule Genetics concepts
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Abstract Molecule genetics concepts are dificcult concepts for students almost in every country. Students must strugle to visualize those concepts. In this study, we presented bioinformatics resources in facilitating students conception on molecule genetics concepts.

of microRNA-129 and potential signaling pathways in papillary thyroid carcinoma: a determination of microRNA sequencing in 507 patients and bioinformatics
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Abstract: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is one of the most common endocrine system malignancies. However, the mechanism of tumor development is unclear. microRNA-129-5p is a microRNA that plays an important role in the development of tumors. The main purpose

NO-BOUNDARY THINKING IN BIOINFORMATICS
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Bioinformatics had its origins in the 1970s with the convergence of DNA sequencing, personal computers, and the internet. The field rapidly evolved as biotechnology improved making it critical to store, process, retrieve, and analyze bigger and bigger data to address

Identification of the potential targets of miR-143-3p in colorectal cancer through bioinformatics analysis
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Abstract: Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignant tumor with a high incidence and mortality worldwide. However, traditional treatments are not satisfactory. Thus, novel therapeutic strategies are urgently required. Recently, microRNAs have been proven to be

The 7th National Conference on Bioinformatics and Systems Biology of China
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The 7th National Conference on Bioinformatics and System Biology and the International Workshop on Advanced Bioinformatics and Precision Medicine was successfully held in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China, on October 7-9, 2016. The conference is organized by

A Bioinformatics Pipeline to Study the Dynamics of Retrotransposons in Grass Evolution
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Abstract Transposable elements (TEs) are repetitive sequences found within all eukaryotic genomes and possess the genetic mechanisms necessary to move locations within their host. The repetitive fraction of plant genomes has historically been viewed as junk DNA . A

Persona: A High-Performance Bioinformatics Framework
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Abstract Next-generation genome sequencing technology has reached a point at which it is becoming cost-effective to sequence all patients. Biobanks and researchers are faced with an oncoming deluge of genomic data, whose processing requires new and scalable

Alteration of endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression in acute pulmonary embolism: a study from bench to bioinformatics
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827 and PC2 (p< 0.05) were useful in distinguishing the VTE classification. The coefficient value of eNOS was-0.47707 in PC1 and-0.08429 in PC2, which did have some proportions on these significantly discriminated components but did not contribute significantly to the

Cloning and Bioinformatics Analysis of Rosa rugosa S Locus F-Box Gene (RrSLF)
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Abstract In order to reveal the phenomenon of R. rugosa pollination incompatibility, the full length cDNA sequence of S Locus F-box Gene was cloned for the first time from the pollen of Rosa rugosa Zilong wochi with RT-PCR and RACE methods and named as RrSLF. The full-

Need and Role of Scala Implementations in Bioinformatics
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Abstract Next Generation Sequencing has resulted in the generation of large number of omics data at a faster speed that was not possible before. This data is only useful if it can be stored and analyzed at the same speed. Big Data platforms and tools like Apache Hadoop

Identifying RHEB as a metastatic driver in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma through bioinformatics analysis
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Abstract: The present study was aimed to investigate the candidate genes involved in metastasis of clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). ccRCC tissues were collected from 36 patients with metastasis (mRCC) and 46 patients without metastasis (pRCC) and gene The volume Granular Neural Networks, Pattern Recognition and Bioinformatics is an outcome of the granular computing research initiated in 2005 at the Center for Soft Computing Research: A National Facility, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata. The center

Screening of diagnostic biomarkers for lung cancer by bioinformatics analysis
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Abstract: Lung cancer was a leading cause of cancer-related death, this study aimed to explore target genes and specific biomarkers associated with the lung cancer for early diagnosis and treatment. Firstly, the gene expression profile GSE32863 was downloaded

Identification of genes associated with lung cancer by bioinformatics analysis
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DATA AND METHODS: Gene expression profile GSE2514 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Twenty lung and nineteen para-carcinoma tissue samples were used to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) by paired t-test. Pathway

Effect of Network Interconnects in Parallel Computing Systems on Parallelized Bioinformatics Applications
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Abstract Over the past few years due to various advancements in the field of molecular biology, an explosive growth in molecular databases has occurred. Along with management of huge molecular databases a heavy amount of computations is also required in various

Bioinformatics analysis of RNA-seq data revealed critical genes in colon adenocarcinoma
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Abstract. OBJECTIVE: RNA-seq data of colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) were analyzed with bioinformatics tools to discover critical genes in the disease. Relevant small molecule drugs, transcription factors (TFs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) were also investigated. MATERIALS

Bioinformatics : an overview and its applications
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ABSTRACT. Technological advancements in recent years have promoted a marked progress in understanding the genetic basis of phenotypes. In line with these advances, genomics has changed the paradigm of biological questions in full genome-wide scale

Cloning and Bioinformatics Analysis of Rosa rugosa TFL1 Gene (RrTFL1)
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Abstract In order to determine if the TFL1 is related with the continuous flowering phenotype of wild Rosa rugosa from Muping, the full-length cDNA sequence of TFL1 Gene was cloned for the first time from the flower buds of wild Rosa rugosa from Muping with RT-PCR and

Study and Analysis of Various Bioinformatics Applications using Protein BLAST: An Overview
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Abstract Bioinformatics is a multidisciplinary field. It is the application of information technology and statistics in biology. In bioinformatics , computers are used to store, analyze and interpret a huge volume of biological data. Various application areas of bioinformatics Bioinformatics is playing a significant role in the current revolution in modern biology. It attempts to unfurl the mystery of the biologically meaningful patterns of a sequence string of nucleotides. Teaching bioinformatics is now becoming an integral part of the core curriculum

Isolation, Cloning, DNA Sequencing and Bioinformatics Analysis of the Parasporin 1 Gene of Bacillus thuringiensis
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Copyright: 2017 Assaeedi AS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are

Detection of synthetases genes involved in non ribosomal lipopeptides (NRLPs) biosynthesis from Bacillus species by bioinformatics and PCR degenerated
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ABSTRACT Non Ribosomal Lipopeptides NRLPs produced by Bacillus spp. were firstly detected by bioinformatics in 54 sequenced genomes available from NCBI, which revealed the presence of the four lipopeptides families; surfactin, fengycin/plipastatin, iturin and

Customized Linux Distributions for Bioinformatics Applications
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The creation of this beautiful universe is the witness of the systemization of everything. To better understand this concept, we can have a look at our Genome. The genome is said to be the Blueprint of an organism since it is composed of the whole set of genes and gene

Next-generation Sequencing and Bioinformatics for Plant Science
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Description or mention of instrumentation, software, or other products in this book does not imply endorsement by the author or publisher. The author and publisher do not assume responsibility for the validity of any products or procedures mentioned or described in this Bioinformatics , Biochemical Structural Characterization of Adhesion Protein from Probiotic Lactobacillus spp.
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SDK PATEL - 2017 - 14.139.121.106 1.5. 2.2. Choline-binding domains 13 1.5. 2.3. Surface layer (S-layer) protein 14 1.6. A review of well-known adhesins from bacteria 15 1.6. 1. Adhesins from Gram-negative bacteria 15 1.6. 1.1. Fimbrial adhesins/Pili 15 1.6. 1.2. Non-fimbrial adhesins 17 1.6. 2.

Mobilizing Undergraduate Students to Develop Practical Bioinformatics Databases and Analysis Tools for Biologists
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Open Access Journ al o f N ex t G eneration: Sequencing App lica tions ISSN: 2469-9853
Journal of Next Generation Sequencing Applications Despite the rapid advances in
bioinformatics in recent decades, the development of computational software suitable for practical

Development of Binary Tree Machine, UAI- Bioinformatics using Python
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ABSTRACT In the realm of the system file, data preparation is the best way to support random search the data which are stored in the catalog. With the data index for search the keyword is not direct searchable keywords but search to the index file,(which are much

Bioinformatics Techniques used in Hepatitis C Virus Research
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Hepatitis C is widely spread and induces life threatening situations. Researchers from various fields have developed vaccine, but they are not that effective because of the variation in genotype of Hepatitis virus and also not much affordable. In-silico approach is of

AN EFFICIENT BIOINFORMATICS TOOLS FOR IDENTIFICATION OF SSRS: A REVIEW
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Abstract During the last few decades, the use of molecular markers has played an increasing role in plant breeding and genetics. Among various molecular markers, SSR markers are the most popular and versatile molecular marker have been widely used

Journal of Bioinformatics and Proteomics Review
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Abstract Tyrosinase is rate-limiting enzyme for melanogenesis and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) plays an autocrine role in growth, differentiation and migration of keratinocyte involving in melanogenesis. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed

Evaluating SVM Algorithms for Bioinformatics Gene Expression Analysis
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Abstract Support Vector Machines SVMs are trendy and dominant in learning systems because of providing good generalization properties, attending high dimensional data, their ability to classify input patterns with minimized structural classification risk and finding the Subject name Basics of Bioinformatics Subject code E. 2. BASB. SC. ECTIE. L Department Genetics and Forest Tree Breeding Faculty FACULTY OF FORESTRY
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This is an introduction to the basics of using bioinformatics in the daily life of a modern scientist. The course combines basic theoretical knowledge and practical training. 1. W.

Journal of Bioinformatics and Proteomics Review
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Genomes follow laws resembling celestial orbits. In a recent publication on Nature Scientific Reports [1] two computer scientists (V. Manca and V. Bonnici) discovered strong mathematical regularities in the structure of genomes. These regularities can be expressed Bioinformatics performance of the preliminary clinical target list
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The 46 targets identified from literature and available clinical tests comprise 15 genera and 31 species. The bioinformatics pipeline for accurate detection of the maximum number of targets is optimized based on the performance metrics Sensitivity, Specificity, Precision and Negative are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting,

Bioinformatics Tools in Agriculture: An Update
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Abstract Bioinformatics plays an important role in agriculture science. As the data amount grows exponentially, there is a parallel growth in tools and methods demand in visualization, integration, analysis, prediction and management of data. At the same time, many

Bioinformatics Methods for IMS Breath Data Analysis and Biomarker Detection
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Abstract: All living cells, tissues and organs emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs). We seek to noninvasively scan for such biomarker molecules, ie compounds that are predictive for the clinical fate of patients or biological phenotypes. This promises great hope to move

Expression profiling of inter-bridging targets of immunomiR-146a using bioinformatics tools: Implications in Astrocytomas (II to IV)
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Dysregulated miRNAs are a potentially powerful new tool that could be used to enable the characterization of tumor environments and identify novel and important oncogenic pathways. More recently, there has been growing interest in the field of miRNAs as

DNN Applications to Bioinformatics
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Page 1. DNN Applications to Bioinformatics CSE549 Sael Lee Department of Computer Science,
SUNY Korea, Incheon 21985, Korea Page 2. Benefits of DNN Learning Classical Machine
Learning Pipeline in Comp Bio Fig 1A,D from Angermueller et al. transcriptomic experiment was

HADOOP: Solution for Big Data Challenges in Bioinformatics and its Prospective in India
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Abstract: Data becomes big data while its volume, variety, and velocity exceed abilities of our systems architecture and algorithm. Data volume is increasingly triggered by recent advancements in high-throughput technologies like Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), the CS600 METHDS BIOINFORMATICS MED
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Students with Disability: If you are a student with a disability and believe you will need accommodations for this class, it is your responsibility to contact Student Disability Services at (619) 594-6473. To avoid any delay in the receipt of your accommodations, you should

MicroRNAs as biomarkers in some cardiovascular diseases: A bioinformatics and review study
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MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small noncoding RNA sequences with gene regulation abilities by binding to specific regions of messenger RNAs (mRNA) and silence their expression. The importance of miRNAs in cardiovascular development has been underscored and studies

B. Sc. Bioinformatics (Choice Based Credit System)(with effect from the academic year 2016-2017 onwards)
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3. Isolation of pure culture: Pour plate, spread plate and streak plate. 4. Biochemical tests: IMVIC test, catalase test. 5. Isolation of microbes from soil, water and air. 6. Preservation of cultures. 7. Motility test of bacteria: hanging drop and STAB culture. 8. MBRT for milk

BIOINFORMATICS TOOLS FOR CONFORMATIONAL B-CELL AND T-CELL EPITOPE PREDICTION: POTENTIAL VACCINE CANDIDATE
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ABSTRACT Exploration of sequencing approaches has provided an advanced notion in peptide based vaccination in which isolated protein sequence, adequate for inducing a precise immune response, have been figured out and used to attain peptide based vaccine

Towards Representation Learning for Biomedical Concept Detection in Medical Images: UA. PT Bioinformatics in ImageCLEF 2017
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Abstract. Representation learning is a field that has rapidly evolved during the last decade, with much of this progress being driven by the latest breakthroughs in deep learning. Digital medical imaging is a particularly interesting application since representation learning may

FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOINFORMATICS ANALYSIS OF DIHYDROFLAVONAL 4-REDUCTASE GENE IN ROSA HYBRIDA
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Page 1. 1 FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOINFORMATICS ANALYSIS OF
DIHYDROFLAVONAL 4-REDUCTASE GENE IN ROSA HYBRIDA BY and these are the common
precursors for anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin biosynthesis. This study through the use

Applications of Bioinformatics in Era of Genomics and Proteomics: Future Prospect and Challenges
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Abstract Bioinformatics has played important role in better understanding the structure and function of biological macromolecules that primarily include the DNA and the proteins. Using bioinformatics tools, it has even become possible to get better insights about the important

Bioinformatics for Protein Identification using Mass Spectrometry Data
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Abstract. Proteomics has made a massive advance and reached enough fullness previously reserved only for genomics. Therefore, it generates a flood of data that present significant challenges for their interpretation. With the emergence of mass spectrometers that allow the

Addressing the complexity of Stress Biology through Hi-throughput Omics Data Analysis using Bioinformatics Tools: A National Bioinformatics Workshop Report
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ABSTRACT Biotic and Abiotic stresses such as drought, temperature extremes and salinity are the major constraints towards the living world more specifically the plant kingdom whose developments as well as crop yield is negatively hampered. Biotechnological approaches,

Bioinformatics Study of Operational Taxonomic Units of Fish Rasbora daniconius
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Abstract Among various genes involved in DNA taxonomy, DNA barcoding is related to COI gene related taxonomy. MEGA is one of the software used to align DNA and protein sequences. Present study deals with study of the operational taxonomic units of the native

Implementation of Data Mining in Bioinformatics for Extracting Enzymes Names from Literature
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Abstract This paper highlights some of the basic concepts of bioinformatics and data mining. The major research areas of bioinformatics are highlighted. The application of data mining in the domain of bioinformatics is explained. It also highlights some of the current challenges

Identification of Potential Biomarkers in Human Prostate Cancer Using Bioinformatics Analysis
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Abstract Prostate Cancer (PCa) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among the men around the world. In this study, we aim to identify candidate biomarkers in PCa using bioinformatics analysis combined with the analysis of the common database of

A Method to Convert mRNA into a Guide RNA (gRNA) Library without Requiring Previous Bioinformatics Knowledge of the Organism
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[Abstract] While the diversity of species represents a diversity of special biological abilities, many of the genes that encode those special abilities in a variety of species are untouched, leaving an untapped gold mine of genetic information; however, despite current advances in

Bioinformatics for Middle School Aged Children
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Abstract Recently, there has been a push for better exposure, recruitment, and training of United States adolescents to STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) related fields. Educators are working to empower youths with early exposure to STEM topics to

Bioinformatics Resources for DNA Barcoding
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Abstract DNA barcoding is a promising approach to the diagnosis of biological diversity in which DNA sequences serve as the primary key for information retrieval. Most existing software for evolutionary analysis of DNA sequences was designed for phylogenetic

Emerging Cutting-Edge ICT Technologies of Bioinformatics , Statistics and Economics Applied to Fisheries/Aquaculture Research and Development
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(Ex. Principal Scientist Co-ordinator, Biotechnology Information Centre on Aquaculture of CIFA (ICAR), Bhubaneswar) Ex. Consultant (Statistics), College of Fisheries, CAU, Lembucherra, Agartala 4th Floor, 1/2D//4 Ramakrishna Naskar Lane, Kolkata-700098, (0

Feature selection techniques in bioinformatics
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Abstract Machine learning methods are often used to classify objects described by hundreds of attributes; however, as the dimensionality of the data rises, the amount of data required to provide a reliable analysis grows exponentially. A popular approach to this problem of high-

Introduction to Bioinformatics in Ichthyology
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Bioinformatics is a recent branch in biological science which deals with the biological problems to be solved by using the informatics techniques (mathematics, computer science and statistics). According to Oxford English dictionary bioinformatics is conceptualizing

A SURVEY ON APPLICATION OF DATA MINING IN BIOINFORMATICS
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ABSTRACT: This paper represents the basic concept of Bioinformatics and Data mining. The application of data mining in the sector of Bioinformatics is explain. The major focus is on the research sector of bioinformatics are explained. Because it is an upcoming field in todays

Journal of Bioinformatics and Proteomics Review
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Abstract Alterations in protein Subcellular localization often contribute to the development of human diseases. Post-transcriptional modifications, such as phosphorylation on the Nuclear Localization Signal (NLS), may change the proteins localization. However, little is known

biometrics IEEE PAPER 2017




Biometrics and Fingerprint Payment Technology
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Abstract This article discusses biometric authentication in relation to payment systems. Biometrics uses biological traits or behavioural characteristics to identify an individual. A Biometrics system is effective pattern recognition system that utilizes different patterns

Pre-image Resistant Cancelable Biometrics Scheme Using Bidirectional Memory Model.
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Abstract Cancelable biometrics is a promising template protection scheme which relies on encoding the raw biometric data using non-invertible transformation function. Existing cancelable biometrics schemes ensure recoverability of compromised templates as well as Forensic Biometrics is a relatively novel discipline with a long-standing history. Even though this assertion may seem contradictory, it is true that biometric samples have been used in forensic examination since many decades. However, the systematic adoption of biometric

Uncoupling Biometrics from Templates for Secure and Privacy-Preserving Authentication
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Biometrics is a way to measure personal features, having the potential to authenticate individuals with a high degree of assurance while o ering convenience to the user. Consequently, the use of automated biometric-based frameworks has become increasingly

Using Biometrics with User Identity Verification and Continuous In Secure Internet Services
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ABSTRACT Security of web-based applications is a serious concern, due to the recent increase in the frequency and complexity of cyber-attacks, biometric techniques offer emerging solution for secure and trusted user identity verification, where username and

Biometrics based Cryptographic Key Generation using Finger Print
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Abstract:-Accurate and automatic identification and verification of users are essential in all system. Shared secrets like Personal Identification Numbers or Passwords and key devices such as Smart Cards are not presently adequate in few situations. What is necessary is a With a very security-conscious society, biometrics -based authentication and identification have become the focus of many important applications as it is widely believed that biometrics can provide accurate and reliable identification. Biometrics research and

Comparison of Dynamic Biometric Security Characteristics against other Biometrics
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Abstract Biometric data can be used as something you are in authentication systems, but if a biometric is compromised by a malicious entity, the genuine user can no longer use it because it cannot be easily changed. Dynamic biometrics may offer a practical alternative,

Multimodal Biometrics Features with Fusion Level Encryption
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Abstract: The biometrics system is used everywhere for person identification. Whenever we are using biometric system the identification is based on the modality. Modality depends on the physical as well as biological behaviour of the person. The physical behaviour means

Multi-level Security using QR Code, Biometrics and Password for Security Systems
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Abstract: In recent times, many scams like Card Skimming, Shoulder Surfing, Fake PIN Pads, Phishing, etc., were carried out by some antisocial elements. Not only in ATMs, but also in bank lockers, Voting machines, etc. This aims to improve the security level using biometrics

Segmentation and Normalization of Human Iris as Biometrics Identifier
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Abstract: The iris recognition is a kind of the biometrics technologies based on the physiological characteristics of individual, compared with the trait recognition based on the fingerprint, palm-print, appearance and echo etc, the iris has some advantages such as

Secure Online Voting using Steganography and Biometrics
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Abstract The fundamental knowledge beyond electronic voting system is to confirm integrity and reliability of specific mechanisms for addressing issues of security, privacy and accountability, which results due to the rapid development of information technology field

A Study on EMG-based Biometrics
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Abstract Biometrics is a technology that recognizes users information by using unique physical features of his or her body such as face, fingerprint, and iris. It also uses behavioral features such as signature, electrocardiogram (ECG), electromyogram (EMG), and

A Person Identification Framework Based on PalmPrint and Fingerprint Biometrics
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Abstract: As an extraordinary and dependable biometric, PalmPrint recognition has pulled in different researchers and achieved great success. Be that as it may, PalmPrint alone will be unable to take care of the expanding demand of high exactness in todays biometric

Authentication of Smartphone Users Using Behavioral Biometrics And OPass Technique
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Abstract: Smartphones and tablets have become ubiquitous in our daily lives. Smartphones, in particular, have become more than personal assistants. These devices have provided new avenues for consumers to play, work

The Feasibility of Using an Android-Based Infant Fingerprint Biometrics System for Treatment Follow-Up
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Abstract: Lack of appropriate follow-up of HIV Exposed Infants (HEIs) after delivery contributes to suboptimal access and uptake of HIV Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) interventions. This could result in unidentified HEIs and potentially HIV-infected infants who

Biometrics of the Cervical Spinal Canal and Cord by Computer Tomography in Togo
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Abstract Studies on the canal dimensions of the cervical spinal are rare in Africa. The aim of this study is to provide normal values of the cervical spinal canal and spinal cord dimensions of adult people in Togo. It was about a twelve-year prospective study conducted in the main

Secure and Data Hiding Mechanism Using Biometrics Based on Face and Finger Print
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Abstract In wireless communication we are trading very sensitive and touchy data every now and then. Which requires an authentication and remote confirmation. It was the process which validates the remote clients based on uncertainty correspondence channel. This type

Biometrics as an authentication method in a public key infrastructure
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Abstract. This paper presents proposed authentication method for PKI based on fingerprint transformations discussed in Secure fingerprint hashes using subsets of local structures . The authentication method uses Shamir secret sharing and blind signatures techniques.

Strategies and Contributions of Biometrics in E-Learning
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I. INTRODUCTION In our life, there are many devices and tools using biometric technologies. So, you can find smart mobile open by fingerprint, laptop work after you enter your retina, doors open after check your hand geometry! The people prefer to use these devices because

Identification of Human using Palm-Vein Images: A new trend in biometrics
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PG Department of Electronics Telecommunication, Sipna COET, Amravati, India Swapnadere13@ gmail. com Professor in PG Department of Electronics Telecommunication Sipna COET, Amravati, India prof_gurjar1928@ rediffmail. com Abstract:

Product of Likelihood Ratio Scores Fusion of Face, Speech and Signature Based FJ-GMM for Biometrics Authentication Application Systems
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Abstract: The paper proposes a likelihood ratio fusion of face, voice and signature multimodal biometrics verification application systems. Figueiredo-Jain (FJ) estimation algorithm of finite Gaussian mixture modal (GMM) is employed. Automated biometric

Current Practices in Information Fusion for Multimodal Biometrics
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ABSTRACT Integrating different information originating from different sources, known as information fusion, is one of the main factors of designing a biometric system involving more than one biometric source. In this paper, various information fusion techniques in the context Abstract This paper investigates liveness detection techniques in the area of eye movement biometrics . We investigate a specific scenario, in which an impostor constructs an artificial replica of the human eye. Two attack scenarios are considered: 1) the impostor DEVELOPMENT OF A MULTIDISCIPLINARY GRADUATE COURSE IN BIOMETRICS
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ABSTRACT Biometrics deals with verification and identification of individuals based on their biological or behavioral characteristics. It is a highly multidisciplinary subject which includes fingerprint, iris, face, speech, hand geometrics and many other modality recognitions. It

Evaluation of Motion-based Touch-typing Biometrics in Online Financial Environments
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Abstract: This paper presents a bimodal scheme-the mechanism which exploits the way the user enters her 8-digit PIN/password and the phone-movements while doing so, for user authentication in mobile banking/financial applications (apps). The scheme authenticates

Touchscreen Biometrics Across Multiple Devices
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ABSTRACT As the cost of mobile devices decreases, it is becoming increasingly common for users to own more than one. The presence of multiple pieces of mobile technology complicates the question of how to secure them. Utilizing different authentication solutions

Use OF Finger Knuckle Patterns In Biometrics
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Abstract-This concept introduces a new approach for personal authentication using finger back surface imaging. The texture pattern produced by the finger knuckle bending is unique and makes the surface a distinctive biometric identifier. There are some hand features which

A Survey Paper on Cryptography and Biometrics
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ABSTRACT: In the present scenario, the advancements and development of Information Technology makes the people to depend on various computing devices to do their work efficiently and conveniently. To protect the data from the hackers during transmission, it? s

Biometrics and Security in Smartphones
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ABSTRACT In the present scenario, among our huge life requirements, security plays a vital role in our daily life. Till now there exist some of the security system which includes Passwords, Personal identification number (PIN), Pattern screen locks, Fingerprint scanner.

Secured Access of Locker using Multimodal Biometrics
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ABSTRACT Biometrics refers to the science of automatic recognition of individuals based on some specific physiological and/or behavioural features. Multimodality is the usage of more than one physiological or behavioral characteristic to identify an individual. It involves the

A Review paper on Biometrics Implementation Based on Internet of things using Raspberry Pi
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ABSTRACT Biometrics in the cloud communications Improves the safety of the scheme. The bodily lettering in biometrics is finger stamp, facial construction, iris model, the tone of voice, etc. Any of these letterings are given to recognize the people and confirm them. These files

MULTIMODEL BIOMETRICS ON HUMAN DISTINGUISHING PROOF UTILIZING ONGOING SIFTING COMPUTATION
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Abstract-The Authentication framework utilizing Gait, Facial, Palm and voice acknowledgment on biometric elements is utilized to give a secret word free and physical gadget free validation. It keeps away from the bedlam because of the accessible frameworks

BIOMETRICS AS AN APPROACH TOWARDS IDENTIFICATION AND SECURITY
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Abstract: With an increasing emphasis on security, automated personal identification based on biometrics has been receiving extensive attention over the past decade. The patterns are described be certain quantities, qualities, traits, notable features and so on. Each individual

Biometrics and education: a review about facial authentication software for the identification and verification of students who use virtual learning platform (LMS)
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Abstract: In the last decade, the use of biometrics has had a lot of success applied to the security and video surveillance tools. Due to that, facial authentication has a preferred place in continuous development with the purpose of getting the identification and verification of

Human Identification using x-ray images-New Approach in Biometrics
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Abstract Human bio-metric information is important part of research in the biometric identifier research. Human identification is becoming one of the popular and widely use in foreign sic investigations now a days over the globe. Human identification is benefited using Medical

WEAKNESSES OF VOICE BIOMETRICS SPEAKER VERIFICATION SPOOFING USING SPEECH SYNTHESIS
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It is well known that voice biometric systems are vulnerable to imposture. Typical spoofing attacks that are performed on speaker verification systems can use impersonation, replay, voice conversion, artificial signals, speech synthesis and other approaches. In this work the

BIOMETRICS -A PRELIMINARY APPROACH
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Abstract Authentication plays a vital role in Information security. The need for identification of legitimate user has increased in the waking concerns for global security. Biometric recognition Systems is a major tool for Authentication mechanism. Biometrics is the ability to

Implementation of Video-Object Steganography Mechanism over Robust Remote Authentication via Biometrics
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Abstract Remote verification over remote is a tested one. Many creators proposed a considerable measure of arrangements like, the remote human confirmation plot over remote channels under misfortune tolerant transmission conventions, means to

Using Multiagents for Context-Aware Adaptive Biometrics ?
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Abstract This research is motivated by the need to design a biometric system that uses adaptive techniques relevant to a specific context to identify an individual with little or no interaction with the user. The aim of this research is to develop a framework for a context-

A Concept of Continuous User Authentication Based on Behavioral Biometrics
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Abstract This paper focuses on continuous user authentication based on its interaction with the device. Behavioral authentication provides the ability to partially abandon passwords. Furthermore, the use of human behavior, for example, how he holds the device in hand,

Light Field Cameras for Biometrics : Face and Iris Recognition
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Abstract Biometric system are often used for authentication in various security application. The applicability of a light field camera for biometrics can improve the performance of the system. L FC capture multifocused image, which explore additional information. Choose

Mobile Biometrics in Financial Services: A Five Factor Framework
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Abstract Banks and the wider financial services sector are witnessing sharp increases in the number of users interacting with them through digital channels. In light of these changes, traditional password-based mechanisms are becoming insecure, inconvenient, or both, as

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