ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

biotechnology IEEE PAPER 2016




Halophilic microorganism resources and their applications in industrial and environmentalbiotechnology
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AIMS Microbiology, 2(1): 42-54. DOI: 10.3934/microbiol.2016.1.42 Received: 16 December 2015 Accepted: 28 February 2016 Published: 01 March 2016 Review Halophilic microorganism resources and their applications in Rungaroon Waditee-Sirisattha 1 Hakuto

From Microfluidics for Biotechnology to Biomicrofluidics
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ABSTRACT Microfluidics solutions for biotechnology have considerably evolved with the years. At first, biotechnology was following a downscaling approach and the associated microfluidic solutions were the reduced scale image of macroscopic netwoks. In a sense,

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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In vitro anti-hypercholesterolemic activity of Calotropis procera (Aiton) Samadhan G. Patil, Mohini P. Patil, Ravindra H. Patil n Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, RC Patel The 8th Joint Conference on Solanaceae Genomics (SOL) and the 2nd International Cucurbit Genomics Initiative (ICuGI) were held in Kobe, Japan, from November 28 to December 2, 2011, organized by the 178th Committee on Plant Molecular Design,

20 years of Nature Biotechnology biomedical research
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On our 20th anniversary, Nature Biotechnology looks back at some of our greatest hits. In this Feature, we focus on a limited selection of papers with applications in biomedicine; readers are referred to other Features in this issue on research tools (p. 256) and

Sustainability and Biotechnology–Natural or Bio Dyes Resources in Textiles. J Textile Sci Eng 6: 239. doi: 10.4172/2165-8064.100023 9 Page 2 of 5 Volume 6
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Abstract Local is global and global is local. Globalization changed the way we view society for the past decades and it presents advantages and disadvantages. Although to be global means an increased cultural intertwining or a higher flow of information and a social

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools
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Thus far conventional plant breeding methods have been successfully used for sustainable food production worldwide. Human population is increasing at an alarming rate in developing countries, and food availability to feed the additional mouths could gradually

Human resource development in biotechnology
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Human resource in biotechnology meets creative thinking and advanced knowledge of the field. Programmes that impart both industrial training and research aptitude alone can provide suitable manpower for this unique industry. Therefore a concerted effort from all

Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
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Biotechnology and Drug Discovery: Two Years Into the Third Millennium
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ABSTRACT The field of drug discovery is extremely complex and ever changing, with new methodologies and technologies being introduced constantly. The following paper provides an introduction to the field as well as the cuttingedge work being done in it, with special

New challenges in microalgae biotechnology
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Abstract Photosynthetic protists, also called microalgae, have been systematically studied for more than a century. However, only recently broad biotechnological applications have fostered a novel wave of research on their potentialities as sustainable resources of

Biotechnology, Drug Discovery, and Biomedical Research In Silico: The State of the Art
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During the last two decades, new techniques and advancements have added layers of complexity to the research done in biotechnology, drug discovery, and biomedical research. Many of the techniques developed have been computational in nature: in effect, taking

OPTIMIZING THE POTENTIAL USE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR COTTON PRODUCTION AND FOR REVIVING NIGERIAN'S TEXTILE INDUSTRY FOR
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Abstract Cotton production is widespread across the continent of Africa, and it is one of its most essential agricultural commodities. The significance of this sector cannot be over emphasized as the sector apart from being used as foreign exchange earning it can

The largest distributed network of bioinformatics centres in the world: BiotechnologyInformation System Network
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Following the bioinformatics policy document, the recent years have seen the nurturing of the North Eastern Bioinformatics Network and also international collaborative ventures with countries in Asia and Europe. The trend of an admixture of experimental and

Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
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ABSTRACT With worldwide attention on renewable energy and climate change, metabolic engineering of the fatty acid biosynthetic pathway has become an active area of research, with a view to enhance production of biofuels. Indeed, this pathway has already been

Modern Approaches into Biochemical and Molecular Biomarkers: Key Roles in EnvironmentalBiotechnology
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Abstract Biomarkers are characterized by a unique order in their molecular structures and are the first sentinel's tools for sensitive effect measurements in environmental quality or biotechnological processes assessment. Most of the importance of biomarkers resides in

Efficacy of the Technological/Engineering Design Approach: Imposed Cognitive Demands Within Design-Based Biotechnology Instruction
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Abstract Though not empirically established as an efficacious pedagogy for promoting higher order thinking skills, technological/engineering design-based learning in K–12 STEM education is increasingly embraced as a core instructional method for integrative STEM Volumes are organized topically and provide a comprehensive discussion of developments in the field over the past 3–5 years. The series also discusses new discoveries and applications. Special volumes are dedicated to selected topics which focus on new

International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Abstract Inclusion of bioethanol in the transportation fuel by displacing part of the petroleum- derived energy has become an emerging trend due to limited availability of fossil fuel and its potential association with global warming. With a suitable strain of microorganism, sugar

BIOTECHNOLOGY: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE: A REVIEW
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ABSTRACT: Knowledge of biotechnology dates back to the start of human civilization. In present day world, ever increasing demand of food due to rapid increase in population is among one of the big challenges for human race. Biotechnology is playing a key role in

Achieving Regulatory Excellence in the Agri-Food Biotechnology Sector: Building Policy Capacity
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Abstract: What capacities are needed on the part of policymakers in areas such as the agri- food biotechnology sector in order to attain excellence at the individual, organisational and systemic levels of regulatory operation To address this question, this paper draws upon

Role of DBT in promoting biotechnology-based development in North East India
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Since 2009–2010, DBT has been making concerted effort towards development of North Eastern Region (NER) of India. Under its Twinning Programme, 300 collaborative research projects are currently underway, between NER institutions and those from rest of the

Advances in Biotechnology for Sustainable Development
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It may be mentioned that transformation towards a bio-based industry is one of the big challenges facing our human society. Biotechnology is such a driver for change from petroleum-based economy to a more sustainable bio-based economy. The use and

International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Abstract This article uses concepts from technology management applied to health to identify and analyze the trends in new orthopedic implants. Using the technological information extracted from scientific articles and patents indexed between 2000 and 2014

Agricultural biotechnology and crop productivity: macro-level evidences on contribution of Bt cotton in India
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While farm-level empirical studies demonstrate the contribution of Bt technology in increasing crop productivity, there are still questions about its contribution to long-term growth in productivity at the macro-level. Our study examines major technological and Against the background of important changes under way in the pharmaceutical industries of advanced countries brought about, in part, by advances in biotechnology, this chapter seeks to examine how well-prepared the Indian pharmaceutical industry is to integrate

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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Inhibitors from diverse sources are being explored for understanding their inhibitory potential. Among several alternatives, protease inhibitors represent an attractive class of biopesticides with several im- portant features. Such protease inhibitors are environmentally friendly

Biotechnology communication needs a rethink
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Biotechnology, like any other stream of science becomes irrelevant if it cannot be used by society at the right time. To get people to use biotechnology it should be acceptable, understandable and accessible to them. Herein lies the role of biotechnology

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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Sequential optimization strategy for maximum L-asparaginase Fernanda FG Dias n, Hélia H. Sato Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas, Rua Monteiro Lobato, 80, Campinas, SP, Brazil Article history: Received 15

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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Optimised production of chitinase from a novel mangrove isolate, Bacillus pumilus MCB-7 using response surface methodology KS Rishad a, Sharrel Rebello b, Vinod Kumar Nathan b, S. Shabanamol a, MS Jisha a,n Article history: Received 4 November 2015

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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A pollination control system, such as male sterility, is useful for economic production of commercial hybrid seed. We developed male sterile canola (Brassica napus L.) lines through random T-DNA insertions of the antisense Arabidopsis thaliana INDEHISCENT (IND) gene. Of the 21

The importance of RD alliances to sustain a nano-biotechnology ecosystem
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ABSTRACT The breakthroughs in nanoelectronics, nanotechnology and biotechnology are resulting in a growing convergence of nano with bio, as they both 'work'at the nanoscale. Nanobiotechnology will push biotech and nanotech RD centers and companies from all

Journal of Biotechnology Biomaterials
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Abstract The development of anti-parasitic agent is quite challenging particularly when exploiting biochemical differences between the parasite and the host. However, with post- genome bioinformatics and experimental research,targets can be more easily

The making of modern biotechnology: how ethidium bromide made fame
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ABSTRACT Ethidium bromide is a household name in biology, and is arguably the most popular stain in molecular research. It was discovered as a consequence of the growth spurt in chemical synthesis towards the very end of 19th century and in the first half of the 20th

SPECIAL SECTION: ADVANCEMENTS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
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This special section of Current Science celebrates the 30th year of the founding of the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) in India. The DBT started as a Board anchored by the Department of Science and Technology and then became a Department under the

Institute of Biochemistry Biotechnology
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Day/Period 8:00-8:50 8:50-9:40 9:40-10:30 10:30-11:20 11:20-12:10 12:10-1:00 1:00-1:50 1:50-2:40 2:40-3:30 FS-1004 Forensic Analysis of DNA Dr. Saadat Ali FS-1012 Forensic Medicine Dr. Saadat Ali FS-1015 Literature Survey Dr. M. Yasir

Recent Evolutions in Intellectual Property Frameworks for Agricultural Biotechnology: A Worldwide Survey
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Abstract: The present paper focuses broadly on changes to legal and regulatory frameworks relevant to intellectual property (IP) and agricultural biotechnology in multiple territories across the world. Specific evolutions of interest include changes to patentability

Biotechnology Awareness: From the Ivory Towers to the Masses
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Science and technology has always been a top agenda item in Malaysian policies. The National Agriculture Policy, Vision 2020, Malaysia's fiveyear plans, and the National Biotechnology Policy heavily emphasize the importance of science and technology (ST)

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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Field experiments were conducted at the experimental field in Erode, TamilNadu to investigate the effect of foliar application of chitosan (a growth promoter) on growth, yield attributes and curcumin content of turmeric (Erode local). The chitosan (0.1%, w/v) was sprayed at a regular

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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Antimicrobial activity of crude extracts from Mangrove-derived Trichoderma species against human and fish pathogens Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai 608502, India Article history: Received

SUPPORTIVE–I TOOLS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
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M. Sc. Biotechnology (2015-2016)(University) Annexure No. 80A Page 23 of 26 SCAA Dt.: 24-04-2015 UNIT IV Selection Strategy and Screening for Transformants Selection of rDNA Clones: Blue-White Selection, Colony Hybridization, PCR, Molecular analysis: Western

Intellectual Property Rights–Role in Biotechnology
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One of the main features of modern agricultural biotechnology (agribiotech) is its increasing proprietary nature. Unlike the agricultural sciences of the past, which came out of publicly funded labs, new biotechnologies are protected by patents and other intellectual property

Reflections on 25 Years Teaching on an Interdisciplinary Programme in Biotechnology
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Abstract Interdisciplinarity is the combination of selected parts of two or more existing disciplines to create what is essentially a new discipline that straddles the parent disciplines. In this paper, some reflections on interdisciplinarity are presented based on the author's

Biotechnology Reports
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.btre.2016.02.001 2215-017X/ã 2016 Published by Elsevier BV This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-nc-nd/4.0/). Biotechnology Reports 10 (2016) 8–16 Biotechnology Reports

Biotechnology in Health Education: Healthy Lifestyles
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Biotechnology is a new concept recently installed. Biotechnology is the result of the union of two words: biology and technology. Biotechnology is not considered in itself as a science but as a multidisciplinary area that includes knowledge of the application of scientific

SOIL BIOTECHNOLOGY TO TREAT NAZAFGARH DRAIN WATER BEFORE DISPOSAL INTO RIVER YAMUNA
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ABSTRACT The potential risks associated with the use of recycled water have become a matter of concern for many organisations which are recycling water. Out of the many reasons, the major ones are that they are not able to maintain the efficiency of the

1Lokmangal College of Agricultural Biotechnology, Wadala, Solapur, Maharashtra 413 222
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Abstract Genetic diversity analysis of nine wheat (Triticum astivum) genotypes was carried out using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. The 15 RAPD primers amplified a total of 109 bands, out of which 73 were polymorphic. The size of amplified

APPLICATION OF PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY TECHNIQUES IN ANTIOXIDANT PRODUCTION
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SUMMARY Nowadays, antioxidant compounds are receiving increased attention in scholarly literature as well as in research. Antioxidants are a diverse group of compounds that can neutralize free radicals and thus help prevent diseases that are a consequence of

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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The present study was undertaken to evaluate pharmacological activities of secondary metabolite of Streptomyces olivaceus (MSU3) isolated from the sediment sample of a mangrove ecosystem. The isolated strain was screened for its preliminary antagonistic Over the last decades, the study of extremophiles has been providing ground breaking discoveries that challenge our understanding of biochemistry and molecular biology. In the applied side, extremophiles and their enzymes have spawned a multibillion dollar

41 Strategies for Optimizing Photosynthesis with Biotechnology to Improve Crop Yield
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The world's population is projected to increase to 9 billion by 2050 (Roberts 2011), while the availability of arable land will decrease as environmental degradation and destruction grow worse. Meeting the food demand of this growing population will be a major challenge, and

An Approach in Biotechnology Education–Laboratory for Medical Rehabilitation Robots, Assistive Care and Tele-robots
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An Approach in Biotechnology Education – Laboratory for Medical Rehabilitation Robots, Assistive Care and Tele-robots Sanda Victorinne Paturca1, Daniel Petre1, Cosmin Karl Banica1, Ioana Raluca Adochiei2, Ana Maria Dumitrescu1, Cristian Molder3, Valeriu

PRE-SERVICE SCIENCE TEACHERS'KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND ETHICAL APPROACHES REGARDING BIOTECHNOLOGY
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ABSTRACT Biotechnology which is the fastest growing and most rapidly changing technology in the twenty-first century (Ravi, Baunthiyal, Saxena, 2014). Even if biotechnology has great importance within the sciences, it is not still prominent field in the

Study Development of Biotechnology in Agriculture Section in Iran
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Abstract: The purpose of this research was descriptive, correlational and identifies factors driving development of biotechnology in the agricultural sector of Iran. The current path of research and development show that the difference between industrial and developing

Understanding the Social Controversies over Agricultural Biotechnology
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In sociology social problems are a subject of inquiry and teaching. That subject is a central aspect of any sociology curriculum at a higher education institution (Best, 2011). However, there is not a single definition of what constitutes a social problem. And, what is perceived

Biotechnology Reports
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Immobilisation of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) on nanofibres was demonstrated. CGTase solution (1% v/v) and PVA (8 wt%) solution were mixed followed by electrospinning (À9 kV, 3 h). CGTase/ PVA nanofibres with an average diameter of 176 Æ 46 nm were

A Review on Applications of Biotechnology in Textile and Medical Industry
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Abstract Our newspapers are filled with stories about ground-breaking discoveries in the field of biotechnology. Every single day new developments are emerging; the pace at which this field is evolving is astounding. When biological organisms and processes are used to

International Journal of Advances in Pharmacy and Biotechnology
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ABSTRACT: Magnetic fields which are produced by electrical appliances, power lines, electromagnets includes RF fields, IF fields, ELF and static fields show biological effects on human health. The manifestation of the magnetic effects can be seen in psychological Drug discovery and development is a long, costly, and high-risk process. It starts with the target and the generation and optimization of

Institutions, Dominant Actors, and Financial Markets: The Case of Venture Capital forBiotechnology in Switzerland
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Abstract: Since the 1990s, the new economic sociology has directed attention toward markets and, in particular, financial markets. Thus far, neo-institutional theory has not been able to make substantial contribution to this research front. We identify reasons for this or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in any other physical

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
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The current study was performed to assess the phosphate (P) solubilization potential of inhabiting bacteria from rhizosphere of Avicennia marina plants. Hence, sampling was carried out from soils near the mangrove roots in the intertidal zone. Among 13 isolates screened, four

THE BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNER: EMPOWERING GIFTED CHILDREN TO BRING ACCESS TO SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE IN INCLUSIVE
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Abstract This paper presents an approach to inclusive pedagogy that enable gifted children and high performing students to bring science knowledge in inclusive classrooms of peers with diverse needs. Biotechnology for Young Learner is a program developed for gifted

Biotechnology of Bamboos
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Bamboos are perennial, evergreen woody monocots that belong to the family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae and tribe Bambuseae. The plant is distributed at latitudes from 46 N to 47 S and at altitudes up to 4,000 m amsl in the subtropical and temperate zones of all

Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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Materials and Methods Ripe cocoa pods of the PBC 140 variety were obtained from Perak, Malaysia. The pods were depodded and 45 kg of fresh beans were fermented using shallow wooden boxes (0.78 x 0.78 x 0.78 m) for duration of 72 h. The beans were turned every 24

1University of Eldoret, Department of Biotechnology, 2University of Eldoret, Department of Biological Science, Kenya Email address of corresponding author:
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Abstract Common bean is the most important pulse crop in Kenya, though small scale farmers involved in its farming have limited access to quality seeds resistant to pests such as bean fly, thereby limiting its production. This study aimed at determining effective ways of

International Journal of Advances in Pharmacy and Biotechnology
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ABSTRACT: Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are high-molecular-weight polymers, excreted by some microorganisms onto the outside of their cell walls. EPS are primarily composed of carbohydrate and some non-carbohydrate substituents, such as acetate, phosphate,

Biotechnology Reports
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Julalak Chuproma, Preeyanuch Bovornreungroja,*, Mehraj Ahmadb, Duangporn Kantachotea, Sawitree Dueramaea a Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand b Institute of Nutrition (INMU),

Biotechnology and Human Destiny
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5. Biotechnology beyond therapy–general considerations: a. The safety of the means b. Justice in interpersonal relationships c. The wisdom of the ends d. The meaning of human activity 6. A hermeneutics of some of the particular promises of biotechnology a. Better

WORLD JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
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ABSTRACT Carbon atom Carbon atom is most important and abundant constituent of existing and new generated biological mater and biomass and the basis of all forms of life on earth. It is involved in the composition and construction of organic micro-and

Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Noida, Sec-125, Noida-201303, Uttar Pradesh, India. _
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ABSTRACT Egg albumin nanoparticles (EANPs) are considered safe, economic and targeted delivery. EANPs have low- cost and safe nanomaterials to carry out more improved drug loading capacity for loaded



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