nanomagnet-nanotechnologies


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A nanomagnet is a submicrometric system that presents spontaneous magnetic order (magnetization) at zero applied magnetic field (remanence). The small size of nanomagnets prevents the formation of magnetic domains

The dynamics of nanomagnets underpin existing commercial products such as computer hard drives and magnetic random-access memory (MRAM) chips. Nanomagnet dynamics are also at the heart of a wide array of devices currently under development or proposed for future electronics.

Magnetic nanoparticles are a class of nanoparticle that can be manipulated using magnetic fields. Such particles commonly consist of two components, a magnetic material, often iron, nickel and cobalt, and a chemical component that has functionality.

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have shown promise in a number of biomedical applications, including: magnetic hyperthermia, enhancing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, supplementing tissue engineering efforts and improving the delivery of drugs to difficult to reach microniches

Nanomagnetic technology can be used to develop devices with more durable batteries and increased storage memories. Magnetricity can be used to produce more powerful and smaller cell phones and computers, as an alternative to the use of electricity.

Nanomagnetic chips are made from material similar to refrigerator magnets, etched with rows of rectangles. Each rectangle measures about 100 nanometers on a side and has magnetic poles.

Pollution magnet : nanomagnetite for arsenic removal from drinking water
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Arsenic contamination in groundwater is a severe global problem, most notably in Southeast Asia where millions suffer from acute and chronic arsenic poisoning. Removing arsenic from groundwater in impoverished rural or urban areas without electricity and with no

Nanomagnetbased detoxifying machine: an alternative/complementary approach in HIV therapy
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As mentioned earlier, NBDM is a device that uses a magnetic field to trap magnet nanoparticles in a magnet column. The into the infected blood, into the magnet column, and an output source to deliver the virus- nanomagnet depleted blood back to a patient’s body (Figure 4).

NanoMagnet logic
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Notre Dame and Indiana’s grant to MIND have provided over $10M of new research tools to the Nano Science and Gate with one slant magnet If 1010 magnets switch 108 times per second, magnets would dissipate just 0.1 W 100 aJ add with I/O, *all* clock circuitry, magnet

Emergent dynamic chirality in a thermally driven artificial spin ratchet
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in which the magnetization points in one of two orientations along the magnet long axis due to shape anisotropy1. The choice of the array in our system as a result of the topology of the stray field of the nanomagnet array. At the edges of the array, the stray field gives rise toABSTRACT: Electron holography has been used to characterise the magnetic microstructure of arrays of 100 nm diameter Co dots and 57 nm diameter Ni pillars, which were grown onto Si substrates and prepared for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using focused ion ()

Magnetic logic devices based on field-coupled nanomagnets
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Then, majority logic operation can be performed by the central nanomagnet M, and the result can be transferred to another nanomagnet Dipolar ordering in the nanomagnetnetworks is imaged by magnetic force microscopy (MFM), and the operation is explained by means of

Design space exploration for nanomagnet logic systems
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width), its thickness, the spacing between magnets, the material a magnet is made from, the material that surrounds NML devices (we are considering the use of magnetic nanoparticles to increase local permeability as in ), and the shape of an NML device (ie whether or not it

Response surface methodology optimization of dibenzothiophene biodesulfurization in model oil by nanomagnet immobilized Rhodococcus erythropolis R1
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Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) study was used to determination the presence of Fe3O4 nano crystals and performed between 20 and 80 After absorption of the magnetic NPs on the cell surface, a permanent magnet was placed at the side of the vessel. The supernatant was

Controlling Molecular Nanomagnet Properties by the Host Lattice
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Herein, we switch the magnetism of materials made of the 19 single-molecule magnet [CoxZn(1-x)(piv)2(2-NH2-Py)2], by structural changes induced by 20 gradual replacement of complexes containing paramagnetic Co(II) with analogues containing 21 diamagnetic Zn(II).

THz electron spin resonance on nanomagnets
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This article addresses (1) investigation of exchange coupling in heterometallic nanomagnets and chemical trends, (2) spin freezing in a giant nanomagnet where quasi-spin Another advantage of a small magnet is the reduction of the stress of the magnet . The stress on the

Molecular magnets
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The series NanoScience and Technology is focused on the fascinating nanoworld, mesoscopic physics, analysis with atomic resolution, nano and quantum-effect devices, nanomechanics and atomic-scale processes. All the basic aspects and technology-oriented Field-coupled nanocomputing (FCN) paradigms offer fundamentally new approaches to digital information processing that do not utilize transistors or require charge transport. Information transfer and computation are achieved in FCN via local field interactions between building

Fabrication of on-chip clock structure for nanomagnet QCA (MQCA)
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Previously, we have proposed an onchip clock structure comprising Cu lines with ferromagnetic yokes that can selectively excite nanomagnets and perform logic operations with the nanomagnet circuit . Figure 1 shows such a structure where nanomagnets placed on a Cu Abstract The novel functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2@ APTMS@Glu-His@Cu complex was prepared from modification of iron oxide nanomagnet particles with (3 The brown solid product separated by means of an external magnet was washed with deionized water for several times.

NanoMagnet Logic: an Architectural Viewpoint
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To switch magnets from one state to the other, a clock mechanism is necessary: Magnets are forced in an intermediate unstable state through an external stimulus, while when this stimulus is removed magnets reorder themselves following the input magnet . Clock can be

Structural and magnetic properties of NiFe2O4/NiFe bi- magnet and NiFe nanoalloy synthesized from thermal reduction of NiFe2O4
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NiFe2O4/NiFe nanocomposites, NiFe nanoalloy were synthesized by reduction of NiFe2O4 nanoferrite with activated charcoal under Ar gas atmosphere at 900 C for 3 hours. The NiFe2O4 was synthesized by a glycol-thermal. Partial and complete reduction yielded

Sono-catalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol by sono-synthesized nano magnet (La0. 7Sr0. 3MnO3)
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Recently, the researcher was focused on the use of ultrasound and catalyst to increase the oxidation of organic compounds under milder conditions compared to the non-catalyzed processes (Mishra and Gogate, 201 He et al.). Among different catalysts, prtovskite

R-DBN: A resistive deep belief network architecture leveraging the intrinsic behavior of probabilistic devices
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where Z is a normalization constant, mz is the magnetization along +z, ∆ is the thermal barrier of the nanomagnet and is is a normalization quantity for the spin-current such that is= Is/(4q/ℏ kT), being the damping coefficient of the magnet q the electron charge and ℏ is theWe report muon spin rotation measurements of the local magnetic susceptibility around a positive muon in the V15 spin 1/2 molecular nano magnet . We find that the measured temperature dependence of the local susceptibility agrees with bulk. No temperature

Quadrupole Magnet Requirements for Achromatic Operation of DIAC Nanobeamline
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DIAC (Daejeon ion accelerator complex) is part of KEKs TRIAC (Tokai Radioactive Isotope Accelerator Complex), which was transferred to KAERI in April and installed . It consists of ion source, RFQ, and IH, and the specifications of each component are shown in

Molecular nanomagnets and related phenomena
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The discovery of single-molecule magnets (SMMs) at the beginning of the 1990s opened a new interdisciplinary field in between chemistry, physics, materials, and nanoscience. The first SMM Mn12 cluster is a nanoscale molecule showing slow magnetic relaxation and

Nanomagnetbased detoxifying machine: an alternative/complementary approach in HIV therapy
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This protocol consists of three steps as following: synthesis of targeted nanomagnets (Fe3O4-PLGAPEG-MIP), Injection of targeted nanomagnets to the patients’ blood and finally the dialysis of the patients blood. The proposed structure for T- An optimized dose of T- nanomagnets will be

Magnetic logic devices based on field-coupled nanomagnets
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Nanomagnets that exhibit two distinct stable states of magnetization can be used to store digital bits. This phenomenon is already applied in todays magnetic random access memories (MRAM). In addition, interacting networks of such nanomagnets with physical

THz electron spin resonance on nanomagnets
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Recent results of THz Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) on nanomagnets were reviewed. This article addresses (1) investigation of exchange coupling in heterometallic nanomagnets and chemical trends,(2) spin freezing in a giant nanomagnet where quasi-spin wave like

Nanomagnetic medical sensors and treatment methodologies
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The sensing, detection, imaging and measurement of magnetic nanoparticles in the human body is a vibrant area of advancing technology. Potential applications cover a variety of therapies and diagnoses, including in vitro magnetic separation assays, targeted delivery of

NanoMagnet logic
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16 dots long chain contains 30 nm thick permalloy nanomagnets made by e-beam lithography and lift-off 16 dots long chain contains 30 nm thick permalloy nanomagnets made by EBL and lift-off Nanomagnets patterned on wires with EBL lift-off

Magnetization Reversal in Hexagonal Nanomagnets .
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Magnetic nanostructures are of high interest for basic research of the interplay between magnetocrystalline and shape anisotropy as well as for a broad range of applications from biomedicine to data storage systems . Recently, often magnetic nanofibers were The magnetic properties of arabinogalactan-stabilized iron-containing nanobiocomposites, which include magnetite nanoparticles, were studied. The magnetic characteristics of samples were measured on a SQUID magnetometer in the temperature range of 5 320 KRecent progress in the synthesis of colloidal transition-metal particles in macroscopic quantities [1 3] has revealed new opportunities to investigate magnetic properties of nanoscale particles and particle ensembles in detail. These particles are expected to Nanomagnetic CoPt truncated octahedral nanoparticles (TONPs) were successfully synthesised through a facile one-pot strategy. These single crystal CoPt TONPs with an average size of about 8 nm exhibit excellent electrocatalytic performance of both activity and

Synthesis and characterization of a nanomagnetic ion imprinted polymer for selective extraction of silver ions from aqueous samples
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A magnetic ion imprinted polymer (mag-IIP) for the selective extraction of silver ions was synthesized by using functionalized magnetite (Fe 3 O 4) nanoparticles as the magnetic core, silver ion as the template, salen as the ligand, 4-vinylpyridine as the functional

Molecular nanomagnets
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At a time when there is an increasing tendency of funding agencies worldwide to want to target research on specific challenges, it is always worth remembering that this is not how science works. Many advances occur by accident, by fortunate coincidence where research

The magnetic force microscopy and its capability for nanomagnetic studies-The short compendium
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Almost two decades have passed since the first experimental invention of the scanning probe microscopy principle (SPM). In the course of time the initial idea of probe-based microscopy has developed to many related specific techniques like scanning tunnelingElectron holography has been used to characterise the magnetic microstructure of arrays of 100 nm diameter Co dots and 57 nm diameter Ni pillars, which were grown onto Si substrates and prepared for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using focused ion

Synthesis and physicochemical properties of nanomagnetic zinc ferrite system
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Effects of various amounts of fuel on structural, morphological and magnetic properties of ZnFe2O4 nano-particles have been studied. The specimens were characterized by IR, XRD, SEM, TEM and VSM. The XRD measurements confirm the formation of well-crystalline zinc

Nanomagnetic Materials and Structures, and their Applicationsin Integrated RF and Power Modules
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Electronic system miniaturization with higher performance, lower cost and enhanced reliability is primarily enabled by four building blocks: 1) Nanoscale ICs, and their thinning and stacking as 3D IC (Integrated Circuits) 2.) Interposers or packages that enable ultra-high

Preparation, characterization and properties of core-shell cobalt ferrite/polycaprolactone nanomagnetic biomaterials
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Combination of magnetic and biocompatible materials to form core-shell nanomaterials has been widely used in medical fields. These core-shell magnetic biomaterials have a great potential for magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH) treatment to remedy cancer. The aims of this

Controlling Molecular Nanomagnet Properties by the Host Lattice
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ABSTRACT 16 Structural control over the magnetic properties of molecular nanomagnets (MNM) is key to 17 bottom up design strategies for novel molecule-based magnetic materials, for eg data storage, 18 magnetic cooling or spintronics. Herein, we switch the

Spin clusters with orbitally degenerate magnetic centers as single-molecule nanomagnets with high blocking temperatures
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Fig. 1. Splitting of the ground spin level S of a molecular spin cluster. The (2S+ 1)-fold degenerate spin multiplet S is split into separate spin components under the action of intracluster magnetic anisotropy. The case of negative anisotropy (D 0) is shown when spin

Surface studies of nanomagnetic systems
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In this set of experiments, the properties of several nanomagnetic systems have been studied using a variety of surface sensitive techniques. These techniques were used in Ultra High Vacuum (UHV) conditions and include Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (STM), Auger

Spin kinetic Monte Carlo method for nanoferromagnetism and magnetization dynamics of nanomagnets with large magnetic anisotropy
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Abstract The Kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) method based on the transition-state theory, powerful and famous for simulating atomic epitaxial growth of thin films and nanostructures, was used recently to simulate the nanoferromagnetism and magnetization dynamics ofIt is demonstrated that it is possible to switch the magnetisation of nanomagnets by employing the exchange interaction between magnets. This can implement on-chip clocking for nanomagnetic logic circuits by using a current-carrying copper wire circularly wrapped by

Comparative study of magnetization reversal process between elliptical and rectangular CoFe nanomagnets
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The magnetization reversal process for elliptical and rectangular permendur (CoFe) nanostructures were compared using micromagnetic simulations. Single domain states were observed in 10 nm thick elliptical and rectangular nanomagnets . The magnetization reversal

Quantum tunnelling of the magnetisation in molecular nanomagnets
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~ Fig. 1: View ofthe structure ofthe Fe8 molecular cluster. The iron atoms (yellow) carry the magnetic moments that in the ground state are arranged to give S~ 10. The shadows around the duster represent the actual dimensions of the atoms and give an idea of how the central

Highly efficient epoxidation of alkenes with m-chloroperbenzoic acid catalyzed by nanomagnetic Co(III)@Fe3O4/SiO2 salen complex
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A new type of heterogeneous Co (III) complex was synthesized by covalent grafting of homogeneous Co (III) salen complex onto the surface of Fe 3 O 4/SiO 2 nanoparticle (NP). The heterogeneous nanocatalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD)

Design space exploration for nanomagnet logic systems
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Lithographically-defined nanomagnets can be arranged to form circuits in a cellular automatalike architecture scheme where logical operations and dataflow are accomplished via nearestneighbor interaction . At the switch level, Nanomagnet Logic (NML) has many

Nano-CuFe 2 O 4-supported sulfonic acid as a novel and recyclable nanomagnetic acid for diazotization of aromatic amines: efficient synthesis of various azo dyes
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A novel heterogeneous sulfonic acid functionalized nanomagnetic CuFe 2 O 4 was successfully prepared and characterized by analyzing different obtained data including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, field emission scanning The magnetic properties of molecular nanomagnets Mn 12-Ac (acetate) through Ising model are studied by using the Monte Carlo simulations. The effect of exchange interactions are studied in the molecular nanomagnets Mn 12-Ac. The reduced exchange interaction versus

An efficient general methodology to explore the high-temperature frontier in f-block molecular nanomagnets
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One of the main roadblocks that still hampers the practical use of molecular magnets is their cryogenic working temperature. In the pursuit of rational strategies to design new nanomagnets with increasing blocking temperature, ab initio methodologies play an

Application of nanomagnetic particles in hyperthermia cancer treatment
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This research focuses on developing uniform particles with a Curie temperature that is similar to the therapeutic one for the purpose of cancer treatment. Such particles will self- regulate the temperature of the tumor during magnetic hyperthermia (MH), thus avoiding the

Dynamics of Nanomagnetic MR Elastomers
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Magnetorheological (MR) elastomers can provide dynamic stiffness elements capable of operation over a range of conditions. 1 This controllability in response to an applied magnetic field is achieved by embedding magnetic particles into a crosslinked polymeric

Response surface methodology optimization of dibenzothiophene biodesulfurization in model oil by nanomagnet immobilized Rhodococcus erythropolis R1
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Rhodococcus erythropolis R1 is a capable strain in bioconversion of dibenzothiophene (DBT) to 2-hydroxybiphenyl (2-HBP) in oil model. In order to prevent the contamination of biodesulfurization (BDS) products by free cells, microbial cells were immobilized using

Data mining, dashboards and statistics: a powerful framework for the chemical design of molecular nanomagnets
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Three decades of intensive research in molecular nanomagnets have brought the magnetic memory in molecules from liquid helium to liquid nitrogen temperature. The enhancement of this operational temperature relies on a wise choice of the magnetic ion and the

Realization of quantum nanomagnets in metal-free porphyrins
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Quantum nanomagnets exhibit collective quantum behaviors beyond the usual long range ordered states due to the interplay of low dimension, competing interactions and strong quantum fluctuations. Despite numerous theoretical works treating quantum magnetism, the

Modeling of the experimental molecular-based ring-shaped nanomagnets
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2. Results Methods described in the previous paper have been modified to include the additional biquadratic term. We* corresponding author; e-mail: gjk@ amu. edu. pl have calculated the basis of orthonormal states classified according to the total spin S, the

Fabrication of on-chip clock structure for nanomagnet QCA (MQCA)
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Introduction: Numerous research efforts are seeking a new logic device to either replace or augment CMOS technology to continue the performance scaling trends that demonstrated for the past 40 years. Single-domain, lithographically-defined magnets can form circuits in a

Characterization of nanomagnets by Advanced Magnetic Force Microscopy
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Characterization of nanomagnets by Advanced Magnetic Force Microscopy Page 1 Characterization of nanomagnets by Advanced Magnetic Force Microscopy Agustina Asenjo Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Campus UAM, Madrid, Spain

Correlation of signal intensity and ICP/OES-related concentration of gadolinium-based nanomagnetic particles in molecular MRI: in vitro study
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Imaging methods have an important role in the management of patients health care. Some of the advantages made magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an exclusive modality. Gd- DTPA is one of the most common contrast agents in clinical applications. In this study, the

Near-infrared emissive cyanido-bridged molecular nanomagnets sensitive to the nitrile solvents of crystallization
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One of the pathways toward luminescent single-molecule magnets (SMMs) is realized by the self-assembly of lanthanide (3+) ions with cyanido transition metal complexes. We report a novel family of emissive SMMs,{YbIII (4-pyridone) 4 [FeII (phen) 2 (CN) 2] 2}(CF3SO3) 3

Experimental Optimization of Nanomagnetic Properties
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Optimization of material properties during synthesis and processing is a well established problem in Materials Science and Engineering. In this work, the use of experimental optimization to characterize and improve coercivity in a nano-scaled material is described




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