robot 2021




A Review of Robot Learning for Manipulation: Challenges, Representations, and Algorithms.
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A key challenge in intelligent robotics is creating robots that are capable of directly interacting with the world around them to achieve their goals. The last decade has seen substantial growth in research on the problem of robot manipulation, which aims to exploit

Methods for robot behavior adaptation for cognitive neurorehabilitation
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An estimated 11% of adults report experiencing some form of cognitive decline which be associated with conditions such as stroke or dementia, and can impact their memory, cognition, behavior, and physical abilities. While there are no known pharmacological

Decentralized nested Gaussian processes for multi- robot systems
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In this paper, we propose two decentralized approximate algorithms for nested Gaussian processes in multirobot systems. The distributed implementation is achieved with iterative and consensus methods that facilitate local computations at the expense of inter- robotObjective To evaluate the utility of a new robotassisted surgical system (the Versius Surgical System, CMR Surgical, Cambridge, UK) for use in minimal access general and colorectal surgery, in a preclinical setting. Summary background data Robotassisted Purpose Middle ear surgery benefit from robotbased assistance to hold micro- instruments or an endoscope. However, the surgical gesture performed by one hand perturb surgeons accustomed to two-handed surgery. A robotbased holder combine

Design and Development of Educational Robot Teaching Resources Using Artificial Intelligence Technology.
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To further innovate English teaching reform and promote the optimization and development of intelligent and innovative English teaching resources, an intelligent educational robot has been developed based on the current vigorous development of artificial intelligence

A Smart Approach for Human Rescue and Environment Monitoring Autonomous Robot
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Taking all aspects under consideration regarding accidents caused by natural disasters there creates a situation where we cannot access some places physically, so we came up with an idea to help us to do so. The main motto of the human rescue and environment

Engagement Estimation During Child Robot Interaction Using Deep Convolutional Networks Focusing on ASD Children
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Estimating the engagement of children is an essential prerequisite for constructing natural Child- Robot Interaction. Especially in the case of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, monitoring the engagement of the other party allows robots to adjust their actions according Objective Review the safety, efficacy and cost of robotassisted sialolithotomy with sialoendoscopy (RASS) for large submandibular gland hilar sialoliths. Study Design Retrospective case series. Methods Patients≥ 18 years diagnosed with submandibular hilar

Feedback Control of the Locomotion of a Tailed Quadruped Robot
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The traditional locomotion paradigm of quadruped robots is to use dexterous (multi degrees of freedom) legs and dynamically optimized footholds to balance the body and achieve stable locomotion. With the introduction of a robotic tail, a new locomotion paradigm Introduction The available studies comparing robotassisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with intracorporeal (ICUD) vs. extracorporeal (ECUD) urinary diversion have not relied on a standardized methodology to report complications and did not assess the effect of different Compared with obstacle avoidance in open environment, collision-free path planning for duct-enter task is often challenged by narrow and complex space inside ducts. For obstacle avoidance, redundant robot is usually applied for this task. The motion of redundant robot

Improving Decision-Making-Process for Robot Navigation Under Uncertainty.
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Designing an autonomous system is a challenging task nowadays, and this is mainly due to two challenges such as conceiving a reliable system in terms of decisions accuracy (performance) and guaranteeing the robustness of the system to noisy inputs. A system is

Building The Foundation of Robot Explanation Generation Using Behavior Trees
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As robots are pushed by researchers and the industry to complete more complex tasks, improving the understanding of a robots behaviors is becoming increasingly important. Prior work in human- robot interaction (HRI) has shown that improving understanding of a robot

Design of planning Trajectory for the planar Robot Manipulator using Linear Segments method with Parabolic Blends (LSPB)
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Recently, the demand for robot manipulators has been increasing so rapidly that their applications have become used across a wide range of products for example, industrial, medical, military etc. Thus, a further attention has been paid for their guidance and

Design of Adaptive Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller for Mobile Robot
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A Wheeled Mobile Robot (WMR) system is one of the well-known non-holonomic systems. In this paper, an Adaptive Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller (AFSMC) is proposed for trajectory tracking control of a non-holonomic system, which the centroid doesnt coincide to the

Hit the Robot on the Head With This Mallet
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Researchers continue to devise creative ways to explore the extent to which people perceive robots as social agents, as opposed to objects. One such approach involves asking participants to inflict harmon a robot . Researchers are interested in the length of time

A Survey on Applications of Human- Robot Interaction
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Human- robot interaction (HRI) is the extensive research topic which aims at the complementary combination between the robot capabilities and human skills. The robots assist humans in terms of precision, speed, and force. The humans contribute in terms of the

Mental Communication of Internal Speech with Communicative Associative Robot via Spectral Neurointerface
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The aim of this study is to identify the approach of mental control of robots through the neurointerface. Thought communications with an associative-communicative robot are carried out through the spectral neurointerface of internal speech. Internal speech is an

Intention-Aware Human- Robot Collaborative Design
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Robots pose unique potential partners for human designers when thought of as physical and social embodiments of computational agents. In this work, we propose the efficacy of robotic collaborative design agents and observe challenges and potential directions in an

Robot Intelligence Lab Publications List 2021
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This is a list of publications from the Robot Intelligence Lab at Imperial College London. The long-term research goal of our lab is to advance the level of intelligence of robots. The term robot intelligence is very broad and includes both cognitive (mental) aspects and physical

Robotassisted extraperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy (RAePAL) performed with the bipolar cutting method
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Objective: In comparison with laparoscopic transperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy, the advantages of laparoscopic extraperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy (ePAL) are that the operative field is not obstructed by bowel and the Trendelenburg position is not The surgical management for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJ) has evolved over the past few years. We have seen significant changes in the treatment paradigm for this condition. While initially the only treatment option was an open surgical approach, the pastThe introduction of robotics has led to a fundamental turning point for laparoscopic vascular surgery, which has always entailed relatively difficult manipulation with instruments and a lengthy procedure time to construct the vascular anastomosis, leading to long aortal

The new advanced prototype of airborne visual control of a ground robot
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Unmanned autonomous robots will be widely used very soon for land use, treatment, and monitoring. The paper addresses the problem of visual navigation of ground robots using a camera positioned at a certain elevation above the confined area. The main idea is that

Adaptive Fuzzy Control for Autonomous Robot under Complex Environment
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This paper studies an adaptive control method for an autonomous robot under a complex environment as static and dynamic obstacles with too many paths to target A new obstacle avoidance approach for autonomous robots has been designed and implemented. This

Selfreconfigurable hierarchical frameworks for bearing-based formation control of robot swarms
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Hierarchical frameworks can be an effective mecha-1 nism to coordinate robot swarms. Their effectiveness was recently 2 demonstrated by the Mergeable Nervous Systems paradigm, in 3 which a robot swarm can switch dynamically between distributed 4 and

Mutual Modelling Ability for a Humanoid Robot : How can it improve my learning as we solve a problem together
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We build on a collaborative problem solving activity for school children named JUSThink 3 [3 40], which aims to improve their Computational Thinking (CT) skills by applying abstract and algorithmic reasoning to solve an unfamiliar problem on networks 4. In particular, the

Implementation of rover tank firefighting robot for closed areas based on arduino microcontroller
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Recently, communication via the wireless systems become promising, since the wireless communication system provides several benefits such as the disposal of the wire usage, provides long-distances communication, and the disposal of periodic maintenance of data

Taotie: Design and Implementation of a Bronze-Relic Inspired Sentimental Robot
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This on-going work attempts to create a sentimental robot namely Taotie, which is inspired by ancient Chinese bronze-relics. With a unique design of facial patterns and a combination mechanism, Taotie robot can represent up to twenty-seven different animal faces by rotation This paper presents a novel 7 DOF (ie, orientation, translation, and scale) visual simultaneous localization and mapping (vSLAM) system for mobile robots in outdoor environments. In the front end of this vSLAM system, a fast initialization method is designed

Human Following Robot Using Arduino
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Humanoid robotics is an emerging research field that has received significant attention during the past years and will continue to play an important role in robotics research and many applications of the 21st century and beyond. In this rapid moving world, there is a

An Autonomous Trash Cleaning Robot
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Object detection is one of the fundamental tasks in computer vision. A common paradigm to address this problem is to train object detectors that operate on a subimage and apply these detectors in an exhaustive manner across all locations and scales. The exhaustive search

Design and Development of Floor Cleaner Robot
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Itsa wireless Bluetooth control floor cleaning machine and will be amazed at the simplicity and effectiveness of the idea. Its basically DC motors wired in a wheeled plastic container with a cleaning solution placed on top and a scrub attached in the bottom through one of theAll quadruped robots deal with the same challenge of motion generation. A specific architecture of a motion generator for stable gaits is proposed which can be easily adapted to the needs of various four-legged walking machines. Kinematic and dynamic analysis of

The AI and Robot Entity.
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Robots are instruments of the human being who is intelligent and free. Aristotle defines being free as the one that is cause of himself or exists on his own and for himself (causa sui or causa sui ipsius). By contrast, the instrument is not a cause of itself and does not work byHybrid military teams, formed by human warfighters and autonomous artificial agents, represent the technological future of warfare operations. Both the potential and the inherent limitations of current technology are well-known, but the cognitive-behavioral and Robot localization is an important task for mobile robot navigation. There are many methods focused on this issue. Some methods are implemented in indoor and outdoor environments. However, robot localization in textureless environments is still a challenging task. This isThis paper focuses its attention on the mechanical design of autonomous agricultural robots used for the purpose of harvesting fruits in plantations. The paper analysis the present mechanical designs, identifies the research gaps and proposes a novel design of a fruitThe robotic coverage problem of a known rectangular cellular environment with obstacles is considered in this article. The robot can move only at directions parallel and perpendicular to the sides of the rectangle and can cover one cell at each time unit. A suboptimal minimum