Green Computing New Horizon of Energy Efficiency and E-Waste Minimization
Thrust of computing was initially on faster analysis and speedier calculation and solving of mare complex problems. But in the recent past another focus has got immense importance and that is achievement of energy efficiency, minimization of power consumption of e-equipments. It has also given utmost attention to minimization of e-waste and use of non-toxic materials in preparation of e-equipments. World leaders have also taken move towards this by following some principles. Now it is the time for the end user community to follow some rules of thumb to achieve partly the benefit of “Green Computing”. In India, the implement-ability of principle of “Green Computing” is facing a dilemma due to many socio-economic matters and those are linked to be soughed out to pull India in the mainstream movement of “Green Computing”.
Green computing is the practice of using computing resources efficiently. The goals are to reduce the use of hazardous materials, maximize energy efficiency during the product’s lifetime, and promote recyclability or biodegradability of defunct products and factory waste. Such practices include the implementation of energy-efficient central processing units (CPUs), servers and peripherals as well as reduced resource consumption and proper disposal of electronic waste (e-waste). In 1992, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency launched Energy Star, a voluntary labeling program which is designed to promote and recognize energy-efficiency in monitors, climate control equipment, and other technologies. This resulted in the widespread adoption of sleep mode among consumer electronics. The term “green computing” was probably coined shortly after the Energy Star program began; there are several USENET posts dating back to 1992 which use the term in this manner. 2. Problems Performance-wise, computer design has progressed staggeringly well and astonishingly fast but looking at it from a green perspective, the work is at its epoch. It takes a lot of energy to create, package, store, and move. Conventionally, manufacturing computers includes the use of lead, cadmium, mercury, and other toxics in general. Usually, computers can contain 4 to 8 pounds of lead alone, according to green experts. It’s no wonder that computers and other electronics make up two-fifths of all lead in landfills. To counter this growing pollution threat all over the world due to the growing use of electronic device in general
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