Image processing with the artificial swarm intelligence

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The swarm intelligence technique is applied in image processing for feature extraction. The perceptual graph is proposed to represent the relationship between adjacent image points, from which the image features can be extracted. As a typical technique of the swarm intelligence, the ant colony system is applied to build the perceptual graph, which makes the basis of the layered model of a machine vision system. In the experiments, the edge feature in digital images is extracted based on the proposed machine vision model. Image segmentation is also implemented with the proposed method. The experimental results show that the artificial ant swarm can effectively perform feature extraction in digital images.