image steganography IEEE PAPER 2022


Image Steganography refers to the process of hiding data within an image file. The image selected for this purpose is called the cover image and the image obtained after steganography is called the stego image







A LITERATURE REVIEW OF VARIOUS STEGANOGRAPHY METHODS
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the carrier has been divided into six types, and since image steganography is the most used type [1 4], this section will discuss the evaluation metrics of digital image steganography . lead to image tarnishing due to unwanted noisy pixels. This proposes to be a major threat in steganography as the presence of noise itself could be a reason for the secret image to be

Video Steganography for Image and Text Using Deep Genetic Algorithm and LSB
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In this section, the proposed steganography algorithm will try to embed image and image remain the same before and after embedding. In the future, we will apply video steganography

A Robust Steganographywithout-Embedding Approach Against Adversarial Attacks
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the steganography capacity of our method in a single image can reach 300 bits (300 It generates a messy ciphertext instead of an image and the steganography capacity is low while

Carrier Image Rearrangement to Enhance the Security Level of LSB Method of Data Steganography
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Data steganography as shown in figure 5 means hiding secret and private data in a covering color image to produce a stego_image using a selected method of data steganography [21

Comparison of Steganography Techniques in Medical Application
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Image steganography is a method of covert communication ie, embedding secret is called Image Steganography . Generally, the techniques in this method modify the image pixels forLSB method of data steganography reserved 8 bytes of the covering image to hide 1 byte of the secret message, the covering image and the secret message must be converted to binary

A Novel Image Encryption Approach for IoT Applications
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data in an object known as an image (M Hussain). image steganography . Hence, images are found to be the most popular and commonly used cover objects in steganography .

A New Method to Estimate Peak Signal to Noise Ratio for Least Significant Bit Modification Audio Steganography .
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This method tries to tackle the trade-off between imperceptibility and capacity features of audio steganography . PE is also used in image steganography for similar purposes. For

Restorable Image Operators with Quasi-Invertible Networks
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Our work is also related to image steganography (Morkel, Eloff, and Olivier 2005), where the cover image . We then apply the steganography to hide the original input in the cover image .authentication and identification, steganography and image encryption and introduce of the cover image and uses a unique image code for the detection of image distortion. The QR

Audio steganography based on least significant bits algorithm with 4D grid multi-wing hyper-chaotic system.
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steganography technique to hide greyscale image in different layers of a colored video. Furthermore, the work of [19] have presentation of video steganography video steganography

Stegozoa: Enhancing WebRTC Covert Channels with Video Steganography for Internet Censorship Circumvention
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While image /video steganography techniques do not typically operate under stringent time restrictions, steganographically embedding covert data within real-time constraints is and steganography techniques based on DCT. A new conceptual model for medical image model is protection of medical image protection by steganography using a twodimensional (

Increasing Damages in the Encrypted Color Image
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digital image is often very large. In this paper, we will discuss a new method for encoding and a digital image . This method will use a secret digital image as a key image that can be kept

Embedding Data in Non-Important Gabor Ridges
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This study suggests and introduces a good image steganography algorithm by exploiting the signature idea in embedding secret data. The work in this algorithm consists of two parts,

Implementation and Comparison of File Security Using AES, DES and RSA and Anomaly Detection in Videos Using Convolutional Auto Encoder
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an encrypted secret message is embedded inside the image using image steganography . Along with this hybrid cryptography usage of LSB steganography makes it impossible for the

Highly Secure Method for Secret Data Transmission
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steganography must add a minor change to the image steganography meet the requirement of image quality we can calculate the mean square error (MSE)between the covering image

LSB-based Audio Steganographical Framework for Securing Data in Transit
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simplest ways of securing data using audio steganography . The method employed the LSB Steganography is the method of hiding a file, image or message inside a different file, image

Imperceptible Improvement using Edge Area Selection for Robust Video Watermarking Using Tchebichef-Singular Value Decomposition
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DRIM Setiadi, Improved payload capacity in LSB image steganography uses dilated and CA Sari, Simple and secure image steganography using LSB and triple XOR operation on

Dataset Mismatched Steganalysis Using Subdomain Adaptation With Guiding Feature
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As the opposite of steganography the purpose of and rich statistical knowledge of steganography . In the past few of image steganography in both spatial domain and JPEG domain.

Fuzzy Proximity based Robust Data Hiding Scheme with Interval Threshold
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High payload image steganography with reduced distortion using octonary pixel pairing scheme. Multimedia tools and applications 7 2223 2245. Chandramouli, R., Memon, N.

An Enhanced Rsa Algorithm For Data Security Using Gaussian Interpolation Formula
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A hybrid algorithm was also proposed by Kaliyamoorthy and Ramalingam [17] that integrates RSA and image steganography . The RSA encrypts the data and the image steganographyimage more clear and closed to the source clean image other filters gave worse results as shown in figure 1 so we can highly recommend median filter, then average filter to reduce Information and data technologies are quickly advancing nowadays, and intelligent computers that can make decisions, analyse data, and perform other jobs that were previously done

An Improved Hybrid DCT-DWT Blind Watermarking Technique for Securing Multimedia Images
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A new algorithm based on steganography is developed which is robust and uses multiple quality factors which resists JPEG image compression. The suggested procedure has better

A Hybrid Encoded and Adapted-tuned Neural Network for Asset Medical Image Watermarking Technique
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as cryptography, steganography and watermarking [1-3]. Cryptography is that to convert an asset image into an encrypted image using an encryption key. Steganography means hiding

A NOVEL ENHANCED QUANTUM IMAGE REPRESENTATION BASED ON BIT-PLANES FOR LOG-POLAR COORDINATES
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Quantum image representation has a significant impact in quantum image processing. In this paper, a bit-plane representation for log-polar quantum images (BRLQI) is proposed, which

A VISUAL CRYPTOGRAPHY BASED DATA HIDING TECHNIQUE FOR SECRET DATA ENCRYPTION AND DECRYPTION
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In the field of image processing image for data security various traditional approaches like Cryptography, Steganography and Data Hiding can be used. Cryptography refers to the study ICDIS is a major multidisciplinary conference organized with the objective of bringing together researchers, developers and practitioners from academia and industry working in all

A Machine Learning based Classification and Prediction Technique for DDoS Attacks
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[16], proposed a video steganography botnet model. In addition, they plan to use another model and DECM with the current image steganographybased botnets and methods in terms

A New Robust and Semi-Blind Digital Image Watermarking Method Based on DWT and SVD
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Accordingly, digital image watermarking has many There are several ways to digital image watermarking, but one of of haar wavelet transform on the host image and one level of single

Pan-sharpening with Customized Transformer and Invertible Neural Network
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image texture features V to the HR-MS image . More specifically, we first calculate a hard-attention map H in which the i − th element hi (i ∈ [ H W]) is calculated from the relevance ri,j

Evading obscure communication from spam emails
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Steganography stands ahead as its usage does not raise suspicion and has broader use in recent cyber attacks [1 20]. Steganography is preprocessed steganography embedded textan image can often be directly obtained by processing a stego image or comparing a stego image with its cover image [ not secure when the stego image or both the cover image and its

Computer and Information Sciences
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purpose approach for many imageto image translation tasks, is used in case of imageto- image translation task. Peak- of the loss functions for imageto- image translation on facade

New Cryptosystem Using Two Improved Vigenere Laps Separated by a Genetic Operator
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image and will be infected through the chaotic map used to overcome the uniform image to better adapt to color and medicals image encryption. The second round will increase the

Open Media Forensics Challenge 2022 Evaluation Plan
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a probe is a stego image which contains the image the StegD system must render a confidence score with higher numbers indicating the probe image is more likely to be a stego image

Development of Scalable Coding of Encrypted Images Using Modified Absolute Moment Block Truncation Code
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Duanhao Ou, Wei Sun., High payload image steganography with minimum distortion based 416 on absolute moment block truncation coding. Multimedia Tools Appl. 7 9117 913The transformation models are modified to spatial synchronization in still image watermarks. For wavelets transformation calculate the execution time and then compare the result with

CANNY EDGE DETECTION AND CONTRAST STRETCHING FOR FACIAL EXPRESSION DETECTION AND RECOGNITION USING MACHINE LEARNING
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framework for facial image recognition. In which first edges are detected using canny edge detection operator. Then improved linear contrast stretching is used for image enhancement.

A Novel Method of Multimodal Medical Image Fusion Based on Hybrid Approach of NSCT and DTCWT
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to image fusion that outperforms pixel-based image fusion. At the pixel level, image fusion the blurring influence, which has a direct effect on the image s contrast. As a result, the study

Field-programmable gate array design of image encryption and decryption using Chuas chaotic masking.
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Because of this property, it has found many applications in cryptography and steganography After 70 ns (simulation time), the original image encrypted image and recovered image are

Automatic face recording system based on quick response code using multicam
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is to store information that will be embedded into a QR code image . In this study, a QR code for QR code to protect information with steganography or cryptography in order to guard the

Multimedia Forensics Before the Deep Learning Era
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our goal is to decide whether or not the image PRNU comes from the camera under test so In: Proceedings of SPIE, security, steganography and watermarking of multimedia contents

Department of Computer Science and Media: Master modules
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Multimedia specific implementations of security protocols for image video, audio and other Covert communication, steganography Authenticity and integrity of digital media: Basic

Four dimensional hyperchaotic communication system based on dynamic feedback synchronization technique for image encryption systems
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The information signal (binary image ) is masked (encrypted) plain-data, in particular the image data with a size of 128 ciphered image but with low level distortion in the image pixels The second phase is to segment the preprocessed image samples to allocate the image the segmented image and classified accordingly. The author finds the infectious crops by image

Body Image Esteem and Photo Manipulation Among Social Media Users
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to three choices of intention to change the body image in real life. Nevertheless, this paper one s offline behaviour in terms of body image . With an understanding of this aspect, many

Quantum computing and classical politics: The ambiguity of advantage in signals intelligence
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For example, steganography hides text within an image spies leave messages in hidden dead drops, and air gaps isolate computers from the public internet to preclude digital access

CycleGAN-based Approach for Masked Face Classification
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twodimensional image of apples and mikan as an example of data transition in the CycleGAN, and the image with a hat on the variable shows the converted image . The image with the image processing system. While in the image analysis phase, image segmentation and image making phase such as image classification and image matching. The prime focus in

Adjusting videoendoscopic 3D recon-struction results using tomographic data
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) can be used to match tube and detector positions for each radiographic image to produce a series of projected rays that were used to generate the image and refine them to

TAMPER DETECTION AND LOCALIZATION SCHEME FOR COLOR MEDICAL IMAGES
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modifying the pixels of the image in order to hide image authentication techniques (MIA), the whole image is used to embed the watermark [1 15-18] while in others the medical image

Multi-round encryption for COVID-19 data using the DNA key.
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medical data an approach based on using steganography was proposed in , to image . Unlike our proposed encryption algorithm, we used multi-round encryption for the imageThe Internet of Things (IoT) has garnered a portion of courtesy from academics in recent years. It is one of the most promising skills because it provides a host of solutions to problems in For our experiment, one iris image per individual was enrolled into the system. The identity IrisCode was extracted and encrypted in the local reader using the proposed system, and

UPDATES ON DEFENSE AND ATTACK ON DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS
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These days, more and more People utilize the internet to access a range of services, while many businesses employ dispersed space to provide services to clients. Distributed

Smart hand sanitizer dispenser
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The main aim of this research is to design a smart hand sanitizer dispenser that dispenses optimum amount of sanitizer based on the palm image processing with enhanced IoT features

Lecture Notes, Week 2
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Steganography hiding one message inside another, is an old technique that is still in use. For example, a message can be hidden inside a graphics image key, steganography relies on

IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY IEEE PAPER 2021




Studies on Image Steganography
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Images play a big role in our digital environment and keeping them safe during the data transfer process can be a difficult task. While there are many methods to safely transfer images such as public-key cryptography, symmetric encryption, and watermarking;

STATISTICAL MODELS FOR IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY EXPLAINING AND REPLACING HEURISTICS
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The steganographic field is nowadays dominated by heuristic approaches for data hiding. While there exist a few model-based steganographic algorithms designed to minimize statistical detectability of the underlying model, many more algorithms based on costs of

Binary Image Steganography based on Permutation
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We propose a steganographic scheme based on permutations, which improves the capacity of embedding information in a series of p host binary images. Given a host binary image block of size mxn bits and any embedding technique T, where T can hide Q (m, n) bits of

Universal adversarial perturbations through the lens of deep steganography : Towards a fourier perspective
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al. 2013) lies in the encoding/decoding mechanism. Traditional image steganography explicitly encodes the secret message with a known predetermined rule, thus how the secret is encoded and decoded is obvious. Deep hiding

Medical JPEG image steganography method according to the distortion reduction criterion based on an imperialist competitive algorithm
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In most of the digital steganography methods provided for natural digital images, the embedding of the confidential message is based on the minimisation of the defined distortion functions. It is often done based on choosing the most optimal criterion of The fast improvement of the Web has expanded the simplicity of sharing data to individuals around the world. In any case, this headway additionally raises a trouble about information control when the data is transferred by the sender to the beneficiary. Along these lines, data

A Image Security with Image Steganography Using Dct Coefficient and Encryption
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Image data security is the essential portion in communication and multi media world. During storing and sharing, avoid third party access of data is the challenge one. Providing security of data is the clever work and art also. Many protection algorithms are used in recent years

A NOVEL GEOTAGGING METHOD USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY AND GPS
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Geo tagging has become a new miracle that allows customers to portray and monitor photo collections in numerous new and interesting ways. Fortunately, manual geotagging of an enormous number of images on the globe remains a tedious and lasting task despite the Steganography is a means to hide information which is mainly confidential in order to avoid leakage of important data. In medical diagnosis it is necessary to hide the medical records of the patients on moral grounds. This research paper applies image steganography using

Significant features for steganography techniques using deoxyribonucleic acid: A review
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312-31 IEEE. A. Cheddad, Steganoflage: a new image steganography algorithm, University of Ulster 79-8 IEEE. MS Subhedar and VH Mankar, Current status and key issues in image steganography : A survey, Computer science review, vol. 1 ppSteganography is an art and a science that includes communicating the secret message in an appropriate multimedia carrier, eg, image audio and video files. In the last decade, image steganography has received a lot of attention due to the lowering of the cost of

A Novel RGB Image Steganography Using Simulated Annealing and LCG via LSB
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The enormous prevalence of transferring official confidential digital documents via the Internet shows the urgent need to deliver confidential messages to the recipient without letting any unauthorized person to know contents of the secret messages or detect there

Image Steganography Methods and Performance Comparison
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Providing confidentiality is one of the major issues in communication systems today. In applications where confidentiality is an indispensable importance; the basic aim is to send the concealed information without going into the hands of a third party or in the form such a

Internal boundary based Image Steganography
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The secure transfer of confidential data in the current internet age is a major security concern which has seen the light of day after the emergence of steganography as a prominent data hiding method. Steganography is characterized by three main parameters

Image based steganography using cryptography
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In the world of increasing usage of the internet, data security plays an important role in achieving confidentiality, authentication, and integrity for secure communication. Cryptography and Steganography is the method to achieve data security through which

ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION BASED OPTIMAL STEGANOGRAPHY TECHNIQUE FOR SECRET IMAGE SHARING SCHEME
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Data hiding earlier to transmission remains as an essential process for reducing the security issues in the cloud based environment. Image encryption and steganography techniques verify the safety of secret data during the transmission over the Internet. This paper presents The radical enhancements in the technology and internet has led information to be shared in just single click. As a result, it really became important to worry about the intellectual property protection on the internet. Steganography and cryptography could be very much

Comparative Analysis of Different Steganography Technique for Image Security
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In the age of information technology, the most vital part of information exchange and communication is the Internet. With the enhancement of information technology and internet, digital media has become one of the most popular data transfer tools. This digital data

MULTI IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY USING DISTRIBUTED LSB ALGORITHM AND SECRET TEXT RECOVERY ON STEGO IMAGE CORRUPTION
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In this proposed research work, an attempt has been made to use multiple image files for steganography encoding along with the capability of secret text recovery in the event of any image corruption during the transit. This algorithm is effective on the security factor of secret

Steganography in Color Animated Image Sequence for Secret Data Sharing Using Secure Hash Algorithm
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This paper presents a high capacity steganographic approach with secret message validation scheme at the receiver end. The proposed idea develops specifically for animated GIF, the cover media, to conceal secret text messages where Least Significant Digit (LSD)

Evaluation of using Steganography Technique to Hide a Text in Grayscale Digital Images
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REFERENCES A. Abdelmged, A. Tarek, A.-H. Seddik, and M. Shaimaa, Improving ZOH Image Steganography Method by using Braille Method, International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 15 2016. A. Abdelmgeid

Multi-Stage Protection using Pixel Selection Technique for Enhancing Steganography
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to explore the secret message . The authors O. Zanganeh and S. Ibrahim proposed a substitution technique of image steganography as a new approach, the algorithm enhanced the embedding capacity of the image without losing the stego- image imperceptibility

Review of the Literature on the Steganography Concept
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Image Steganography Video Steganography Audible Steganography Text Steganography Protocol Steganography were examined. Steganography techniques were examined under two headings Low MSE increases the efficiency of the image steganography technique

HYBRID TECHNIQUE FOR HIGH PAYLOAD CAPACITY USING ECC AND STEGANOGRAPHY .
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Imagebased steganography Video-based steganography Page 4 In this paper we are using image to image steganography since image to image and text to image steganography both are same Evaluation of image steganography

Improving Adaptive Steganography Performance with Intelligent Embedding Key Selection Using Optimization Algorithms
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Abstract Adaptive steganography methods use variable embedding capacity according to the uniformity or edges of image areas. ALSBMR is an adaptive method with two main stages: Selecting suitable pixels, and embedding them using the LSBMR methodThis paper is to create a practical steganographic implementation for 4-bit images. The proposed technique converts 4 bit image into 4 shaded Gray Scale image . This image will be act as reference image to hide the text. Using this grey scale reference image any text

DEVELOPMENT OF A HOME CARE SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR PERITONEAL DIALYSIS PATIENTS I-USING DIGITAL WATERMARKING AND STEGANOGRAPHY
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A body CT image series (16-bit, 512 51 100 slices) was used to verify the steganography technique. These CT images were compressed using 7-Zip and then saved in a folder, which was then embedded in the cover photo

Statistical Feature Based Steganalysis for Pixel-Value Differencing Steganography
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PVD-related steganography techniques priori- tize increasing embedding capacity and maintaining image quality, but the validation of security is ori- ented toward defeating RS analysis and PDH attacks. Therefore, we proposed a statistical feature based Page 3

Subject Review: Information Steganography Based on Different Methods
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Teoh Suk Kuan and Rosziati Ibrahim proposed a novel method for data hiding inside cover image using steganography technique R. Das and T. Tuithung presented a new approach for image steganography on the basis of Huffman Encoding

Securing Technique Using Pattern-Based LSB Audio Steganography and Intensity-Based Visual Cryptography
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Keywords: Information security; visual cryptography; audio steganography ; secret image ; reverse steganography 139 15 2000. K. Bailey and K. Curran, An evaluation of imagebased steganography methods, Multimedia Tools and Applications, vol. no. pp Applications.Issue II, 14,Vol. VI. Rupali Bhardwaj and Vaishali Sharma, Image Steganography Based on Complemented Message and Inverted bit LSB Substitution , Procedia Computer Science, Vol.9 Page 7

Secure image hiding in speech signal by steganographymining and encryption
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Information hiding techniques are constantly evolving due to the increased need for security and confidentiality. This paper proposes a working mechanism in three phases. The first phase includes scrambling the values of the gray image depending on a series of keys that

Forensics of Content Adaptive Steganography Techniques
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Additional Keywords and Phrases: Steganography Steganalysis, Image forensics 1 INTRODUCTION Blind or universal image steganalysis can be performed on any type of image steganography technique. Universal image

Securing Data in IOT using Cryptography Steganography Techniques
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they are as follows Image Steganography : We use an image file as a cover medium to hide the secret message. A digital image is a combination of low and high frequency contents The carrier of steganography can be an image text, audio or a video file

Enhancing the Security of Mobile Cloud Computing using Audio Steganography with Least Significant Bit Insertion
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Due to the limitations of image Steganography stated above, this work is proposing audio Steganography to prevent cloud administrators access to customers data in mobile cloud. The An Overview of image Steganography . In

An Enhancement of Kerberos Using Biometric Template and Steganography
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Keywords: Cyber Security Authentication Kerberos protocol Image steganography 1 Introduction Image Steganography Technique. Steganography is used to conceal mes- sages into more complex information forms including images, audio, or videos

SECURE DATA TRANSMISSION THROUGH NETWORK USING TINY ENCRYPTION ALGORITHM FOLLOWED BY STEGANOGRAPHY
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Research Gate, no. July 2015. RNAS a. GJ Aayushi Verma, Implementation of Image Steganography Using 2-Level DWT Technique, International Journal of Computer Science and Business Informatics. GKSS Arjit

An Improved Dual Steganography Model Using Multi-pass Encryption and Quotient Value Differencing
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2. Literature survey Major research on image steganography has been performed over the years. These algorithms are categorized into two main classes depending on embedding method ie spatial domain [ and 11] and transform domain

Improved Cryptography by Applying Transposition on Modified Playfair Algorithm Followed by Steganography
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Fig. 4. Proposed Keyless RMPS Transposition algorithm D. Image Steganography The RMPS cipher text is hidden in the image with a technique called Least Significant Bit Steganography (LSBS) to make it more secure and send it to the receiverof IEEE Youth Conference on Information, Computing and Telecommunication (YC-ICT), pp. 227- 2 2009. Article (CrossRef Link) [17] Z. Zhou, H. Sun, R. Harit, X. Chen, and X. Sun, Coverless image steganography without




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