robotics research paper-11

A comparative analysis of actuator technologies for robotics
IW Hunter, JM Hollerbach  Robotics Review, 1991 ,
There has been considerable progress in developing traditional actuator technologies for robotics in the past few years. Nevertheless, if we are to achieve the lightweight, high performance, and mobile robots envisioned for the future, new technologies may be 

Nonlinear control of underactuated mechanical systems with application to robotics and aerospace vehicles

Abstract This thesis is devoted to nonlinear control, reduction, and classification of underactuated mechanical systems. Underactuated systems are mechanical control systems with fewer controls than the number of configuration variables. Control of underactuated 

Reinforcement learning for humanoid robotics
  ,Proceedings of the third IEEE-RAS , 2003 ,
Abstract. Reinforcement learning offers one of the most general framework to take traditional robotics towards true autonomy and versatility. However, applying reinforcement learning to high dimensional movement systems like humanoid robots remains an unsolved problem. 

Collaboration through the exploitation of local interactions in autonomous collective robotics: The stick pulling experiment
AJ Ijspeert, A Martinoli, A Billard ,Autonomous Robots, 2001 ,Springer
This article presents an experiment which investigates how collaboration in a group of simple reactive robots can be obtained through the exploitation of local interactions. A test- bed experiment is proposed in which the task of the robots is to pull sticks out of the 

Trinocular stereovision for robotics
  F Lustman ,IEEE Transactions on Pattern , 1991 ,
Abstract—We present an original approach lor building a threedimensional description of the environment of a robot using three cam-eras. The main advantages of trinocnlar versus binocular stereo are simplicity, reliability, and accuracy. We believe that these advantages 

God save the red queen! Competition in co-evolutionary robotics
  Genetic programming, 1997 ,
ABSTRACT In the simplest scenario of two coevolving populations in competition with each other, fitness progress is achieved at disadvantage of the other population’s fitness. The

Cooperative robotics for multi-target observation
LE Parker ,Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing, 1999 ,
Abstract An important issue that arises in the automation of many security, surveillance, and reconnaissance tasks is that of observing (or monitoring) the movements of targets navigating in a bounded area of interest. A key research issue in these problems is that of 

Engineered communications for microbial robotics
R Weiss, T Knight ,DNA Computing, 2001 ,Springer
Multicellular organisms create complex patterned structures from identical, unreliable components. Learning how to engineer such robust behavior is important to both an improved understanding of Modern heuristic techniques for combinatorial problems. Advanced topics in computer science
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Decision Tree and Ensemble Learning Based on Ant Colony Optimization Google Books Result Modern heuristic techniques for combinatorial problems . Faculty library sciences Series: Advanced topics in computer science series; Alternative call (PDF) Modern Heuristic Search Methods

Software Agents Michael R. Genesereth Logic Group Computer Science Department Stanford University
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The software world is one of great richness and diversity. Many thousands of software products are available to users today, providing a wide variety of information and services in a wide variety of domains. While most of these programs provide their users with significant Classical complexity theory analyzes and classifies problems by the amount of a resource, usually time or space, that is required by algorithms solving them. It was a fundamental idea, going back to the work of Hartmanis and Stearns in the early 1960s, to measure the required

The combinatorics of network reliability, International Series of Monographs on Computer Science
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This book develops combinatorial tools which are useful for reliability analysis, as demonstrated with a probabilistic network model. Basic results in combinatorial enumeration are reviewed, along with classical theorems on connectivity and cutsets. More developed

Languages and machines: an introduction to the theory of computer science
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Languages and machines : an introduction to the theory of computer . Theory of Computing 2015/2016 (FUB MSc in Computer Science ) Languages and Machines, which is intended for computer scientists in the theoretical foundations of their subject, gives a mathematically sound In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the concepts of graph transformation and graph grammars started to become of interest in picture processing and computer science . The main idea was to generalize well-known rewriting techniques from strings and trees to Parsing is the process of structuring a linear representation in accordance with a given grammar. This definition has been kept abstract on purpose to allow as wide an interpretation as possible. The linear representation may be a sentence, a computer

The Cambridge distributed computing system. International computer science series
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The Development of Component-based Information Systems Google Books Result The Cambridge Distributed Computing System is an early discontinued distributed operating system, . (International computer science series) Bibliography: p. The 100 Best Computer Science Programs in the

Logic and the challenge of computer science
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Nowadays computer science is surpassing mathematics as the primary field of logic applications, but logic is not tuned properly to the new role. In particular, classical logic is preoccupied mostly with infinite static structures whereas many objects of interest in

Computer science unplugged
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For kids ages 7 to 14: This educational 50 minute show is an action-packed, zany time exploring neat ideas in computer science . It has been performed for over 20 years in classrooms, science museums, science festivals, and at educational events. Kids, and the

The Profession of IT, Is Computer Science Science
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COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM draw on the same fundamental principles. In 1989, we used the term computing instead of computer science , mathematics, and engineering. Today, computing science, engineering, mathematics, art

Discrete mathematical structures with applications to computer science
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The objectives of the course are: To develop Professional Skills through effective communication To introduce a number of Mathematical Foundation to be serving as tools even today in the development of theoretical computer science To gain some confidence on

Bringing computational thinking to K-12: what is Involved and what is the role of the computer science education community
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When Jeanette Wing [13] launched a discussion regarding the role of computational thinking across all disciplines, she ignited a profound engagement with the core questions of what computer science is and what it might contribute to solving problems across the

Modern DC-to-DC Switchmode Power Converter Circuits (Van Nostrand Reinhold Electrical/ Computer Science and Engineering Series)
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As each area of technology with a potential for significantly impacting any major segment of the electronics industry evolves, it often is accompanied by the development of a succession of new circuits. Each new circuit indeed appears different, employing different components

Information technology research: A practical guide for computer science and informatics
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Information Technology Research: A Practical Guide for Computer

Scientific methods in computer science
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ABSTRACT This paper analyzes scientific aspects of Computer Science . First it defines science and scientific method in

Active learning and its use in computer science
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Student learning and the depth of the students knowledge increase when active learning methods are employed in the classroom. Active learning strategies are discussed in general computer science course work and as used in a theory of computation course. Difficulties

Why the high attrition rate for computer science students: some thoughts and observations
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1. Introduction At our university, there are over four hundred declared majors in Computer Science . Each semester, however, only about fifteen to twenty students graduate in this field. The freshman courses comprise overflowing multiple sections, but the upper level courses make

Form and content in computer science
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The trouble with computer science today is an obsessive concern with form instead of content. No, that is the wrong way to begin. By any previous standard the vitality of computer science is enormous; what other intellectual area ever advanced so far in twenty years

Why women avoid computer science
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COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM did these numbers drop, and why more sharply for women than for men For men, the explanation is obvious. Traditional paths to wealth like law, medicine, and business are more certain, and over the
and to a better understanding of the natural 

The first law of robotics
  Safety and Security in Multiagent Systems, 2009 ,Springer
Even before the advent of Artificial Intelligence, science fiction writer Isaac Asimov recognized that an agent must place the protection of humans from harm at a higher priority than obeying human orders. Inspired by Asimov, we pose the following fundamental 

Openrave: A planning architecture for autonomous robotics
R Diankov  Robotics Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, Tech. Rep. , 2008 ,
Abstract One of the challenges in developing real-world autonomous robots is the need for integrating and rigorously testing high-level scripting, motion planning, perception, and control algorithms. For this purpose, we introduce an open-source cross-platform software 

Developmental robotics: Theory and experiments
J Weng ,International Journal of Humanoid Robotics, 2004 ,
A hand-designed internal representation of the world cannot deal with unknown or uncontrolled environments. Motivated by human cognitive and behavioral development, this paper presents a theory, an architecture, and some experimental results for 

Evaluation of architectures for mobile robotics
A Orebäck ,Autonomous robots, 2003 ,Springer
In this paper we make a comparative study of some successful software architectures for mobile robot systems. The objective is to gather experience for the future design of a new robot architecture. Three architectures are studied more closely, Saphira, TeamBots and 

Swarm robotics
  Auton. Robots, 2004 ,
Page 1. Swarm Robotics Marco Dorigo FNRS Research Director IRIDIA Université Libre de Bruxelles Page 2. Swarm robotics What is swarm robotics? It is the application of swarm intelligence principles to collective robotics It is research in collective robotics: 

Task modelling in collective robotics
CR Kube ,Autonomous Robots, 1997 ,Springer
Does coherent collective behaviour require an explicit mechanism of cooperation? In this paper, we demonstrate that a certain class of cooperative tasks, namely coordinated box manipulation, are possible without explicit communication or cooperation mechanisms. 

Organismically-inspired robotics: homeostatic adaptation and teleology beyond the closed sensorimotor loop
EA Di Paolo ,Dynamical systems approach to embodiment and , 2003 ,
In 1972, and later in 1979, at the peak of the golden era of Good Old Fashioned Artificial Intelligence (GOFAI), the voice of philosopher Hubert Dreyfus made itself heard as one of the few calls against the hubristic programme of modelling the human mind as a 

Collective and cooperative group behaviours: Biologically inspired experiments in robotics
A Martinoli ,Experimental Robotics IV, 1997 ,Springer
This paper describes the implementation of two biologically inspired collective behaviours on a group of Khepera miniature mobile robots. The first experiment is concerned with the gathering and clustering of randomly distributed small cylinders. In the second experiment 

RM Satava ,2011 ,
 and Senior Science Advisor US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command Seattle Robotics Society Renton Technical College Renton, WA May 21, 2011 Future of Surgical and the dvanced echnology Robotics Page 2. Pioneer Person Arrows Back is the 

Minimal simulations for evolutionary robotics
N Jakobi ,Unpublished doctoral dissertation, School of Cognitive , 1998 ,
Summary For several years now, various researchers have endeavoured to apply artificial evolution to the automatic design of control systems for robots. One of the major challenges they face is how the fitness of evolving controllers should be tested when each 

Rehabilitation Robotics from Past to Present–A Historical Perspective
M Hillman ,Advances in Rehabilitation Robotics, 2004 ,Springer
Popular culture presents the image of a robot as a mechanical, humanoid device, often evil in intent. Those with a slightly more informed technical knowledge would point to the industrial robot arm of the automotive factory, Even professional engineers, are affected to 

High fidelity tools for rescue robotics: results and perspectives
S Carpin, J Wang, M Lewis, A Birk ,RoboCup 2005: Robot , 2006 ,Springer
USARSim is a high fidelity robot simulation tool based on a commercial game engine. We illustrate the overall structure of the simulator and we argue about its use as a bridging tool between the RoboCupRescue Real Robot League and the RoboCupRescue Simulation 

Robotics as an educational tool
O Miglino, HH Lund ,Journal of Interactive Learning , 1999 ,
This paper explores a new educational application of Piaget’s theories of cognitive development, that is, the use, as a teaching tool, of physical robots conceived as artificial organisms. By using simple assembly kits, students at all levels are able to project and 

Assistive Robotics
A Tapus, MJ Mataric , Robotics & Automation Magazine, 2007 ,
IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine MARCH 2007 36 physical and cognitive assistance. Yet, space and staff shortages at nursing homes and other care facilities are already an issue today. As the elderly population continues to grow, a great deal of attention and 

Competitive co-evolutionary robotics: From theory to practice
  From Animals to Animats, 1998 ,
Abstract It is argued that competitive co-evolution is a viable methodology for developing truly autonomous and intelligent machines capable of setting their own goals in order to face new and continuously changing challenges. The paper starts giving an introduction to the