silicon photonics technology




Silicon photonics technology: past, present and future
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This paper presents a survey of recent results found in journal articles and conference proceedings Emerging trends in silicon-based photonic components (waveguides, ultrafast modulators, switches, light sources, detectors, direct bandgap SiGeSn/GeSn devices, photonic-crystal and plasmonic devices) are identified and discussed. In principle, Si PICs and OEICs can operate anywhere within the 0.3 to 100 µm wavelength range—enabling transceivers, on-chip processing, and interfacing with fibers or free-space light beams. Thus, in addition to the very important 1.55 µm telecomm applications, there are significant Si photonic opportunities throughout the infrared-and- visible spectrum. The push towards smarter, ever-denser on-chip photonic networks, drives a convergence of micro-, nano- and plasmo- photonic techniques for progressively smaller devices (Moore’s law for photonics) and for improved functionality of modulators, switches, emitters, detectors, waveguides, resonators, tapers and filters. This convergence includes composite components: monolithic integration of microstrip waveguides, 2D and 3D photonic-crystal elements and metal/Si plasmon-optics that ultilize buried or surface-mounted 2D arrays of metal stripes or nanodots.

Silicon photonics
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B Jalali, S Fathpour ,Lightwave Technology, Journal of, 2006 ,ieeexplore.ieee.org
 Rather than attempting to provide a comprehensive historical review of silicon photonics, this
paper offers a sampling of the most recent developments, combined with the authors’ perspec-
tive on the promises of this technology and the challenges that 

Silicon photonics for next generation computing systems
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Y Vlasov ,European Conference and Exhibition on Optical , 2008 ,proselex.net
1. Leverage CMOS fab as much as possible to reduce the cost/bit 2. Since high-performance
CMOS is not required, previous gen CMOS fab is preferred (eg 130nm) 3. No change in
server architecture 4. Footprint, power, loss is not as important–relevant comparison with 

How to bring nanophotonics to application-silicon photonics packaging
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 H Schroeder ,IEEE LEOS , 2008 ,photonics.intec.ugent.be
Abstract: Fiber pigtailing and packaging of nanowaveguide circuits are key technologies to
realize nanophotonic applications. Technical problems start with a large mode mismatch of
nanowires and standard single-mode fibers, which requires innovative coupling structures 

Silicon Integrated Photonics
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M Paniccia ,Intel Corporation, 2005 ,uww.emcs.org
 enable integration, bring volume economics to optical. The Opportunity of Silicon Photonics •
Take advantage of enormous ($ billions) CMOS infrastructure, process learning, and capacity 
12 Silicon Photonics Breakthroughs Low Loss Strip MIT 2004 2003 2002 2001 PBG WG 

Silicon photonics: a review of recent literature
R Soref ,Silicon, 2010 ,Springer
Abstract This review presents a distillation of important results published during 2009 in
major journals and conference proceedings. Although the commercial promise of silicon
photonics has not yet been realized, Group IV photonic science and technology continues 

Progress in manufactured silicon photonics
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BT Smith, D Feng, H Lei, D Zheng, J Fong, P Zhou ,Proc. SPIE, 2007 ,kotura.com
ABSTRACT While investment in sub-wavelength silicon photonics research has gained
popularity, Kotura has forged significant customer traction with first generation silicon-
photonics products by focusing on manufacturable designs and processes. This paper 

Recent development in silicon photonics: 2.5 Gb/s silicon optical modulator and silicon Raman laser
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A Liu, L Liao, H Rong, R Jones ,Proc. of SPIE , 2005 ,lib.semi.ac.cn
ABSTRACT Due to the mature silicon fabrication technology and vast existing
infrastructures, silicon photonics has a chance to offer low cost solutions to
telecommunications and data communications. It could also enable a chip-scale platform 

Silicon Photonics
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LC Kimerling, LD Negro, S Saini, Y Yi, D Ahn ,2006 ,lib.semi.ac.cn
ABSTRACT The path for silicon materials development has been charted. By the year 2010
we will have fabricated integrated circuit chips contained IO transistor with 40A thick gate
oxides and ioooA minimum feature sizes running at 4GHz clock speeds. It is conceivable 

Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects
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MJR Heck, HW Chen ,IEEE Journal of , 2011 ,siliconphotonics.ece.ucsb.edu
Abstract—In this paper, we review the hybrid silicon photonic integration platform and its use
for optical links. In this platform, a III/V layer is bonded to a fully processed silicon-on-
insulator wafer. By changing the bandgap of the III/V quantum wells (QW), lowthreshold- 

Silicon Photonics
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M Paniccia, M Morse ,Proc. 2006 IEEE MTT-S International , 2007 ,nanohub.org
Page 1. Silicon Photonics Opportunity, applicationsRecent Results Dr. Mario Paniccia Intel
Fellow Director, Photonics Technology Lab  Intel’s Research Program • Future work • Summary
Silicon Photonics Page 11. 11 • Enormous ($ billions) CMOS infrastructure, process 

Fibre-array optical interconnection for silicon photonics
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  H Schröder, L Zimmermann ,Proc. of ECOC, , 2008 ,photonics.intec.ugent.be
Introduction Silicon photonics is a rapidly advancing field with a strong potential for applications
in integrated photonics. These applications comprise a wide spectrum ranging from optical sensors
to optical datatelecom sub-modules. The most outstanding merit of Silicon photonics is 

Silicon nanocrystals for silicon photonics
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RJ Walters ,2007 ,rjwalters.info
Abstract In the absence of suitable methods for integrating traditional semiconductor
optoelectronic materials in cmos microelectronic fabrication processes, nanostructured
silicon has been actively explored as an alternative light emitter for silicon photonics. This 

Intel unveils silicon photonics breakthrough: High-speed silicon modulation
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M Paniccia, V Krutul, S Koehl ,Technology, 2004 ,onversity.net
DISCLAIMER: THE MATERIALS ARE PROVIDED” AS IS” WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED WARRANTY OF ANY KIND INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
NONINFRINGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, OR FITNESS FOR ANY 

IEEE 802.3 high speed study group 100GbE silicon photonics platform considerations
S Khodja ,presented at the IEEE, 2007 ,ieee802.org
–Optics Mux/demux more loss and cost above–10 lasers on one chip, yield decrease,–
Direct modulation for 300m, external modulation for up to 40Km–Digital electronic speed a
commonality–RF cross-talk need to be managed, reduce receiver sensitivity–Power 

Breakthroughs in silicon photonics 2009
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M Richard ,Breakthroughs ,ieeexplore.ieee.org
Abstract: Silicon photonics research published in 2009 exhibited considerable dynamism.
Significant progress was made in research on optomechanics, novel phenomena in Bragg
gratings, bio-sensing, photo-detectors, and silicon-organic hybrid structures. Non-linearity 

Introducing Intel’s Advances in Silicon Photonics
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M Paniccia, V Krutul ,White Paper, 2004 ,besho.narod.ru
Figure 2 shows an example layout of a basic transmitter. A laser creates a beam of light onto
which a modulator encodes data. The light is then transported via a glass fiber to a
destination of interest. Fibers often carry multiple wavelengths of light simultaneously- 

Heterogeneous III-V/silicon photonics: bonding technology and integrated devices
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  ,Annual Workshop of the , 2007 ,leosbenelux.org
In this paper we give an overview of our research in the field of III-V/silicon photonics. The
technology for integrating high-quality III-V layers on top of silicon-on-insulator waveguide
circuits will be outlined together with the realization of laser diodes and photodetectors in 

Wafer bonding and heterogeneous integration: III-V/silicon photonics
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G Roelkens, L Liu, J Brouckaert , on Integrated Optics , 2008 ,ecio-conference.org
Abstract. The use of bonding technology to integrate III-V opto-electronic components on top
of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) integrated waveguide circuit is presented. III-V laser diodes
and photodetectors fabricated on and coupled to an underlying SOI waveguide circuit are 

Silicon photonics
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B Jalali ,Proc. SPIE, 1997 ,ee.ucla.edu
Invited Paper Silicon Photonics Bahram Jalali Optoelectronic Circuits and Systems Laboratory
Electrical Engineering Department UCLA Los Angeles, CA 90095-1594 jalali@ucla.edu Abstract
This paper presents an overview of the silicon-on-insulator photonic integrated circuit ( 

Waveguides and devices in Silicon Photonics: Polarization independence
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GT Reed, BD Timotijevic, FY Gardes ,Proc. of SPIE, 2007 ,lib.semi.ac.cn
ABSTRACT Silicon Photonics is experiencing a significant increase in interest due to
emerging applications and several high profile successes in device and technology
development. One of the most prominent trends in silicon photonics recently has been a 

Toward Small Size Waveguide Amplifiers Based on Erbium Silicate for Silicon Photonics
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H Isshiki ,IEICE transactions on electronics, 2008 ,lib.semi.ac.cn
SUMMARY Integration of light sources on a Si chip is one of milestone to establish new
paradigm of LSI systems, so-called silicon photonics. In recent years remarkable progress
has been made in the Si wire waveguide technologies for optical interconnection on a Si 

Miniature optical coherence tomography system based on silicon photonics
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 – Proceedings of SPIE, the , 2008 ,144.206.159.178
ABSTRACT Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a promising medical imaging
technique. It has found applications in many fields of medicine and has a large potential for
the optical biopsy of tumours. One of the technological challenges impairing faster 

Silicon photonics research in Hong Kong: Microresonator devices and optical nonlinearities
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W Andrew, Z Linjie, XU Fang, LI Chao ,IEICE transactions on , 2008 ,lib.semi.ac.cn
SUMMARY In this review paper we showcase recent activities on silicon photonics science
and technology research in Hong Kong regarding two important topical areas—
microresonator devices and optical nonlinearities. Our work on silicon microresonator 

Silicon photonics: The early years
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G Reed, W Headley ,SPIE Photon. West, San Jose, CA, 2005 ,lib.semi.ac.cn
ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to set the scene for what promises to be an
outstanding conference. To this end the paper will survey the early work in silicon photonics
from the late 1980s to the mid 1990s. This was when the more fundamental studies of