electric vehicle

Battery Electric Vehicles, also called BEVs, and more frequently called EVs, are fully-electric vehicles. There are also Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles,

There are three main types of electric vehicles (EVs), classed by the degree that electricity is used as their energy source. BEVs, or battery electric vehicles, PHEVs of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and HEVs, or hybrid electric vehicles. Only BEVs are capable of charging on a level 3, DC fast charge.

Energy-management system for a hybrid electric vehicle , using ultracapacitors and neural networks
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A very efficient energy-management system for hy-brid electric vehicles (HEVs), using neural networks (NNs), was developed and tested. The system minimizes the energy requirement of the vehicle and can work with different primary power sources like fuel cells

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle charging infrastructure review
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Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are under evaluation by the US Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Programs Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity and other various stakeholders to better understand their capability and potential petroleum reduction

Power-factor-corrected single-stage inductive charger for electric vehicle batteries
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A novel power-factor-corrected single-stage alternat-ing current/direct current converter for inductive charging of electric vehicle batteries is introduced. The resonant converter uses the current-source characteristic of the series parallel topology to provide power-factor

Planning electric -drive vehicle charging under constrained grid conditions
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This paper presents a novel method of planning the charging of electric -drive vehicles that takes electricity grid constraints into account. The method computes an individual charging plan for each vehicle while minimizing the cost of electricity, avoiding distribution grid

Comparing the benefits and impacts of hybrid electric vehicle options
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Background Several automobile companies are introducing hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), with others expected to follow soon. These early HEVs vary in many ways: vehicle platform, engine size, electric motors and batteries, and operational control algorithms, to name a few

Discussion on Operation Modes to the Electric Vehicle Charging Station
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Article Preview Article Preview Article Preview Electric vehicle charging station provides power supply for electric vehicles running, and it is the most important supporting infrastructure of electric vehicles. The article analyses three modes of electric vehicle

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle market penetration scenarios
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This report examines the economic drivers, technology constraints, and market potential for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in the US A PHEV is a hybrid vehicle with batteries that can be recharged by connecting to the grid and an internal combustion engine that can

Green move: An innovative electric vehicle -sharing system
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Vehicle sharing is one of the possible answers to the increasing demand of sustainable way of transport. However, the traditional management models of sharing services are not flexible enough to be a real answer to current and future mobility needs. Green Move, an

Romo-the robotic electric vehicle
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This paper outlines the development of the ROboMObil, an innovative electro-mobility concept based on intelligent central control of four Wheel Robots, which integrate the drivetrain, brakes, steering and dampers. The motivation behind the Wheel Robot concept

Regenerative braking for an electric vehicle using ultracapacitors and a buck-boost converter
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An ultracapacitor bank control system for an Electric Vehicle has been simulated. The purpose of this device is to allow higher accelerations and decelerations of the vehicle with minimal loss of energy, and minimal degradation of the main battery pack. The system uses

The simulation of vehicle -to-home systems using electric vehicle battery storage to smooth domestic electricity demand
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We present a study into the feasibility of vehicle -to-home technology. A model of a single house and single electric vehicle operating vehicle -to-home was developed in MatLab Simulink®. The model takes an input household appliance demand profile and vehicle use

Exploring the formation of electric vehicle coalitions for vehicle -to-grid power regulation
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ABSTRACT Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicles (EDVs) are becoming increasingly popular and a number of auto manufacturers are planning on introducing pure Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) or plug-in hybrids within the next two years. When parked and plugged into the

Lifecycle analysis comparison of a battery electric vehicle and a conventional gasoline vehicle
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California continues to be an environmental leader with the implementation of AB32. The California Air Resource Board (CARB) has enacted several programs to ensure the success of this groundbreaking bill. This study, in association with CARB, calculates the energy

Comparison of the environmental impact of 5 electric vehicle battery technologies using LCA
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The environmental assessment of various electric vehicle battery technologies (Lead-acid, Nickel-Cadmium, Nickel-metal hydride, Sodium nickel-chloride, Lithium-ion) was performed in the context of the European end-of-life vehicles directive (2000/53/EC). An environmental

FreedomCAR: electrical energy storage system abuse test manual for electric and hybrid electric vehicle applications.
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This manual defines a complete body of abuse tests intended to simulate actual use and abuse conditions that may be beyond the normal safe operating limits experienced by electrical energy storage systems used in electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The tests are

Vehicle integrated PV: a clean and secure fuel for hybrid electric vehicles
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Photovoltaic (PV) technology has not been widely utilized as a source of energy for personal transportation. Several experimental projects have evaluated the use of PV integrated into parking structures to charge battery-powered, electric vehicles. Competitions featuring solar

Evaluation of state-level US electric vehicle incentives
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Governments around the world have established electric vehicle incentives with the aim of reducing petroleum use, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and local air pollutant emissions. In 2013, nearly 100,000 plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery

Modeling and optimization for electric vehicle charging infrastructure
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We study how the electric vehicles (EVs) of today would perform in meeting the driving needs of vehicle owners, and propose an optimization model to find locations for charging stations needed to support EV usage. We take publicly available data from travel surveys

Hardware-in-the-Loop simulation of a hybrid electric vehicle using Modelica/Dymola
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In this paper the modelling of a hybrid electric vehicle using the object-oriented modelling language Modelica® will be presented. The main focus shall be the real-time simulation in connection with a Hardware-in-the-Loop (HiL) test-bench system. The paper presents the

On control of permanent-magnet synchronous motors in hybrid- electric vehicle applications
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This thesis deals with design and analysis of the control system structure for electric drives equipped with permanent-magnet synchronous motors with a salient rotor. The intended application is propulsion in electric -and hybrid- electric vehicles. Particulary, sensorless



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