liquid micro pulsed plasma thruster for nanosatellites

Solid Propellant MicroThruster: an alternative propulsion device for nanosatellite
B Larangot, V Conedera, P Dubreuil ,Aerospace Energetic , 2002 ,
 MEMS technology or hybrid technology are the cold gas thrusters , the subliming
solid thrusters, bi-propellant thruster, the vaporizing liquid thruster, micro ion
thrusters, FEEP, pulsed plasma thrusters, hall effect thruster. 

Laser-driven micro-rocket
CR Phipps, JR Luke, GG McDuff ,Applied Physics A: Materials , 2003 ,Springer
 Other workers have replaced the glass plate with a liquid film for industrial applications [20  This
change brought with it three benefits: operation in closer contact with the bulk of our static test
data (which is pulsed data), operation at a higher peak power  Laser-driven micro-rocket 

Laser ablation powered mini-thruster
CR Phipps, JR Luke, GG McDuff ,Proc. Of SPIE, 2002 ,
 Figure 1. Preprototype micro Laser Plasma Thruster (gage is used for focus setup, is not part
of device)  Other workers have replaced the glass plate with a liquid film for industrial applications21 
The requirement for pulsed power will have only a minor impact on the weight of the 

Review of RF Plasma Thruster Development
I Hrbud, GE Kemp, AH Yan ,Proc. of the 30th , 2007 ,
 Bame, D., Chakraborty, I., Lawton, R., “Design, Analysis, and Fabrication of a Vaporizing Liquid
Micro-Thruster,” 33rd AIAA  19Rayburn, C., Campbell, M., Hoskins, W., Cassady, R., “Development
of a Micro Pulsed Plasma Thruster for the Dawgstar Nanosatellite,” 36th AIAA 

Single Impulse Measurement of a Coaxial Pulsed Plasma Thruster
M Kameoka, H Takegahara , , France, Paper No. , 2003 ,
 IEPC-03-202. 3. Rayburn, C., Campbell, M., “Development of a Micro Pulsed Plasma
Thruster for the Dawgstar Nanosatellite,” 36th Joint Propulsion Conference, Huntsville,
Alabama, AIAA 2000-3256. 4. Koizumi H., et. al., €

A Diode-laser-driven Microthruster
CR Phipps, JR Luke ,Proc. International Electric , 2001 ,
 We developed a new type of orientation thruster for micro- and nanosatellites.  the small viscous
forces due to the contacts moving in the liquid mercury serve to  The micro-LPT is potentially
competitive with the micro-Pulsed Plasma Thruster [micro-PPT] on TechSat21 and similar 

Evaluation on Impulse Bit Characteristics of Pulse Plasma Thruster by Single Impulse Measurement
J Iio, H Takegahara ,29th IEPC, Princeton, USA, IEPC-2005 , 2005 ,
 I. Introduction In 1964, Pulsed Plasma Thruster (PPT) was for the first time employed as an electric
propulsion device  This system has a external circuit which generates the pulsed by Coil  of the
thrust stand, because the measuring object has several tens of micro Newton second 

Design study for a formation-flying nanosatellite cluster
S Gidlund ,2005 ,
 Flying Nanosatellite Cluster.  The mission of the cluster that the Centre for Large Space Structures
and Systems Inc (CLS3) intends to launch will make use of existing technologies for nanosatellites
and merge them with an in-house  µPPT – Micro Pulsed Plasma Thrusters 

Experimental Study of the Kinetic Characteristics of Laser Plasma Stream from a Liquid Ga-In Alloy
S Popov, AN Panchenko, FN Ljubchenko ,this issue ,
 to be one of promising way for development of a low-propulsion thrusters (LPT) for launching
of micro and nano  It was found that the thrust from the liquid-metal target remains very stable during
a long operation  1, 2]. The ultra-compact, low-weight Nd:YAG pulsed lasers pumped 

Propulsion for Nanosatellites
C Scharlemann, M Tajmar, I Vasiljevich, N Buldrini ,2011 ,
 Since nanosatellites usually are not capable of producing large amounts of power, a  liquid leads
to a considerably larger movement of the liquid metal when it  Conference 2009, Denver, USA
17 S. Pottinger, C. Scharlemann, “Micro Pulsed Plasma Thruster Development”, IEPC