ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

chemistry-2016 IEEE PAPER




CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY INTERFACE
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Abstract: A single step access to substituted 2-Aroylbenzofurans has been achieved under simple and eco-compatible condition via the Rap-Stoermer condensation of a- bromoketones with salicylaldehydes at room temperature in imidazolium based ionic

Impact of Long-Range Transported African Dust on Cloud Water Chemistry at a Tropical Montane Cloud Forest in Northeastern Puerto Rico
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ABSTRACT Bulk and drop size fractionated cloud water was collected at a Caribbean tropical montane cloud forest (TMCF) in northeastern Puerto Rico in the summer months of 2010–2012 and winter months of 2011 as part of the Puerto Rico African Dust and Cloud

Computational Studies in Organometallic Chemistry
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In compiling this volume Computational Studies in Organometallic Chemistry, we have invited seven contributions that showcase how state-of-the-art quantum methods can address practical problems in molecular inorganic chemistry and provide insights into the

Cycloadditions in Bioorthogonal Chemistry
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Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The

A Short Journey Through the Core Ideas of Physical Chemistry
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The collection ''A Very Short Introduction''from Oxford University Press is directed to people who want a stimulating and accessible way into a new subject. From this perspective, Peter Atkins has successfully met the collection's goal. In his characteristic clear style, he walks

Covalent functionalization and passivation of exfoliated black phosphorus via aryl diazonium chemistry
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Functionalization of atomically thin nanomaterials enables the tailoring of their chemical, optical and electronic properties. Exfoliated black phosphorus (BP) a layered two- dimensional semiconductor exhibits favourable charge-carrier mobility, tunable

Globular Clusters and the Milky Way Connected by Chemistry
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Figure 1.(a) All-sky view centred on the Milky Way Plane in an Aitoff projection from Mellinger (2009) with a Galactic coordinate grid. The globular clusters studied here are identified by letters according to their populations, namely (B) ulge,(D) isc,(I) nner halo,

Inferring the Evolutionary Stages of the internal structures of NGC 7538 S and IRS1 from Chemistry
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ABSTRACT Context. Radiative feedback of young (proto) stars and gas dynamics including gravitational collapse and outflows are important in high-mass star-forming regions (HMSFRs), for the reason that they may leave footprints on the gas density and

Research in Chemistry and Environment
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Abstract: Phthalates, an alkyl aryl esters of 1, 2 benzenedicarboxylic acids are widely used as plasticizer. They show low water solubility, high oil solubility, high octanol-to-water partition coefficient and low volatility. Phthalates are easily released into the packed food

Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995
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Chemistry Department
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Your work must be handed in at your first Chemistry lesson or can be uploaded in advance of the first day of teaching, Monday 5th September. You can access the pre-induction tasks from the'New Student Portal'(https://portal. boltonsfc. ac. uk) and there is a link to the'New

Chemistry and distribution of daughter species in the circumstellar envelopes of O-rich AGB stars
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Abstract Context. Thanks to the advent of Herschel and ALMA, new high-quality observations of molecules present in the circumstellar envelopes of asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars are being reported that reveal large differences from the existing chemical

The impact of lightning on tropospheric ozone chemistry using a new global lightning parametrisation
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Abstract. A lightning parametrisation based on upward cloud ice flux is implemented in a chemistry–climate model (CCM) for the first time. The UK Chemistry and Aerosols model is used to study the impact of these lightning nitric oxide (NO) emissions on ozone.

Ionization fraction and the enhanced sulfur chemistry in Barnard
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ABSTRACT Context. Barnard B1b has been revealed as one of the most interesting globules from the chemical and dynamical point of view. It presents a rich molecular chemistry characterized by large abundances of deuterated and complex molecules.

Zeolites in Sustainable Chemistry
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Crystalline microporous zeolites have been considered as mineral curiosities for a long time since their discovery in 1756. Currently, there are myriads of applications of zeolites and related porous crystals in the fields of industrial, environmental, and social relevance.

4 4 Application of DCMD for treating high salinity solutions: Impact of membrane structure and chemistry
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Abstract Direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) has promise as a technology for concentrating high salinity brines. The literature lacks, however, systematic studies on how membrane structural properties (pore size, thickness) and chemistry impacts the

Overview of VOC emissions and chemistry from PTR-TOF-MS measurements during the SusKat-ABC campaign: high acetaldehyde, isoprene and isocyanic
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Overview of VOC emissions and chemistry from PTR-TOF-MS measure-

Scott LT, Fasel R. Microscopic origin of chiral shape induction in achiral crystals. Nature Chemistry 2016. DOI: 10.1038/finchem. 2449
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In biomineralisation, inorganic materials are formed with a remarkable control of shape and morphology. Chirality, as present in the biomolecular world, is therefore also common for

Journal of Applied Chemistry Fast step-growth polymerization of 5-(3-acetoxynaphthoylamino) isophthalic acid with different diisocyanates under microwave
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Abstract The direct polycondensation reactions of diacid, 5-(3-acetoxynaphthoylamino) isophthalic acid with various aromatic and aliphatic diisocyanates such as 4, 4'-methylene bis (4-phenylisocyanate), toluylene-2, 4-diisocyanate, hexamethylene diisocyanate and

Scientometric overview regarding the surface chemistry of nanobiomaterials
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Research on the surface chemistry of materials has been one of the most dynamic research fields in recent years with significant impact on the medical and materials research, with over 680,000 papers as indexed by the Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCIE) as of

Modelling of the plasma chemistry induced by radially and temporally resolved positive streamers in low pressure air
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We present results on the modeled radial and temporal distribution of fundamental chemical species such as, for instance, electrons and nitride oxide (NO) induced by streamers within low pressure (4 torr) laboratory dielectric barrier discharges (DBD) mimicking the

Materials Chemistry C
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Page 1. This journal is The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016 J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 4329--4330 | 4329 Received 29th February 2016, Accepted 29th March 2016 DOI: 10.1039/c6tc00857g www.rsc.org/MaterialsC Journal of Materials Chemistry C COMMENT Page

Can pluton-related and pluton-unrelated granitic pegmatites be distinguished by their chemistry
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Abstract: Precise isotopic dating demonstrates that there is an increasing number of rare element pegmatite fields that are not related to pluton-sized granitic intrusions. These pegmatites are hosted in amphibolite facies rocks and formed directly by anatexis and

Dendritic Elaboration: Morphology and Chemistry
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Abstract Dendrites (from Greek dd déndron,tree) are one of the major structural elements of neurons and exhibit enormously diverse forms. They receive, integrate and process thousands of excitatory, and to a lesser extent inhibitory, synaptic inputs

MONITORING WATER-CHEMISTRY EVOLUTION IN THE BENTONITE BUFFER USING MAGNETS: EFFECTS OF CORROSION ON BUFFER STABILITY
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Bentonite has been chosen as a buffer material by several national nuclear-waste management companies because of its swelling capacity and low water permeability, and because it retards the transport of radionuclides and corrosion products toward the

Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy
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Article history: Received

New perspectives for sustainable resource and energy use, management and transformation: approaches from green and sustainable chemistry and
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Chemicals are present in every niche of our daily lives and are ubiquitous; they are present in many products, such as electronic gadgets, for example. The economic impact of the chemical industry worldwide was 3.57 trillion US dollars sales in 2011 (York, 2013), while

Materials Chemistry C
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We present an overview and preliminary analysis of computed thermoelectric properties for more than 48000 inorganic compounds from the Materials Project (MP). We compare our calculations with available experimental data to evaluate the accuracy of different

The influence of the biological pump on ocean chemistry: implications for long-term trends in marine redox chemistry, the global carbon cycle, and marine
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Abstract: The net export of organic matter from the surface ocean and its respiration at depth create vertical gradients in nutrient and oxygen availability that play a primary role in structuring marine ecosystems. Changes in the properties of this' biological pump'have

Green Chemistry Alternatives for Sustainable Development in Organic Synthesis
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Abstract: This paper includes green efforts towards awareness of green chemistry as an alternative for organic synthesis on existing methods and provides new tools, knowledge and design of organic synthesis in a way which will contribute to the societal economy to

Computational Methods in General Chemistry: Perceptions of Programming, Prior Experience, and Student Outcomes
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Computational skills are be-coming more and more important to STEM graduates and especially for future scientists, engineers, and biomedical personnel in solving problems of infectious diseases, global warming, changes in biodiversity, and sustainable energy

CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY INTERFACE
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Abstract: A series of substituted nitrosopyrimidineanalogues were evaluated in vitro against the replication of HIV-1 and HIV-2 in MT-4 cells using MTT method. 4, 6-Diamino-5- nitrosopyrimidine (23) showed an IC50 values of 0.44 M with SI 1. This means that

Industrial Chemistry
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Batch processes are usually found in fine, specialty and pharmaceutical industry due to their versatility and suitable costs for small scale production. Nevertheless, they pose scale-up issues and non-negligible heat and mass transfer problems. Continuous processes

The biological inorganic chemistry of zinc ions
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Searching the Chemical Literature: a Brief Guide to a Comprehensive Literature Review (with particular reference to analytical chemistry)
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Summary A literature review yields good knowledge of prior work on a topic and is essential to efficient working and publication of current work in a fair and transparent manner. There have been many advances in access to the literature in recent years and it appeared

The impact of lightning on tropospheric ozone chemistry using a new global parametrisation
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Abstract. A lightning parametrisation based on upward cloud ice flux is implemented in a chemistryclimate model (CCM) for the first time. The UK Chemistry and Aerosols model is used to study the impact of these lightning nitric oxide (NO) emissions on ozone.

First implementation of secondary inorganic aerosols in the MOCAGE version R2. 15.0 chemistry transport model
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Abstract. In this study we develop a secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA) module for the MOCAGE chemistry transport model developed at CNRM. The aim is to have a module suitable for running at different model resolutions and for operational applications with

CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY INTERFACE
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Abstract: Fingolimod is a sphingosine-1-phosphate modulator as well as reduces the infiltration of pathogenic lymphocyte cells into the central nervous system because they involved in nervous tissue damage and nerve inflammation. Here we reported sensitive,

Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Bondla ultramafic-mafic complex, western India: Inferences from chromian spinel chemistry
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Abstract Crustal-scale shear/suture zones hold prime importance because they are one of the critical parameters used for paleogeographic configurations of supercontinental assemblies. The Kumta suture, located on the western margin of peninsular India, has

Surface chemistry of nanobiomaterials with antimicrobial activity Ã
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In an ecosystem that has evolved and found equilibrium through millions of years, the native species have developed mechanisms to control the boundaries of survival and reproduction of each other. When colonizing species are involved, such as many microorganisms, the

The 15th Workshop on Progress in Trace Metal Speciation for Environmental Analytical Chemistry
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Aims and topics The Workshop on progress in trace metal speciation for environmental analytical chemistry is one of the well-known periodic meetings organized by the members of the International Association of Environmental Analytical Chemistry (IAEAC). The 15th

D region ion-neutral coupled chemistry within a whole atmospherechemistry-climate model
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1 School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK 5 2 School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK 3 IMEC, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary 4 Finnish Meteorological

The description and validation of the computationally Efficient CH 4–CO–OH (ECCOHv1. 01) chemistry module for 3-D model applications
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Abstract. We present the Efficient CH4–CO–OH (ECCOH) chemistry module that allows for the simulation of the methane, carbon monoxide, and hydroxyl radical (CH4–CO–OH) system, within a chemistry climate model, carbon cycle model, or Earth system model. The

How to Maintain a Stable Solution Chemistry when Simulating CO2 Corrosion in a Small Volume Laboratory System
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ABSTRACT In laboratory experiments, corrosion of mild steel specimen in glass cells or autoclaves with a relatively small internal volume (of the order of 1 liter or less), will usually lead to a change in solution chemistry,(ie, increase in ferrous ion concentration and

Protostellar accretion traced with chemistry-Comparing synthetic C18O maps of embedded protostars to real observations
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Abstract Context. Understanding how protostars accrete their mass is a central question of star formation. One aspect of this is trying to understand whether the time evolution of accretion rates in deeply embedded objects is best characterised by a smooth decline

Materials Chemistry C
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The syntheses of adaptive camouflage devices based on novel sidechain engineered organic electrochromic materials have been demonstrated. Herein we report a molecule engineering approach for the tuning and syntheses of green-brown switchable

Organometallic Flow Chemistry
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Continuous-flow chemistry is a relatively new field which has rapidly gained ground in the last couple of years. Especially, the use of microstructured devices has received a lot of attention as these devices provide novel and unprecedented opportunities to synthetic

Fired Power Plant Emissions Regulations and Consequent Engineering Controls and Coal-Supply Modifications on Fly Ash Chemistry and Petrology: Examples
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ABSTRACT The chemistry and petrology of fly ash are controlled by a number of factors:(1) chemistry of the feed coal (and added fuels, such as petroleum coke, tires, biomass, etc.),(2) particle size of the fuel feed (controlled by pulverized fuel vs. cyclone combustion,

CHE 506: Physical Chemistry 2 Spring 2016
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Quantum chemical calculations are used by theoretical and experimental groups in order to understand molecular and material properties and predict and understand chemical reactivity. This course is designed to give the students an introductory overview of

CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY INTERFACE
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Abstract: An efficient and convenient synthesis of 4H-pyrimido [2, 1-b] benzothiazole derivatives have been achieved via one pot cyclocondensation of aromatic aldehydes, 2- aminobenzthiazole and ethyl acetoacetate using thiamine hydrochloride in water under

CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY INTERFACE
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Abstract: A new simple, robust and eco-friendly method employing magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4 as an efficient catalyst and ultrasonic waves as a greener tenet has been developed for multicomponent synthesis of hybrids containing medicinally important pyrazol-

Paradigms in Green Chemistry and Technology
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During the last decades, green chemistry has emerged as a consistent discipline, with a set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research method, and standards. Thus, the social uneasiness about the damage to the environment and human health caused by

Crystallizing Ideas–The Role of Chemistry
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The International Conference on Pure and Applied Chemistry (ICPAC 2014) was held from 23 to 27 June 2014 at Hotel Sofitel Mauritius Impérial Resort Spa, Wolmar, Flic en Flac, in Mauritius. The theme of the conference was Crystallizing Ideas: The Role of Chemistry

Gridded global surface ozone metrics for atmospheric chemistry model evaluation
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Abstract. The concentration of ozone at the Earth's surface is measured at many locations across the globe for the purposes of air quality monitoring and atmospheric chemistry research. We have brought together all publicly available surface ozone observations

Chemistry Beyond Chlorine
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First of all, it must be pointed out that this book is not committed in any way against chorine chemistry; this would be out of common sense. Conversely, it should be considered as a useful tool to seek alternative pathways beyond chlorine chemistry so to open the way to

CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY INTERFACE
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Abstract: An efficient one pot synthesis of 2-amino-6-((2-aminophenyl) sulfanyl)-4- arylpyridine-3, 5-dicarbonitriles derivatives was investigated via the three-component condensation of a variety of aromatic aldehydes, 2-amino thiophenol and malanonitrile

Computational and Theoretical Chemistry
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The human body is designed with sophisticated enzymatic chemistry able to exert protection against the action of the reactive radical species. Computational and Theoretical Chemistry journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/comptc Page 2.

CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY INTERFACE
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Abstract: 2-amino-4-(4'-chlorophenyl) 1, 3-thiazole was coupled with diazotized p-toludine which yielded mono azo dye. This monoazo dye was further diazotized and coupled with various substituted 3o-amines to give corresponding bisazo dyes (D1-D10). The