ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

DDoS-Distributed Denial-of-Service attack and prevention IEEE PAPER




Anycast vs. DDoS: Evaluating the November 2015 Root DNS
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ABSTRACT Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks continue to be a major threat on the Internet today.target services with requests or other traffic, causing requests from legitimate users to be shut out. A common defense against DDoS is

Rank Correlation for Low-Rate DDoS Attack Detection: An Empirical Evaluation
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Abstract A low-rate distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack has the ability to obscure its trac because it is very similar to legitimate trac. It can easily evade current detection mechanisms. Rank correlation measures can quantify significant differences between

DDoS Cyber-Attacks Network: Who's Attacking Whom
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target of DDoS attacks during June2013 to Mar 2016. US received 23832 attacks, followed by China (10670 attacks), Peru (3530 attacks), France(3270 attacks) and Canada (3043 attacks). Majority of attacks originated from China (20,443 = 27.4%) attacks

Collaborative DDoS defense using flow-based security event information
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Abstract:Over recent years, network-based attacks evolved to the top concerns responsible for network infrastructure and service outages. To counteract such attacks, an approach is to target network to the networks of Internet Service Providers (ISP).

Protection Against DDOS Using Secure Code Propagation In The VANETs
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ABSTRACT--VANETs are the vehicular networks used to connect the vehicles together to share their information with each other in the cluster. The hackers are used to attack VANETs with various means of attacks. Many security techniques are used to mitigate the

Understanding DDoS Cyber-Attacks using Social Media Analytics
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Abstract:Cyber-attacks are cheap, easy to conduct and often pose little risk in terms of attribution, but their impact could be lasting. The low attribution is because tracing cyber- attacks is primitive in the current network architecture. Moreover, even when attribution is

A Study on Responding to DDoS Architecture in Smart Phone Environment
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Abstract A smart phone is closely related to our lives throughout the world. It processes and stores various information from personal information to classified information of companies. As it is called as a PC in my hand, it is similar to a PC so that it is likely to be misused,

Analysis of Countermeasures for DDoS Attacks and Evaluation of Entropy based Detection Mechanism using NS2
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Abstract. An attack which deprives legitimate users of the services rendered by a server is termed as a DDoS Attack. Since, attacks like these have already proved to be detrimental for the standard functionalities of the World Wide Web so there crops up an exigency for

Introducing Restricted Access Protocol To Enhance The Security And EliminateDdos Attack
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Abstract–The manet is the technique which is used in order to transfer the data among the nodes present remotely as well as at lesser distance from the source. The technique which is used will enhance the communication among the nodes. With the advancement in the

CDN-on-Demand: An Affordable DDoS Defense via Untrusted Clouds
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Abstract:We present CDN-on-Demand, a software-based defense that administrators of small to medium websites install to resist powerful DDoS attacks, with a fraction of the cost of comparable commercial CDN services. Upon excessive load, CDN-on-Demand serves

The functional of A Mobile Agent System to Enhance DoS and DDoS Detection in Cloud
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Abstract The availability of services is one of the metrics that affect the attractiveness of Cloud providers. Gartner has published on its website Cloud Harmony a summary of outages underwent by 75 american Cloud providers in 2014; Amazon and Google were

Evaluation of Flow and Average Entropy Based Detection Mecha-nism for DDoSAttacks using NS-2
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Abstract Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks has started posing a serious threat to all sorts of businesses, which have used the power of internet to their credit. DDoS attacks have put a big question mark on the capabilities and reliability of the World Wide Web.

Increasing Accuracy and Reliability of IP Traceback for DDoS Attack Using Completion Condition
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Abstract Probabilistic Packet Marking (PPM) is one of the most promising schemes for performing IP Traceback. PPM reconstructs the attack graph in order to trace back to the attackers. Finding the Completion Condition Number (ie precise number of packets

Techniques to Detect DoS and DDoS Attacks and an Introduction of a Mobile Agent System to Enhance it in Cloud Computing
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Abstract:Security in cloud computing is the ultimate question that every potential user studies before adopting it. Among the important points that the provider must ensure is that the Cloud will be available anytime the consumer tries to access it. Generally, the Cloud is

Case Study of the Base Technology for the Smart Grid Security: Focusing on a Performance Improvement of the Basic Algorithm for the DDoS Attacks Detection Using
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ABSTRACT Since the development of Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) in 1999, the development speed of GPUs has become much faster than that of CPUs and currently, the computational power of GPUs exceeds CPUs dozens and hundreds times in terms of

Real time calibration of DDoS blocking rules for Web Servers
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Abstract: Protecting web servers from Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks in real time is a critical challenge for any security system. Several methods have been proposed to differentiate attack traffic from normal human traffic and flash traffic but the normal result is

Self-Healing System for Extended DDoS Attack
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Abstract:Nowadays, web servers are suffering from a persistent and effective type of DDoS attack, simply it is known as Distributed Reflection Denial of Service attacks (DRDoS attacks). The main objective of this paper is to propose a Self-Healing System (SHS) to

Implementation of DDOS Intruder Detection Using Divide and Conquer Strategy in Mobile Ad-Hoc Environment
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Abstract: An ad-hoc network is an infrastructure less network with autonomous node and also the network is distributed and decentralized, Ad-hoc network are more vulnerable compared to other network, since, it's necessary to provide the security in MANET. In

Fuzzy based Response and Avoidance Technique for DDoS Attacks in WLAN
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Abstract In Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), during the Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack, the victim cannot provide its services normally which may affect the availability critical services. Also, the attack response mechanism is not efficient in existing

Online Payment System with Phishing and DDOS Detection and Prevention
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Abstract Security is the one of most important feature of banking sector. E-commerce safety is the one of the uppermost visible security that controls the end user during their day to day life and payment interaction with their business. Sharing of account related data in

REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS RFP# 04-27-16-01, DDoS (TECHNOLOGY)
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Submission of this proposal shall serve as evidence that the offeror understands and agrees to all conditions of the Request for Proposals. Faxed proposals will not be considered. All offerors must complete all attached forms. Failure to submit all required forms may result in

DDOS ATTACKS RESISTANCE AND PREVENTION USING FAIR SCHEDULING AMONG MULTIPLE FLOWS SCHEME
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ABSTRACT Denial of Service (DoS) attack becomes an important security issue in the network service provisioning due to huge demand on internet services being provided by large application server. Recently, many research works has been developed for

DDoS Attack Detection in SDN-based VANET Architectures
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ABSTRACT Software-defined networking (SDN) is an emerging technology, which provides network architecture that decouples the control plane from the data plane. This main characteristic of SDN are bringing several of advantages. Due to the centralized control

NODE LEVEL FLOW BASED DETECTING AND BLOCKING DDOS ATTACK BY USING METRICS
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Abstract-One of the key security threats on the Internet is compromised machines. They create various security attacks like spamming and spreading malware, DDoS, and identity theft. Spamming assist with attackers to deploy large number of compromised machines,

Botnet Identification in Randomized DDoS Attacks
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Abstract:Recent variants of Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks leverage the flexibility of application-layer protocols to disguise malicious activities as normal traffic patterns,target destination with a large request rate.

An analysis of DDos attacks that threaten the Cloud Environment.
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Abstract:Web security issues remain a major challenge with numerous security concerns, Distributed Denial of Service Attack (DDos) leads among these. It was evolved from DOS and its main purpose is to consume large amount of server resources so that the server

The Impact of DDoS and Other Security Shocks on Bitcoin Currency Exchanges: Evidence from Mt. Gox
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Abstract We investigate how distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and other disruptions affect the Bitcoin ecosystem. In particular, we investigate the impact of shocks on trading activity at the leading Mt. Gox exchange between April 2011 and November 2013.

Viable data channels for large anti-DDoS systems
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DDos attacks are an increasingly common thread. Various companies offer DDoS protection as a service, like CloudFlare and Akamai. Companies that intend to protect themselves can choose from a wide range of commercial solutions, usually in the form of (expensive)

A Survey on Intrusion Detection System for DDoS Attack in MANET
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Abstract: Mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is one of the most important fields for development of wireless network. A mobile ad hoc network is an autonomous collection of mobile devices like laptops, mobiles, sensors, etc. MANET is an emerging technology]

Comparing DDoS Mitigation Techniques
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ABSTRACT Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are becoming more frequent and the size of these attacks is increasing. This increases the load on the networks of Internet Service Providers (ISPs), while also taking websites offline. Nowadays, many companies

CLOUD SECURITY DEFENSE TO PROTECT CLOUD ENVIRONMENT AGAINSTDDOS ATTACKES
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Abstract:Cloud computing uses internet and remote servers for maintaining data and applications. It offers through internet the dynamic virtualized resources, bandwidth and on- demand software's to consumers and promises the distribution of many economical

Distributed denial of service (DDoS) strategy in cloud computing
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ABSTRACT Cloud Computing is an rising paradigm that allows customers to obtain cloud resources and services according to their demand. Service level agreements (SLA) regulate the costs that the cloud customers have to pay for the provided quality of service (QoS).

An algorithm of traffic perception of DDoS attacks against SOA based on time united conditional entropy
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Abstract: DDOS attacks can prevent legitimate users from accessing the service by target nodes, whose availability of network and service are exposed to a significant threat. Therefore, DDOS traffic perception is the premise and

Monetary Denial of Sustainability in Cloud Services utilizing HTTP and XML based DDoS Attacks
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Abstract:" Distributed computing", another wave in the Internet upheaval, changes the sort of administrations gave over the Internet. The Cloud Services can be seen from two points of view, one as Cloud Service Provider and alternate as Cloud Service Consumer.

DDoS Spyware for Cloud Computing Environment
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Abstract:Cloud computing is becoming one of the next IT industry buzz word. However, as cloud computing is still in its infancy, current adoption is associated with numerous challenges like security, performance, availability, etc. In cloud computing where

A MULTI-LEVEL SECURITY FOR PREVENTING DDOS ATTACKS IN CLOUD ENVIROMENTS
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ABSTRACT Incredible and amazing growths in the meadow of extranet, internet, intranet and its users have developed an innovative period of great global competition and contention. Denial of service attack by several computers is accomplished of distressing

AN EFFICIENT DETECTION OF DDoS FLOODING ATTACKS: A SURVEY
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Abstract:Now a day's flooding attacks are major threat to the distributed networks. Flooding is a Denial of Service (DoS) type of attack that can be designed to bring a network or services down by flood by large amounts of traffic packets. Flood attack occur when a

DDOS using Intrusion Detection System in Wireless Mobile Ad hoc Network
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ABSTRACT Wireless Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) doesn't have a fix framework and doesn't have a fix routing facility. Every device or node in MANET will traverse on its own in any side and modify its connections with other nodes and devices periodically. Nodes

Hybrid Intrusion Detection System (H-IDS) for DDoS Attacks
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Abstract:Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks are one of the major threats and possibly the hardest security problem for today's Internet. In this paper we propose a hybrid detection system, referred to as hybrid intrusion detection system (H-IDS), for detection of

An Intelligent SIP Message Parser for Detecting and Mitigating DDoS Attacks
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Abstract-Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP) is widely used for multimedia and voice calls transmission through internet telephony. Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is predominantly used in establishing multimedia session among the nodes deployed in VoIP services

Automatic Alerts Annotation for Improving DDoS Mitigation Systems
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Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks have been on the rise [1]. With the use of Botnets, an attacker can bring down vital applications and services available on the Internet [2],[3]. Several commercial DDoS mitigation services are available including those by

Anomaly Based DDoS Attack Detection Mechanism using SDN in Cloud computing
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Abstract-: Cloud computing has recently came into view as a new paradigm for hosting and delivering services over the Internet. Cloud computing is captivating to business owners as it eliminates the requirement for users to plan ahead for providing, and allows enterprises to

target Defense Approach to Mitigate DDoS Attacks against Proxy-Based Architectures
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Abstract:Dtargets have become more frequent in recent years. In response to such massive attacks, several architectures have adopted protarget

An Extemporized Confidence Based Filtering Technique to Mitigate Ddos Attack in Cloud Environment
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Abstract: Cloud Computing offers scalable, pay per use services to customers with greater elasticity and lesser infrastructure investment, since cloud services are delivered using conventional network protocols and formats over the internet. Network is the backbone of

Application Layer DDoS Attack Defense Framework for Smart City using SDN
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ABSTRACT Smart city brings enormous opportunities and exciting challenges. In a smart city, operations and services such as traffic, transport, electric power, and water distribution are monitored, operated, and controlled through ICT based infrastructure, smartly. This

An Investigation in DDoS Attack in the Web Server Network Using Genetic Approach and Classifier (FFNN)
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Abstract-Distributed Denial of Service attack is an incessant critical threat to the internet. Application layer DDoS Attack is resulting from the lower layers. Request layer based DDoS attacks use legitimate HTTP requests after formation of TCP three way hands shaking and

Dispersing Asymmetric DDoS Attacks with SplitStack
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ABSTRACT This paper presents SplitStack,targeted at mitigating asymmetric DDoS attacks. These attacks are particularly challenging, since attackers can use a limited amount of resources to trigger exhaustion of a particular type of system

Cloud Security: DDoS Defense Mechanisms
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Abstract: Security has been a major issue in the field of computer networking, and with no exception it remains a major issue in the field of cloud computing too. This paper focuses on security issues related to cloud systems. Different types and number of threats has been

Discrimination Between DDOS Attacks And Flash Crowds through Adaptive Caching Mechanism in Hybrid Networks
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Internet plays a significant role in communication by way of information exchange through social media. Communication through social media fails to provide two main aspects, security level and authentication of the users being used. The dearth of authentication

Comparative Study Of Preventive Algorithms Of Ddos Attack
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Abstract-Threats of distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks have been increasing day-by- day due to rapid development of computer networks and associated infrastructure, and millions of software applications. In this type of attack, multiple systems attack a single

Identifying and Removing DDoS Attacking UMTS Network for Simless Nodes
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Abstract In this paper we consider security of internet access over the Third Generation (3G) telecommunication systems. We Consider Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is selected as the most popular system among 3G systems. Here we detecting

Anycast and its potential for mitigation of DDoS attacks
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Abstract. IP anycast is widely used to distribute essential Internet services, such as DNS, across the world. One of the main reasons is to increase the redundancy of the service and reduce the impacts of the growing threat of DDoS attacks. IP anycast can be further used

Anycast vs. DDoS: Evaluating the November 2015 Root DNS Event (extended)
free download

ABSTRACT Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks continue to be a major threat in the Internet today.target services with requests or other traffic, causing requests from legitimate users to be shut out. A common defense against DDoS is to

DDOS Attacks-A Stealthy Way of Implementation and Detection
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Abstract: Cloud Computing is a new paradigm provides various host service [paas, saas, Iaas over the internet. According to a self-service, on-demand and pay as you use business model, the customers will obtain the cloud resources and services. It is a virtual shared

A NUCLEIC FILTER TO DEFEND THE DDoS ATTACKS IN CLOUD COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT
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Abstract:Distributed Denial of Service was widely publicized when Yahoo was attacked in the year 2000. We were motivated to write this research paper from this incident. Distributed Denial of Service attack is characterized by an explicit attempt by an attacker to an attempt

AHybrid APPROACH COMBINING RULE-BASED AND ANOMALY-BASED DETECTION AGAINST DDOS ATTACKS
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ABSTRACT We have designed a hybrid approach combining rule-based and anomaly- based detection against DDoS attacks. In the approach, the rule-based detection has established a set of rules and the anomaly-based detection use one-way ANOVA test to

Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) Attacks in Cloud Computing: A Survey
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ABSTRACT Cloud computing is the use of computing resources (hardware software) that delivered as service over internet. For sensitivity or security of data, existing solutions usually apply cryptographic methods by using encryption and decryption keys and giving

Characterization and Comparison of DDoS Attack Tools and Traffic Generators-A Review
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Abstract Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack imposes a severe threat to the extensively used Internet based services like e-commerce, e-banking, transportation, medicine, education etc. Hackers compromises the vulnerable systems for launching

Using DBSCAN Clustering Algorithm in Detecting DDoS Attack
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Abstract Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack, has become one of the major threats to the Internet. It makes a victim to deny providing normal services in the Internet by generate huge useless packets by a large number of agents and can easily exhaust the computing

JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY ACCESS CAP AND ATTESTATION TO PREVENT DDoS ATTACKS IN CLOUD
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ABSTRACT Since the inception of computer networks DDoS attacks are very much prevalent. Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks originate from exploited clients controlled by a remote attacker. No matter, whether it is the case of Cloud Computing, Grid

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF VARIOUS LERNER ALGORITHMS ON DISTRIBUTED DENIAL OF SERVICE (DDoS) ATTACKS
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Abstract Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) is that the act of performing arts associates degree attack that prevents the system from providing services to legitimate users. It takes several forms, and utilizes several attack vectors. When productive,targeted host

Frequency Based DDoS Attack Detection Approach Using Naive Bayes Classification
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Abstract:Being available for their legitimate users is one of the main concerns of web service servers. One of the main threats to availability of servers are DDoS attacks. Flooding the server with bogus packets which leads to overuse the sources of it, a DDoS attack

CERIAS Tech Report 2016-4 Packet Filter Performance Monitor (Anti-DDoSAlgorithm for Hybrid Topologies)
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Individuals and organizations store data either in their individual computers or orga nization servers. Networking allow users to share data with just a click. The internet has revolutionized the communication world; it is a medium for data dissemination and a

CoFence: A Collaborative DDoS Defence Using Network Function Virtualization
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Abstract:With the exponential growth of the Internet use, the impact of cyber attacks are growing rapidly. Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are the most common but damaging type of cyber attacks. Among them SYN Flood attack is the most common type.

An Intrusion Detection System Against UDP Flood Attack and Ping of Death Attack (DDOS) in MANET
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Abstract-DDoS is one of the serious attacks in the ad hoc network. Among lot many DDoS attacks, UDP flood attack and Ping of death attack are considered to be important as these two attacks may cause severe damage to the network. To provide better security to the

Effects of DDoS Attacks on Inter-Vehicle Communication-A Survey
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Abstract VANET is the special class of Mobile ad hoc networks (MANET).target of using VANET is to provide safeness or comfort for passengers and drivers on the road but now so many accidents occurs on the road due to attacks. If VANET cannot overcome the

CHASED APPROACH TO DETECT DDOS
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DDoS is one of the challenging network attacks which exploit the network resources [1]. In DDoS attacks, most of the websites were made virtually unreachable to the internet users, hence results in heavy financial loss, fall in reputation of the organization, many

Application of Netflow logs in Analysis and Detection of DDoS Attacks
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Abstract The ability to detect DDoS attacks in the Internet backbone in real-time was crucial for network operators in order to provide an infrastructure of high quality. In this work, an algorithm for the near real-time detection of massive flooding attacks as well as TCP SYN

Approaches to Reduce the Impact of DOS and DDOS Attacks in VANET
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ABSTRACT Growing number of vehicles in use has ushered in the service to provide human and resource safety. The present trend calls for the application of technology to automate safety measures in road traffic and since has been known as Intelligent Transport System (

ICMPv6: A Mechanism to Detect and Prevent DDoS Attack
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Abstract Distributed Denial of service attack is an attempt to made services unavailable for an intended users. Now a days DDoS attacks becoming major problem for each and every users while using internet. The attacker goal is to damage users systems with different

Detection of DDoS Attack Using Tra
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we presenting a retrospect on detection of Denial of Servic attack in internet and voice-over-IP network using IP traceback mechan Internet Protocol (VoIP) is the innovation to transport voice correspo system. For instance, web which is fit for making

Booter Blacklist: Unveiling DDoS-for-hire Websites
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Abstract:The expansion of Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) for hire websites, known as Booters, has radically modified both the scope and stakes of DDoS attacks. Until recently, however, Booters have only received little attention from the research community. Given

An Efficient Way to Prevent Dos/DDos Attack in the Cloud Environment
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Abstract: In today, the most demanding service over the internet is cloud computing. Over the internet various packets are send and receives. At the time of sending and receiving packets various threats are encountered. One or more threats or attackers are involve in

Detecting and Preventing DDoS in Cloud Using Average Distance Estimation Technique
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Abstract: The DDoS (Distributed Denial-of-Service) or DoS (Denial-of-Service) in area of software defined networking is always attempting to make an attack for making system unavailable for intended users. The protection is mostly needed in the network for better

Efficient early detection technique of DDoS in Wireless Network
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Abstract-In recent wireless communication has become more fashionable because of its agility. For making wireless network, no need of large and complex physical establishment and can connect using radio waves. But on the other hand it increases the chance for

An Analysis of the DDoS Potential of Single Board Computers: A Raspberry Pi Case Study
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ABSTRACT In early 2012 the Raspberry Pi was released in the UK with the intention of promoting basic computer science in schools. The Pi is a credit card sized computer board that has most of the same functionality as a desktop computer. Since the inception of the