ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

gasification IEEE PAPER




Gasification: an alternative process for energy recovery and disposal of municipal solid wastes
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Executive Summary Many cities are confronted with the problem of how to dispose of large quantities of municipal solid waste (MSW). Currently, landfills are the primary destination of waste receiving about 60 percent. However, with landfill tipping fees rising and their

Energy recovery from municipal solid wastes by gasification
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abstract Recovery of energy from MSW by combustion in Waste-to-Energy (WTE) plants reduces land filling and air/water emissions, and also lessens dependence on fossil fuels for power generation. The objective of this study was to assess the potential of gasification

Biomass gasification using solar thermal energy
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Hydrogen from Biomass as an energy carrier has generated increasing interest in recent years. There are several different technologies to convert solid or liquid Biomass into a gas mix consisting of mainly hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Up to 30% of the energy stored in

Measuring the performance of biomass small scale gasification plants by implementing mass and energy balances
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Gasification is one of the potential pathways which can be applied in order to convert biomass into energy [1]. It could be defined as a process which converts feedstock with relative high carbon content into gas, by means of high temperature and sub-

A review of selected biomass energy technologies: gasification, combustion, carbonization and densification
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Biomass energy is expected to play a critical role in mitigating greenhouse gas emission and enhancing sustainability of energy supply. For this purpose, it would be necessary to optimally harness the potential of biomass resources through deployment of modern and

Gasification of feathers for energy production–a case study
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ABSTRACT: Efficiency analysis of the industrial gasification plant utilising turkey and chicken feathers is presented. The installation uses wet turkey feathers as raw material for gasification. The produced syngas is combusted in a combustion chamber, and the

Estimation of the energy efficiency of a wood gasification CHP plant using Aspen Plus
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The simultaneous combined heat and power (CHP) production via biomass gasification is considered as one of the main alternatives to fossil energy. Yet, a major obstacle in the development of this advanced technology lies in the presence of tars in syngas that are

Gasification of grapevine pruning waste in an entrained-flow reactor: gas products, energy efficiency and gas conditioning alternatives
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ABSTRACT Owing to its higher efficiency and versatility, gasification is seen as a necessary evolution in the development of biomass energy systems. This technology has been primarily tested in fixed bed (updraft and downdraft) and fluidised bed reaction systems,

Distributed electricity generation from biomass gasification as a sustainable energy option for rural Myanmar
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Mass and energy balances for black liquor gasification with borate autocausticization
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The research program called the Black Liquor Gasification (BLG) Program started in 2004 with the aim to facilitate commercialization of the high temperature black liquor gasification technology in the pulp and paper industry. This 3 year long program has been funded by

Slow Pyrolysis vs Gasification: mass and energy balances using a predictive model
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When the recovery of mixed plastics is not economically viable, the main issue today is land filling or incineration. The present study shows the opportunities in producing gaseous or liquid substitution fuels by pyrolysis or gasification. By both processes, the issued fuels

Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)–Phase 1: Literature survey/status update, evaluation, and ranking of combustion, gasification, and pyrolysis based
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3. RESULTS OF TEST RUNS 15 3.1 Overall test impression 15 3.1. 1 Pyrolysis reactor 15 3.1. 2 Gasifier 16 3.1. 3 Scrubber 16 3.2 Analysis of products 16 3.2. 1 Pyrolysis gas 16 3.2. 2 Syngases 17 3.2. 3 Char 17 3.3 Fate of bromine, chloride, and antimony 19 3.4

Renewable energy (gasification)
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Gasification process is concerned with the conversion of bio wastes like husk, hooks, green matters into combustible gas by implementing a non-conventional technology. The equipment in which this gasification process is carried out is called GASIFIER. Combustible gas can be used

Biomass gasification with preheated air: energy and exergy analysis
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Due to the irreversibilities that occur during biomass gasification, gasifiers are usually the least efficient units in the systems for production of heat, electricity, or other biofuels. Internal thermal energy exchange is responsible for a part of these irreversibilities and can be

Renewable energy from thermal gasification of a giant sensitive plant
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Abstract: A giant sensitive plant or Mimosa pigra L. is a fast growing weed that poses a major problem in agricultural areas. In this study, the stalks of Mimosa sample were collected, and air dried. They were subsequently milled, sieved and classified into fractions of uniform

Clean Energy via Coal Gasification
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The commercial gasification of coal has been practiced for at least 50 years. Literature and patents on the Winkler coal gasification process date back to 1920 or earlier. Most of these early gasification processes were concerned with producing either an ammonia synthesis

Plasma Gasification as a Viable Waste-to-Energy Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste
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Abstract This paper provides a review of literature assessing plasma gasification as a technology for the disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) with a further benefit of energy recovery from the solid waste. While waste-to-energy (WtE) conversion of MSW by means

Animal manure and other biomass residue conversion into useful energy via fluidized bed gasification
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ABSTRACT On-site animal manure conversion into heat and energy could now be made possible with the use of high throughput fluidized bed gasification systems. A gasifier thermally converts relatively dry animal manure or various biomass feed stocks into heat,

Green energy production: The potential of using biomass gasification
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Abstract Biomass gasification shows a great potential to displace fossil fuels. In this paper, the potential of bioenergy production from biomass feedstock has been investigated, focusing on gasification technology as an environmentally friendly alternative. The present

Supercritical water gasification of municipal sludge: a novel approach to waste treatment and energy recovery
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Municipal sewage sludge is often heavily moisture-laden, containing moisture well in excess of 95 w/w%(Fytili Zabaniotou, 2008; Harrison et al., 2006; Hong et al., 2009). Annual US sludge volume is estimated to be between 500 million and 1.5 billion wet tons, resulting in

Equilibrium model of the gasification process of agro-industrial wastes forenergy production
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Abstract:Biomass is considered as one of the most promising and viable alternatives as sources of energy. Gasification is a technology of energy conversion with great future. Waste gasification is a process attractive to produce gas rich in H2. In terms of existing

Utilization of Agriculture Waste as Energy Resource: Rice Husks Gasification
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Abstract:-Agriculture wastes can potentially be used as energy supply on the continuous seeks for renewable energy resources. Such a subject is highly aligned with the idea of merging the current energy policy for a more sustainable one, substituting the fossil base

Allothermal gasification of biomass into chemicals and secondary energycarriers
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Energy considerations for steam plasma gasification of black liquor and chemical recovery
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ABSTRACT This paper investigates the energy economics of using a hybrid steam plasma process to gasify black liquor. In the pulp and paper industry, gasification is gaining credibility as an incremental method to supplement the standard Kraft process, which

Refuse derived fuel gasification technologies for high efficient energyproduction
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There is an increasing demand for replacing primary resources in manufacturing and fossil fuels in energy production with competitive and renewable alternatives. At the same time, many countries still landfill the majority of their municipal solid waste, causing significant

A Gasification System for the Disposal of Industrial Waste and EnergyGeneration: Experimentation and Thermodynamic Analysis
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Abstract. The present paper shows the thermodynamic analysis of a gasification system (Fig. 1), which is currently used for the recovery of metals from contaminated substances of organic origin (waste of mechanical process, rolling, colddrawn, tins, multi-coupled

Coal Gasification for Hydrogen Production Using Nuclear Energy
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Abstract The most abundant fossil fuel on Earth is coal. Up-to-now coal is mainly used for electricity production and will continue to play this important role in the near and mid-term. However, coal could also substitute oil and gas by coal gasification or coal liquefaction

Operation performance study of 1MW biomass gasification electric energygeneration system
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abstract This paper introduces the testing results and operation performance analysis of 1MW biomass gasification electric energy generation developed by Guangzhou Institute Of Energy Conversion. The results indicate that operation temperature of gasifier and ratios

PROSPECTS OF BIOMASS GASIFICATION AS AN ENERGY SOURCE IN BANGLADESH
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ABSTRACT Biomass gasification is quite new in Bangladesh and may be considered as a promising technology for the useful conversion of waste biomass. The fuel gas produced by gasification can run engines and thus generate electricity. In the present work, literature

The Fourth Dimension for Waste Management in the United States: ThermoselectGasification Technology and the Hydrogen Energy Economy
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abstract Waste management in the United States presently has the following major three dimensions: Sanitary landfills, recycling, waste to energy predominantly based on the technologies of mass bum technology or refuse derived fuel. These three dimensions

Small Cogeneration by Biomass Gasification on the Decentralized EnergyProduction
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Abstract. This work consists on the development of a technical and economical energy model, related to the use of a renewable energy source: biomass, for combined cooling heating and power production (CCHP). All system is integrated as a hybrid and

Energy Production from biomass gasification by molten carbonate fuel cells: process simulation
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This paper presents an integrated approach to the steady state simulation of biomass gasification, fuel cells and power generation processes. Attention was devoted to Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC) due to the relative low cost, simpler construction and

Examples of good practices on existing manure energy use: biogas, combustion and thermal gasification
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This report shows examples of existing manure energy use in biogas, combustion and thermal gasification plants. The examples were chosen to point out some environmentally

A life cycle analysis of two combustion and gasification-based waste-to-energy units
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SUMMARY: An attributional life cycle analysis (LCA) was developed for two waste-to-energy (WtE) units, which utilize a moving grate combustor and a vertical shaft gasifier coupled with direct melting, respectively. The WtE units were assumed to be fed with the same unsorted

. Energy returned on energy invested (EROEI); the case for gasification as a component of an integrated live stock based farming system
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Abstract The aim of the present study was to measure the Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI) in an integrated farming system in which:(i) fibrous crop byproducts (sugar cane bagasse and stems from forage trees) are used as feedstock to produce" producer" gas in

Incineration, Waste-to-energy and Catalytic Gasification: the Past, Present and Future of Medical Waste Management
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Waste disposal poses a problem which is increasingly difficult to ignore. While the increasing volumes of generated waste are a problem, the types of waste being generated further complicate the challenge of disposal. Medical waste produced by

PLASMA WASTE GASIFICATION: DECENTRALIZED APPROACH TO PRODUCTION OF ENERGY FROM WASTE
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SUMMARY: The Plasma Resource Recovery System (PRRS) uses a two stage gasification process to convert waste into electrical energy, metal, and vitreous slag. In the PRRS system, unsorted waste is fed into a graphite arc plasma furnace where gasification of the

asification systems for converting renewable biomass resources into electricity. The DO P-Biomass gower Program is cost-sharin two gasification scale-uppro'ects
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Project Summary This project will provide a near-term demonstration integrating gasification and hot-gas cleanup (HGCU) components with gas turbines for power genemtion. The project is a SO/SO cost-shared effort that will significantly lower the perceived private-

Mass and Energy Balance of the Natural Draft Gasification System for Thermal Application in Arecanut Processing Industries
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ABSTRACT Methods of mass and energy balance are adopted for evaluating the overall performance of energy conversion systems. In this paper mass and energy balance study of a Natural draft gasifier system have been reported. The gasifier was developed

GASIFICATION OF WASTE FROM FURNITURE INDUSTRIES FOR GENERATION OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
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ABSTRACT With the inevitable decline in availability of fossil fuel sources, there has been a worldwide increase of interest in renewable energy, aiming at sustainability in all aspects: technical, economical, social and environmental. The renewable energy has advantages

Hydrogen production by gasification and dark fermentation from woody wastes: Energy and Environmental Analysis.
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Abstract New efforts in the search of alternative clean and renewable energy to replace the current energy precursors have been assessed in order to reduce emissions to the environment. Lignocellulosic Biomass (LB) can be used to produce bioenergy due to its

ENERGY-CYCLE ANALYSIS OF A GASIFICATION-BASED MULTI-PRODUCT SYSTEM WITH CO2 RECOVERY
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ABSTRACT The DOE is investigating CO2 recovery from fossil-fuel cycles as a greenhouse gas mitigation strategy. Recognizing this, we used life-cycle analysis tools to compare two integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plant designs based on the Shell entrained

ENERGY AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF CHP WITH COMBINED TECHNOLOGIES OF CORN COBS GASIFICATION AND GAS TURBINES
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This paper presents the performance and economic analysis of the gas turbine with co-firing gas from corn cob gasification and natural gas. Adiabatic and non-adiabatic expansion in the turbine is considered. The analysis is performed parametrically with corn cob

6.4 Multiphase flow importance in future nuclear process heat applications:energy alcohol by biomass gasification with HTR
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ABSTRACT For future nuclear process heat applications multiphase phenomena are very important in a three-fold sense: For the ability to produce high temperature heat, for the realization of a catastrophe-free nuclear energy technology in case of the design event of

GASIFICATION-BASED ENERGY PRODUCTION SYSTEMS FOR DIFFERENT SIZE CLASSES-POTENTIAL AND STATE OF RD
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Abstract Different energy production systems based on biomass and waste gasification are being developed in Finland by VTT and it's industrial partners. In 1986-1995 the Finnish gasification RD activities were almost fully devoted to the development of simplified

105: Co-gasification of woody biomass and solid waste for clean energyproduction
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Food waste, horse manure, chicken manure and sewage sludge mixed with wood chips in different ratios were fed to the reactor continuously at the rate of 10 kg/h. The temperature in combustion and reduction zone was 900 oC and 850 oC respectively. In-situ analyses of

MSW and biowaste handling, REF quality improvement for advanced energyproduction by gasification
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target to increase the share of renewable energy from 6% to 12%. The largest sources of renewable energy potential in EU countries have been seen to be biomass and waste. This means that the use of waste as a source of energy has to be strongly

energy storage technologies of concentrating solar plants for the direct coupling with chemical processes. The case of solar-driven biomass gasification[Energy75 (
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For the above mentioned article, the contributors agreed upon the order of authors as Flavio Manenti, Zohreh Ravaghi-Ardebili, Andres R. Leon-Garzon, and Carlo Pirola. While the authors agreed upon this order, the order was printed incorrectly by the publisher. The

A life cycle analysis of a gasification-based Waste-to-Energy unit
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Abstract: The whole range of waste-to-energy technologies can be grouped into two main categories: combustion-and gasification-based thermal treatment. The first is a well established and sustainable technology that results in considerable waste volume

A substance flow analysis of a combustion-and a gasification-based waste-to-energy units
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Abstract The paper aims to provide data for a critical comparison between a combustion-and a gasificationbased waste-to-energy process carried out in a moving grate furnace and in a high temperature shaft reactor, respectively. Data from several units in operation have

Algal Cultivation and Hydrothermal Gasification: Biomass and EnergyProduction
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As a renewable source, microalgae represent a promising candidate with the potential of efficient biomass and energy production. The terms microalgae refer to a wide spectrum of photosynthetic unicellular micro-organisms with a simple structure compared to higher

A Senior Level Experiment on Developing an Energy Efficient BiomassGasification Process
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Abstract: The continuing depletion of non-renewable fuels has prompted the search for alternative sources of energy. Biomass is waste derived from previously living materials such as wood and Municipal Solid Waste, and has been identified as a potential source of One of the main trends in the development of present-day thermoelectric power engineering is its continuing reorlentation toward the use of low-quallty coals. At the same time, such coals are also being considered for the production of motor fuel. In our opinion, one

Underground coal gasification with extended CO2 utilization as economic and carbon neutral approach to address energy and fertilizer supply shortages in
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The application of underground coal gasification (UCG) with proven carbon mitigation techniques may provide a carbon neutral approach to tackle electricity and fertilizer supply shortages in Bangladesh. UCG facilitates the utilization of deep-seated coal seams, not

Deactivation and Energy Analysis of Char Catalysts in Biomass GasificationSystems
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abstract One of the major barriers to gasification is the need for elimination of tars that are generated in thermochemical conversion processes. While metal catalysts can be used for tar decomposition, and cheaper alternative is char. Deactivation of char catalysts has

USE OF THE AVAIABLE ENERGY IN THE RE-GASIFICATION PROCESS OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS APPLIED TO COMBINED HEAT AND POWER
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Abstract. This work evaluates the possibilities of taking advantage of the heat absorbed by the Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) in the regasification process. A Brayton-Rankine Combined Heat and Power Plant (CHP) using environmental air as cold source is the reference point

Biomass Gasification: A Modern Approach for Renewable Energy Utilization
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Abstract The World is facing crucial time for energy due to consumption of fossil fuels (natural gas, coal, and oil), rise in fuel price, and unacceptable environmental effect in recent years. Biomass is a renewable potential energy source which can reduces dependency

Fodder trees as a renewable energy source for biomass gasification
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INTRODUCTION In countries like India with rising energy requirements and dependence on imports of fossil fuel, considerable stress is being placed on developing renewable energy sources. There have been a series of workshops and seminars in India on this issue and

CCPP Performance Augmentation Using LNG Re-Gasification Cold Energy
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abstract With gas becoming a fuel of choice for clean energy, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is being transported and re-gasification terminals are being set up at several locations. Re- gasification of LNG leads to availability of considerable cold-energy which can be utilized

Comparison of Different Systems for Tar Removal for Renewable EnergyDerivation from Biomass Gasification
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Abstract The purpose of this study is to identify the fluid absorbent which is able to ensure satisfactory tar removal efficiency such as to minimize the impact of biomass gasification and renewable energy derivation on the environment and human health. Tar is a

GASIFICATION OF BRAZILIAN BIOMASS AND SOLID FOSSIL FUELS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FLUE GAS QUALITY FROM THE GIBBS FREE ENERGY
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Abstract. This work shows a comparative study about the flue gas quality obtained from the gasification process of several biomasses and solid fossil fuels by using the Gibbs free energy minimization approach. A mathematical algorithm was implanted in order to

Evaluation of Biomass Gasification Using Coconut Husks in Producing Energyto Generate Small-Scale Electricity
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Abstract:A study using coconut husks for energy production was conducted in which a downdraft gasifier system was manufactured and applied to produce gas used to generate electric power. Apparatuses were designed and implemented to filter and clean the gas

Plasma Gasification Application in Organic Waste Management, a Renewable Green Energy Approach
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Abstract Plasma technology used to treat, remediate, or recycle waste materials is still a very new and developing technology that has not settled into a definite market place. In various design configurations, plasma technology units can be used on a wide variety of

ENERGY VALORIZATION OF HYDROLYTIC LIGNIN RESIDUE VIA STEAM/OXYGEN GASIFICATION
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ABSTRACT: To make biorefinery processes valuable from both economical and energy perspectives, all components of the starting feedstock need to be properly valorized. In the present work the results obtained in steam/oxygen gasification tests on a lignin rich

the application of chaos theory to diagnosis and control of fossil energyprocesses and the characterization of liquid and char coproducts from mildgasification
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It has recently been discovered that the performance of a number of fossil energy conversion devices such as fluidized beds, pulsed combustors, steady combustors, and internal combustion engines are affected by deterministic chaos. It is now recognized that

Application of biomass gasification system as a sustainable energytechnology to improve efficiency and reduce smoke emission from sterilization of mushroom
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Abstract:-Mushroom growing substrate is generally derived from waste biomass or agricultural residues. Spent substrate is high energy content by-product from mushroom cultivation where it can potentially replace fuelwood for hot steam generation. However,

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF ENERGY PRODUCTION BY WOOD GASIFICATIONPLANTS
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ABSTRACT In this study an attempt to base the wood gasification process calculations on equilibrium principles has been made. This leads to a simple model based on chemical principles. The system model gives the composition of the produced gas and its low

Energy and Exergy Analyses of an Integrated Gasification Combined 2 Cycle Power Plant with CO2 Capture Using Hot Potassium Carbonate 3 Solvent
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10 ABSTRACT: Energy and exergy analyses were studied for an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant with 11 CO2 capture using hot potassium carbonate solvent. The study focused on the combined impact of the CO conversion ratio in 12 the

Steam gasification of scrap tyres: a valuable route for matter and energyrecovery
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Summary The world production of tyre waste amounts to 7 millions of tons, 3 millions of which are generated in Europe. For this waste stream the landfill is the most practiced way of disposal. In order to perform a correct management of this huge quantity of waste, many

First Meeting of IEA International Energy Agency Thermal Gasification of Biomass Task in Germany, November 21 to 23, 2001
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CONCLUSION The objectives of the IEA Thermal Gasification of Biomass Task is consistent with the mission of the German biomass gasification projects and the know-how that resides with the German process developers. In a related manner, it is anticipated that the scope

ENERGY ANALYSES OF COAL-FIRED RANKINE CYCLE AND INTEGRATEDGASIFICATION COMBINED CYCLE (IGCC) POWER PLANTS
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Abstract. Clean abundant energy is a major challenge for this new century. IN this scenario, coal, despite being a fossil fuel, is still an important resource, since large economies in the world have considerable coal reserves and intend to exploit them in the near future.

Energy Production from Thermal Gasification of Selected Solid Wastes from Kiambu County, Kenya
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Abstract: Increased population growth resources competition and the diminishing of conventional energy sources calls for development of innovative technologies for power generation Thermal gasification is a promising technology for conversion of carbonaceous

Hydrogen from intermittent renewable energy sources as plasma gas in integrated plasma gasification systems for waste treatment and electric energy
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Abstract The waste management and the energy storage from intermittent renewable sources are considered to have a strategic role in the field of the energy production and environmental protection according to the promotion of the renewable power plants and to

OF ANAEROBIC DIGESTION AND INTEGRATED GASIFICATION FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT AND ENERGY PRODUCTION WITHIN WASTEWATER
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ABSTRACT: Wastewater treatment (WWT) plants consume up to 180 MJ and produce 10-85 kg dry sludge per person every year. This will continue to increase due to more rigorous effluent quality regulations and demands. Sludge management and disposal can increase

Control of Biodiesel Generator Set in Biomass Gasification Emulation for Use in Emergency Energy Module (EEM)
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1 Abstract This objective of this project is to model the dynamics of the PowerPallet20 gasifier (PP20) and the MDG6000CLE generator set using transfer functions. Simplified models of the dynamics of gasification and generator set were constructed using Simulink.

Performance Evaluation of Waste water Sludge to Energy by a DowndraftGasification System
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Wastewater sludge from waste water treatment system is considered as a hazardous waste which is harmful to environment and needs a appropriate treatment by using various alternatives technologies such as combustion, gasification, landfill, etc. However, landfill is

Comparison of Energy Efficiencies for Advanced Anaerobic Digestion, Incineration, and Gasification Processes in Municipal Sludge Management
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ABSTRACT: Municipal sludge has energy content in the range of (9,000–23,000 kJ/kg) depending upon the organic content. This entrapped energy can be transformed into heat and electrical energies by different technologies combining biological and thermal

PLASMA ARC GASIFICATION FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAIBLE RENEWABLE CLEAN ENERGY GENERATION
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Abstract Plasma gasification in waste to energy is one of the novel applications that were introduced many years ago. Landfill sites and incineration continue to be the primary methods used to dispose wastes with significant negative impact on the environment.

Advanced Gasification-Based Fuel Conversion and Electric EnergyProduction System
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ABSTRACT The objective of this project is the development and commercial demonstration of an advanced biomass gasification-based power generation system at Boise Cascade Corporation's pulp and paper mill in DeRidder, Louisiana. The advanced power

ENERGY FROM PLASTIC WASTES IN FLUIDIZED BED COMBUSTION ANDGASIFICATION PROCESSES
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SUMMARY: Fluidized bed thermo-chemical conversion can be proposed as a convenient route for energy recovery from mixed plastic waste (MPW). Two pilot-scale bubbling fluidized bed reactors, a combustor and a gasifier, having the same internal diameter (0.38 m) and

Energy generation gasification



A Gasification System for the Disposal of Industrial Waste and Energy Generation: Experimentation and Thermodynamic Analysis
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Abstract. The present paper shows the thermodynamic analysis of a gasification system (Fig. 1), which is currently used for the recovery of metals from contaminated substances of organic origin (waste of mechanical process, rolling, colddrawn, tins, multi-coupled

PLASMA ARC GASIFICATION FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAIBLE RENEWABLE CLEAN ENERGY GENERATION
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Abstract Plasma gasification in waste to energy is one of the novel applications that were introduced many years ago. Landfill sites and incineration continue to be the primary methods used to dispose wastes with significant negative impact on the environment.

GASIFICATION OF WASTE FROM FURNITURE INDUSTRIES FOR GENERATIONOF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
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ABSTRACT With the inevitable decline in availability of fossil fuel sources, there has been a worldwide increase of interest in renewable energy, aiming at sustainability in all aspects: technical, economical, social and environmental. The renewable energy has advantages