ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

nanotechnology IEEE PAPER 2016




Web Based Distributed Computing Environment for Nanotechnology
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ABSTRACT One promising path of computational nanoscience is the integration of device design tools and computational chemistry tools to design molecular device components. In order to improve the efficiency of the design process and also let the device designer who

Effect of Nanotechnology in Enhancing Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials
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Abstract When two individual components with different physical and chemical properties are mixed together to make one component, it is known as a composite material. The two individual components are mixed together to give a unique properties. Nanotechnology ('

DNA-Based Nanotechnology: Highly Luminescent CdSe–DNA Nanoscale–Engineered Complexes
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ABSTRACT We present some new results within the concept of biopattern nanoengineering- including using DNA molecules as building blocks and nanotemplates for controllable fabrication of various bioinorganic nanostructures due to their unique physical-chemical

Structuring Knowledge Project in Nanotechnology Materials Program-Construction of a Knowledge Infrastructure for Nano-materials and Devices
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ABSTRACT The Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry, JAPAN has just launched a long- term national program on nanotechnology materials (NMs). This program consists of 8 projects (PJs), and Structuring Knowledge (SK) PJ plays an extremely important role

Study on the Fracture Origin of SiC-polycrystalline Fiber. Trends in Nanotechnology Material Science 1: 1-5
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Abstract We established a new method to precisely capture the first fracture surface of the SiC-polycrystalline fiber with very high modulus (about 400 GPa). This is a very simple method using only liquid paraffin and powder papers during tensile testing. Using this

How do we, as a society, guide the development of nanotechnology
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ABSTRACT Individuals, businesses, and governments evaluate nanotechnology on a spectrum from laissez faire to the precautionary principle, often without sufficient understanding of what nanotechnology is, how it works, how it is changing, or what its

Bridge a Gap between Nanotechnology RD, Business and Public
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ABSTRACT I outline a new research project Developing knowledge-based platform to support nanomaterials RD for public acceptance which has been started September 2007 with focus on National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). We

An Ethical Perspective on Nanotechnology, Health and Longevity
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ABSTRACT The idea that nanotechnology may be able to aid human health is not new, and there is now considerable literature describing ways that the technology will contribute to human health and to longevity. Barring harmful side effects, these developments seem to

Forensic Environmental Analysis of Nanotechnology Regulation
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ABSTRACT Some considerable effort has recently been displayed by manufacturers, researchers, regulatory bodies, professional organizations, NGOs, and other interested parties addressing how nano-particles and their manufacture should be environmentally

Creating a Standardized Approach for Devel-oping Medical Grade 2D Materials. Trends inNanotechnology Material Science 1: 1-3
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Abstract Since the discovery of graphene in 2004, the world of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials has rapidly expanded to include a variety of different types. Not only are there multiple types of graphene-related materials, but there are transition metal

Perspectives in Nanotechnology Based Innovative Applications For The Environment
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Nanotechnology represents the ''key technology''of the 21st century and the expectancy for innovations in the environmental sector is significantly high. The word Nanotechnology includes a wide range of technologies performed on a nanometer scale for widespread

Related to A Biomimetic Approach to Synthesized 3-Dimensional Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds. Trends in Nanotechnology Material Science
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Abstract A synthetic scaffold has been made in situ nucleation of Hydroxyapatite (HA) particles in the polymer matrix. In situ synthesis of Poly (vinyl alcohol)(PVA)-HA hydrogels with varying hydroxyapatite percentage were obtained by the simple freeze-thawing

A Biomimetic Approach to Synthesized 3-Dimensional Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) Hydroxyapatite Scaf-folds. Trends in Nanotechnology Material Science 1: 1-4
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Abstract A synthetic scaffold has been made in situ nucleation of Hydroxyapatite (HA) particles in the polymer matrix. In situ synthesis of Poly (vinyl alcohol)(PVA)-HA hydrogels with varying hydroxyapatite percentage were obtained by the simple freeze-thawing

Applications of Nanotechnology in Medical Sciences and Every Life of Human* K. Sethupathy
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Abstract Nanotechnology is the study of extremely small structures, having size of 0.1 to 100 nm. Nano medicine is a relatively new field of science and technology. Brief explanation of various types of pharmaceutical nano systems is given. Classification of nano materials

Addressing ethical and safety issues of nanotechnology in health and medicine in undergraduate engineering and technology curriculum
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ABSTRACT: In this article, the authors take a look at incorporating the concepts and developments of nanotechnology in the medical field into undergraduate engineering and technology based courses, with ongoing efforts to expand to a number of related

Nanotechnology in Italy: National Programs, Players and Activities
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ABSTRACT The interest for nanotechnology has increased steadily in Italy during the last years and at present the RD activity in this field is rather intense. Public financial support has been instrumental to this growth and even now public is the main source of funding.

targeted nanotechnology-based therapeutic system for the combined chemoprevention of colon cancer
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ABSTRACT Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer death in the USA. Current research is shifting the focus from chemotherapy to chemoprevention wherein the latter is rapidly emerging as a strategy to avert colon cancer. Recently, aspirin

Partnering in Nanotechnology Ventures: Critical Decision Factors
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ABSTRACT Business executives are often faced with the decision of whether to optimize the firm's performance by partnering with another company or exploring growth alone. Although nanotechnology firms are no exception, the high level of tacit knowledge requisite in these

Development of a Nanotechnology-Based Screen-Printed Biosensor for Detection of Schistosoma Mansoni Antibodies
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Schistosomiasis comes after malaria as the second most important fatal parasitic disease. In Saudi Arabia Schistosoma mansoni is endemic in Jazan, Bishah, Aseer, Madina, Al-Bahah and Taif. The methods used for diagnosis of schistosomiasis are complex, time-

NanoEnergy-Technological and economical impact of nanotechnology on the energy sector
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ABSTRACT According to a prognosis of the International Energy Agency the worldwide energy demand will reach more than 18.000 MTOE (Million Tons of Oil Equivalent) in the year 2030 which corresponds to a 50% increase from todays energy consumption. In

Hybrid Nanomaterials for Active Electronics and Bio-Nanotechnology
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ABSTRACT In this paper, the metallization of single-walled carbon nanotube/single stranded DNA has been reported. At first, SWCNT-ssDNA conjugation is produced, using a well-known chemical pathway which is based on attaching amino compounds to carboxyl-

Biomimetics: Biomimetics in Nanotechnology
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This chapter deals with the biomimetic method in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Predictability on the basis of scientific understanding is a precondition for technology. The aims of science are to explain and understand and to organize knowledge. With a solid

Role and Applications of Nanotechnology for Energy Production
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ABSTRACT: Nanotechnology constitutes an interdisciplinary ensemble of several fields of the Science that are highly specialized. Past few decades, the fields of scienc e and engineering have been seeking to develop new and improved types of energy

Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology towards Picotechnology: Energy and molecules
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ABSTRACT In nature, metal oxide particles display their existance at the level of picomolecules in solution state and bioactive states in the body. We put evidence of picomolar behavior of molecules different than nanomolar behavior of particles. These

Characterizing the Oxygen Reduction Reaction for the Proton Exchange Fuel Cell with with Novel Nanotechnology-based Catalyst Supports
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Abstract Using the G of adsorption of O2 gas, three doped catalyst supports were selected for a complete optimization of all the steps of the oxygen reduction reaction as well as their transition states using density functional theory. A single oxygen doped substrate, a 3.79 Ĺ

A Needs-based Assessment of Measurements for Nanotechnology/Environmental Health and Safety
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ABSTRACT The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is engaged in a continuing needs-based assessment of the state of the United States Measurement System (USMS). The USMS assessment addresses innovation-limiting measurement needs in

Leveraging the Nation's Nanotechnology Research Centers: True interdisciplinary buildings foster a seamless transition from lab bench to consumer
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ABSTRACT: Spearheaded by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, the United States government has funded the construction and operation of several new research centers located at national laboratories. Additionally, state and local initiatives and private donors

Nanotechnology: A Review
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Abstract:-A basic definition of Nanotechnology is the study manipulation and manufacture of extremely minute machines or devices. These devices are so small to the point of manipulating the atoms themselves to form materials. By this Nanotechnology we can

Functional Polymers for Advanced Nanotechnology
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We demonstrate a novel chemical approach on the improvements of soft lithography for the nano-resolution integrations by the development of new photopatternable silicon electromers. We designed a chemical structure of silicon rubbers, which produce stiffer

Nanotechnology in Agriculture: which innovation potential does it have
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Recent scientific data indicate that nanotechnology has the potential to positively impact the agrifood sector, minimizing adverse problems of agricultural practices on environment and human health, improving food security and productivity (as required by the predicted rise

Next generation aerospace composites through nanotechnology
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ABSTRACT In recent years the area of nanocomposites has received considerable attention with the expectation that nanoclay filled polymer can be useil as matrix material for hightemperature composite applications. Although considerable progress has been made

Nanotechnology And Its Safe Utilization
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Abstract-The purpose of this paper is to know about Nanotechnology a very small thing but it is very useful from this tiny world. This paper gives a brief description of what are nanotechnologies and its advantages and various applications. It is very useful in

Nanotechnology for Building Security
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ABSTRACT What more can be done to protect building occupants from the threat of terrorist attack One answer may be nanotechnology, which promises to heighten building security through stronger materials, more powerful sensors, and improved air and water filtration.

An application of nanotechnology for the stability and sustained biological activity of tea polyphenol
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Abstract Spherical gelatin A nanoparticles were prepared with size range of 100-300 nm and loaded with tea polyphenols. FTIR peak at 1633 cm-1 confirmed the presence of major components of polyphenol. Loading as well as release of tea polyphenols was dependent

NANOTECHNOLOGY IN DENTISTRY: A REVIEW
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ABSTRACT: In the current era of 21st century, it has become imperative to invent newer techniques in the field of dental diagnosis and subsequent treatment plans. Ever since the understanding of the dimensions of the nanotechnology, it has been suggested that it is

Nanotechnology based se-men purification: a panacea
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With the inception of semen freezing technology, it has become possible to disseminate the superior germplasm through artificial insemination, which really revolutionized the dairy industry. However, production of high quality sperm insemination dose is crucial to the

Nanotechnology from particle size reduction to enhancing aqueous solubility
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Drug aqueous solubility plays an important role in determining its permeability and absorption rate, especially in the case of drugs classified as class IV according to the biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS)(low permeability and low solubility).

Funding of Nanotechnology in Germany
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The topics and strategies of the German funding activities for nanotechnology have remarkably changed in the last 15 years. While first BMBF projects at the end of the 80ies were mainly basic science oriented, newer projects had a much higher application

Nanotechnology for waste water treatment
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Abstract Sufficient and adequate supply of clean, safe and potable water on a regular basis, are among the foremost issues faced by the people now a days. To accomplish this objective wastewater should be treated so that it can be reused and also the environment

Journal of Nanomedicine Nanotechnology
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The uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells is defined as cancer. The conventional therapies for cancer may include combinations of radiation, chemotherapy and surgery. These are proven to cause severe damage to normal cells and other major side effects as well. The advent

Melanoma Prevention: Challenges and Progresses in Nanotechnology for Melanoma Prevention and Treatment
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First described by Hippocrates, malignant melanoma is the seventh most common type of cancer in young adults (Caraco et al. 2013). Melanoma is one of the most prevalent and severe types of skin cancers (Wadajkar et al. 2012), and according to the World Health

The Impact of Patent Reform on Nanotechnology: File Early and File Often
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ABSTRACT Legislation introduced in 2005 was touted as a tsunami of patent reform. But disparate positions taken by big pharma and the electronics industries slowed the tide. In 2006, similar legislation combined with new patent examination rules proposed by the

ELECTROCHEMISTRY IN NANOTECHNOLOGY
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Abstract: The lecture presents the electrodeposition of iron nickel on copper substrate for high frequency applications, and then presents the pulse plating of the silver coating on Ti6Al4V alloy for biomedical applications. The interest to pulse electrochemical deposition

Nanotechnology in Wastewater Treatment; Influence of Nanomaterials on Microbial Systems
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Water is the most vital substance in our life. Reliable and sustainable access to clean, safe and affordable water is considered to be one of the most essentials for human being. Approximately, one-sixth of the worlds population suffers from access to clean drinking

Application of Nanotechnology in Non-Invasive Topical Gene Therapy
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31.1 Introduction Human diseases associated with genetic mutations can be treated by the introduction of a vector encoding a healthy gene, by using a therapeutic DNA/RNA construct to enhance gene expression, or to inhibit production of deleterious proteins (eg,

Nanotechnology helps to save water for developed a multi tier T-distribution pipe system on waste water exit point in multi story buildings
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Water is the most essential substance for all life on earth and a precious resource for human civilization. Reliable access to clean and affordable water is considered one of the most basic humanitarian goals, and remains a major global challenge for the 21st century. Our

Analysis of Fredkin Logic Circuit in Nanotechnology: An Efficient Approach
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Abstract In last few decades, typical lithography based VLSI technology used to improve higher scale integration, low switching speed and low powered computing of semiconductor constituents. However, this trend meets severe challenges of tunneling, short-channel

Nanotechnology-Dermatological Perspective
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Abstract Nanotechnology is the application of the science dealing with the study of small particles with dimensions of less than a hundred nanometers. Nanoparticles, owing to their size, have special physicochemical properties that are distinct from the derived bulk

Nanomedicine Nanotechnology
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For life threatening diseases such as infections, the standard drug treatment strategy is to get as much antimicrobial drug as possible to the pathogen as fast as possible to obtain an effective pathogen kill rate [1]. Therefore the route of drug administration is often an injectable true

Nanotechnology Initiatives by Department of Information Technology, Government of India
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Abstract India recognizing the importance and value of the nanotechnology for its national development initiated concentrated nanotechnology development programs. This paper gives an account of the nanotechnology initiatives of Department of Information

Emerging nanotechnology for environmental applications
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The fast industrialization/urbanization and increasing population have caused serious environmental issues that we are now facing. These challenging issues may become even worse if no efficient and sustainable solutions could be provided. Recent advances in

Nanotechnology in Pharmaceutical Education In USA
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ABSTRACT Nanotechnology is on its way to make a big impact in Biotech, Pharmaceutical and Medical diagnostics sciences. Pharmaceutical education in USA is also taking significant steps in incorporating courses as well as offering specialization in

Nanotechnology-A Potent Pharmacological Tool
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Abstract-Nanotechnology is a growing field it encompasses almost all disciplines of Science Engineering. The application of Nanotechnology has tremendous potential in healthcare, particularly for the development of better pharmaceuticals, nano enabled drug

Quantitative Analysis of HBV Capsid Protein Geometry Based Upon ComputationalNanotechnology
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ABSTRACT Computational biology is an interdisciplinary field that applies the techniques of computer science, functional mathematics and statistics to address problems inspired by biology. Numerous studies have shown that structure of proteins contribute towards their

STUDY ON NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATION
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ABSTRACT This paper main concern is to research on the nanotechnology application. First of all, the effect of ZnO nanofluid on the grinding surface finishing and wheel wear. The use of adaptive Support Vector Machine (SVM) to predict the performance parameters and

Review On: Application of Nanotechnology in Computer Science
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Abstract: Nanotechnology is a new emerging technology having endless applications in the real world. It is a technology whose future is a completely uncharted; taking both science and technology to levels we never imagined. It is an interdisciplinary field having its

Applications of Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery and Design-An Insight
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Abstract Nanotechnological application is greatly important in the field of drug delivery target site, so it is able to reduce toxic side effects of drugs to normal cells. Reduce plasma fluctuation of drugs, high solubility, efficiency,

Nanotechnology: a revolution in science
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Nanotechnology refers to a nanoscale technology that has promising applications in day-to- day life and emphasizes the implications of individual atoms or molecules or submicron dimensions in terms of their applications to physical, chemical and biological systems and

APPLICATION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN THE IMPROVEMENT OF SEMEN QUALITY–FUTURE TREND IN ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
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Abstract: Nanotechnology represents the 21st-century manufacturing technology, defined as the art of manipulating individual atoms and molecules in order to obtain structures with predefines properties. In the last years, the expansion of nanotechnology in different

Nanotechnology in Forensic Geosciences
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Abstract: Nanotechnology has a great influence on modern technology, just like the development of DNA profiling on biotechnology in the past 50 years. Because of applying knowledge and techniques from natural science, forensic science aims to identify,

Nanotechnology and Its Applications in Dentistry
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ABSTRACT Nano is a word derived from Greek meaning dwarf. One Nano is 10- 9 of a meter. It is a scientific approach of altering, manipulating the properties of atoms on a nanometer scale. Nanotechnology involves commonly two approaches that are the

Overview on Nanotechnology: The Future of Seawater Desalination
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Abstract: It has been well documented that many societies around the world are currently experiencing the consequences of water scarcity, and this scarcity is likely to be one of the major resource crises of the 21st century. While over 70 per cent of the Earth's surface is

A Review Paper on Nanotechnology Applications and Concepts
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Abstract:This specific paper will discuss your Nanotechnology ideas alongside applications. Nanotechnology would be the all interesting discretion in Physics, Chemistry, Anatomist and in addition Biology. The item exhibits astonishing advancement our project

On the Risk Literacy of Young People in the Context of Nanotechnology
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Abstract This study is concerned with the risk literacy of young people in the context of nanoparticles in everyday products. A model is developed for use in evaluating the competence of school pupils in risk assessment: the Risk Literacy Model (RLM). Building

Age as a Predictor of Social Acceptance of Nanotechnology and Nano-Based Food: A Conceptual Framework
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Abstract Research into acceptance of innovative nanotechnology foods by the aging population will provide insight into and add to the body of knowledge about factors that will predict acceptance of nano-based foods. This paper proposes a conceptual framework for

of AgNPs Incorporated PVA/ODA-MMT and PVP/ODA-MMT Nanofiber Structures by Green Electrospinning Nanotechnology as Excellent Conducting and
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1. Introduction Water-soluble polyvinylalcohol (PVA) has important properties such as the film-and fiber-forming abilites, emulsification, surfactant qualities and adhesiveness. The structure of PVA contains intra-and internal hydrogen bonding hydroxyl groups which

SDRP Journal Of Nanotechnology Material Science 2016
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ABSTRACT: Porphyrin-fluorene conjugates bridged by ethynylene were synthesized through Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction. These molecules showed strong nonlinear absorption when measured using a nanosecond Z-scan method. The largest effective two-

Nanotechnology for 5G
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Abstract: The 5G technology which is expected to be launched by 2020 it is an upgraded version of the existing and establishing network 4G known as LTE (Long Term Evolution) network, this technology started an era of highly-efficient information society. It is expected

Research Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutics and Nanotechnology
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ABSTRACT The main goal of the current study was to present a further example which showed a successful use of an advanced mathematical modeling method based on the theory of dynamic systems in mathematical modeling in pharmacokinetics. An additional

Regulation of Nanotechnology in the Environment
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ABSTRACT In this paper we examine the current state and likely future path of nanotechnology regulation by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or the Agency). We also explore several voluntary initiatives to address the environmental

THE APPLICATION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY TO HIV VACCINE AND MICROBICIDES DEVELOPMENT
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Abstract HIV/AIDS remains one of the most serious threats to global health. No HIV vaccines are currently available which can prevent HIV infection. All of the candidates being studied are in the experimental stage. Preventive vaccine candidates are being tested in HIV-

Study of Nanotechnology in developed world
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ABSTRACT Nanotechnology, despite its fantastic sounding name, is actually very practical for developing countries to make products better and cheaper. Technical innovations will increasingly shape developing economies and strengthen market robustness and build.

APPLICATION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN SMART CIVIL STRUCTURES
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Abstract:Nanotechnology has the potential to make construction faster, safer, cheaper and more varied, resulting in smart construction. Automation of nanotechnology construction can allow for the creation of structures from advanced homes to gigantic skyscrapers much

Nanotechnology systems for oral drug delivery: challenges and opportunities
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It is nowadays a widespread and ascertained knowledge that materials in the nanometer range of size have different physical, chemical and biological properties than materials in the large scale. This unique feature of nanoparticulate structures has been widely

NANOTECHNOLOGY AND NANODENTISTRY: A FORESIGHT
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ABSTRACT: Nanotechnology is a scientific field that examines and fabricates objects on a molecular level. Nanomedicine deals with the comprehensive monitoring, control, construction, repair, defense, and improvement of all human biological systems by

Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring Management
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Article history: Received 14 November 2015 Received in revised form 7 April 2016 Accepted 8 April 2016 Keywords: Biogenic nanoparticles Antifungal activity Minimum inhibitory Practical Applications is addressed to those in the fields of pharmaceutics, medicine, biology, and life sciences and to those who are interested in materials and new technologies. This textbook includes an introduction to the science of nanotechnology, the

Future Prospects of Wood Preservation with Nanotechnology
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As a natural material, wood is susceptible to many hazards, including biological agents, fire, and weathering. Over millennia of utilization of wood in many applications, human beings have developed practical methods to protect it. High specific surface presented by

The Advantages of Nanotechnology in Medical Field
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Abstract: The paper evaluates the advantage of Nanotechnology in medical field. These advantages are in four points; in each point I highlighted the important applications and opportunities for these advantages in Nano medicine. This model could be used as a

Role of Nanotechnology in Pollution Control: Review
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International Science Congress Association www. isca. in, www. isca. co. in, www. isca. net. co, www. isca. net. in 41 Role of Nanotechnology in Pollution Control: Review Shalini Singh Department of Zoology, MKR Govt. Degree College, Ghaziabad shalinsin@ gmail. com

Features of the Patent Researches of Nanotechnology-Based Drug Development.
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The aim of this study was to analyze features of thepatent researches of nanotechnology- based drug development. It has offered the algorithm of thepatent researches, which takes into account thesearchin patentdatabasesand scientificresources, the use of the

Research Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutics and Nanotechnology
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ABSTRACT The study was conducted to determine antimicrobial activity in ethanolic extracts and aqueous solution of 31 samples of edible gums from Acacia nilotica (17), Buchanania

Missing Gaps in Indian Nanotechnology Development: Exploring Effective Policy Interventions for Innovation and Commercialisation
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Nanotechnology is promising to be the transformative technology of the 21st century with its boundless potential to revolutionize a wide range of industries, perceived to provide novel innovative solutions to complex technological problems, create functional and

Problems and Prospects in Thesaurus Construction: A Case Study of NanotechnologyThesaurus
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Thesaurus construction involves various activities like collection and control of terms, semantic association of terms, organization of terms etc. Each step has its particular associated problems. Over the years, significant efforts have been made to highlight the

CURCUMIN ANALOGUES FOR THE TREATMENT OF BREAST CANCER REVISITED: THENANOTECHNOLOGY APPROACH
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ABSTRACT Curcumin, the principal active component of turmeric, has anti-cancer and antiinflammatory properties and is effective in animal models of cancers such as prostate and colon. Curcumin has been widely studied as an anti-cancer drug for breast cancer,