robotics research papers 2012
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robotics research papers 2012




The compass that steered robotics
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Robotics researchers will be aware of Dexter Kozen s contributions to algebraic algorithms, which have enabled the widespread use of the theory of real closed fields and polynomial arithmetic for motion planning. However, Dexter has also made several important

Synergistic Methods for using Language in Robotics
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Abstract This paper presents an overview of our work on integrating language with vision to endow robots with the ability of complex scene understanding. We propose and motivate the Vision-Action-Language loop as a form of cognitive dialogue that enables us to

Integrals of Markov processes with application to Swarm Robotics modelling
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Abstract This paper reviews some of the techniques for the evaluation of the expected value of a path integral for general Markov chains on countable state spaces and illustrates their application in the context of the analysis of swarm robotics systems. When salient aspects

Survey-Based Discussions on Morally Contentious Applications of Interactive Robotics
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Abstract Introduction: As applications of robotics extend to areas that directly impact human life, such as the military and eldercare, the deployment of autonomous and semi- autonomous robots increasingly requires the input of stakeholder opinions. Up to now,

robOCD: Robotic Order Cups Demo–An Interactive Domestic Service Robotics Demo
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Abstract. This paper describes an interactive demonstration by the AllemaniACs domestic service robot Caesar. In a home-like environment Caesar s task is to help setting the table. Besides basic capabilities of an autonomous mobile robot it uses methods for human-

Multi-armed Bandit Formulation of the Task Partitioning Problem in Swarm Robotics
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Task partitioning is a way of organizing work consisting in the decomposition of a task into smaller sub-tasks that can be tackled separately. Task partitioning can be beneficial in terms of reduction of physical interference, increase of efficiency, higher parallelism, and

Swarm Robotics: A Review from the Swarm Engineering Perspective
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Abstract Swarm robotics is an approach to collective robotics that takes inspiration from the self-organized behaviors of social animals. Through simple rules and local interactions, swarm robotics aims at designing robust, scalable and flexible collective behaviors for the

NON-RIGID IMAGE RECOGNITION ALGORITHMS IN APPLIED ROBOTICS
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ABSTRACT. In this paper depicted that a simplified robotic system almost every time are faced with the problem of chaotic scattering pixels through image s recognition operation. It also revealed some of the causes of instability in the calculation algorithms (non-rigid) and

THE ROLE OF EMOTIONS IN HUMAN COGNITION AND ROBOTICS
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Emotions have puzzled and fascinated thinkers throughout history, from Plato and Aristotle to modern cognitive psychologists. Until relatively recently, the widely accepted view on emotions has been that they are only an interference on the neutral behaviour of a person.

Surgical robotics and instrumentation
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Purpose Magnetic coupling is one of the few strategies to transmit motion through physical obstacles. This approach can be applied to remotely control and manipulate medical devices/robots inside the human body preventing the need for dedicated incisions [1, 2].

Selforganized task allocation to sequentially interdependent tasks in swarm robotics
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Abstract In this work we present a self-organized method for allocating the individuals of a robot swarm to tasks that are sequentially interdependent. Tasks that are sequentially interdependent are common-for example they are created by subdividing a more

Function Electrical Stimulation mediated by Iterative Learning Control and 3D roboticsreduces motor impairment in chronic stroke
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Background Novel stroke rehabilitation techniques that employ electrical stimulation (ES) and robotic technologies are effective in reducing upper limb impairments. ES is most effective when it is applied to support the patients voluntary effort; however, current

Mode Control Methods Using MATLAB/SIMULINK and Their Integration into Graduate/Undergraduate Nonlinear Control, Robotics and MATLAB Courses
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ABSTRACT This paper describes the MATLAB/SIMULINK realization of the PUMA 560 robot manipulator position control methodology. This paper focuses on two main areas, namely robot manipulator analysis and implementation, and design, analyzed and implement

Human Behavior Understanding for Robotics
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Human behavior is complex, but structured along individual and social lines. Robotic systems interacting with people in uncontrolled environments need capabilities to correctly interpret, predict and respond to human behaviors. This paper discusses the scientific,

Integrating vision and robotics into the computer science curriculum
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Abstract. This paper describes our efforts in integrating Robotics education into the undergraduate Computer Science curriculum. Our approach delivers Mobile Robotics together with the closely related field of Computer Vision and is directly linked to the

Towards more Natural Human-Robot Interaction: From Cognitive Sciences and Neurobiology to Socially Aware/Assistive Robotics
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A major challenge in the field of human-robot interaction (HRI) is the design of autonomous robots that are able to assist people in a human-like way. This requires endowing the robots with some high-level cognitive capacities like decision making, memory, goal inference,

Semantic perception for ground robotics
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Abstract Semantic perception involves naming objects and features in the scene, understanding the relations between them, and understanding the behaviors of agents, eg, people, and their intent from sensor data. Semantic perception is a central component of

An interval approach for stability analysis; Application to sailboat robotics
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ABSTRACT This paper proposes an interval based method for the validation of reliable and robust navigation rules for mobile robots. The main idea is to show that for all feasible perturbations, there exists a safe subset of the state space such that the system cannot

Feature Extraction from Dense 2D Range Images for Service Robotics
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ABSTRACT. In this paper we present a fast approach to extracting features from range images. These features are intended to serve as input to the perception system of a domestic service robot. In the first step, after initial noise filtering, a range image pyramid is computed and

Gender differences in kindergarteners  robotics and programming achievement
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ABSTRACT Early childhood is a critical period for introducing girls to traditionally masculine fields of science and technology before more extreme gender stereotypes surface in later years. This study looks at the TangibleK Robotics Program in order to determine whether

Assistance Robotics: A Survival Guide for Real World Scenarios
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The research goal of the Artificial Intelligence Lab at the University of Applied Sciences Dresden is the development of intelligent and interactive mobile service and assistance systems. For the application of such systems, different scenarios are imaginable, like

OF ROBOTIC TRAINING STANDS FOR THE HIGHER PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN THE FIELD OF ROBOTICS, AUTOMATION AND MECHATRONICS
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journal/about-journal/terms-of-use training stands for the higher education of the students in the field of the automation, robotics and mechatronics. The paper gives the results of the

Robotics Trends for 2012
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What s in store for robotics in 2012? Nearly a third of the year is already behind us, but we thought we d spend some time looking at the months ahead and make some predictions about what s going to be big in robotics; or, at least, what we think is going to be big.

A review of robotics kits for tertiary education
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Abstract. The purpose of this paper is to present a survey of the currently available kits for tertiary education in robotics. Our selection criteria are (i) modularity (ii) re-usability (iii) versatility and (iv) affordability. We focus on toolkits that allow ease of re-use to teach in

Tactical Ground Robotics Research and Development at SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific
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ABSTRACT Projects of Interest at the SPAWAR Unmanned Systems Branch: Retro traverse/autonomy box, RoboZap, Tunnel mapping, Active camouflage, ISR robot, Communication relays, Maritime Interdiction Operations UGV.

A low cost, modular robotics tool carrier for precision agriculture research
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ABSTRACT Current research within agricultural crop production focus on using autonomous robot technology to optimize the production efficiency, enhance sustainability and minimize tedious, monotonous and wearing tasks. But progress is slow partly because of the lack of

Higher Order Sliding Modes in Collaborative Robotics
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In this chapter, a scheme for real time motion planning and robust control of a swarm of nonholonomic mobile robots evolving in an uncertain environment is derived. This scheme consists of two main parts:(i) a real time collision-free motion planner;(ii) a trajectory

A Model-Driven Approach to Support Engineering Changes in Industrial Robotics Software
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Software development has improved greatly over the past decades with the introduction of new programming languages and tools. However, software development in the context of industrial robotics is dominated by practices that require attention to low-level accidental

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