ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

solar cell research papers 2015 IEEE PAPER




A Study on the Band Structure of ZnO/CdS Heterojunction for CIGS Solar-Cell Application
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Abstract:In this paper, ZnO films were prepared by atomic layer deposition (ALD) and CdS films were deposited using chemical bath deposition (CBD) to form ZnO/CdS heterojunction. More accurate mapping of band arrangement of the ZnO/CdS heterojunction has been

Carrier Transport Mechanism of Copper Phthalocyanine Based Photodiode for Solar CellApplications
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Abstract: Copper phthalocyanine (CuPc)/n-silicon junction was fabricated using thermal evaporator method. X-ray analysis of the CuPc film confirms the ß-phase with preferred orientation along (100) direction. The crystallite size of the CuPc film was estimated using

Effect of Natrium Hydroxide Concentration on the Properties of ZnO Thin Film Nanotubes and the Performance of Dye-sensitized Solar Cell
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ABSTRACT: The synthesis parameter of thin film photovoltaic materials plays important role on their properties and the performance of DSSC. ZnO thin film nanotubes which serve as a photovoltaic material in DSSC was synthesized via seed mediated hydrothermal

Development of epitaxial interdigitated back contact (IBC) solar cell as a test platform for novel antireflection and light-trapping schemes
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Abstract The design of a test platform for novel antireflection and light trapping schemes, based on the interdigitated back contact (IBC) solar cell concept, is presented. Two enhancements to the front surface of the basic cell design are explored: Addition of a thin

Performance of single crystalline silicon solar cell with irradiance
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Abstract. In this paper, the effect of irradiance on the performance parameters of single crystalline silicon solar cell is undertaken. The experiment was carried out employing solar cell simulator with varying irradiance in the range 115-550W/m2 at constant cell

Homemade Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Analysis: Characterization Techniques, Modeling and Simulation
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ABSTRACT The scope of this paper is to analyze the performance of a homemade dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) which presents a high potential based on its low fabrication costs and wide application field. In this investigation, the procedure to create a homemade

Improving Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell Efficiency Using Graded-Refractive-Index SiON/ZnO Nanostructures
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The fabrication of silicon oxynitride (SiON)/ZnO nanotube (NT) arrays and their application in improving the energy conversion efficiency () of crystalline Si-based solar cells (SCs) are reported. The SiON/ZnO NT arrays have a graded-refractive-index that varies from 3.5 (Si)

Novel sol gel method of synthesis of pure and Aluminium doped TiO2 nano particles useful for dye sensitized solar cell applications
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Abstract-Pure and doped TiO2 nano particles are prepared using acid tailored novel sol-gel method using different doping concentration of metal Aluminium and successfully used for making modified photo anode by doctor blade method in dye sensitized solar cells (

Unsteady Optical and Thermal Behaviour of Crossed Compound Parabolic Concentrator withSolar Cell
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In reality, a solar panel with concentrator is subject to variable sunlight radiation, wind speed and environmental air temperature in a day, accordingly the solar output power is changed in a wide range of 2W-13W, causing a degraded electric performance [1-3]. Thus it is

Corrigendum to Effects of polymer chemistry on polymer-electrolyte dye sensitized solar cellperformance: A theoretical and experimental investigation[J. Power
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Page 1. Corrigendum Corrigendum to Effects of polymer chemistry on polymer- electrolyte dye sensitized solarcell performance: A theoretical and experimental investigation [J. Power Sources 274 (2015) 156e164] Yuriy Y. Smolin

Effects of Luminous Solar Concentrator Parameters (Dyes Mixture, Host type and LSC Thickness) on the Si Solar Cell Performance Efficiency
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Abstract Luminescent Solar Concentrator (LSC) plates have been prepared with different concentrations (1* 10-5, 2* 10-5, 3* 10-5, 5* 10-5, 7* 10-5, 1* 10-4 Mol/L) of organic dye doped polymer. The optical properties of dye doped and undoped polymer were

Effect of Thermal and Chemical Treatment on Electrodeposited CdTe Thin Films for Solar CellApplications
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Electrodeposition of nanocrystalline CdTe thin films from an acidic sulfate aqueous electrolyte was performed using different potential values to study the effect of the electrodeposition potential and thermal and chemical treatments on the structure,

Achieving Enhanced Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Performance by TiCl 4/Al 2 O 3 Doped TiO 2 Nanotube Array Photoelectrodes
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For various reasons, low cost, easy fabrication, and so forth, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have been consistently studied in many laboratories. To improve the DSSCs performance, using an aqueous solution of titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) treatment is one

The comparison between gallium arsenide and indium gallium arsenide as materials for solar cell performance using Silvaco application
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Abstract. The work presented in this paper is about the development of single and multilayer solar cells using GaAs and InGaAs in AM1. 5 condition. The study includes the modeling structure and simulation of the device using Silvaco applications. The performance in term

Deposition and Ellipsometric Characterization of Transparent Conductive Al-doped ZnO forSolar Cell Application
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Abstract:In this work, aluminum doped ZnO (AZO) thin films doped with different aluminum concentration (0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 5%) were grown onto glass substrates by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique. Spectroscopic ellipsometeric studies of the AZO thin films were

Properties and Performance of Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Using Beta Vulgaris
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ABSTRACT Dye sensitized solar cells were fabricated using natural dyes extracted from beetroot. The ZnO nanorod working electrode has been prepared by simple hydrothermal method. The crystallinity and morphology of the prepared electrode has been studied

DEPOSITION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF Bi2S3 FOR PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL SOLAR CELL APPLICATION
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An investigation was carried out on the Photoelectrochemical properties of Bismuth Sulphide (Bi2S3) thin film deposited onto fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) glass substrate by Chemical Bath Deposition (CBD) technique. A PEC configuration of Bi2S3/(NaOH-S-NaS)/S was formed

Effect of Composition on Conjugation Structure and Energy Gap of P3HT: PCBM Organic Solar Cell
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Abstract: in the present study we focus on the effect of donor/acceptor composition on the conjugation and ordered structure of the donor-polymer in the most common organic solar cell based on a bulk heterojunction of regioregular poly (3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT) and [6,

Cyclometalated Ruthenium (II) Electronic Structure Influence on dye-sensitized solar cellperformance: A Density Functional Theory
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Abstract According to problems originating from the use of fossil fuels to generate electricity, solar energy has been considered. One method that can be used for this issue is dye- sensitized solar cell technology. There are several ways to increase the efficiency of a cell

Structure Modification to Tune the Electronic and Charge Transport Properties of Solar CellMaterials: Quantum Chemical Study
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The organic materials, visible light sensing and absorbing sensitizers and sensors are getting increasing attention as possible substitutes to traditional inorganic counterpart s [1- 3]. The Ru complexes showed the efficiency up to 10% as photosensitizers but these have

Application of a Noncarboxylated Dye Compound in a Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Containing a Cyclodextrin Layer
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We report the fabrication and characterization of a dye-sensitized solar cell containing a carboxymethyl--cyclodextrin sodium salt (CM--CD) layer and a noncarboxylated dye compound (tris (2, 2-bipyridyl) ruthenium (II) dichloride hexahydrate (Ru-dye)). The values

CHARACTERIZATION OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF TECHOMA STANS FLOWER FOR POSSIBLE APPLICATION IN DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL
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ABSTRACT Research on dye sensitized solar cells is of recent attraction to the researchers and academicians in the present scenario. Dye sensitized solar cells are a viable alternative to the conventional silicon based photovoltaic devices due to their remarkable conversion

Effect of Temperature on 1 Micron Thick Silicon Solar Cell
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Abstract This paper reportsthe effect of temperature upon the performance of 1 micron thick silicon solar cell in terms of its simulated open circuit voltage, short circuit current density, fill factor and efficiency. The PC1D solar cell simulation software is employed to simulate and

Photoluminescence analysis of a 16.8% efficient 18-um silicon solar cell
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Abstract:This paper presents the characterization and analysis of a 16.8%-efficient 18 um silicon solar cell on steel substrate. Photoluminescence (PL) is used to monitor the solar cell's fabrication step by step, and a correlation between PL intensity and implied open

The influence of the type and the thickness of the window layer on the electric parameters of the Cu (In, Ga) Se2 thin film solar cell.
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In this paper we study the influence of the window layer on the electric parameters of the solar cell. We carry out the simulation of a solar cell of type window layer/transmitter

Solar cell power generation modeling
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Abstract A Photovoltaic (PV) system directly converts sunlight into electricity. The basic device of a PV system is the PV cell. PV cells are made of semiconductor material such as silicon. When light energy strikes the solar cell, electrons are knocked loose from the

Performance Analysis of Intermediate Band Solar Cell (IBSC)
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Abstract To build the proficiency past as far as possible for solitary intersection sunlight based cell the intermediate band solar cell is proposed. Renewable vitality sources have turned out to be progressively critical, on account of worldwide ecological concerns. To

Nanotechnology for single crystalline silicon solar cell applications
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Abstract Solar cells are receiving a lot of attention due to the ongoing climate debate and attempts to implement more green energy sources to reduce the CO2 emissions in the atmosphere. Single crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells with better stability over a long time

Enhanced Photo Current in n-ZnO/p-Si Diode Via Embedded Ag Nanoparticles for the Solar Cell Application
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Abstract:In this study, an n-ZnO/p-Si heterojunction diode with embedded Ag nanoparticles was fabricated to investigate the possible improvement of light trapping via the surface plasmon resonance effect for solar cell applications. The Ag nanoparticles were fabricated

Materials for Enhanced Dye-sensitized Solar Cell Performance: Electrochemical Application
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This paper reports on an aperçu of materials that enhance the performance of dye- sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The review indicates progress in DSSCs and a large improvement in the materials used in DSSCs in particular. DSSCs were assembled using

Preparation and Characterization of Tin Oxide based Transparent Conducting Coating forSolar Cell Application
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Abstract: Transparent conducting coatings for solar cell application have been the subject of research over a number of years. The transparent conducting coatings were prepared by oven drying process on glass plates at various temperatures and various concentrations

Recent Developments on Silicon Based Solar Cell Technologies and their Industrial Applications
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Solar energy is one of the most important alternative energy resources to the traditional fossil fuel energy. Since solar energy merely utilizes the solar radiation lights inducted from the sun, which are endless and available periodically to the earth planet, it is considered a

Ru (II) and Co (II) Complexes of bis (pyrazolyl) pyridine and pyridine-2, 6-dicarboxylic Acid: Synthesis, Photo Physical Studies and Evaluation of Solar Cell
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We report the synthesis of two nitrogen chelating ligands: 2, 6-bis (pyrazolyl) pyridine (L1); 2, 6-bis (3, 5-dimethylpyrazolyl) pyridine (L2) and their corresponding ruthenium (II) and cobalt (II) complexes formulated as [RuL1L (NCS) 2](C1),[RuL2L (NCS) 2](C2),[CoL1L (NCS) 2](

Fabrication of Ozone Bubble Cleaning System and its Application to Clean Silicon Wafers of aSolar Cell
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Abstract Ozone micro-bubble cleaning system was designed, and made to develop a unique technique to clean wafers by using ozone micro-bubbles. The ozone micro-bubble cleaning system consisted of loading, cleaning, rinsing, drying and un-loading zones,

Improving the efficiency of solar photo voltaic system using organic solar cell and fuzzy logic based tilted panel sun tracking system
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Abstract: Organic solar cells (OSC) represent a young photovoltaic technology that uses organic semiconductor materials to convert sunlight into electricity. These materials can be deposited at low temperatures in a continuous process on flexible substrates, enabling a

Microwave Synthesized Monodisperse CdS Spheres of Different Size and Color for Solar Cell Applications
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Monodisperse CdS spheres of size of 40 to 140 nm were obtained by microwave heating from basic solutions. It is observed that larger CdS spheres were formed at lower solution pH (8.4–8.8) and smaller ones at higher solution pH (10.8–11.3). The color of CdS products

Modeling and Simulation of Monolithic AlGaAs/InGaAs Tandem Solar Cell
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Abstract: Employing conventional III-V junctions we report a classical calculation of conduction and valence band edge and the electron and hole densities. It is shown that the optimum performance can be achieved by employing AlGaAs/AlGaAs/InGaAs monolithic

Use Of Cu-C-Tio2 In Dye Sensitized Solar Cell
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Abstract: A novel and simple strategy has been used for the preparation of TiO2 nanoparticles co-doped with carbon (non-metal) and copper (transition metal) by sol-gel method. The dye sensitized solar cell was fabricated with Cu-C-TiO2 nanocrystalline layer

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LOW COST PRUSSIAN BLUE SENSITIZEDSOLAR CELL
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Dye sensitized solar cell is an attractive field of solar energy conversion. Its advantages are easy to fabricate and the production cost is low. Recently highest efficiency of 13% was achieved through molecular engineering of porphyrin sensitizers [1]. Ruthenium based

Preparation and Characterization of Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Using Natural Dye Extract from Red Amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) as Sensitizer
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Abstract: Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) were assembled with crystalline titanium dioxide (TiO2) coating on a conductive glass (Indium doped tin oxide, ITO) and absorbed with a novel natural dye extracted from red amaranth (Amaranthus sp.). Solvents of

Solar Cell Powering with Integrated Global Positioning System for SWARM Robot System
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Abstract A new concept of a Solar Cell powering with integrated Global Positioning System (GPS) for SWARM (Small World Autonomous Robots for Micro-manipulation) is proposed. The main idea is to use a projector to transfer energy and to provide global positioning

Extraction of Solar Cell Modelling Parameters Using Differential Evolution Algorithm
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Abstract: Energy from the sun is the best option for electricity generation as it is abundantly available everywhere and sustainable source. Advance of Photovoltaic (PV) technology in recent years has made solar energy one of the practical alternative energy sources

PHOTOCURRENT AND PHOTOVOLTAGE UNDER INFLUENCE OF THE SOLAR CELLTHICKNESS
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Abstract: A theoretical study of a parallel vertical junction silicon solar cell under a multi- spectral illumination in static regime has been done under impact of the thickness of this solar cell. Based on the diffusionrecombination equation, the expression of excess

Modeling and simulation of GaSb/GaAs quantum dot for solar cell
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Abstract The main limitations of the conventional solar conversion device is that low energy photons cannot excite charge carriers to the conduction band, therefore do not contribute to the device's current, and high energy photons are not efficiently used due to a poor match

Study on the ITO/ZnO interface and its effect on CdS/CdTe solar cell performance.
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ZnO thin films have been deposited on ITO coated glass substrates, using RF magnetron target. The ZnO films were annealed at 560 C for 1 hour, in order to promote the diffusion of the ITO into ZnO. The properties of the samples were

The Dependence of Electrical Properties on Miscut Orientation in Direct Bonded III-V Solar Cell Layers
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Direct bonding is a materials integration process in which wafer substrates are directly bonded without any intermediate layers. This technique has been used to fabricate direct bonded n-GaAs//n-GaAs, n-GaAs//n-InP, and n-InP//n-InP structures comprised of

A Novel Supervisory Command Integration for Large-Scale of a Solar Energy/Fuel Cell/Ultra-capacitor
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Abstract: In this paper, we present a Stand-alone Power system (SPS). The goal of this system is the ensuring of the electricity production without interruption in remote areas. It consists generally of a five components which are a solar energy, an energy storage that

Performance Evaluation and Simulation of Solar Panel, Wind Mill, Fuel Cell Hybrid System for Small Scale Energy Harvesting
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Abstract:With depleting conventional energy resources, whole world is now looking for alternatives to meet energy demands. One of the solutions is renewable energy which is non- exhaustible and non-polluting, but problem is intermittent nature of these energies. Hybrid

DIFFERENT CHAIN LENGTH CONJUGATED POLYMERS: PHOTOPHYSICAL STUDIES AND DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS
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Study on the Performance of Photogalvanic Cell for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage
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Solar energy conversion and storage was studied through Photogalvanic effect using photogalvanic cell using Rose Bengal–Oxalic acid–CTAB System. The oxalic acid as reductant, Rose Bengal as sensitized dye and Cetryl hexadecyl ammonium bromide as

[9] electronic devices [10] nuclear system [11], space [12], heat exchanger [13], electronics cooling system [14], fuel cell [15, 16], solar collectors [17], domestic
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Keywords: a BS tract This paper describes preparation of zinc oxide (ZnO) based nanofluids in polymer matrix. The rheological properties of nanofluid were studied and were applied in heat transfer application. Heat transfer application of aqueous based ZnO nanofluid was

al., Influence of CuInSe2 and Cu (In, Ga) Se2 thin layer thickness on the electric parameters on the solar cell
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Abstract:In this paper we propose to study the effect of CuInSe2 and Cu (In, Ga) Se2 layers thickness on the electric parameters of the solar cells. The studied characteristics are resistance series Rs, resistance shunt Rsh, the short circuit current density Jsc, the open

FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SLG/Mo/CZTS/CdS/i-ZnO/Al: ZnO/Al THIN FILMSOLAR CELL DEVICE
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CZTS is a compound semiconductor of (I) 2 (II)(IV)(VI) 4 with a high absorption coefficient (greater than 104 cm-1) and Wadia et al. calculated the minimum cost of raw materials for the existing PV technologies and the emerging PV technologies [1-2]. Theoretical

Multi-Level UPQC Connected With DG (Solar–Cell)
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Abstract: This paper presents a new Unified power quality conditioning system connected to solar cell, which is capable of simultaneous compensation for voltage and current disturbances in multi-bus/multi-feeder systems. In this configuration, shunt multi-level

WIDE-BAND PERFECT METAMATERIAL ABSORBER FOR SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS
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Global adoption of solar photovoltaic (PV) cells as a sustainable substitute to fossil fuel technologies has been impeded by its low efficiency. Generally, efficiency of these devices strongly depends on their ability to absorb radiations of electromagnetic waves incident on

A Novel Optimization Algorithm for Reliable Energy Generation Based on Wind, Solar and FuelCell
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Abstract:Concerns about fuel cost, pollution and global warming has made it necessary to look for new energy solutions. Renewable energies are environmentally friendly, not cheap at the beginning but naturally available at a constant rate and wide spread, unlike fossil

Interfacial engineering of organic-inorganic hybrid solar cell using atomic layer infiltration
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With increasing attention to alternative energy source to replace fossil fuels, photovoltaic, especially Si solar cell is the most commercialized energy source due to its high efficiency and confirmed stability. For all that, other types of solar cells are also being studied

Silicon Thin-film Solar Cell Deposited by Using High Working Pressure Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition System
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We deposited an Si: H films at 100 Torr by using high working pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (HWP-PECVD) system with a cylindrical rotary electrode; this system is superior to conventional PECVD because it has the following features: a high

El-Amassi, Hala J. El-Khozondar, Mohammed M. Shabat (2015) Efficiency Enhancement ofSolar Cell Using Meta-materials
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Abstract In this work, Photovoltaic (PV) cell model with high absorption efficiency is introduced. The proposed four layer PV cell model consists of antireflection coating (ARC) layer on glass based and covered by metamaterial (MTM) bounded by air. The effect of

Comparison of manufactured and modeled solar cell
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The aim of the work is to compare the model of monocrystalline silicon solar cell in PC1D with the real solar cell structure in terms of using a model in manufacture process. Real solar cell was firstly measured and analyzed to determine input parameters for a simulation and

parabolic trough solar energy plants



Heat transfer analysis and modeling of a parabolic trough solar receiver implemented in engineering equation solver
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ABSTRACT This report describes the development, validation, and use of a heat transfer model implemented in Engineering Equation Solver (EES). The model determines the performance of a parabolic trough solar collector's linear receiver, also called a heat

Simulation and performance evaluation of parabolic trough solar power plants
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Abstract Nine Solar Electric Generation Systems (SEGS) built in southern California between 1984 and 1990 continue to produce 14-80 [MWe] of utility-scale electric power each from solar thermal energy input. The systems collect energy using a synthetic heat

TRNSYS modeling of the SEGS VI parabolic trough solar electric generating system
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ABSTRACT A detailed performance model of the 30 MWe SEGS VI parabolic trough plant was created in the TRNSYS simulation environment using the Solar Thermal Electric Component model library. Both solar and power cycle performance were modeled, but

Reducing the cost of energy from parabolic trough solar power plants
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abstract Parabolic trough solar technology is the most proven and lowest cost large-scale solar power technology available today, primarily because of the nine large commercial- scale solar power plants that are operating in the California Mojave Desert. However, no

Thermal analysis of parabolic trough solar collectors for electric power generation
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Abstract The performance of parabolic trough solar collectors solar thermal electric generation systems is evaluated for Australian climate conditions. The largest Solar Electric Generation System (SEGS) currently in operation uses a parabolic trough solar collector and

Parabolic trough solar system piping model
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This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or

New heat transfer and storage fluids for parabolic trough solar thermal electric plants
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Abstract-It has been established that development of a thermal storage option and increasing the operating temperature for parabolic trough electric systems could significantly reduce the levelized electricity cost (LEC) compared to the current state of the art. Both

Wind tunnel tests of parabolic trough solar collectors
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Wind load estimates for parabolic trough solar collectors have relied largely on wind tunnel tests sponsored by Sandia National Laboratories in the late 1970s and early 1980s, specifically Peterka et al.(1980, 1992) and Randall et al.(1980, 1982). These tests involved

Mean wind forces on parabolic-trough solar collectors
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NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. Neither the United States nor the Department of Energy, nor arly of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any

Practical field alignment of parabolic trough solar concentrators
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In this paper a new technique for parabolic trough mirror alignment based on the use of an innovative theoretical overlay photographic (TOP) approach is described. The technique is a variation on methods used to align mirrors on parabolic dish systems. It involves overlaying

Parabolic trough solar power for competitive US markets
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ABSTRACT Nine parabolic trough power plants located in the California Mojave Desert represent the only commercial development of large-scale solar power plants to date. Although all nine plants continue to operate today, no new solar power plants have been

Three-dimensional optical and thermal numerical model of solar tubular receivers inparabolic trough concentrators
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Monte Carlo ray tracing, coupled to a finite volume solver, is used to model 3D heat transfer in a parabolic trough solar concentrator system. The nonuniform distribution of the incident solar radiation, the radiative exchange between the various receiver surfaces, and the heat

Utility-Scale Parabolic Trough Solar Systems: Performance Acceptance Test Guidelines
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The purpose of these Guidelines is to provide recommendations for acceptance test guidance for large trough solar systems that can yield results of a high level of accuracy consistent with good engineering knowledge and practice. The recommendations have

Steady-state wind loading on parabolic-trough solar collectors
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ABSTRACT Two wind tunnel force and moment tests have been conducted on parabolic- trough solar collector configurations. The two tests were conducted in different flow field environments, one a uniform flow infinite airstream, the second a simulated atmospheric

Prototype of middle-temperature solar receiver/reactor with parabolic troughconcentrator
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This paper manufactured an original middle-temperature solar receiver/reactor prototype, positioned along the focal line of one-axis parabolic trough concentrator, representing the development of a new kind of solar thermochemical technology. A 5 kW prototype solar

Performance characteristics of the solar parabolic trough collector with hot water generation system
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The per for mance of a new par a bolic trough col lec tor hot wa ter gen er a tion sys tem with a well mixed hot wa ter stor age tank is in ves ti gated in the present work. The stor age tank wa ter tem per a ture is in creased from 35 C at 9.30 h to 73.84 C at 16.00 h when no en ergy

Gas turbine/solar parabolic trough hybrid designs
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abstract A strength of parabolic trough concentrating solar power (CSP) plants is the ability to provide reliable power by incorporating either thermal energy storage or backup heat from fossil fuels. Yet these benefits have not been fully realized because thermal energy storage

Advances in Parabolic trough solar power technology
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D Kearney, H Price Advances in solar energy, 2002 ebooks.asmedigitalcollection.asme. Background. Parabolic trough collectors capable of generating temperatures greater than 260 C were initially developed for industrial process heat IPH applications. Several parabolic trough developers sold IPH systems in the 1970s and 1980s, but generally found

Dynamic Behavior of the Direct Solar Steam Generation in Parabolic TroughCollectors: A Simulation Study
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Parabolic trough solar power plants can play an important role in the future energy market. Parabolic trough collectors are employed to heat a synthetic oil which transfers the energy via heat exchangers to a conventional steam turbine cycle for conversion into electricity. The

Intelligent control and tracking of a parabolic trough solar collector
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P Naidoo, TIV Niekerk, M Brooks University of Cape Town, Cape Town, 2003 nt.ntnu.no Abstract: Tracking is particularly important in solar energy collection systems that operate under concentrated sunlight. The aim of the research project is to test the solar-to-thermal energy efficiency of a tracking line-focus parabolic trough solar collector (PTSC). This is

Experimental and Theoretical study of a parabolic trough solar collector
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ABSTRACT An experimental and theoretical study has been conducted to determine the thermal efficiency of a parabolic trough solar collector. The experiments have been performed during winter and summer at Tikrit-Iraq. The solar radiation of Tikrit University was

Comparative flux measurement and raytracing for the characterization of the focal region of solar parabolic trough collectors
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abstract The focal region of parabolic trough collectors is extended over the whole length of the concentrator. This complicates the measurement of the flux distribution on the absorber of such solar collectors. However, in order to optimize the solar field output it is essential to

Parametric study of solar parabolic trough collector system
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ABSTRACT This study suggests a theoretical performance study of an existing solar Parabolic Trough Collector (PTC). A study of the trough thermal analysis is necessary to evaluate the performance of a PTC. The parametric study of the existing PTC makes use of

Ultimate Trough: The New Parabolic Trough Collector Generation for Large ScaleSolar Thermal Power Plants
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abstract From 1984 to 1992, the first commercial solar thermal power plants SEGS I to IX were built in the Californian Mojave desert. The first generation of trough collectors (LS1) used in SEGS I showed an aperture area of about 120 m2 (1'292 ft2), having an aperture

A numerical model for off-design performance prediction of parabolic troughbased solar power plants
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This paper deals with the development and testing of an innovative code for the performance prediction of solar trough based concentrated solar power (CSP) plants in off- design conditions. Off-design calculation starts from data obtained through the on-design

A concept for future parabolic trough based solar thermal power plants
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Current parabolic trough power plants are built with indirect steam generation (ISG). Such plants are using two cycles: solar field and power block. In the solar field, synthetic oil is circulated and heated up in absorber tubes by concentrating solar irradiation. The oil is

Design and manufacturing of parabolic trough solar collector system for a developing country Pakistan
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Abstract: Pakistan's thirst for electric power has been constantly rising over the years because of population growth, increase in industrial activity and failure of other resources for producing enough energy to meet its growing energy demand, particularly in the remote

Design, construction and experimental study of the thermal performance of aparabolic cylindrical trough solar air heater
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Abstract Solar energy currently represents the most abundant inexhaustible, non-polluting and free energy resources that could be used economically to supply man's increasing energy demands. This paper presents the experimental study of the performance of a

Numerical modelling of a parabolic trough solar collector
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Solar radiation arriving at the Earth's surface is a fairly dispersed energy source. The photons comprising the solar radiation can be converted directly to electricity in photovoltaic devices, or, in concentrating solar power (CSP). In the latter case, the solar radiation heats

Ray-thermal-structural coupled analysis of parabolic trough solar collector system
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An effective approach to sustainable energy is the utilization of solar energy. The parabolic trough collector with central receiver is one of the most suitable systems for solar power generation. A type of concentrating solar collector that uses U-shaped troughs to

Numerical Investigation of the Dynamic Performance of the Parabolic Trough Solar Collector using Different Working Fluids
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ABSTRACT The main objective of the present work is to numerically describe and study the dynamic behavior of the parabolic trough concentrator (PTC) using different working fluids. This prediction study requires obtaining the solution of a set of three simultaneous partial

Development of an innovative code for the design of different parabolic trough solar fields
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abstract The role of renewable energies and in particular solar energy could be fundamental in future scenarios of worldwide increase of energy demand: thermodynamic solar energy can play an important role in country with high solar radiation. This paper discusses the

Measurement techniques for the optical quality assessment of parabolic troughcollector fields in commercial solar power plants
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abstract The optical quality of the collector field of concentrating solar power plants is an essential factor for their profitability. High optical quality can be achieved and guaranteed when the manufacturing process is continuously monitored and adjusted in its essential

Energy analysis of parabolic trough solar power station with and without biomass hybridization
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Abstract The objective of this study is to provide a set of results concerning the behavior of a 50MW parabolic trough power station for different configurations of the plant, with natural gas boiler and/or storage system and/or biomass boiler. In the first part of this paper the

Design Criterion of Solar-Assisted Combined Cycle Power Plants withParabolic Trough Concentrators
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ABSTRACT The main concern of this paper is to identify a new solar-assisted combined cycle power plant scheme. Making use of most recent advancement in gas turbine and combined cycle technology, along with the advancement in concentrating solar collectors,

Numerical study on thermal performance of solar parabolic trough collector
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Abstract In this paper, the performance of parabolic solar collector with three segmental rings has been investigated numerically. The effect of three segmental rings size on the thermal efficiency of receiver tube has been studied. The working fluid is syltherm 800 and

Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrators: A Technology which can Contribute towards Pakistan's Energy Future
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Abstract: The utilization of solar thermal energy has got prime importance in Pakistan due to the current energy scarcity and escalating cost scenario in the country. Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator is one of the most reliable technologies for utilization of solar thermal

Parametric studies on parabolic trough solar collector
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In the present work, numerical investigation has been carried out for a parabolic trough solar collector system (PTSC). The performance of the PTSC was investigated with synthetic oil as the circulating heat transfer fluid (HTF). A three dimensional model of receiver tube is

Hourly simulation of parabolic trough solar collector with simultaneous solarradiation and weather conditions during sunshine period in cairo-egypt
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Abstract: The present work is an attempt to simulate the single-pass parabolic trough collector from thermal and optical point of view, considering the simultaneous hourly profiles of solar radiation, ambient dry-bulb temperature, and wind speed during the sunshine period

field testing of concentrating solar photovoltaic (CSPV) thermal hybrid solarenergy generator utilizing large aperture parabolic trough and spectrum selective
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ABSTRACT Initial field testing has been completed of a test unit of the MH Solar Concentrating Solar Photovoltaic (CSPV) system. The CSPV unit is a retrofit system for use with a parabolic trough type concentrating solar power (CSP) thermal solar collector which

Nexant Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plant Systems Analysis
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Nine Solar Electric Generating Station (SEGS) parabolic trough solar power plants, ranging in capacity from 13.5 MWe to 89 MWe, are located in the southern California desert. Each of the plants is located adjacent to at least one other plant: SEGS I and II at Daggett; SEGS III

Life cycle assessment of a parabolic trough concentrating solar power plant and impacts of key design alternatives
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Abstract Climate change and water scarcity are important issues for today's power sector. To inform capacity expansion decisions, life cycle assessment is used to evaluate a reference design of a parabolic trough CSP facility located in Daggett, California along four

HIGH THEMAL ENERGY STORAGE DENSITY MOLTEN SALTS FOR PARABOLIC TROUGH SOLAR POWER GENERATION
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ABSTRACT New alkali nitrate-nitrite systems were developed by using thermodynamic modeling and the eutectic points were predicted based on the change of Gibbs energy of fusion. Those systems with melting point lower than 130 o C were selected for further

Comparison of two-tank indirect thermal storage designs for solar parabolic trough power plants
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abstract The performance of a solar thermal parabolic trough plant with thermal storage is dependent upon the arrangement of the heat exchangers that ultimately transfer energy from the sun into steam. An indirect two-tank molten salt storage system that only transfers heat

Improvements in efficiency of solar parabolic trough
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Abstract: Solar energy is primary source of all type of energy which is present in nature ie all the energy derived from it. So, direct utilization of solar energy into useful energy is important. There are so many solar thermal equipments in which concentrating type collector

Investigations on Solar Thermal Process Heat Integration with Parabolic Trough Collectors
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H Marty, E Frank Assessment, 2011 solarenergy.ch 1. Abstract The integration of solar heat in industrial processes has a huge potential, but up to now most of the solar thermal plants that are operated for the heat delivery to industrial processes are small scale pilot plants. First and simple assessments of the integration

for Parabolic Trough Concentrators with Alignment North-South, in the Northwest of Mexico Curvas de frecuencia acumulada para un concentrador solarde
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Á Lentz-Herrea, R Almanza-Salgado Ingeniería, 2009 scielo.unam.mx Resumen El Nor oeste de la Re pú bli ca Me xi ca na es la re gión con las ma yo res tem pe ra tu ras du ran te el ve ra no y con los ma yo res ni ve les de irra dian cia so lar, lo úl ti mo ha ce fac ti ble la ins ta lación de con cen tra do res so la res. En es te ar tícu lo se ela bo ra

Performance Simulation For Parabolic Trough Concentrating Solar Power Plants And Export Scenario Analysis For North Africa
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In alliance with weather prediction models an energy-balanced CSP model simulates the electrical output of exclusive solar driven CSP parabolictrough plants. By using different configurations the simulation can display various forms of storage sizes and different cooling system. forms. The

Effect of tracking mode on the performance of parabolic trough solarcollector
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Abstract–Tracking of solar collectors is an effective way to maximize energy collection. For parabolic trough concentrator, especially in the Mediterranean regions, many tracking modes are feasible. In this paper we investigate the effect of tracking mode and collector

Performance Evaluation of Solar Parabolic Trough
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Abstract-This paper was concerned with an experimental study of parabolic trough collector designed and manufactured. A parabolic trough solar collector uses Aluminium sheet in the shape of a parabolic cylinder to reflect and concentrate sun radiations towards an absorber

Analytical performance investigation of parabolic trough solar collector with computed optimum air gap
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Abstract Parabolic trough collectors have a wide range of industrial as well as domestic applications. This study analytically investigates the performance of non-evacuated absorber tube with glass cover of parabolic trough collector (PTC) in terms of overall heat

Analytical Modeling of DSG in Parabolic Trough Solar Collectors
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ABSTRACT: Direct steam generation (DSG) in the absorber pipes of parabolic trough solar collectors is a promising procedure since the thermal fluid is water instead of thermal oil, as conventional solar concentrating systems use. It enables higher cycle temperatures and

Structural Design of Parabolic-Trough Solar Concentrators
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1Department of Structural and Transportation Engineering, University of Padua, Italy E-mail: salomoni@dic.unipd.it, majorana@dic.unipd.it 2ENEA, Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Environment, Thermodynamic Solar Project, CRE Casaccia, Rome, Italy E-mail:

Thermal and optical study of parabolic trough collectors of shiraz solarpower plant
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Abstract In Iran an attempt is made to find possible applications of solar energy to construct the first 250 KW solar power plant in Shiraz. The power plant is comprised of two oil and steam cycles. Oil cycle includes 48 parabolic trough collectors. The present work focuses on

Design and development of an educational solar tracking parabolic troughcollector system
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ABSTRACT: Renewable energy sources and systems have become popular topics of study for thermal engineering students. This article presents the design, development, testing and evaluation of an educational single-axis solar tracking parabolic trough collector that

Modelling and optimizing of hybrid solar parabolic trough concentrator systems
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Abstract With the concept of sustainable development and the agreement of Kyoto protocol in reduction of greenhouse gas emission, renewable energy has been considered more seriously in recent years. The parabolic trough is one of the most advanced concentrator

Acceptance performance test guideline for utility scale parabolic trough and other CSP solar thermal systems
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Abstract Prior to commercial operation, large solar systems in utility-size power plants need to pass a performance acceptance test conducted by the engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contractor or owners. In lieu of the present absence of ASME or other

Numerical Modelling of Wind Patterns around a Solar Parabolic TroughCollector
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ABSTRACT: Solar based energy systems are now becoming very popular nowadays. Solar parabolic trough collectors are widely used for solar heating and solar thermal power plant. One aspect that is very important is the exact determination of drag force acting on the

A review on parabolic trough type solar collectors: innovation, applications and thermal energy storage
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Abstract The global demand for energy is growing and conventional energy sources like coal and petroleum are depleting, and renewable resources will play a crucial role in the future. This paper presents an overview about the parabolic trough solar collector which is

Performance prediction of Solar Thermal Parabolic Trough Concentrator System (STPTCS) by enhancement of heat transfer
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Abstract: Performance prediction of STPTCS has been studied by enhancement of heat transfer rate using nanofluid, plain twisted tape and nail twisted tape inserts. Nanofluid and twisted tape inserts based STPTCS are commonly used in the area as such as industries,

Velocity and Temperature Distribution of Flowing Water in a Solar Parabolic Trough Receiver
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A Wattana, W Rakwichian, W Ekasilp International Journal of 2011 sert.nu.ac.th ABSTRACT This paper focuses on the determination of the velocity and temperature distribution for water flow in a parabolic trough receiver by using simulation technique. In order to determine the velocity and temperature distribution of water flow through this

Detailed Modeling of Parabolic Trough Collectors for the Part Load Simulation ofSolar Thermal Power Plants
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abstract Solar thermal power plants are a promising way of providing clean renewable electric energy. These plants concentrate the incoming solar direct irradiation in order to heat up a heat transfer fluid. The collected thermal energy can be stored or instantly

A Comparison of Solar Power Systems (CSP): Solar Tower (ST) Systems versus Parabolic Trough (PT) Systems
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Abstract: Comparison of Comparison of Solar Power System (CSP) power plants will be introduced and discussed; Solar Tower (ST) plants and Parabolic Trough (PT) plants are subjects of this comparison. The comparison will be made possibly analytical or

Conceptual study of a thermal storage module for solar power plants withparabolic trough concentrators
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Technologies and methods for thermal energy storage have been well tested in CSP-Con- centrated Solar Power–plants [1, 2]. Solar tower plants (eg Solar Two, USA) and advanced parabolic trough plants (eg Archimede by ENEA, Italy) use molten salts both as heat trans-

Explicit Analytical Expression for Solar Flux Distribution on an Undeflected Absorber Tube of Parabolic Trough Concentrator Considering Sun-Shape and Optical
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Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the J OURNAL OF S OLAR E NERGY E NGINEERING: I NCLUDING W IND E NERGY AND B UILDING E NERGY C ONSERVATION. Manuscript received July 13, 2015; final manuscript received November

Modeling and simulations of direct steam generation in concentrating solarpower plants using parabolic trough collectors
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Concentrating Solar Thermal Energy, Parabolic Trough Collector. Page 6. vi CSP concentrating solar power DNI direct normal irradiance DSG direct steam generation FWH feedwater heater HTF heat transfer fluid HP high pressure LP low

Solar water disinfection by a Parabolic Trough Concentrator (PTC): flow-cytometric analysis of bacterial inactivation
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Since 1990 more than 2 billion people worldwide have gained access to improved drinking water sources (UNICEF and WHO, 2012), however, most developing countries have a continued need for safe drinking-water to prevent waterborne diarrheal diseases that still

Impact of the dehydration process on guava by using of the parabolic trough solar concentrator
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ABSTRACT Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator (PTSC) was developed for the purposes of dehydration of agricultural products ie guava. The guavas were cut into two pieces and dip in the solution of 1% potassium Meta-Bi-Sulphate and dried with the temperature of 65 0C at

STRUCTURAL STEEL COMPONENTS OPTIMIZATION OF PARABOLIC-TROUGH SOLAR CONCENTRATORS
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ABSTRACT Solar energy exploitation and related new technologies are assuming an increasing interest for industrialized countries where medium-to-long term production of low cost energy with reduced emissions is carried out. Indeed, several solar energy power

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF PARABOLIC TROUGH SOLAR COLLECTOR FOR THREE DIFFERENT FLOW RATES
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ABSTRACT The influence of various parameters such as concentration ratio, optical efficiency and thermal efficiency on the performance of the trough solar collector was analyzed in this experimental work. Nowadays every country concerns about the

A modified model for parabolic trough solar receiver
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Abstract: The aim of this paper is to give an original mathematical model that describes the heat exchange between the main components of a thermal solar collector in an Integrated Solar Combined Cycle (ISCC) plant. The obtained model is used to perform easier

A SIMPLIFIED DESIGN PROCEDURE OF PARABOLIC TROUGH SOLAR FIELD FOR INDUSTRIAL HEATING APPLICATIONS
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ABSTRACT This paper presents a stepwise approach for designing a Parabolic Trough Solar Collector system, which is the fastest growing technology amongst concentrated solar power technologies. This technology is mainly being used for electricity generation by steam

Design, Simulation and Manufacturing of an Integrated Composite MaterialParabolic Trough Solar Collector
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Abstract:Design, simulation, and manufacturing process of an integrated thermal photovoltaic closed parabolic collector (ITPVCPC) using composite material is presented in this paper. The design includes two flanges for supporting photovoltaic panels. Two cases of

Modeling and Analysis of the Performance of a Parabolic Trough SolarConcentrator
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Abstract–The increasing fossil fuel costs have led the world to use the free and naturally available energy from the sun to produce electric power. Parabolic trough technology is nowadays the most extended solar system for electricity production or steam generation for

Design, Development and Performance Evaluation of Parabolic Trough SolarCollector in Tropical Regions
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Abstract:The design, development and test of a parabolic trough collector (PTC) was conducted under local climatological condition for water heating system. The design parameters of the PTC developed were geometrically optimized with due consideration to

Performance Evaluation of Solar Parabolic Trough for Cloths Laundry application
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Abstract-Solar thermal technology installation has enabled to use a completely free and clean form of energy. Because of this diesel consumption in many industries can be saved and hence can positively affect the environment. In this paper particularly laundry of cloths

Thermal output analysis of a designed parabolic trough solar field for moderate temperature industrial load
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Abstract:This paper presents an overview of the Parabolic Trough Solar Collectors, which is a fastest growing technology amongst concentrated solar power technologies. It is largely being used in developed countries; mainly in steam power cycles for electricity generation

Structural Design Criteria for Steel Components of Parabolic-Trough SolarConcentrators
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Starting from the RD experience acquired, within the Italian context, in the field of the development of new technologies for solar energy exploitation, structural design criteria have been selected here to define a guideline for steel structures design and assessment of

Fabrication, designing performance analysis of solar parabolic trough with different emissive tubes
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Abstract-Solar radiation has emerged as amongst one of the most important alternative for fossil fuels in recent time. The energy consumption in residential sector for water heating is substantial and accounts for approximate one-fourth of total energy consumption. Parabolic

Development of Performance Acceptance Test Guidelines for Large CommercialParabolic Trough Solar Fields
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Abstract Prior to commercial operation, large solar systems in utility-size power plants need to pass a performance acceptance test conducted by the EPC contractor or owners. In lieu of the present absence of standards developed for this purpose, NREL has undertaken the



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