ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

solar cell IEEE PAPER 2016




GROWTH AND CHARACTERIZATION OF TITANIUM NANOTUBES ANODE FOR SOLAR CELLAPPLICATION BY ELECTROCHEMICAL ANODIZATION
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ABSTRACT TiO2 is recognized as one of the most needed material for its extensive scope of industrial applications. In this work, the development of TiO2 nanotube arrays by using unproblematic and low-cost electrochemical anodizing method of a titanium thin film foil

Comprehensive Study on Reflectance of Si3N4 Subwavelength Structures for Silicon Solar Cell Applications Using 3D Finite Element Analysis
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Semiconductor solar cell is one of promising renewable energy technologies to relieve the impact of the climate change. In semiconductor based solar cells, electron-hole pairs are generated via absorption of impinging photons. Due to high refraction index of

Deposition and Ellipsometric Characterization of Transparent Conductive Al-doped ZnO forSolar Cell Application
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Abstract:In this work, aluminum doped ZnO (AZO) thin films doped with different aluminum concentration (0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 5%) were grown onto glass substrates by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique. Spectroscopic ellipsometeric studies of the AZO thin films were

Shape Effect on the Reflectance of Sub-Wavelength Structures on Silicon Nitride for Solar Cell Application
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ABSTRACT We stdy the spectral reflectivity of conical-, cylindricaland parabolic-shaped silicon nitride (Si3N4) sub-wavelength structures (SWS). A multilayer rigorous coupled-wave approach is adopted to estimate the reflection properties of Si3N4 SWS. Optimal shapes

Electrophoresis Temperature Effect on the TiO2 Thickness of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell
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Abstract:Dye-Sensitized solar cell is one of the newest ways to exploit the solar energy to convert it into electricity. It is composed of a few structures to function such as the electrodes, conducting layer, dye and electrolyte. Titanium dioxide is one of the most used substances

An Analytical study of a GaAs-Si n/p Heterojunction Solar Cell and Suggestion for A Structure for Improved Performance
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Abstract A theoretical investigation has been carried out on a GaAs-Si n/p heterojunction solar cell. Analytical expressions of the excess minority carrier concentration and photocurrent contribution from both the top and base regions of the cell have been

DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL USING USED SEMICONDUCTOR GLASS AND NATURAL DYE: TOWARDS ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CHALLENGE
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ABSTRACT Solar energy is an abundant and accessible source of renewable energy available on earth, and many types of photovoltaic (PV) devices like organic, inorganic, and hybrid cells have been developed to harness the energy. Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (

Performance Evaluation of Triangle Grooves Solar Cell by Using ZEMAX
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ABSTRACT: In this work silicon solar cell has been designed with triangle grooves to improve its efficiency by reduce reflection of rays and increase optical path through the cell. Software program for optical design (zemax) has been used by ray tracing mode to

Effective light absorption and its enhancement factor for silicon nanowire-based solar cell
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Nanowire (NW) antireflective coating has a significant effect in reducing the reflection of light; thus, it is especially important and widely used to improve the light trapping capability in the field of crystal silicon (CS) solar cells [1, 2]. Several studies have reported that

Simulation of Modified PO MPPT Technique for Solar PV Cell Using MATLAB/SIMULINK
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Abstract-This paper deals with P O method in which the MPPT algorithm is based on the calculation of the PV output power and the power change by sampling both the PV current and voltage. In this thesis an improved PO MPPT algorithm for PV module is proposed.

MATLAB Simulation Based Efficiency Study For Two Diode Model Of Photovoltaic Solar Cell
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ABSTRACT This paper illustrates a detailed explanation about various parameters of two diode equivalent circuit model which is one of the realized models of solar photovoltaic cell. This model is known to have better accuracy at low irradiance levels which allows for

Properties of Blocking Layer with Ag Nano Powder in a Dye Sensitized Solar Cell
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ABSTRACT We prepared a working electrode (WE) with a blocking layer (BL) containing 0~ 0.5 wt% Ag nano powders to improve the energy conversion efficiency (ECE) of dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC). FESEM and micro-Raman were used to characterize the

Effect Growth of TiO2 Thin Films for Solar Cell Applications
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Abstract Titaniun di-oxide (TiO2) hasmany excellent physical properties such as high dielectric constant a strong mechanical and chemical stability. Tio2 has high refractive index and good insulating properties, as a result it is widely used as protective layer for very

Minority carrier distribution in the front and base regions of ap/n GaAs-Si heterojunction solar cell and its spectral response
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Abstract An analytical work has been carried out on the p/n GaAs-Si heterojunction solar cell, based on the mathematical derivation presented by other researchers for the n/p heterojunction solar cell. The minority carrier concentration and photocurrent contribution

Properties of Working Electrodes with IGZO layers in a Dye Sensitized Solar Cell
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ABSTRACT We prepared a working electrode (WE) coated with 0~ 50 nm-thick indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO) by using RF sputtering to improve the energy conversion efficiency (ECE) of a dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC). Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and

Properties of Working Electrodes with Nano YBO 3: Eu 3 Phosphor in a Dye Sensitized Solar Cell
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ABSTRACT We added 0~ 5 wt% YBO3: Eu3+ nano powders in a scattering layer of a working electrode to improve the energy conversion efficiency (ECE) of a dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC). FESEM and XRD were used to characterize the microstructure and

Thin film solar cell characterization by electron beam induced current and time resolved photoluminescence
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Page 1. Willkommen Welcome Bienvenue Thin film solar cell characterization by electron beam induced current and time resolved photoluminescence Benjamin Bissig EMPA Laboratory for Thin Films and Photovoltaics Group leaders: Ayodhya Tiwari, Stephan Buecheler

Application of Carbon Nanotubes, Cobalt and Molybdenum in a Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell
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Abstract: Abstract: Continuous im provem ents to the perform ance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are sought after and alternative to the expensive platinum in the counter electrode is a major component to be considered. This study investigated the effect of

Techno-economic Feasibility Analysis of a Public Street Light with Solar Cell Power
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Abstract:Electricity is a source of energy which is needed to support daily activities. High electricity-consumption will cause electricity crisis if not managed properly. One of usage which consumes electricity is Public Street lighting (PSL). Currently, PSL uses fossil fuel to

Cefradine blocks solar-ultraviolet induced skin inflammation through direct inhibition of T-LAKcell-originated protein kinase.
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ABSTRACT Skin inflammation, and skin cancer induced by excessive solar ultraviolet (SUV) is a great threat to human health. SUV induced skin inflammation through activating p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) and c-Jun N-termeinal kinases (JNKs). T-LAK cell-

Effects of the ambient temperature and the defect density on the performance the solar cell(HIT).
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Abstract The ambient temperature and the defects density in the Hetero-junction with Intrinsic Thin layers solar cells (HIT) strongly influence their performances. In the first part, we presents the band diagram on the front/back simulated solar cell based on a-Si: H/c-Si

Power and Fresh Water Production by Solar Energy, Fuel Cell, and Reverse Osmosis Desalination
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ABSTRACT This paper presents sizing, energy management strategy, and cost analysis for a configuration consisting of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels, fuel cell (FC) storage system, and reverse osmosis (RO) desalination technology for combined power and fresh water

A Novel Optimization Algorithm for Reliable Energy Generation Based on Wind, Solar and FuelCell
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Abstract:Concerns about fuel cost, pollution and global warming has made it necessary to look for new energy solutions. Renewable energies are environmentally friendly, not cheap at the beginning but naturally available at a constant rate and wide spread, unlike fossil

A STUDY OF CZTS SOLAR CELL T
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Over recent years, a good amount of efforts h film solar cells [Moholkar, A., et al., Morit Wang, K. et al., Katagiri, et al., Shin, B., et semiconductor with excellent optical characte cm1 and a direct band gap value about 1.41 value of the single-junction solar cells. M nontoxic

Anodizing of Aluminum for Solar Cell Application
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Abstract The aim of this research is to use the porosity property in anodic alumina to produce well-ordered silicon Nanowires for solar cell applications. The study uses a single step anodizing process as a main process in the experiments. Samples produced from a 99.97

Preparation of TiO2/CdS/CdSe/ZnS Films for Quantum Dot Sensitized Solar Cell by Silar Method
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we prepared CdS/CdSe/ZnS co-sensitizer on mesoporous TiO2 surfaces with di erent SILAR cycles. The optical properties of the photo anodes and the photovoltaic performance of the corresponding solar cells were investigated. The

Crystallization and optoelectronic properties of a-SiGe/a-Si solar cell
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ABSTRACT: Many samples of amorphous silicon germanium thin films have been fabricated using vacuum thermal deposition technique. Some of the samples are deposited on glass substrates; the others are on Si wafers. The effect of annealing temperature and

Influence of the use temperature on the Capacitance-Voltage measures and the external quantum efficiency of a Cu (In, Ga) Se2 thin film solar cell
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ABSTRACT In this work we are interested by the use parameters of the cell. The studied parameter is the temperature. We study its influence on the Capacitance-Voltage measures and the external quantum efficiency of the solar cell. The range of temperatures

Effect of Sputtered Zinc Oxide as Anti-Reflection Coating in Amorphous Silicon Solar Cell
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Abstract: Amorphous Silicon (a: Si) solar cell structure is modelled and optimized using Lumerical FDTD solution Lumerical Device. Sputtered Zinc Oxide (ZnO) transparent layer have been used on these Amorphous silicon solar cells as anti-reflecting coating (ARC).

Lawsone dye complex: an efficient sensitizer for Dye Sensitized Solar Cell
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Abstract:Photovoltaics are a valuable technology in the fast forward world where energy prices are growing high within seconds. Researchers are focusing to facilitate the production of low cost, eco-friendly and more efficient dye sensitized solar cells. Natural dye

Influence of thickness on structural, electrical and optical properties of DC sputtered Mo back contact for solar cell application
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ABSTRACT In the present study, molybdenum (Mo) thin films were deposited on soda lime glass substrates with and without Chromium (Cr) buffer layer by DC magnetron sputtering. The effect of thickness with/without Cr buffer layer on structural, surface morphological,

Opuntia Stricta Fruit as a Novel Natural Dye Material for Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) Applications
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ABSTRACT Natural dye molecules used as light harvesting material in photovoltaic cells. A solid-state absorber used as a sensitizer in conjunction with the Opuntia Stricta fruit dye. Nanostructured Titanium dioxide (TiO2) photo anode prepared by doctor balding

A Photoelectrochemical Solar Cell Properties of Cd1-xMnxS Thin Film as an Active Photoanode
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Abstract:-The Cd1-xMnxS (0.0= x= 1.0) thin films were deposited on ITO coated glass substrates. Photoelectrochemical studies are carried out using 1M NaOH–1M Na2S–1M S electrolyte. The power output curves were obtained for all the PEC cells under a steady

Effect of Reaction Time on the Synthesis of Cadmium Selenide Nanoparticles and the Efficiency of Solar Cell
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Abstract Cadmium selenide nanoparticles were synthesized by solvothermal method using cadmium acetate, Cd (CH3COO) 2 and selenous acid (H2SeO3) at 60 oC, and at different reaction times of 4, 8, 12 and 16 hours. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized

THE THIRD GENERATION DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL
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ABSTRACT In a traditiona l solid-sta te semiconductor, a solar cell is made from two doped crystals, one doped with n-type impurities (n-type semiconductor), which add additional free conduction band electrons, and the other doped with p-type impurities (p-type

Fabrication Measurement of Characteristics and Stability of Solar Cell with Black Grapes as a Natural Dye
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Abstract:-Natural Dye Sensitized Solar Cells NDSSC are a promising class of photovoltaic cells with the capability of generating green energy at low production cost since no vacuum systems or expensive equipment are required in their fabrication. Natural dyes are also

Simulation on Effect of TiO2 Passivation Layer on the Performance of Dye Solar Cell
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Abstract:Dye Solar Cell (DSC) has started to gain interest in the recent years for practical application because of its ecofriendly, low cost and easy fabrication. However, its efficiency is still not as competitive as the conventional silicon based solar cell. One of the research

Manual for solar cell optical simulation software: GENPRO4
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GENPRO4 is an optical model for solar cells that combines wave and ray-optics in an computationally efficient way. The model has been validated for a wide range of wafer based and thin-film solar cells. GENPRO4 represents the solar cell as a multilayer

Influence of the use temperature on the Capacitance-Frequency measures of a Cu (In, Ga) Se2 thin film solar cell
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ABSTRACT In this article, our work concerns a Cu (In, Ga) Se2 thin film solar cell. We study the influence of the use temperature on the capacitance-frequency measures. This study is done on the scale of the use of the solar cells at ambient environment. This temperature

Shading Effect in Solar Energy and Solar Cell
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Abstract: A new algorithm for the determination of the solar position is proposed. The importance of tracking accurately the position of the sun is evident when considering high concentration thermal systems. In the literature are found many fast algorithms for the

Synthesis and Characterization of Cadmium Sulfide (CdS) Quantum Dots (QDS) for Quantum Dot Sensitized Solar Cell Applications
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ABSTRACT The main objective of the work is to present a systematic study on the growth, physical and chemical characterization of Cadmium sulfide (CdS) quantum dots were prepared at various time durations and deposited by sol-gel and hydrothermal method.

Simulation and Observation of Efficiency of pn Homojunction Si Solar Cell with Defects and EBL by Using AMPS-1D
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Abstract:In this work, pn Si homojunction solar cell with defects and Electron Blocking Layer (EBL) has been simulated and investigated by using Analysis of Microelectronic and Photonic Structures (AMPS-1D) simulator in respect to overall performance. The optimum

Uncertainty Based On Analyses And Optimal Design Of A Solar Cell
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Abstract The aim of uncertainty analysis is to predict the performance of a solar cell in the presence of uncertain parameters. In probabilistic analysis, the random variables of a solar cell include geometric design variables (except for integer values) and uncertain design

Evaluation of Structural and Optical parameters of spray deposited ZnO thin films for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Application
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ZnO films are prepared on glass plates with concentrations of 0.025 M, 0.05 M and 0.1 M each consisting of 50 ml of solution using the spray pyrolysis technique. A dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) is constructed by means of the obtained film for 0.1 M which is also

Has my dye-sensitized solar cell dyed or died
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Whilst dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) devices have not yet reached the high efficiencies of perovskite solar cells, there have recently been a number of reports of major improvements in efficiency with several reports of liquid DSC devices with 12%[1-4], a new record of

TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT CHARGE TRANSPORTATION AND RECOMBINATION MECHANISM IN Cu2S/CdS HJT SOLAR CELL
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ABSTRACT A heterojunction solar cell has been fabricated by chemical method by using green synthesized Cu2S (p-type) and CdS (n-type) nanostructures. Thin films of Copper Sulfide (Cu2S) and Cadmium Sulfide (CdS) were deposited on Indium tin oxide (ITO)

Distributed Reflector Structure and Diffraction Grating Structure in the Solar Cell
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Abstract Today, due to qualitative growth and scientific advances, energy, especially electricity is increasingly needed by human society. One of the almost endless and pure energy which have been paid attention over the years is the solar energy. Solar cells

Squaraine Sensitized Solar Cell
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Abstract Two different squaraine dyes (sq 3 sq 4) were tested as sensitizers in TiO2| dye| CuI solar cells. Maximum power conversion efficiency of 0.5%, photo-voltage of 418 mV and photocurrent 1.6 mAcm-2 were observed for a squaraine sensitized TiO2| dye| CuI solar

SCIENCE BEHIND THE NANO SOLAR CELL
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ABSTRACT The Global Warming is today's major problem of the world. Nano-technology has to come as boon in the energy sources in the form of solar–cell. It is eco-friendly device Nanotechnology, with its unprecedented control over the structure of materials, can

Characterization of Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide (CZTS) thin film as a Superior Counter Electrode Prepared by Drop Casting Method for Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (
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ABSTRACT CZTS thin films as counter electrodes in photo electrochemical solar cells plays an important role in transferring electrons from the external circuit back to the redox electrolyte for catalytic reduction of the redox electrolyte, CZTS nanocrystal film was

Intrinsic catalytic activity of graphene defects for the Co (bpy) 3 (II/III) dye-sensitized solar cell redox mediator
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ABSTRACT: We demonstrate that functionalized graphene, rich with lattice defects but lean with oxygen sites, catalyzes the reduction of Co (bpy) 3 (III) as well as platinum does, exhibiting a rate of heterogeneous electron transfer, k0, of~ 6× 10-3 cm/s. We show this

Composite Silicon Solar Cell Efficiency Simulation Study; Sensitivity to the Absorption Coefficients and the Thickness of Intrinsic Absorber Layer
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Abstract: In this paper, two silicon solar cells p+-ii-n+ with homogenous and heterogeneous intrinsic absorber layers based on hydrogenated amorphous-nanocrystalline- microcrystalline silicon (a-Si: H/nc--Si: H) have been studied by computer modeling and

Escalating the Performance of Perovskite Solar Cell via Electrospun TiO2 Nanofibers
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Abstract:A Perovskite solar cell is a type of solar cell which includes a perovskite structured compound, most commonly a hybrid organic-inorganic lead or tin halide based material, as the light harvesting active layer. In this work solar cell based on titanium dioxide (TiO2)

Improving Efficiency of an Amorphous Silicon (pa-SiC: H/ia-Si: H/na-Si: H) Solar Cell by Affecting Bandgap and Thickness from Numerical Analysis
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Abstract:In this investigation hydrogenated amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC: H) solar cell has been investigated and characterized by using the Analysis of Microelectronics and Photonic Structures (AMPS-1D) simulator. Although some works have been done to

Improvement of CdS/CdTe Solar Cell Parameters using ZnS Buffer Layer
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Abstract Using electrodeposition, n-ZnS, n-CdS and n-CdTe layers have been grown, and nn-n+ Schottky Barrier (SB) multi-junction solar cells have been successfully fabricated. In these structures, n-ZnS thin films have been incorporated as a buffer layer to n-CdS/n-

Graphene-based large area dye-sensitized solar cell module
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Abstract In this work, we report the use of graphene nanoflakes, produced by liquid phase exfoliation of graphite [1], as a catalyst material for the realization of large area dye- sensitized solar cell (DSSC) module. We report the electrochemical performances of

A Review of Modelling of Photovolaic Solar Cell for Maximum Power Point Tracking
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Abstract: In recent years, the use of solar energy become an alternating source of energy of great importance. Several researches and efforts have been concentred on the improvement of the efficiency of photovoltaic system. Although solar energy is available throughout the

A MILESTONE IN SOLAR CELLS ORGANIC SOLAR CELL
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ABSTRACT Organic solar cells are mostly flexible and lightweight a good solution to low cost energy production, which can have a manufacturing advantages over inorganic solar cell materials. An organic solar cell uses organic electronics, which deals with conducting

A High Efficiency Chlorophyll Sensitized Solar Cell with Quasi Solid PVA-Based Electrolyte
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ABSTRACT The objective of this work is to investigate the performance of chlorophyll sensitized solar cells (CSSCs) with gel electrolyte based on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) with single iodide salt (potassium iodide (KI)) and double salt (KI and tetra-propyl ammonium

Study and Optimization Optical and Electrical properties of the p, i and n-Layers of Single Junction a: Si-H Solar cell in an Indigenously Developed PECVD
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Abstract: Hydrogenated amorphous silicon solar cells have been one of the principle drivers of large area and flexible microelectronics. Hence the effort is to develop single junction hydrogenated amorphous silicon solar cells, using an indigenously developed Plasma

Self-cleaning Wideband Antireflective Silicon Nanocones for Solar Cell Applications
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Abstract:Theoretical studies guided the experimental work for a novel fabrication methodology of asymmetric textured Silicon nanocones (SiNCs) through Metal-assisted chemical etching followed by oxidation. Optical numerical and Experimental studies

Improvement of solar cell performance and reversibility of ageing effects in hydrogenated amorphous silicon solar cells under illumination and electric field
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Si: H) under illumination have been investigated. These are strongly affected by the well- known Staebler-Wronski effect, occurring during light soaking of a-Si: H, producing a substantial loss of cell power conversion efficiency. In this work the light soaking effect

Dye-sensitized solar cell using natural dyes extracted from Bougainvillea and bottle Brush flower
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Abstract:-Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were fabricated using dyes extracted from Bougainvillea and Bottle brush flower. The energy conversion efficiencies () of Bougainvillea and Bottle brush flower found out to be 0.31% and0. 23% respectively. This

RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY STUDY OF THE VARIATIONS OF THE MACROSCOPIC ELECTRIC PARAMETERS OF A SOLAR CELL ACCORDING TO THE
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ABSTRACT The Research has for objective to increase the performances of the thin film solar cells. Many scientific publications were interested by the development of the thin films which make the cell. Others based their research on the technology of the cell and the

CHARACTERIZATION OF CHLOROFORM EXTRACT OF CORDIA MACLEODII LEAF FOR POSSIBLE APPLICATION IN DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL
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ABSTRACT Dye synthesized solar cells have received intensified research efforts in the past decades in both academia and industry, due to the increasing demand for sustainable clean energy. Dyes play an important role in the high performance of solar cell. Dye sensitized

Development of a High Efficiency Solar Cell Using Adaptive Self-Cooling
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Abstract In this project, a smart hybrid solar cell using self-powered adaptive temperature control is developed. Active temperature regulation is implemented using thermoelectric cooling modules and a synchronous switching circuit with variable duty cycle that

Comparative Analysis and Design of Solar Cell Regulated Power Transmitter with active inductor and active transformer versus Passive Inductor and Passive
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2. Analysis and Design of Various types of CMOS passive LC Cross coupled Oscillator 2.1 NMOS Regulated Cascode Cross coupled oscillator 2.1.1 Startup design equation of figure 2.1 2.1.2 Sweep current consumption as a function of loop gain for figure 2.1 2.1.3 Phase noise