ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

solar energy research papers recent 2014




Photophysics of Bio-Inspired Solar Energy Conversion
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ABSTRACT Increased global demand for energy has led to prolific use of fossil fuels, which produce and release greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide. This increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide affects the global weather system and has been cited as a

Open source solar radiation tools for environmental and renewable energy applications
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Abstract: Solar energy is the main driver of natural processes on the Earth surface, and is used as an input parameter into many environmental models. Moreover, the importance of solar energy as a source of clean renewable energy for solar electricity and heating/

Corrigendum to Comparison between power and energy methods of analyses of photovoltaic plants[Solar Energy 34 (1985) 1–8]
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of analyses of photovoltaic plants [Solar Energy 34 (1985) 1–8] G. Ambrosonea, S. Catalanottia, U. Cosciaa, G. Troisea, G. Cocorullob,* www.elsevier.com/locate/solener Available

Future climate data for 100 prospective Australian solar energy sites. A report for ExemplaryEnergy
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Solar Energy Conversion by Photosystem II
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Photosystem II (PSII) uses light energy to split water into protons, electrons and oxygen. In this reaction, Nature has solved the difficult chemical problem of efficient four electron oxidation of water to yield oxygen without significant side reactions. In order to use

Initial field testing of concentrating solar photovoltaic (CSPV) thermal hybrid solar energygenerator utilizing large aperture parabolic trough and spectrum
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Abstract: The University of Louisiana at Lafayette has completed initial field testing of a test unit of the MH Solar Concentrating Solar Photovoltaic (CSPV) system. The CSPV unit is a retrofit system for use with a parabolic trough type concentrating solar power (CSP)

Solar Energy–An Eternal Renewable Power Resource
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ABSTRACT: There are many sources of energy that are renewable and considered to be environmentally friendly and harness natural processes. These sources of energy provide an alternate 'cleaner'source of energy, helping to negate the effects of certain forms of

Monitoring the performance of solar energy plants from satellite remote sensing of air temperature and ground solar irradiance through an accurate modelling of
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October 7th 2014 Prague, Czech Republic Monitoring the performance of solar energy plants from satellite remote sensing of air temperature and ground solar energy plants near real-time monitoring has been further developed thanks to the partnership

Seasonal cycle and long-term trend of solar energy fluxes through Arctic sea ice
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Abstract. Arctic sea ice has not only decreased in volume during the last decades, but has also changed in its physical properties towards a thinner and more seasonal ice cover. These changes strongly impact the energy budget, and might affect the ice-associated

Storing Thermal Energy from Solar Collectors for the Needs of a Detached House
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Abstract This work evaluates the possibility of meeting a single family household's need for hot water and heat year round, using solar collectors as the sole energy source. The main flaw of energetic systems based on solar energy is that the energy supply is usually

Health Issues Related to the Static and Power-Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMFs) of the Soitec Solar Energy Farms
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Power-Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMFs) of the Soitec Solar Energy Farms with the amount of power being transmitted. The power transmitted from a solar energy project varies with time-of-day, cloud cover, and seasonal changes in daylight duration. Figure 2

Solar Industrial Process Heating Associated with Thermal Energy Storage for Feed Water Heating
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Abstract: With the rise in fuel cost and scarcity now, there is a significant research, development and application in solar industrial process heating. A massive deployment of solar thermal technology in those industries which use large quantities of lowtemperature

Seasonal cycle of solar energy fluxes through Arctic sea ice
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Abstract. Arctic sea ice has not only decreased considerably during the last decades, but also changed its physical properties towards a thinner and more seasonal cover. These changes strongly impact the energy budget and might affect the ice-associated ecosystem

Integration of Photosystem I with Carbon-Based Materials for Solar Energy Conversion Devices
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Page 1. INTEGRATION OF PHOTOSYSTEM I WITH CARBON-BASED MATERIALS FOR SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICES By Kevin M. Winter Thesis sustainable sources of energy. One promising area of research in this field is solar energy. In

STUDY OF SOLAR AIR HEATER ENERGY AND EFFICIENCY USING COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS
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Abstract: Solar energy radiant light and heat from the sun, has been harnessed by humans since ancient times using a range of ever-evolving technologies. Solar air heater is a type of energy collector in which energy from the sun is captured by an absorbing medium and

Wind and solar energy curtailment: Experience and practices in the United States
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Curtailment of variable renewable generation, particularly wind and solar energy, is becoming more widespread as wind and solar energy development expands across the country and penetrations increase. Curtailment can affect the revenue of wind and solar

B. Leo Kwak, and JG Gordon II," 2-D mathematical modeling for a large electrochromic window Part I," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 120, Part
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Y. Liu, L. Sun, G. Sikha, J. Isidorsson, S. Lim, A. Anders, B. Leo Kwak, and JG Gordon II, "2-D mathematical modeling for a large electrochromic window Part I," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 120, Part A, pp. 1-8, 2014. Corresponding author: Dr. B. Leo Kwak

ANALYZING THE RESULTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE OF SOLAR BOTONIC TREES USING NANO PIEZO ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
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ABSTRACT The world is reeling under the severe shortage of reliable and efficient energy resources. The profitable energy resources used to generate electricity so far,'fossil fuels [1- 3]'are extinguished and also effecting the environment, thus the greenhouse effect and the

structure Design for Solar Energy Conversion
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Solar energy conversion has been intensively studied in past decades and has been shown to be greatly effective for solving the serious environmental pollution and energy shortage problems. Photoelectrocatalysis and photovoltaics have been considered as the two main

Performance evaluation of radiation sensors for the solar energy sector
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Abstract Dedicated meteorological methods are designed for the energy sector, including specific measurement techniques. A pressing issue is evaluating their performances. Remote sensing techniques are intensively used for wind profiling applications, while

Solar Energy, a Viable Alternative for the Water Supply in Pressurized Systems
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In the interest of sustainable development and the minimization of climate change impacts, national and international policies are prioritizing the improvement in the use of the natural resources. In recent years, due to the modernization of irrigation schemes, where old open
Solar combisystem is a hot–topic since 1998 by the help of broad participation TASK–26 project in Europa and USA. The aim of this study is to determine energetic and exergetic analysis results of implemented solar combisystem in Turkey. Experimental system is built

The Role of Solar Energy towards 100% Renewable Power Supply for Israel: IntegratingSolar PV, Wind Energy, CSP and Storages
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RESULTS We have found an optimal structure of the energy system for different shares of RE for the cost years 2020 and 2030 (Fig. 2). For both cost years, the least cost and consequently major energy source is solar PV; however, for 2020 CSP still plays a

Solar energy innovation and Silicon Valley
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Abstract. The growth of the US and global solar energy industry depends on a strong relationship between science and engineering innovation, manufacturing, and cycles of policy design and advancement. The mixture of the academic and industrial engine of

Energy, Exergy and Anergy Analysis of a Solar Desiccant Cooling System
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Abstract:Some alternative and cost effective approaches are needed for space cooling of buildings in order to resolve environmental and economic issues. Desiccant cooling is one of the alternative to conventional air conditioning systems which can solve many problems

Geothermal/Solar Hybrid Designs: Use of Geothermal Energy for CSP Feedwater Heating
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ABSTRACT This paper examines a hybrid geothermal/solarYthermal plant design that uses geothermal energy to provide feedwater heating in a conventional steamYRanNine power cycle deployed by a concentrating solar power (CSP) plant. The geothermal energy

Study on the Performance of Photogalvanic Cell for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage
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Solar energy conversion and storage was studied through Photogalvanic effect using photogalvanic cell using Rose Bengal–Oxalic acid–CTAB System. The oxalic acid as reductant, Rose Bengal as sensitized dye and Cetryl hexadecyl ammonium bromide as

Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data for Solar Energy Applications
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As the world looks for low-carbon sources of energy, solar power stands out as the single most abundant energy resource on Earth. Harnessing this energy is the challenge for this century. Photovoltaics, solar heating and cooling, and concentrating solar power (CSP)

Comparative LCA of Two Thermal Energy Storage Systems for Shams1 Concentrated SolarPower Plant: Molten Salt vs. Concrete
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Abstract:Thermal energy storage (TES) for concentrated solar power (CSP) is gaining popularity because it has the potential to increase the hours of electricity production from the CSP technology. In this Study, we conducted a comparative life cycle assessment (LCA) of

Development of Solar Energy in Sabah Malaysia: The Case of Trudgill's Perception
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ABSTRACT Solar energy in Malaysia was first introduced as one of the five fuels in electricity generation through the Fifth Fuel Policy in 2001. However, the current real harnessing of available solar sources is still below its actual potential. This study

Solar Renewable Energy Certificate Markets: Assessing the Volatility Impact
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Abstract Many countries and US states have implemented rules, policies, and financial incentives to promote renewable energy adoption. Renewable Energy Certificates subsidize investment but their price is subject to market conditions. Uncertainty due to fluctuating

Solar Energy and PV Systems
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The utilization of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have gained a tremendous momentum due to decreasing costs of PV arrays and interface systems by as much as 50% during the last five years. The advancements on electric utility grid interface systems and utilization of PV

Efficient conversion of solar energy to biomass and electricity
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Abstract The Earth receives around 1000 Wm- 2 of power from the Sun and only a fraction of this light energy is able to be converted to biomass (chemical energy) via the process of photosynthesis. Out of all photosynthetic organisms, microalgae, due to their fast growth

Lanthanides in Solar Energy Conversion
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Simple in its principle, solar energy conversion encounters difficult technical problems related to various aspects. The first difficulty lies in the spectral distribution of solar energy and its variation with the degree of cloudiness, the time of the day and of the year, as well

Avian mortality at solar energy facilities in Southern California: A preliminary analysis
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Executive Summary This report summarizes data on bird mortality at three solar energy facilities in southern California: Desert Sunlight, Genesis, and Ivanpah. These facilities use different solar technologies, but avian mortality was documented at each site. Desert

Drying Nerium Oleander in an Indirect Solar Dryer Using Phase Change Material as anEnergy Storage Medium
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Abstract:In this work, the Nerium Oleander was dried at its prescribed drying temperature (50±2.5 ºC) in indirect solar dryer (ISD) using phase change material (PCM) as energy storage medium. 12 kg of paraffin wax were used as a latent heat thermal storage. From

An Experimental Study on Packed-Fluidization for Solar Energy Receiver
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Methods: Instead of using direct solar energy, the fluidized bed was heated by using an external resistance heating system. Bed wall temperature was maintained at constant temperature of 50oC, 60oC and 80oC with thyristor based power and PID controllers.

Evaluation of technology transfer to rural communities for drying using LPG and solar energycabinet dryer
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The purpose of this paper was to test the performance of the cabinet dryer, and then transfer the technology to those rural communities which are far away from the city and which do not have public electricity. The dryer could be used to dry fruits and vegetables. In the

REAL-TIME TESTING OF PHASE-CHANGE MATERIALS FOR SOLAR THERMAL ENERGYSTORAGE
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ABSTRACT A study of real-time performance of phase-change material (PCM) for solar thermal energy storage was conducted using a commercially available 2.78 m2 (aperture) flat-plate solar-thermal collector and a custom 60 L latent heat storage tank filled with

Design and Analysis of a Nano Horn Antenna for Harnessing Solar Energy
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Abstract Presented in this paper is a concept and design of a Nano horn antenna for harnessing of NIR, with a good return loss and directivity over the range of 200 to 300 THz. A combination of horn and nano antenna were considered for the design of NIR capturing

A Computational Mechanism for Analysis of the Functional Dependence of Solar EnergyTransmissivity on Collector's Latitude Angle and Exposure Time
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Abstract This paper presents a factorial analysis of energy transmissivity by solar collector based on the collector exposure time and latitude angle of its location. A two-factorial model was derived and validated for the predictive analysis. The model structure highlighted the

Semiconductor-Based Photocatalytic, Photoelectrochemical, and Photovoltaic Solar-EnergyConversion
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Semiconductor-based photocatalytic, photoelectrochemical, and photovoltaic Solar-energy Conversion has been considered very promising to address this challenge. At the heart of the technology is the lack of suitable semiconductor materials and efficient systems that

Developing a GIS-based Fuzzy AHP Model for Selecting Solar Energy Sites in Shodirwan Region in Iran
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Abstract The objective of this study is to use a Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (Fuzzy AHP) and geographical mapping models using Geographical Information System (GIS) to locate the most appropriate sites for solar energy farms in Shodirwan region in Iran. GIS

Baldness+ Solar energy= happiness
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Baldness gives unhappiness to a person. People feel it as a sign of getting old and the person feels that because of his baldness his looks suffer. People will do anything and go to any length to get a good crop of hair on their head. Worldwide hair loss treatment industry

Effective use of Roof Surface Area for Electricity Generation using Solar Energy: A Case Study of Jodhpur
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Abstract: This paper state the use of solar PV system and to achieve the maximum output power of the PV model by adjusting tilt angle of the PV panel at the available solar radiation and temperature at a particular place. This paper discusses to find the optimum tilt angle

Potential impact of contrails on solar energy gain
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Abstract. The effect of contrails on global short-wave radiation (sum of direct and downward diffuse solar radiation) and on solar energy gain was investigated. The study was performed during days with high contrail persistence and focused on situations where the contrails

Botanical Impact Assessment of the proposed Korana Solar Energy Facility, near Pofadder, Northern Cape Province
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The Bushmanland region of the Northern Cape Province has been identified as a potentially good area for the establishment of renewable energy facilities such as wind farms and solar energy farms. An investigation of a number of possible sites for renewable energy facilities

Origins of analysis methods used to design high performance commercial buildings: Part II,solar energy analysis
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The overall introduction of this study was introduced in the first paper (Oh and Haberl 2014a). In this paper, the origins of the anlysis methods used in solar enregy analysis programs are reviewed. Solar energy analysis programs evaluate the performance of

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF A SOLAR STILL USING LAURIC ACID AS A ENERGYSTORAGE MEDIUM
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ABSTRACT The solar still is a simple device used for obtaining fresh water for small scale demand. Due to intermittent nature of solar energy, solar stills are not continuous in nature. To make them operative for non-sunshine hours energy storage mediums are used. In the

Solar Energy Collection on a Spherical Surface
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Abstract Solar energy is the most abundant energy source on earth. This paper suggests a new concept of solar collection that prints the solar cells directly onto a spherical surface, or a balloon. The energy collection efficiency of such a spherical surface is analyzed and

Large Scale Solar Thermal Systems for the Solution of EuropeS Expansion Of EnergyDemand
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With the industrial revolution, some countries such as the USA and some EU countries focused on getting high level of technology. Therefore, these countries strongly desired to utilize more energy mainly electricity to meet required energy demand (Wichert, 1997).

Generator and Solar Energy Based Electric Vehicle
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Abstract Electric Vehicle has become one of the key technologies for the research and it covers complex and broad issues across the field of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. This technology constitutes a breakthrough in various fields that helps in development and

A Generation Simulation Tool for Concentrated Solar Power with Thermal Energy Storage
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Abstract Although most of power production is nowadays still produced using fossil fuels, the world has recently experienced an enthusiastic increase in renewable sources. Awareness of climate change due to CO2 and other pollutants, as well as wisely recognition that fossil

Effects of Consumer Subsidies for Renewable Energy on Industry Growth and Social Welfare: The Case of Solar Energy in Japan
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Abstract This study examines the effectiveness of consumer subsidies for encouraging the installation of solar panels in Japan. Such governmental subsidies can be justified on the grounds that the consumer prices of conventional energy alternatives do not reflect their

Physicochemical Studies of Fluorescent Dyes Doped in Polymer Sheet and Its Application inSolar Energy: Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Charge–Transfer
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Charge-transfer complex formed from the reaction of 2-(4-isobutoxyphenyl)-6-hydrazino-1, 8- naphthalimide dye with chloranilic acid (CLA) has been studied in methanol at room temperature. The final reaction product has been isolated and characterized using UV-Vis.

Study of Designing a Solar Concentrator for Crematorium using Solar Energy
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Abstract While cremation is an established Hindu ritual practice since ancient times and the Hindu religion permits the cremation of dead body in day-time only, there is much more scope of solar crematorium in this ritual; as solar power is also available in day-time only.

Mathematical Model of Thermal Energy Storage for Solar Water Heating System
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Abstract: The objective of this research is to develop thermal energy storage for domestic solar water heater with simple and flexible design, easy installation and low maintenance requirements. The prototypes of thermal energy storage are constructed using stainless

Numerical solution of solar energy absorbed in porous medium with a new approach for vapor pressure calculation and consideration of solute crystallization
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Abstract: The goal of the study is to enhance the productivity of solar stills using an unsaturated porous medium initially saturated by salty water and using concentrating reflector. This paper concentrates only on the mathematical model for the porous medium

Study on the properties of W-Al2O3 solar energy selective absorbing coating prepared by magnetron sputtering
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Qiao-Ling Chen 1,aWen-Yu Ye 1,bQiu-ling HAN 1,c Jian-hong GONG 1,d* (School of mechanical electrical engineering of Shandong University,weihai, Weihai, 264209) aqiaolinghappy@sina.cn, byewenyu210@sina.com, changqiuling123@126.com,

A Comparative Analysis between Biogas and Solar Energy in the Prospect of Bangladesh
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ABSTRACT: This study compares the return on investment and the future potential of biogas and solar energy in Bangladesh. With the depletion of conventional sources of energy, the need of renewable energy has become a prime concern. At present, the power generation

Dynamics Simulation of Stirling Engine for Solar Energy Based on the Time-Varying Support Stiffness
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Abstract: In order to simulate the Stirling engine more easily, the stiffness and damping ratio of the crankshaft bearing are assumed to be steady-state in the research before, but this assumption is contrary to the real condition. Therefore, in this paper, a time-varying

Battery Charger for Wind and Solar Energy Conversion System using Buck Converter
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ABSTRACT In this paper, a Buck-type power converter as the battery charger for the Small wind power system. This paper presents the basic method of controlling the charging of battery banks. The proposed power converter can harvest power from the small wind

SCOPING HERITAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR THE KORANA SOLAR ENERGYFACILITY, KENHARDT MAGISTERIAL DISTRICT, NORTHERN CAPE
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ACO Associates was appointed by Savannah Environmental (Pty) Ltd to assess the potential impacts to heritage resources that might arise through

ENERGY ACCESS IN NIGERIA: AN ASSESSMENT OF SOLAR UTILIZATION IN IBADAN
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ABSTRACT Electricity is a major driving force of an economy. Mostly, its generation in developing countries is from hydro sources, oil and gas as well as firewood/charcoal. As a maritime and an oil and gas economy, Nigeria generates its energy from hydro, oil and

Study of the Hybrid Sulfur Water-splitting Cycle powered by solar energy
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A concrete possibility of obtaining an actually carbon free fuel is represented by hydrogen production through water splitting thermochemical cycles powered with renewable energy. One of the most promising thermochemical cycles proposed in the literature is the Hybrid

Implementation of Solar Energy Tracking System
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Abstract: Solar energy is one of the best option for electrical energy generation as it is available everywhere and it is renewable. To generate electrical energy from solar energy the solar photovoltaic panels are used. The solar photovoltaic panels are low-efficiency

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF MPPT ALGORITHM FOR SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM USING SIMULINK MODEL
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Abstract In this paper proposes the design modeling and simulation of photovoltaic solar cell model considering the effect of solar irradiations and temperature changes. The PV array is modeled using basic circuit equations. Its voltage current and power voltage
The blackout which left over 600 million people without power in India have correctly highlighted the pitfalls of depending on a carbon centric energy source. In fact, the entire South Asia has been experiencing the social, economic, and environmental effects of

The energy efficiency research on solar photovoltaic and photo-thermal PV/T system
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Keywords: PV/T Efficiency of solar utilization Heat pipe cooling Abstract: Photovoltaic and photo-thermal integration PV/T system can efficiently produce heat using solar energy as well as generate electricity in a large scale. [5] TT Chow. Solar Energy.2003,p.143-152.

A Hybrid Regression System Based on Local Models for Solar Energy Prediction
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The aim of this study is to predict the energy generated by a solar thermal system. To achieve this, a hybrid intelligent system was developed based on local regression models with low complexity and high accuracy. Input data is divided into clusters by using a Self

ASSESSMENT OF SOLAR ENERGY DISTRIBUTION FOR INSTALLING SOLAR PANELS USING REMOTE SENSING GIS TECHNIQUES
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ABSTRACT Many cities across the world are encouraging the use of solar energy technologies in promoting the concept of sustainable cities. The active and passive applications of solar energy could effectively transform neighborhoods, commercial

Policies to Encourage Solar Energy Usage
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Abstract The economic reality of fossil fuels is that these resources are found in a limited number of locations around the world, yet are consumed everywhere. Conversely, solar energy is available almost everywhere in world and is not being fully used. Fossil fuels

Photo-Electrochemical Production of H2 Using Solar Energy
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Ti| SnIV-Fe2O3 photo-anodes are implemented in a photo-electrochemical reactor for photo- assisted splitting of water into hydrogen and oxygen. Attention is focused on the issues concerning electrode scaleup with the aim of addressing the present need for the design,

Increasing of Electrical Energy with Solar Tracking System at the Region which Has Turkey's Most Solar Energy Potential
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Abstract:In this study, we investigated the efficiency of our own two-axis solar tracking photovoltaic system which designed by us according to a fixed system. The system's energy consumption was minimized by using tipper motor in the two-axis solar tracking system.

Analysis of Steam Cycle in Combined Cycle Power Plant by Using Solar and BiomassEnergy
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Abstract Analysis has been carried out for steam cycle, of a natural gas fired combined cycle power plant, by using solar and biomass as a supplementary fuel. Use of solar energy, control the feed rate of biomass and environmental effect. Integration of solar in combined

Bright Ideas in Solar Energy
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It's no secret that solar power is one of the fastest-growing subsects of the renewable energy industry. In 2011, $150 billion was invested into solar energy--more than wind, biofuels, and hydroelectric combined, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF, 2011). The

A HYBRID EDUCATIONAL PLATFORM BASED ON VIRTUAL WORLD FOR TEACHINGSOLAR ENERGY
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Abstract In this paper, we present a hybrid educational platform developed to assist tutors in teaching and students in learning about the challenging domain of Solar Energy. The platform combines traditional learning procedures offered to students via Moodle, a very

The Potential and Characteristics of Solar Energy in Yazd Province, Iran
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Accepted in Revised Form: June 11, 2014 Abstract: In this study, utilizing the obtained data from four distributed locations known as Abarkuh, Behabad, Halvan and Yazd, the solar energy potential and its characteristics in Yazd province of Iran have been evaluated. For

Study on Solar Energy for Pre-Cooling Technology of Fruit and Vegetable
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Effect of Supplying Energy and Energy Gained Experimentally on the Stratification Phenomenon in the Thermal Storage Tank of the Evacuated Tubes Solar
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2Research Scholar, Dept of ME, SSET, SHIATS-DU, Allahabad, India. 3Solar Research Center, Renewable Energy Directorate, Ministry of Science and Technology, Republic of Iraq. 4Solar Research Center, Renewable Energy Directorate, Ministry of Science and

Solar/Wind/Diesel Hybrid Energy System with Battery Storage for Rural Electrification
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Abstract: This paper presents solar/wind/diesel hybrid energy system with battery storage. More than 70% of rural population in Myanmar still has difficulty been accessing electricity Therefore, solar and wind potential energy are considered as the main power sources for

Design and Simulation of a Solar Tracking System for Optimum Energy Absorption
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Abstract Nowadays the importance and dependence on solar power source is remarkably increasing as there is a strong need to have clean, cheap and renewable energy compared with other types of energy sources. In this paper, we present a complete design and

Transpired Solar Air Collectors: An Energy Efficient Technology for Commercial Buildings
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Buildings account for 41% of energy consumption in the United States. Eighty-five percent of this energy comes from non-renewable fossil fuels. There are several ways to use energy more efficiently and produce energy using renewable energy sources. In this paper, we

Energy and exergy analysis of a novel gravity-fed solid particle solar receiver
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Abstract An energy and exergy analysis of a novel solid particle solar receiver is presented based on experimental data and well-known correlations found in the literature. A sand sample from the deserts of the United Arab Emirates has been chosen as the solar

Plasmonic conversion of solar energy
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The outstanding light trapping and electromagnetic field concentration properties of surface plasmons open up a wide spectrum of applications in the field of Photonics. In essence, surface plasmons are highly confined and intense electromagnetic waves that propagate

Application of Solar Energy for Lighting in Opencast Mines
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ABSTRACT Proper illumination in mines is a major requirement for un-interrupted production and improved safety. Most of the mines currently use conventional lighting systems. The energy source for such lighting systems are either electric or diesel power.
The Caribbean region possesses some attributes which favour the development of the solar photovoltaic (PV) industry. Despite these advantages, the region has had limited success in the solar industry. There are currently challenges in the industry such as information

Gravity-fed combined solar receiver/storage system using sand particles as heat collector, heat transfer and thermal energy storage media
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Abstract An innovative gravity-fed combined solar receiver/storage system for thermal energy storage (TES) is presented for concentrated solar power (CSP) plants with beam down tower configuration. Sand particles are employed as heat collector, heat transfer

Task 39 exhibition–Assembly of polymeric components for a new generation of solar thermalenergy systems
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Abstract IEA SHC Task 39 is dedicated to the development, optimization and deployment of materials and designs for polymer based solar thermal systems and components. To increase the confidence in polymeric solar thermal applications, Task 39 actively supports

Simulation and comparison of perturb and observe and incremental conductance MPPT algorithms for solar energy system connected to grid
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Abstract. Solar energy is a clean, green and renewable source of energy. It is available in abundance in nature. Solar cells by photovoltaic action are able to convert the solar energy into electric current. The output power of solar cell depends upon factors such as solar

DEVELOPMENT AND STUDY OF HYBRID SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY SYSTEMS
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ABSTRACT In the paper is about the realization of autonomous and periodic electricity supply due to the hybrid solar and wind energy system. For this purpose the hybrid system settled in Baku city and Gusar region were firstly studied in the Republic. Initially average annual
Effect of trap depth and interfacial energy barrier on charge transport in inverted organic solar cells employing nanostructured ZnO as electron buffer layer Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), Agency for

A Comparative Value Chains Analysis of Solar Electricity for Energy
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Abstract:today, it is widely recognized that electricity is needed for society mobility. But traditional electricity sources that are relatively using fossil energy resources will not be able to address supply and demand in rural areas which are scattered over huge geographic

What makes Gujarat a hotspot for solar energy investments
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With over 300 days of sunshine and solar radiation of 5.6–6.0 kWh/m2/day (refs 1, 2), the state of Gujarat has a potential of generating 750 GW from solar energy3. To capture this huge potential, in January 2009, the Government of Gujarat (GoG), introduced the 'solar

DEVELOPMENT OF FRESNEL POWERHOUSE PROTOTYPE WITH THERMAL ENERGYSTORAGE CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER
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Abstract: Our paper evolves the implementation of a prototype to power up a house from solar heat energy for 24x7. We have fabricated a prototype that depicts our idea practically proving that our method is feasible. If this is implemented in large scale then it serves as a

Energy Efficient Approach for Solar Energy Harvesting in Wireless Sensor Network
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Abstract: The wireless sensor network is the self configuring type of network which is used to sense the environment conditions like temperature, pressure etc. The sensor network is deployed in the far places like forests; deserts. The sensor nodes have limited size and

Dynamic Control of Grid Connected Solar Energy Source System
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Abstract:In the last years a crazy advance in renewable energy sources topic researches is observed. However, the connecting of this devises with the grid systems still a major area of research. In this paper the performance of a solar renewable energy source connected

Utilizing Solar Energy in Order to Reduce Energy Loads of Building
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An increased utilization of renewable energy sources in the heat and electricity generation is one of priority tasks of the Slovak Republic to boost the use of domestic energy potential and thus to decrease the Slovakia's dependence on imported fossil fuels. Heat pumps and

An innovative Solar Production Simulator to better teach the foundations of photovoltaicenergy to students.
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Abstract: This paper deals with a new approach to science and education regarding photovoltaic energy and applications. This teaching method is based on a Solar Production Simulator (SPS). This apparatus is able to reproduce the sun's path on a small scale at all

Energy cycle based on a high specific energy aqueous flow battery and its potential use for fully electric vehicles and for direct solar-to-chemical energy
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Abstract A flow battery employing H2 as the fuel and one or more of highly soluble halate salts (such as 50% w/w LiBrO3 aq.) as the oxidant presents a viable opportunity as a power source for fully electric vehicles which meets the specific energy, specific power, energy

ARCHAEOLOGICAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT: PROPOSED CONSTRUCTION OF Humansrus Solar PV Energy Facility 2 ON THE REMAINDER OF THE FARM
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ACO Associates cc was appointed by Perception Planning on behalf of the client, Humansrus Solar PV Energy Facility 2 (Pty) Ltd, to undertake an Archaeological Impact Assessment for the construction of a 75 MW PV facility on the

Characterization of a by-product from steel industry applied to thermal energy storage in Concentrated Solar Power
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1. Abstract According to the international energy agency different scenarios, between 630 and 1500 GWe of concentrated solar power (CSP) should be installed in the world up to 2050. This planned development mainly depends on the energetic cost-effective, which

Case study of increasing photovoltaic energy solar fraction in a conventional office building in northern latitudes.
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Abstract. Current trends in planning office buildings are moving towards reducing primary energy consumption for heating, hot water heating and cooling. Availability of the solar energy resource and the low temperatures in northern latitudes from early spring until

FPGA Based Battery Energy Storage System Using Solar Cells
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Abstract: This work implements a FPGA based battery energy system using solar cells under various illumination and temperature. It performs maximum power tracking based on perturbation and observation method, where it gets the desired maximum power by

Self-Building Courses of Solar Heat Collectors as Sources of Consumer Empowerment and Local Embedding of Sustainable Energy Technology
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Self-building courses have been identified as a stimulus for user innovations, local embedding and diffusion of renewable energy technology. In this paper we explore the Finnish solar heat collector self-building courses. Our empirical material consists of field
This paper presents the design, control and performance of a low power standalone solar– photovoltaic (PV) energy generating system. The system includes a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller along with a full bridge DC–DC converter, an energy storage

An algorithm for the selection of structure for artificial networks. Case study: solar thermalenergy systems
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Abstract Despite perceived simplicity of solar thermal collectors, failures occur during operation. Therefore fault detection and isolation tools for these systems should be investigated. One of the critical parts for the development of fault detection and isolation is

Analysis of telecom base stations powered by solar energy
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Abstract: Improved Quality of Service and cost reduction are important issues affecting the telecommunication industry. Companies such as Airtel, Glo etc believe that the solar powered cellular base stations are capable of transforming the Nigerian communication

Analysis of a Low Power Solar Energy Tracking Method for Simple Photovoltaic Applications
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Abstract: This paper details the design of a low power solar energy tracking method. This method that is followed here is the most simple and cost effective of all the methods that are implemented till now. The method that is detailed here is the Fractional Open Circuit

Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System California Energy Commission (07-AFC-5C) Bureau of Land Management (CACA-48668, 49502, 49503, and 49504)
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Abstract The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System (ISEGS), located on I-15 about 40 miles (60 km) south of Las Vegas, NV, consists of three power towers 459 ft (140 m) tall and over 170,000 reflective heliostats with a rated capacity of 390 MW. Reports of glare from

Energy Yield Analysis of a Grid Connected Solar PV Power Plant
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ABSTRACT: Electrical energy became essential commodity in the present day lively hood. There is a rapid demand for its generation both by conventional and renewable energy recourses. To address the environmental concerns and for overall economic development

Energy harvesting of dye-sensitized solar cells assisted with Ti-mesh and phosphor materials
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Abstract. We used the Ti-meshes for both the photoanode and counter electrode of the dyesensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to improve the flexibility and conductivity of electrodes. This mesh type electrode showed good transparency and high bendability when

Techno-economic Analysis of Solar PV/Diesel Hybrid Energy System for Electrification of Television substation-A Case Study of Nepal Television Substation at
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Abstract: This paper presents the most feasible configuration of Solar PV system with diesel generator as back up for the electrification of Nepal Television (NTV) substation situated in Ilam (26 58'N, 87 58'E) district in the Eastern development region of Nepal having

Solar Energy Compensation Arguments Intensify as Utilities Aim to Recover Fixed Costs
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The distributed solar photovoltaic (PV) energy industry is growing rapidly and disrupting the traditional one-way power flow utility model. To account for this, states and utilities are working together to reconsider distributed generation compensation and tariff policies. Net

Solar transient activity: Magnetic energy release and topology
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We will discuss how the computation and analysis of the coronal magnetic field topology can be used to identify the energy release locations and their physical characteristics. The energy released during transient atmospheric events in the Sun is contained in current-

Modeling and Evaluation of Thermal Diffusivity and Activation Energy of Potato slices in Forced Convection Multi Tray Solar Dryer
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Abstract In the work being presented, the modeling and analysis of thermal diffusivity and activation energy of high moisture potato slices in multi tray solar dryer has been investigated. Thin layer drying experiments were conducted on potato slices kept in multi

Stability and Reliability Improvement in Solar Wind Hybrid Power System with Battery EnergyStorage Station
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Abstract: Renewable energy systems, such as photovoltaic (PV) and wind power generation (WPG), are live a more and more important role in energy production. However, the output power of PV are usually strongly fluctuant due to the uncertainty and intermittence of solar

Performance Evaluation and Simulation of Solar Panel, Wind Mill, Fuel Cell Hybrid System for Small Scale Energy Harvesting
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Abstract:With depleting conventional energy resources, whole world is now looking for alternatives to meet energy demands. One of the solutions is renewable energy which is non- exhaustible and non-polluting, but problem is intermittent nature of these energies. Hybrid

Discovering Opportunities in the Solar Energy Industry: A Subjectivistic View of Entrepreneurial Activity
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ABSTRACT Using the subjectivist view of entrepreneurship, the focus of this paper centers on understanding how certain individuals have created opportunities in the solar energy industry. An in-depth case study is developed to analyse the subjectivist character of

Hot water concrete tank to store solar generated energy
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Abstract The solar energy flux reaching the earth equals about 6000 times the current global energy consumption. Although solar energy is abundant, clean and safe, its supply is intermittent and irregular. Therefore, a considerable amount of energy should be stored

Evaluation of solar photovoltaic Levelized Cost of Energy for PV grid parity analysis in Malaysia
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ABSTRACT The Malaysian Government, under the Renewable Energy Act 2011 and the introduction of Feed-in Tariff (FiT) scheme has identified solar Photovoltaic (PV) system as one of the promising renewable resources that could generate 'green'electricity for the

Pathways Towards Renewable Energy in China: Prospects, Politics and Practices-Solar
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Abstract This paper examines pathways towards solar energy in China with a specific focus on prospects, politics and practices. It examines two different solar energy technologies, namely solar photovoltaic (PV) and solar water heaters. The paper investigates two case

A Study on Energy Crisis and Social Benefit of Solar Energy.
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Abstract:Growing consumption of energy has also resulted in the country becoming increasingly dependent on fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas. Rising prices of oil, gas and coal and potential shortages in future lead to concerns about the security of energy supply

The Business of Energy Policy: Analyzing the impacts of policies and businesses on solarelectricity rates in Massachusetts
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Abstract The solar energy industry in the United States currently leads the renewable energy market in annual growth. In 2013, newly installed solar capacity surpassed that of wind. However, cost competitiveness with conventional fuels must be achieved in order for solar

Energy Efficiency Motivations and Actions of California Solar Homeowners
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ABSTRACT Individuals who invest in solar photovoltaic (PV) systems can realize many benefits from energy efficiency measures. When performed before the installation of a PV system, energy efficiency upgrades can reduce the size of the PV system needed to offset
In this paper, energy and exergy analyses of an absorption cooling system using H 2 O/LiBr and solar energy as heat source are conducted. A simple schematic of a chiller and an improved one, are compared using Thermoptim and EES software. An increase in the

Optimization of Smart Grid Solar Energy Application
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This paper presents an approach to modeling of renewable energy integration into Smart Grid for Electric Vehicle charging applications. Integration of renewable energy sources to smart grid is not only the key to smart Electric Vehicle charging but also the most efficient way to

Effect of large Bi-Exciton binding energy in CdSe/CdTe QD MEG solar cells
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By increasing the exciton-exciton attractive (so called the bi-exciton, Bxx) interaction in colloidal QD's, a low threshold, relative to QD's optical gap (Eg), can be achieved which is essential for increasing the efficiency on the multi-exciton generation (MEG) solar cells [1].

Novel System for Distributed Energy Generation from a Small Scale Concentrated SolarPower
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Abstract The present work describes the realization of a modular 1-3 kWe, 3-9 kWth micro Combined Heat and Power (m-CHP) system based on innovative Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and Stirling engine technology. The cogeneration of energy at distributed level is

Geothermal, Energy Efficiency, and Solar PV Opportunities at Nissan USE
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May 20-23, 2014 Page 14. Conclusion 500+ acres of solar would be needed to offset this plant's energy emissions Solar unlikely to meet Nissan's investment criteria Subsidies have a major impact on project economics Investigate on-site solar on commercial

Solar PV Powered Energy Efficient LED Lighting System for a Class Room
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Abstract This paper presents the design of Solar PV based LED lighting system suitable for a class room. The model of class room is created using DIALux 4.11 and LED lighting system is provided inside the room for illumination. The design calculations of the lighting are

An Energy Efficient Solar Power Conditioning System Using High Frequency Inverters
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Abstract: This paper proposes an efficient and reliable solar powered high frequency inverter. High frequency range is suggested so that transformer size and hence core loss is reduced. A single Microcontroller unit is used to drive the HF inverter with Pulse Width

Solar-Powered Wireless Sensor Network's Energy Gathering Technology
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IMPACT OF EXTERNAL WEATHER CONDITIONS ON THE SOLAR ENERGYEXPLOITATION
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ABSTRACT: When the amount of exhaustible energy resources in the world are slowly reducing and the prices of fossil fuels are increasing proportionately, expert and scientific community tries to find alternative sources of energy. Use of solar radiation has huge

Alternative energy source from Earth s core, combined accumulation of solar energy–downhole heat exchangers with heat pump
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ABSTRACT The article offers new technical solutions for solar energy accumulation around the vertical downhole heat exchangers (DHE) in the surface of Earth s crust (depth of up to 100 m). In order for the Vertical DHEs to be more efficient and reach

Concentrated Evacuated Tubes for Solar-Thermal Energy Generation using Stirling Engine
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A. Der Minassians and S. Sanders, Multiphase Stirling Engines, Winston, PRINCIPLES OF SOLAR CONCENTRATORS OF A NOVEL DESIGN, Solar

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF EFFECT OF WIND ENERGY ON HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT IN TRAPEZOIDAL AND RECTANGULAR SHAPE OF
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Professor, Mechtronics and Mechanical Engineering Department UVPatel College inAbstract The Box type Solar Cooker is the simplest device to convert solar energy

DESIGN AND MODELING THE F-F CHART METHOD FOR ACTIVE SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS
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ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to show how to implement the f-f chart method with Scilab. This model can be used to calculate the solar fraction for hot water production with respect to the global request. This Scilab code can be used to estimate the

THE IMPACT OF SOLAR UNCERTAINTY ON PROJECT FINANCEABILITY: MITIGATING ENERGY RISK THROUGH ON-SITE MONITORING
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with higher accuracy. As with the wind industry, the need for site-specific data to accurately characterize solar energy production is becoming apparent2, increasing the magnitude of financial risk for Page 2. investors. In most

WAREHOUSE MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT WITH THE HELP OF WSNs  SOLAR ENERGY
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MK Tyagi, B Raviteja, R Koduri 75  ABSTRACT In present situation every technology is changing their faces into wireless technology. This paper is concerned with management and maintenance of warehouse with the help of Wireless sensor networks (WSN) and solar energy as an

Model to Calculate PV Array Altitude and Azimuth Angles to Maximize Energy and Demand Revenues from Measured Hourly Solar Radiation and Building Use
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Research Associate II at the Colorado Climate Center, March 2012 (4) Duffie, John A. and William A. Beckman, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes (Third Edition), John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ, (2006) (5) Erbs, DG, SA Klein, and JA Duffie, Solar Energy,

Campo Verde Solar Energy Project Protocol Burrowing Owl Survey Report
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The Burrowing Owl is a California Species of Special Concern and a BLM sensitive species. It is protected by the MBTA and California FishGame Code §§ 3503, 3503.5, 3513. Nesting occurs from March through August (Haug et al. 1993). Burrowing

Solar and wind energy portfolios and real–time pricing
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Making renewable energy sources like solar and wind more reliable is a major concern for national and global economic interests. This paper creates portfolios of wind and solar energy in an attempt to find a more stable output than either energy source can produce

Forecasting a change in technology: are Dye–sensitised Solar Cells a source of ubiquitous energy?
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Organic Org. Polymer 5.15 ± 0.3 1.021 0.876 9.39 62.5 NREL 2006 Organic (sub-module) 3.5 ± 0.3 208.4 8.620 0.847 48.3 NREL 2009 FhG-ISE: Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems in Freiburg, Germany;NREL: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gloden

Reduction of Energy Consumption Through using Solar Heating and Ventilation
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The calculated values are being summarised for the selected time interval to obtain the quantity of solar energy (irradiation) on the Earth surface. One of the possible outputs from the model are time series for the selected grid points.

Solar-Energy Drying Systems
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Energy is important for the existence and development of humankind and is a key issue in international politics, the economy, military preparedness, and diplomacy. To reduce the impact of conventional energy sources on the environment, much attention

A PZT Based Capacitor for Direct Solar Energy Harvesting and Storing
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we present a Solar Energy harvesting and storing system. The solar energy is converted to electric charge by photosensitizing film and the charge generated is stored between the upper membrane and lower membrane of a

Sun-Tracking System in Solar Energy Application
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One of the wide applications for automation in the area of solar energy is sun- tracking system in which control theory is employed to drive the solar collector or concentrator towards the sun in all times. Sun-tracking system can allow the solar collector

Modeling a solar energy system for required heat and electricity of a house
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ABSTRACT In attaining sustainable development, energy efficiency processes and sustainable energy resources play an important role. The use of renewable energies offers a wide range of benefits and low CO2-emision. A sustainable energy system may

Advancement of Knowledge and Use of Solar Energy
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 ABSTRACT. At the height of the Industrial Revolution, during times when the supply of fossil fuels (ie. oil and coal) were seemingly endless, there were a few people who were concerned about the future of the nation once these nonrenewable sources have

Use of Renewable Energy to Ensure the Thermal Independence for a Living Building Using Solar Hybrid Systems
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often leads to the need for a global criterion (economic). Key words: heat pump; solar energy; solar collector; efficiency; cost. 1. Introduction Improving energy efficiency of industrial processes and residential, stands – largely