AI artificial intelligence IEEE PAPERS AND PROJECTS-2020



Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving.



The Relation of Artificial Intelligence with Internet Of Things: A survey
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Internet Of Things (IOT) is a network of various devices that are connected over the internet and they can collect and exchange data with each other, These IOT devices generate a lot of data that needs to be collected and mined for actionable results through use artificial

Towards an artificial intelligence framework for data-driven prediction of coronavirus clinical severity
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The virus SARS-CoV which causes coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has become a pandemic and has spread to every inhabited continent. Given the increasing caseload, there is an urgent need to augment clinical skills in order to identify from among the many mildThis paper provides an early evaluation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) against COVID-19. The main areas where AI can contribute to the fight against COVID-19 are discussed. It is concluded that AI has not yet been impactful against COVID-19. Its use is hampered by a

On Defining Differences Between Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence
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In On Defining Artificial Intelligence Pei Wang (2019) presents the following definition: Intelligence is the capacity of an information-processing system to adapt to its environment while operating with insufficient knowledge and resources. Wangs definition is

Artificial intelligence and machine learning: What managers need to know
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In 200 Ken Jennings set a record for the largest total winnings and longest undefeated streak on the television game show Jeopardy ($2.5 million and 74 days, respectively). In 201 IBM invited Jeopardy to present the show from its artificial intelligence (AI) base inThe spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has already assumed pandemic proportions, affecting over 100 countries in few weeks. A global response is needed to prepare health systems worldwide. Covid-19 can be diagnosed both

Artificial intelligence in the battle against coronavirus (COVID-19): a survey and future research directions
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Artificial intelligence (AI) has been applied widely in our daily lives in a variety of ways with numerous successful stories. AI has also contributed to dealing with the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, which is currently happening around the globe. This paper presentsThis article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2020. Other selected articles can be found online at https://www. biomedcentral. com/collections/annualupdate2020. Further information about the AnnualArtificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to significantly disrupt the way radiology will be practiced in the near future, but several issues need to be resolved before AI can be widely implemented in daily practice. These include the role of the different stakeholders in theLandslides are phenomena widely present around the world and responsible each year of numerous life loss and extensive property damage. Researchers have developed various methodologies to identify area of high susceptibility of landslides. However, theseThe increasing use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for making decisions in public affairs has sparked a lively debate on the benefits and potential harms of self-learning technologies, ranging from the hopes of fully informed and objectively taken decisions to fear for theBackground Imaging mass spectrometry (imaging MS) is an enabling technology for spatial metabolomics of tissue sections with rapidly growing areas of applications in biology and medicine. However, imaging MS data is polluted with off-sample ions caused by sampleArtificial intelligence has been back on the stage of research works in all the walks in recently years, the sharply increase of AI-based work have shown its potential to be a future direction for almost all disciplines. In oil and gas industry, AI technology is also doubtlessly aFueled by ever-growing amounts of (digital) data and advances in artificial intelligence decision-making in contemporary societies is increasingly delegated to automated processes. Drawing from social science theories and from the emerging body of researchThe COVID-19 pandemic started in Italy in February with an exponential growth that has exceeded the number of cases reported in China. Italian radiology departments found themselves at the forefront in the management of suspected and positive COVID cases, bothWe describe our connectomics pipeline for processing anterograde tracer injection data for the brain of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Brain sections were imaged using a batch slide scanner (NanoZoomer 2.0-HT) and we used artificial intelligence to preciselyRecycled aggregate concrete is used as an alternative material in construction engineering, aiming to environmental protection and sustainable development. However, the compressive strength of this concrete material is considered as a crucial parameter and anThe discovery of molecular structures with desired properties for applications in drug discovery, crop protection, or chemical biology is among the most impactful scientific challenges. However, given the complexity of biological systems and the associated cost for

Urban Artificial Intelligence : From Automation to Autonomy in the Smart City. Front. Sustain
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Technological innovation is constantly reshaping the materiality and mechanics of smart-city initiatives. Recently, innovation in artificial intelligence (AI) in the shape of self-driving cars, robots and city brains, has been pushing the so-called smart city to morph into anThe development of additive manufacturing (AM) technologies, also known as 3D printing, has increased in recent years [ 2]. Because 3D printing can produce geometrically complex parts without accessories (eg, fixtures and molds)[ 4], it has been applied to aPerson accumulates sensual information, most of all, through the visual and perception system. He develops intelligence on the basis of feeling-knowledge. New feeling-knowledge contributes to the development of skills and accumulation of behavioral and professional

The pLoc_bal-mGpos is a powerful artificial intelligence tool for predicting the subcellular localization of Gram-positive bacterial proteins according to their
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Recently a very useful web-server, or AI ( Artificial Intelligence ) tool, has been established for predicting the subcellular localization of Gram-positive bacterial proteins purely according to their sequences information for the multi-label systems , in which a same proteinJust as the business of medicine was once considered outside the domain of the orthopedic surgeon, we report evidence that demonstrates these emerging applications of AI warrant ownership, leverage, and application by the orthopedic surgeon to better serve their patients

Development of a CitSci and artificial intelligence supported gis platform for landslide data collection
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Geospatial data are fundamental to understand the relationship between the geographical events and the Earth dynamics. Although the geospatial technologies aid geodata collection, the increasing possibilities yield new application areas and cause even a greaterAdvanced AI systems are rapidly making their way into medical research and practice, and, arguably, it is only a matter of time before they will surpass human practitioners in terms of accuracy, reliability, and knowledge. If this is true, practitioners will have a prima facieThe ongoing datafication of our social reality has resulted in the emergence of new data- based business models. This development is also reflected in the education market. An increasing number of educational technology (EdTech) companies are entering the

Primary Care Artificial Intelligence : A Branch Hiding in Plain Sight
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195 to understand why decisions are made. Policy makers have even suggested that artificial intelligence systems need to provide explanations for their decisions before being deployed in health care. 6 Once implemented, another concern is that these tools magnify

Guidelines for quality assurance of machine learning-based artificial intelligence
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Great efforts are currently underway to develop industrial applications for artificial intelligence (AI), especially those using machine learning (ML) techniques. Despite the intensive support for building ML applications, there are still challenges when it comes toThe role of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare for pregnant women. To assess the role of AI in womens health, discover gaps, and discuss the future of AI in maternal health. A systematic review of English articles using EMBASE, PubMed, and SCOPUS. Search terms

Cellular automaton based on the golden mean number system as a foundation for artificial intelligence and artificial life
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The work deals ultimately with a daring and profound hypothesis proposing that a form of artificial life can be initiated from an empty set Aether at a complexity parameter ??= 0.27316. This parameter is deeply linked to electromagnetism and the fundamental blocks from whichAbstract Purpose of Review We review applications of artificial intelligence (AI), including machine learning (ML), in the field of HIV prevention. Recent Findings ML approaches have been used to identify potential candidates for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in healthcare by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms

Evaluation of inflammatory markers in childhood-onset psychiatric disorders by using artificial intelligence architectures
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Objective: One of the mechanisms proposed in the etiology of psychiatric disorders is the immunological and inflammatory processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte/lymphocyte

What Is Artificial Intelligence
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Journal of Artificial General Intelligence 11 (2) 52-5 Submitted 2019-10-11 DOI: 10.2478/jagi-2020-0003 Accepted 2019-11-07 What Is Artificial Intelligence William J. Rapaport RAPAPORT@ BUFFALO Whether modeled on humans or not, AI has also tended to beAccurate estimation of reference evapotranspiration (ET o) is profoundly crucial in crop modeling, sustainable management, hydrological water simulation, and irrigation scheduling, since it accounts for more than two-thirds of global precipitation losses

Scope of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
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Artificial Intelligence concept is becoming popular in search engines, voice recognition Softwares, biometric recognition Softwares, automatic vehicles, healthcare electronic device. With the assistance of Artificial Intelligence clinicians can sort out the relevant informationRoad traffic environments are highly dynamic and volatile with a multitude of roadside and external environmental factors contributing to its dynamicity. Apart from infrastructure-related means such as traffic lights, planned and unplanned road events and different road

On the Governance of Artificial Intelligence through Ethics Guidelines
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This article uses a socio-legal perspective to analyse the use of ethics guidelines as governance tool in the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI). This has become a central policy area in several large jurisdictions, including China and Japan, as well as theObjective To enhance the positive predictive value (PPV) of chest digital tomosynthesis (DTS) in the lung cancer detection with the analysis of radiomics features. Method The investigation was carried out within the SOS clinical trial (NCT03645018) for lung cancerProcess automation, cloud technology, machine learning, big data analytics, and the Internet of things have changed the fundamental pillars of the high tech industry, according to Deloittes report «The Future of Working in the World of Technology. The Harvard Business

Formation and Management of Industry 5.0 by Systems with Artificial Intelligence and Technological Singularity
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The level of education, training of researchers and technologists and international scientific, technological and technological development allows the world community to gradually move to the formation and management of the industry 5.0 through the cognitive technologicalBackground This study aimed to determine conditional dependence relationships of variables that contribute to psychological vulnerability associated with suicide risk. A Bayesian network (BN) was developed and applied to establish conditional dependence

Artificial intelligence in dentistry: Current applications and future perspectives
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Artificial intelligence (AI) encompasses a broad spectrum of emerging technologies that continue to influence daily life. The evolution of AI makes the analysis of big data possible, which provides reliable information and improves the decision-making process. This article

Artificial intelligence ethics, equity and higher education
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AI is all around us, infused in everyday computing applications and the automation of organisational processes and systems. From search engines, to smartphone assistants, to systems that evaluate job and loan applications, online product recommendations, and the

AI: A Crowd-Sourced Criterion. A Commentary on Pei Wangs Paper On Defining Artificial Intelligence
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Since Wittgensteins discussion (Wittgenstein, 1953) of the term game,and other terms, in his Philosophical Investigations, there has been an air of suspicion over definitions amongst philosophers. The kinds of concerns which Wittgenstein raised seem to apply to Wangs

Rebuilding the cadastral map of The Netherlands, the artificial intelligence solution
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SUMMARY The Dutch Cadastral Map does fit its design goal; it is a complete and topologically correct index to the cadastral registration. However, its graphical quality of about 0.5 meter doesnt seem to be accurate enough in a future where people want to zoomAbstract Background The World Health Organization (WHO) called for global action towards the elimination of cervical cancer. One of the main strategies is to screen 70% of women at the age between 35 and 45 years and 90% of women managed appropriately by 2030. SoObjectives In Japan, endoscopic resection (ER) is often used to treat esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) when invasion depths are diagnosed as EP-SM whereas ESCC cases deeper than SM2 are treated by surgical operation or chemoradiotherapy. ThereforeDeveloping a reliable classification model for drilling pipe stuck is crucial for decision- makers in the petroleum drilling rig. Artificial intelligence (AI) includes several machine learning (ML) algorithms that are used for efficient predictive analytics, optimization, and

Artificial Intelligence for COVID-19 Drug Discovery and Vaccine Development. Front
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SARS-COV-2 has roused the scientific community with a call to action to combat the growing pandemic. At the time of this writing, there are as yet no novel antiviral agents or approved vaccines available for deployment as a frontline defense. Understanding the pathobiology of The extent to which pricing executives consider consumer perceptions of deception, fairness, and social justice is positioned within an emerging area of research that triangulates the dynamic between legal constraints, ethical considerations, and algorithmicAbstract My first long haul flight that didnt fill up and an empty row for me. I have been blessed by the algorithm . The phrase blessed by the algorithmexpresses the feeling of having been fortunate in what appears on your feed on various social media platforms, or inNeural networks can approximate the neuron information of all quantitative or qualitative nonlinear relationship, any complex is stored in the potential distribution in the network. It has strong robustness and fault tolerance, using the parallel distribution processing method

Artificial Intelligence : A Tool for COVID-19 Surface Detection
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Accepted: 20/July/20 Online: 31/July/2020 Abstract This paper provides an alternative to detect microorganisms using Artificial Intelligence (AI). The limitation of the human eye can be equipped with magnifying tools to see microorganisms like viruses. The

Immunoscore workflow enhanced by artificial intelligence
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HalioDx Immunoscore is an CE-IVD/CLIA test helpful to assess the risk of relapse of colon cancer patients and to predict the response to chemotherapy 2. To determine the Immunoscore CD3+ and CD8+ cells must be counted in two ROI: the core of the tumor (CT)The shift to e-commerce has led to an astonishing increase in online sales for retailers. However, the number of returns made on online purchases is also increasing and have a profound impact on retailers operations and profit. Hence, retailers need to balance

On Defining Artificial Intelligence
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I thank the commentators for the valuable time they put into studying and responding to the target article (Wang). They provide a wide range of perspectives on the topic representing the major positions in the field on this issue. In this response I will (1) addressAs artificial intelligence (AI) is enabling the automation of many facets of management and is increasingly used in a wide range of strategic tasks, it is necessary to better understand its relevance for strategic management. However, research on the interplay of AI and strategic

Artificial intelligence in health care: The hope, the hype, the promise, the peril
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NOTICE: This publication has undergone peer review according to procedures established by the National Academy of Medicine (NAM). Publication by the NAM signifies that it is the product of a carefully considered process and is a contribution worthy of public attention, butAbstract Information technology is so ubiquitous and AIs progress so inspiring that also legal professionals experience its benefits and have high expectations. At the same time, the powers of AI have been rising so strongly that it is no longer obvious that AI applications