cryptography IEEE PAPER 2022


cryptography is used to protect digital data. It is a division of computer science that focuses on transforming data into formats that cannot be recognized by unauthorized users. An example of basic cryptography is a encrypted message in which letters are replaced with other characters.





Abstract: This paper reviews the concept of cryptography and some of the cryptographic algorithms. It discusses the importance of cryptography and how it is useful in the data security

Development of Cryptography since Shannon
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We do get into history of classical cryptography due to the lack of space in this paper, and recommend a new and well-written book for interested readers, History of Cryptography

Quantum Cryptography A Simplified Undergraduate Experiment and Simulation
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The first quantum cryptography cryptography in the market remains limited, as several obstacles prevent the industrial transfer of classical cryptography into quantum cryptography .

Rolling up lattice cryptography primes
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Lattice cryptography uses fixed primes. Kolmogorov s descriptional complexity of the primes might interest the numerically curious. Table 1: Word lengths of roll programs Cryptography is the most succsessful technique used for analyzed various algorithms of cryptography and steganography for steganography along with cryptography for obtaining good

Cryptography
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Cryptography ▶ Jonathan Katz, Yehuda Lindell: Introduction to Modern Cryptography Chapman Hall/CRC Hankerson, Menezes, Vanstone: Guide to Elliptic Curve

The Rise of Quantum Cryptography
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In recent years, quantum cryptography emerged and with it, the risk of losing secure communication in the quantum age. Current researchers give estimates on how long we have until

A CRITICAL REVIEW ON CRYPTOGRAPHY AND HASHING ALGORITHM SHA-512
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all the information about Cryptography and Hashing algorithms. Cryptography perform crucial In Cryptography the algorithms are developed in such a way to obtain ones goals. The set

A Survey on Bit keys in Cryptography
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A key in cryptography is defined as a piece of information that determines the functional output of an algorithm or cipher. In the process of Encryption, a key specifies the conversion of a

Review on Cryptography Using Quantum Computing
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leading to the evaluation of quantum cryptography . Quantum cryptography is one of the emerging topics in the field of computer industry. This article focuses on quantum cryptography

BALANCED BIPARTITE TREES IN CRYPTOGRAPHY
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Mathematical concepts of Graph Theory, particularly labelled graphs which can be used to increase security in data transfer serve a very useful purpose in Cryptography . The field of

Cryptography the art of coding
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computing, namely cryptography which is the art of coding and decoding secret messages. actually refer to what we call cryptography . Cryptography is the process of communicating a Lattice-based cryptography is known for its versatility, bringing forth among others quantum cryptography ie cryptography that is secure even in the presence of quantum computers.

Quantum cryptography and its application frontiers
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quantum cryptography towards a revised vision that we call realworld quantum cryptography (rwqc that has already occurred around real-world cryptography [RWC]. Rwqc emerges as a

An anonymous SIP authenticated key agreement protocol based on elliptic curve cryptography
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Designing a secure authentication scheme for session initial protocol (SIP) over internet protocol (VoIP) networks remains challenging. In this paper, we revisit the protocol of Zhang,This survey reviews the two most prominent group-oriented anonymous signature schemes and analyzes the existing approaches for their problem: balancing anonymity against

Cryptography Techniques for Software Security
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Cryptography was introduced to get the security service in the proper manner. There are three types of cryptography . This paper presents some methods which provide encryption and

Implementers Guide to Hardware Implementations Compliant with the Hardware API for Lightweight Cryptography version 1.2. 0
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The primary purpose of this publication is to provide support and guidance for hardware designers interested in efficient implementation and benchmarking of submissions to the NIST

UNEQUAL PARTITE SETS IN BIPARTITE TREES WITH USE OF LINEAR ALGEBRA IN CRYPTOGRAPHY
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In this paper, labelled Bipartite Trees with both unequal and equal partite sets and employing certain graph labelling schemes namely harmonious, graceful, sequential and felicitous

Problems in Discrete Probability Theory and Cryptography
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format preserving encryption in cryptography and the second is So instead, in cryptography what we usually look for is a we will go over the random oracle model of cryptography .

Effective Load Balancing and Security in Cloud using Modified Particle Swarm Optimization Technique and Enhanced Elliptic Curve Cryptography Algorithm
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to 30ms of decryption comparison time related to the comparative cryptography algorithms. To protect the outsourced cloud data, a significant cryptography or encryption method is

A VISUAL CRYPTOGRAPHY BASED DATA HIDING TECHNIQUE FOR SECRET DATA ENCRYPTION AND DECRYPTION
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In this research paper discuss the noble secret data hiding techniques in image encryption and decryption. In the last era cybercrime is increasers rapidly. Due to this large number of

Enhancing the Integrity of Cloud Computing by Comparison between Blowfish and RSA Cryptography Algorithms
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Cloud computing is a new architecture that has released users from hardware requirements and complexity but the rapid transition toward clouds has many concerns related to security.

Multiplier for quantum cryptography algorithms in FPGA
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Hence the field of Cryptography has gained success in modern times, especially today, where the advance of quantum computing could make the cryptography system less secure by

Quantum Computers: Theory to Certainty, Are We Ready For a Newage of Encryption, Cryptography and Spoofing
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Furthermore, the collapse of our modern cryptography methods would produce a society and economy to which signing documents electronically, safely communicating, and

Semilinear Transformations in Coding Theory: A New Technique in Code-Based Cryptography
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This paper presents a new technique for disturbing the algebraic structure of linear codes in code-based cryptography . Specifically, we introduce the so-called semilinear

Analysis of Tools and Techniques in cryptography
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under the category of cryptography . Therefore cryptography is the study of computer science that deals with different procedures and activities to scramble and unscramble the data.

A Bibliography of Publications on Cryptography : 2019
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[AG1 BCHL1 BdD1 DK0 DK0 DK1 Gas1 G1 Gre19b, HPS0 JSK+1 KL0 KL1 LLK1 Low1 Mei Men13a, Sch15a, SOG1 Sta11c, Big0 CM1 Buc10

A Complete Bibliography of Publications in Designs, Codes, and Cryptography
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A Complete Bibliography of Publications in Designs, Codes, and Cryptography Codes, and Cryptography Cryptography [15 36 4 43 49 54 55 55 56 600, 77 810

Digital Cryptography Implementation using Neurocomputational Model with Autoencoder Architecture
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An Autoencoder is an artificial neural network used for unsupervised learning and for dimensionality reduction. In this work, an Autoencoder has been used to encrypt and decrypt

The Security of 3GPP-MAC in the Reduction-based Cryptography
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The standardized integrity algorithm f9 of the 3GPP algorithm computes a MAC (Message Authentication Code) to establish the integrity and the data origin of the signalling data over a

Quantum Computings Impact on General Cryptography Implementations
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The Race for Quantum Supremacy in the 2nd decade of the 21st Century will shape future markets and societal trends much as the Arms Race and the Race to the Moon created

Implementations on identity-based signature schemes based on variants of CSIDH
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Identity-based cryptography are one of main high functional applications for a modern as one of promising candidates for post-quantum cryptography (PQC for short). In this paper, we

Implementation of Cryptographic Algorithm for Cloud Data Security
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to compromise or defeat the security achieved by cryptography . Mathematics is the foundation of cryptography and cryptanalysis. Cryptography is commonly associated with encryption,

Research On Security and Protection Strategy of Computer Data Based on Blockchain
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chain technology from three aspects: cryptography technology, secure communication technology In cryptography algorithms such as symmetric encryption and public-key cryptography

A study of the Kipnis-Shamir approach against the Rainbow signature scheme
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Due to its efficiency, the Rainbow scheme gets attention in the area of post-quantum cryptography (PQC) . In fact, the Rainbow scheme is selected as a finalist candidate of NIST PQC

Bernoulli Logistic Map Encryption Algorithm for Digital Images
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CHAOS BASED CRYPTOGRAPHY CHAOS BASED CRYPTOGRAPHY CHAOS BASED CRYPTOGRAPHY

ENCRYPTION TECHNOLOGIES AND CIPHERS
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AES algorithms have both substantial advantages in managing cryptography in every case. Firstly, when having to do with the type of cryptography for each algorithm, the AES belongs

Implementation and Comparison of File Security Using AES, DES and RSA and Anomaly Detection in Videos Using Convolutional Auto Encoder
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Cryptography is the process of reading and writing secret cryptography is the process when using the same keys for both encryption and decryption. Whereas asymmetric cryptography

DATA ENCRYPTION WITH IMPROVISED ALGORITHM BASED HOSOYA POLYNOMIAL AND PERMUTATION FUNCTION
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The difference between cryptography and hiding information. Cryptography is a discipline of we examined the defects of known definitions of contrast of the VCSvisual cryptography

Martin Kleppmann (lecture materials by Markus Kuhn)
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Aims This course provides an overview of basic modern cryptographic techniques and covers essential concepts that users of cryptographic standards need to understand to achieve

lecture materials by Markus Kuhn
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Aims This course provides an overview of basic modern cryptographic techniques and covers essential concepts that users of cryptographic standards need to understand to achieve

Influence of Soot Aerosol on Satellite-ground Quantum Communication Performance
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and quantum cryptography . Quantum cryptography also known as quantum cryptography Quantum secure communication based on quantum cryptography has become a potential

Hyper Elliptic Curve Based Certificateless Signcryption Scheme for Secure IIoT Communications
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In this paper, we propose a hyperelliptic curve cryptography (HECC) based IIoT HECC with 80-bit smaller key and parameters sizes offers similar security as elliptic curve cryptography (

Cryptographic hash functions based on Triplet and Sextet graphs
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A hash function is one of most important concepts as a primitive in cryptography . Especially, It became the key ingredient of constructing one of main Isogeny-based cryptography such This work develops a secure cryptographybased medical image reclamation algorithm based on a combination of techniques: discrete cosine transform, steganography, and watermark

Analyzing the Data of Software Security Life-Span: Quantum Computing Era
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For software security, we use different cryptography (methods or algorithms to secure our The main challenges in quantum era would be cryptography methods that fulfill the demands of

Securing the Electoral E-Voting System Using Blockchain Technology
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Cryptography is a type of message digest in which checksums are calculated based on the messages contents. Cryptography is which is basically public key cryptography in its most This research paper, propose a framework with a base of Elliptical Curve Cryptography (ECC) to perform secure financial transactions through Virtual Private Network (VPN) by

A Fractional Fourier Based Medical Image Authentication Approach
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medical image cryptography approaches of the chaos theory and elliptic curve cryptography is and JPEG2000 techniques is proposed for partial cryptography of medical data with low

Research Statement Kushankur Dutta
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Currently my research works are focused on symmetric key cryptography specially provable security. My primary problems are based on Message Authentication Code or MAC (a type

Complete Graph and Hamiltonian Cycle in Encryption andDecryption
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labelings in cryptography . gives concepts on graph based cryptography whereas some In this section we provide the basic concepts of Graph Theory and Cryptography which are

Four Classes of Perfect Nonlinear Functions
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Let q= pn and p be an odd prime. Let Fq be a finite field of characteristic p. A function f: Fq→ Fq is called perfect non-linear or planar, if for every non-zero b∈ Fq the discrete derivative f (

AZURE QUANTUM AN EMERGING QUANTUM COMPUTING ECOSYSTEM
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Quantum computing is future computing that will bring revolution in the life of the computing world. With the help of the Quantum computing world, computing has become millions of

Research Statement Arijit Shaw
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has seen some interesting application in cryptography , Automating CCA in cryptography , summarizing transmission hard problems from cryptography and software verification

Remodeled RSA Algorithm for Messages of Length Two Employing G-Primes
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Now-a-days, the exchange of sensitive information, such as credit card numbers, over the internet is common practice. Protecting data and electronic systems is crucial to our way of

Use of network and cyber security tools to counter the security obstacles
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and services is cryptography . Secret writing is the term used in Greek cryptography . It is end using cryptography . This eliminates the possibility of data theft during transmission .Visual cryptography is a new secret sharing cryptography it has the advantages of concealment, security, and the simplicity of secret recovery. The method of visual cryptography

Unified Program Generation and Verification: A Case Study on Number-Theoretic Transform
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code is far from obvious, such as cryptography . This work presents a unified approach to form, a key building block in lattice-based cryptography . Our strategy for verification is based on

cryptography IEEE PAPER 2021




High-assurance cryptography in the spectre era
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High-assurance cryptography leverages methods from program verification and cryptography engineering to deliver efficient cryptographic software with machine-checked proofs of memory safety, functional correctness, provable security, and absence of timing

SoK: How (not) to Design and Implement Post-Quantum Cryptography .
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Post-quantum cryptography has known a Cambrian explosion in the last decade. What started as a very theoretical and mathematical area has now evolved into a sprawling research field, complete with side-channel resistant embedded implementations, large scale

On the Possibility of Basing Cryptography on \EXP≠\BPP.
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Abstract Liu and Pass (FOCS20) recently demonstrated an equivalence between the existence of oneway functions (OWFs) and mild average-case hardness of the time- bounded Kolmogorov complexity problem. In this work, we establish a similar equivalence

Combined Fault and DPA Protection for Lattice-Based Cryptography .
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The progress on constructing quantum computers and the ongoing standardization of post- quantum cryptography (PQC) have led to the development and refinement of promising new digital signature schemes and key encapsulation mechanisms (KEM). Especially lattice

Masked Accelerators and Instruction Set Extensions for Post-Quantum Cryptography .
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Side-channel attacks can break mathematically secure cryptographic systems leading to a major concern in applied cryptography . While the cryptanalysis and security evaluation of Post-Quantum Cryptography (PQC) have already received an increasing research effort, a

Attacking and Defending Masked Polynomial Comparison for Lattice-Based Cryptography .
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In this work, we are concerned with the hardening of post-quantum key encapsulation mechanisms (KEM) against side-channel attacks, with a focus on the comparison operation required for the Fujisaki-Okamoto (FO) transform. We identify critical vulnerabilities in two

High-Speed NTT-based Polynomial Multiplication Accelerator for CRYSTALS-Kyber Post-Quantum Cryptography
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This paper demonstrates an architecture for accelerating the polynomial multiplication using number theoretic transform (NTT). Kyber is one of the finalists in the third round of the NIST post-quantum cryptography standardization process. Simultaneously, the performance of

Abstract Modeling of Systems Communication in Constructive Cryptography Using CryptHOL
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Proofs in simulation-based frameworks have the greatest rigor when they are machine checked. But the level of details in these proofs surpasses what the formal-methods community can handle with existing tools. Existing formal results consider streamlined

Low Area PRESENT Cryptography in FPGA Using TRNG-PRNG Key Generation
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Lightweight Cryptography (LWC) is widely used to provide integrity, secrecy and authentication for the sensitive applications. However, the LWC is vulnerable to various constraints such as high-power consumption, time consumption, and hardware utilization

Disappearing Cryptography in the Bounded Storage Model.
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In this work, we study disappearing cryptography in the bounded storage model. Here, a component of the transmission, say a ciphertext, a digital signature, or even a program, is streamed bit by bit. The stream is so large for anyone to store in its entirety, meaning the

Cryptography on Isogeny Graphs
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L Pannyyx7.cc The cover shows the famous th-century woodblock print The Great Wave off Kanagawa () by Japanese artist Hokusai (, c. ). It symbolizes mankinds everlasting struggle against the forces of nature, which bears similarity to the way the laws of mathematics and physics

Quantum Cryptography : The Future of Internet and Security Analysis
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In todays world, the cryptography techniques are used and implemented on the elementary method of finding the prime factor of large integer, which is said to be Inevitable to Track . But living in an era where nothing is impossible to achieve, so cryptography techniques are

Elliptic curve cryptography
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When sending a message online, how do we make sure that the message is not intercepted and read by a third party Cryptography is the study and practice of techniques to keep communication secure from being accessed by third parties In this paper, we discuss how elliptic curves

Adaptively Secure Broadcast in Resource-Restricted Cryptography
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The advent of blockchain protocols has reignited the interest in adaptively secure broadcast, as it is by now well known that broadcasting over a diffusion network allows an adaptive adversary to corrupt the sender depending on the message s/he attempts to send and

Quantum Cryptography : A way of Improving Security of Information
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The main challenge in the current era is how to secure the communication networks on which the information is transmitted from source to destination. Different techniques and algorithms are used for securing the communication system and providing a more secure Quantum computing is not a far-fetched reality. The mathematical model of quantum computing was first proposed by Feynman [18], but the practical implementation has still engineering limitations pertaining to cryogenics. IBM has come up with its small quantum

Asymmetric Key Cryptography based Ad-hoc on Demand Distance Vector Protocol (AC-AODV)
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Disaster is sudden, catastrophic events which origins are natural calamities and man-made, cause greater loss, damage and destruction of life and property. Since there are several geographical areas in the globe in which natural calamities such as flood, earthquake

A Survey of Public-Key Cryptography over Non-Abelian Groups
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Non-abelian group based Cryptography is a field which has become a latest trend in research due to increasing vulnerabilities associated with the abelian group based cryptosystems which are in use at present and the interesting algebraic propertiesIn Page 40 the references . King Jon, Differential Cryptanalysis Tutorial. Available online: http://www. theamazingking. com/crypto-diff. php. . King Jon, Linear Cryptanalysis Tutorial. Available online: http://www. theamazingking. com/crypto-linear. php. , has been It is highly required to secure the video data uploaded on the web cloud serves. Video cryptography (VC) hides the crypto security key on the cipher image on secure images (SI). Video is as sequence of the unsystematic images or frames. Thus, video security is a real In todays world, simply having the capacity to transfer a file from one location to another isnt enough. Businesses today face multiple security threats and a highly competitive environment. So they need a secure file transfer system to protect and reliably transfer their

Learning, Space, and Cryptography
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This is our final project for CS 221 (Computational Complexity), an expository report on [Raz17], which gives samples-space lower bounds (and a fortiori time-space lower bounds) for a broad class of learning problems. Specifically, it is shown that if we consider the

Joint Cryptography and Channel-Coding Based on Low-Density Parity-Check Codes and Advanced Encryption Standard for 5G systems
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Security and reliability issues have always been a big challenge in digital communications. With the emerging 5G technologies, new requirements are introduced where latency reduction is one of the most important. In this paper, a joint security and reliability method is

Algebraic Structural Application of Finite Field () in Cryptography
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Cryptography is the science which associates with the process of converting plain text information into cipher text and vice-versa. Data security concerned cryptography plays vital role in confidentiality, reliability and authenticity in data transmission through public network

Group Structure in Correlations and its Applications in Cryptography
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Correlated random variables are a key tool in cryptographic applications like secure multiparty computation. We investigate the power of a class of correlations that we term group correlations: A group correlation is a uniform distribution over pairs (x, y)∈ G2 such

Analysis of Tools and Techniques in cryptography
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In the epoch of advanced electronic and communication systems, it is being observed most of the times that the information is being assaulted with worms and viruses. To shield the data, a secure and sophisticated cryptosystem is required to devoid any type of dilemma

Post-Quantum Cryptography : Cryptanalysis and Implementation
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Post-quantum cryptography is the field of study and development of cryptographic primitives providing security in the presence of adversaries capable of running large-scale error- tolerant quantum computations. Works in this area span from theoretical analysis of security

Isogenies on public-key cryptography = Isogenias en criptografía de llave pública
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La criptografıa es la práctica y estudio de t cnicas para asegurar las comunicaciones en presencia de terceras personas llamadas adversarios. La criptografıa toma como base problemas computacionalmente difıciles para proveer servicios como autenticación

Study and improved data storage in cloud computing using cryptography
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Cloud computing is becoming a powerful network architecture to perform computing that is both large and complex. We present a cloud computing survey which outlines its core concepts, architectural principles, state-of-the art deployment and research challenges. Due

On the Effect of Projection on Rank Attacks in Multivariate Cryptography
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The multivariate scheme HFEv-used to be considered a promising candidate for a post- quantum signature system. First suggested in the early 2000s, a version of the scheme made it to the third round of the ongoing NIST post-quantum standardization process. In late Researches in Artificial Intelligence (AI) have achieved many important breakthroughs, especially in recent years. In some cases, AI learns alone from scratch and performs human tasks faster and better than humans. With the recent advances in AI, it is natural to wonder

Introduction to Multivariate Cryptography
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RSA is based on Number Theory (Modular Arithmetic). In RSA, each user has a secret key sk=(p, q, d) consisting of two large prime numbers p, q and an integer d (computed in terms of p, q); and a public key pk=(n, e) consisting of n= pq and an integer e (computed also in

Neural network biometric cryptography system
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In this paper, an approach to the construction of a neural network system of biometric authentication is proposed, which allows organizing the distributed stor-age of the base of biometric images and using a secret cryptographic key generated on the basis of the input

Constructive Cryptography in HOL: the Communication Modeling Aspect
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Abstract Constructive Cryptography (CC)[ 9] introduces an abstract approach to composable security statements that allows one to focus on a particular aspect of security proofs at a time. Instead of proving the properties of concrete systems, CC studies system

Cryptanalysis and Modification of Certificateless Blind Signature Scheme using Elliptic Curve Cryptography
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Blind signatures provide authenticity, integrity, nonrepudiation, blindness and untraceability of the message contents. In blind signature, the signer signs the message without revealing the contents of a message. Certificateless blind signature scheme is the combination of

ASIC Benchmarking of Round 2 Candidates in the NIST Lightweight Cryptography Standardization Process
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This report presents area, throughput, and energy results for synthesizing the NIST Lightweight Cryptography Round 2 candidates on five ASIC cell libraries using two different synthesis tool suites. This report is the ASIC complement to the data in the FPGA

SAFE AND SOUND INFORMATION CONTRIBUTION WITHIN MULTI CLOUD SURROUNDINGS BASED ON CRYPTOGRAPHY
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Information respectability and information privacy are 2 significant prerequisites for open cloud climate. Cloud computing has arisen as a long-envisioned vision of the utility figuring worldview which gives dependable and versatile framework to clients to distantly

LIGHTWEIGHT CRYPTOGRAPHY ALGORITHMS FOR POINTS ADDITION AND POINT DOUBLING ON JACOBI ELLIPTIC CURVES USING ANCIENT
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This paper includes lightweight cryptography efficient algorithms for point additions and point doubling on Jacobi elliptic curve using Ancient Mathematics Techniques (AMT). AMT reduces the time complexity occurring in point doubling and point addition in Jacobi elliptic

Applying Neural Networks to Cryptography
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This paper is small part that investigates about methods involved in encryption of data by using cryptographic methods for cell phones and smart devices, by utilizing neural systems method. This is considered as the major problem because of increased in usage of mobileFace Recognition is used for real time application. So reliability is the more important matter for security. Facial Recognition is rapidly becoming area of interest. Face biometrics is useful for authentication that recognizes face. This paper represents secured face recognition




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