AI artificial intelligence-2020


Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving.

The unreasonable effectiveness of deep learning in artificial intelligence
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Deep learning networks have been trained to recognize speech, caption photographs, and translate text between languages at high levels of performance. Although applications of deep learning networks to real-world problems have become ubiquitous, our understanding

Artificial intelligence , big data and intellectual property: protecting computer generated works in the United Kingdom
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Big data and its use by artificial intelligence (AI) is changing the way intellectual property is developed and granted. For decades, machines have been autonomously generating works which have traditionally been eligible for copyright and patent protection. 1 For instance, in

Should Health Care Demand Interpretable Artificial Intelligence or Accept Black Box Medicine
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In recent years, health care applications of artificial intelligence (AI), such as detection of atrial fibrillation from electrocardiography, retinopathy from optical coherence tomography, and in-hospital mortality risk from electronic health records, have emerged (1 3). Artificial

Privacy, values and machines: Predicting opposition to artificial intelligence
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In this study we identify, for the first time, social determinants of opposition to artificial intelligence , based on the assessment of its benefits and risks. Using a national survey in Spain (n= 200) and linear regression models, we show that common explanations Research on intelligent distributed systems has matured during the last decade, and many effective applications are now deployed. The artificial intelligence is changing our society. Its application in distributed environments, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), electronic

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
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Nature Switzerland AG 2020 This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms

Introduction to the Minitrack on Data-driven Government and Artificial Intelligence
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The availability of more and more data along with the evolving methods of processing and analysis result in the rise of a data-driven government. One of the most prominent technological developments in the analysis domain is artificial intelligence . Open This book focuses on the most well-regarded and recent nature-inspired algorithms capable of solving optimization problems with multiple objectives. First, the book provides preliminaries and essential definitions in multi-objective problems and different paradigms to ISSN 2192-8096 ISSN 2192-810X (electronic) Management for Professionals ISBN 978-3-030-25270-0 ISBN 978-3-030-25271-7 (eBook) https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25271

Introduction to the Minitrack on Artificial Intelligence and Big Data Analytics Management, Governance, and Compliance
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Big Data applications are becoming increasingly important strategic assets as they enable organizations to differentiate from their competitors by offering new data-driven products and services, by achieving increased agility in operations

Defining Artificial Intelligence in Policy versus Practice
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The recent flood of concern around issues such as social biases implicit in algorithms, economic impacts of artificial intelligence (AI), and potential existential threats posed by the development of AI technology motivate consideration of regulatory action to forestall or The necessity for the application of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques in the field of remote sensing is exponentially increasing in todays scenario. However, the literatures covering these two broad areas simultaneously are relatively scarce. This is one of the significant The rapid development of modern science and technology is having a profound impact on human society. In particular, as a disruptive technology, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is being widely used in every aspect of the society, drastically changing the world we live in

Recent Trends and Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Internet of Things
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There is an increase in number of physical objects that are being connected to the Internet at an unprecedented rate realizing the idea of the Internet of things (IoT). A recent report states that IoT smart objects are expected to reach 212 billion entities deployed globally by the

Artificial Intelligence Pipeline to Bridge the Gap between Bench Researchers and Clinical Researchers in Precision Medicine
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Precision medicine informatics is a field of research that incorporates learning systems that generate new knowledge to improve individualized treatments using integrated data sets and models. Given the everincreasing volumes of data that are relevant to patient care

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR ENHANCING CLINICAL MEDICINE
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Machine learning and deep learning have revolutionized our ability to analyze and find patterns in multi-dimensional and intricate datasets. As such, these methods have the ability to help us decipher the large volume of data generated within healthcare. These tools hold

Advanced Topics of Artificial Intelligence
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Organization (2) students need to solve 3 tasks for getting a grade task 1: modelling a simple version of the RoboCup Logistics League (RCLL) setting as a planning problem. out 7.11. 2019 in 28.11. 2019 task 2: same as task 1 but using ASP as modelling language. out

Brain Science, Brain-inspired Artificial Intelligence , and Applications in Business and Management
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Brain science and brain-inspired artificial intelligence have the potential for strengthening business and management. Brain-inspired artificial intelligence (AI) uses principles of brain science to build algorithms and AI systems with human-like intelligence . Some concepts (eg

Use of artificial intelligence -based analytics from live colonoscopies to optimize the quality of the colonoscopy exam in real-time: proof of concept
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Use of artificial intelligence -based analytics from live colonoscopies to optimize the quality of the colonoscopy exam in real-time: proof of concept Shyam Thakkar, Neil M. Carleton, Bharat Rao, Aslam Syed PII: S0016-5085(20)30081-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.12

Artificial Intelligence Applications in Medicine: A Rapid Overview of Current Paradigms
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Artificial intelligence (AI) is defined as the ability of a digital machine or computer to accomplish tasks that traditionally have required human intelligence . Simply put, these are machines that can think and learn. AI has become ubiquitous and is now being applied in

Introduction to the Minitrack on AI and Organizing
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Software tools using artificial intelligence ( AI ) methods are now being used within a variety of organizational routines and practices, creating new types of human-machine configurations and playing an increasingly important role in the context of contemporary Economic activities based on the invention, production, and distribution of artificial intelligence ( AI ) technologies have recently emerged worldwide. Yet, little is known about the innovative activities, location, and growth performance of AI innovators. This chapter Data is the oil of the twenty-first century: This is the key phrase that describes and explains the enormous success of AI technologies that we have witnessed over the last decade. This book is trying to outline the possibilities for AI in a field that for now has been left pretty much AIM The twenty-first century is on the verge of a possible total economic and political revolution. Technological advances in robotics, computing and digital communications have the potential to completely transform how people live and work. Even more radically

Online Courses on Machine Learning and Deep Learning: Five Issues Found in a Fully Automated Learning Environment for the Purpose of Scalable AI
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Information technology is becoming increasingly sophisticated and rapidly developing. Although the demand for highly skilled technical human resources is rising, the supply is insufficient. Since this is a global problem, not only industries but also governments have

Introduction to the Minitrack on AI and Cognitive Assistants in Collaboration
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In the field of computer science, as well as in the information systems domain, artificial intelligence ( AI ) constitutes one of the most rapidly growing streams of research. This is mainly due to the fact that technological innovations enable the development of productive

Introduction to the Minitrack on AI and Sustainability: The Use of AI in Sustainability Initiatives
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Sustainable development is currently among the greatest challenges. Sustainability and development are apparently opposite. The current efforts to face the Planet Crisis by separate actions generate less impact than expected. The capacity of available technology

Introduction to the Minitrack on Accountability and Evaluation of AI Algorithms
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Collaboration technologies are now being deployed in developed and developing countries across the globe. Developed regions (such as Western Europe and North America) have paved the way in pioneering the use of collaboration technologies to successfully support

DRDO young scientist lab dedicated to AI research announced
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PM Modi stated, In the field of defence manufacturing, DRDO will have to come up with new innovations to make India self-reliant. In promoting a Vibrant Defense Sector in the country, DRDOs innovations have a huge role in strengthening Make in India. He further

Method of Creating Story-based Lectures from a Past-to-present Perspective that Helps Non-Technical Adult Learners Understand AI
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As emerging technologies are rapidly spreading, the demand for emerging technology education is growing for both technical and non-technical people. Previous study has shown the effectiveness of a story-based, visual and agile teaching method for nontechnical adult

AI based algorithms for the detection of (ir) regularity in musical structure
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Regularity in music structure is experienced as a strongly structured texture with repeated and periodic patterns, with the musical ideas presented in an appreciable shape to the human mind. We recently showed that manipulation of musical content (ie, deviation of

opaque AI
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The ability to uncover, evaluate and predict causality is fundamental in disciplines of inquiry, such as law. Effective adoption of Artificial Intelligence ( AI ) applications in domains in which legally significant consequences result will depend heavily on the users ability to provide

Joint Optimization of AI Fairness and Utility: A Human-Centered Approach
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Today, AI is increasingly being used in many high-stakes decisionmaking applications in which fairness is an important concern. Already, there are many examples of AI being biased and making questionable and unfair decisions. The AI research community has

Re-examining Whether, Why, and How Human- AI Interaction Is Uniquely Difficult to Design
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Artificial Intelligence ( AI ) plays an increasingly important role in improving HCI and user experience. Yet many challenges persist in designing and innovating valuable human- AI interactions. For example, AI systems can make unpredictable errors, and these errors

Ambiguity-aware AI Assistants for Medical Data Analysis
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Artificial intelligence ( AI ) assistants for clinical decision making show increasing promise in medicine. However, medical assessments can be contentious, leading to expert disagreement. This raises the question of how AI assistants should be designed to handle


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