5G 2021




5G Network Simulation in Smart Cities using Neural Network Algorithm
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The speed of internet has increased dramatically with the introduction of 4G and 5G promises an even greater transmission rate with coverage outdoors and indoors in smart cities. This indicates that the introduction of 5G might result in replacing the Wi-Fi that is

A Comprehensive Survey on Core Technologies and Services for 5G Security: Taxonomies, Issues, and Solutions
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With the advancement of information and communication technologies, fifth-generation ( 5G ) has become an emerging communication medium to support higher speed, lower latency, and massive connectivity to various devices by leveraging the evolution of 4G with the

Massive MIMO systems for 5G : A systematic mapping study on antenna design challenges and channel estimation open issues
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The next generation of mobile networks ( 5G ) is expected to achieve high data rates, reduce latency, as well as improve the spectral and energy efficiency of wireless communication systems. Several technologies are being explored to be used in 5G systems. One of the

Highly Isolated Self-Multiplexing 5G Antenna for IoT Applications
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The advanced automation in manufacturing is now a reality, so are the advances in health monitoring, fleet management, system maintenance tracking all this and many more thanks to Internet of Things (IoT) . The IoT systems play an essential role in enhancing peoples

A Comprehensive Formal Analysis of 5G Handover
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ABSTRACT 5G has been under standardization for over a decade and will drive the worlds mobile technologies in the decades to come. One of the cornerstones of the 5G standard is its security, also for devices that move frequently between networks, such as autonomous

Carpe signum: seize the signal opportunistic navigation with 5G
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Also known as new radio (NR), the next wireless communication system 5G provides faster data transfer speeds, lower latency, higher capacity, lower transmission power, and network slicing over fourth-generation (4G) long-term evolution (LTE). Autonomous vehicles involve

Compact LTCC Filter with 7th-Order Harmonics Suppression for 5G N77 Band Applications
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A compact dual-mode band-pass filter (BPF) with 7th-order harmonics suppression is proposed. The proposed dual-mode BPF is designed using a three-section stepped- impedance-variable feeding line (SIVFL) and a square resonator. The high-order harmonics

A comprehensive review of Millimeter wave based radio over fiber for 5G front haul transmissions
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SD Asha Indian Journal of Science and sciresol.s3.us-east-2.amazonaws Objectives: To find out how fiber distribution system could be utilized for 5G based futuristic higher capacity and lower latency front haul transmission system. Findings: Integrating the transmission of Millimeter wave (Mm wave) signals over the Radio over Fiber (RoF) system

Energy-Efficient Low-Complexity Algorithm in 5G Massive MIMO Systems
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Energy efficiency (EE) is a critical design when taking into account circuit power consumption (CPC) in fifth-generation cellular networks. These problems arise because of the increasing number of antennas in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)

Surface-Mount PIFA Using Ball Grid Array Packaging for 5G mmWave
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In this letter, a surface-mount planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) is proposed for the 5G mmWave system using ball grid array packaging (BGA). To meet the requirement of cost- effectiveness, the proposed antenna element is designed on a single FR4 layer to achieve

VNF Service Chain Deployment Algorithm in 5G Communication based on Reinforcement Learning.
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With the rapidly deployment of 5G communication, network functional virtualization has became one of key technology. However, how to achieve virtual network function service chaining (VNF-SC) adaptively and cost-effectively in an inter datacenter elastic optical

GPON and V-band mmWave in green backhaul solution for 5G ultra-dense network
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Ultra-dense network (UDN) is characterized by massive deployment of small cells which resulted into complex backhauling of the cells. This implies that for 5G UDN to be energy efficient, appropriate backhauling solutions must be provided. In this paper, we haveHigh security data link channels having more immunity against channel noise is the need of the century. Free Space Optical communication (FSO) is the modern technology which kick- starts its application in inter satellite communication, underwater communication and mobile

Performance comparison of channel coding schemes for 5G massive machine type communications
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Channel coding for the fifth generation ( 5G ) mobile communication is currently facing new challenges as it needs to uphold diverse emerging applications and scenarios. Massive machine-type communication (mMTC) constitute one of the main usage scenarios in 5G

A Low-Overhead Multi-Hop Routing Protocol for D2D Communications in 5G .
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Device-to-Device (D2D) communication is designed to offload the traffic on the 5G core networks and backhaul links in an effort to deal with the high volume and variety of data traffic anticipated in 5G networks. D2D communications provide faster and energy-efficient

A Dual-Band 8-Element 4/ 5G Printed MIMO Antenna Using Open Slot Radiators
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This paper presents a dual-band eight-element multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna for 5G applications. The 8-element antenna is formed into two 4 4 MIMO systems that operate at 2500 2600 MHz and 1800 2200 MHz bands. The antenna elements are

Autonomous UAV Simulator for Research and Development Applied to 5G Networks
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Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are being used in many applications, such as surveillance and product delivery. Currently, many UAVs are controlled by WiFi or proprietary radio technologies. However, it is envisioned that 5G and beyond 5G (B5G)

A 5G mm-wave compact voltage-controlled oscillator in 0.25 µm pHEMT technology
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A 5G mm-wave monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) voltagecontrolled oscillator (VCO) is presented in this paper. It is designed on GaAs substrate and with 0.25 µm-pHEMT technology from UMS foundry and it is based on pHEMT varactors in order to achieve a very

Joint Cryptography and Channel-Coding Based on Low-Density Parity-Check Codes and Advanced Encryption Standard for 5G systems
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Security and reliability issues have always been a big challenge in digital communications. With the emerging 5G technologies, new requirements are introduced where latency reduction is one of the most important. In this paper, a joint security and reliability method is

Compact-Size Quad-Band Patch and MIMO Antenna System for 5G Mobile Handsets.
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A compact-size quad-band (28/45/51/56 GHz) microstrip patch antenna is proposed for the Fifth Generation ( 5G ) mobile handsets. The present paper introduces a new method to reduce the size of a 28-GHz rhombic patch antenna so as to properly operate at the higher

A meta-analysis of the association of the ACE I/D and PAI-1 4G/ 5G polymorphisms with recurrent pregnancy loss in Iranian women: Are the investigations
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The associations of ACE I/D and PAI-1 4G/ 5G polymorphisms with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) in Iranian women have yielded controversial results. Thus, we conducted a meta- analysis to obtain more certain results. A comprehensive literature search was performed in 5G is the next generation of mobile communications systems beyond 4G LTE. While mobile voice telephony and mobile broadband data services remain the primary applications of mobile communications systems, new applications for the Internet of Things (IoT) and the

A New Solution for D2D Assisted 5G AR Communications
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Abstract Device-to-Device (D2D) communications are one of the main drivers of new wireless standards. D2D improves resource utilization, spectral efficiency, energy efficiency and cellular coverage of wireless networks. In some applications like online gaming, video

The Performance of Circularly Polarized Phased Sub-Array Antennas for 5G Laptop Devices Investigating the Radiation Effects.
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In this paper, the performance of circularly polarized (CP) adaptive sub-arrays integrated into 5G laptop device is investigated in the presence of a whole-body human phantom model. In addition, the radiation effect of the steered beam patterns has been analyzed by

5G SUCI-Catchers: Still catching them all
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In mobile networks, IMSI-Catchers identify and track users simply by requesting all users permanent identities (IMSI) in range. The 5G standard attempts to fix this issue by encrypting the permanent identifier (now SUPI) and transmitting the SUCI. Since the encrypted SUCI is

A STRIDE Threat Model for 5G Core Slicing
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5G networks bring a new paradigm of cellular infrastructure and, therefore, a need to model new types of threats. One of the primary innovations of 5G networks compared to previous generations is the ability to create network slices. This allows network operators to offer a

Multi-Gigabit CO-OFDM System over SMF and MMF Links for 5G URLLC Backhaul Network
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The 5G cellular network aims at providing three major services: Massive machine-type communication (mMTC), ultra-reliable low-latency communications (URLLC), and enhanced- mobile-broadband (eMBB). Among these services, the URLLC and eMBB require strict end

RELAY SELECTION-BASED ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF HYBRID DEVICE-TO-DEVICE-ENABLED 5G NETWORKS
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Device to device (D2D) communication is one of the communication methods to be applied to the 5G mobile communication network to improve performance and energy efficiency. However, D2D communication is not effective when the link distance between two mobile

Design of Compact 4-Port MIMO Antenna Based on Minkowski Fractal Shape DGS for 5G Applications
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A 4-port wideband Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) antenna operating in the frequency band from 24.8 GHz to 27.6 GHz dedicated to 5G application is proposed in this manuscript. The MIMO antenna is implemented on a 23. 75 42. 5 0. 508 mm3 Roger/Druoid 5880

Wide Bandwidth Low Profile PIFA Antenna for Vehicular Sub-6 GHz 5G and V2X Wireless Systems
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This paper introduces a low profile wideband Planar Inverted-F antenna (PIFA) for vehicular applications in the 5G systems (below 6GHz) and Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communications. The antenna covers a wide range of bandwidth which operates from

Reinforcement Learning-Based Optimization for Drone Mobility in 5G and Beyond Ultra-Dense Networks
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Drone applications in 5th generation ( 5G ) networks mainly focus on services and use cases such as providing connectivity during crowded events, human-instigated disasters, unmanned aerial vehicle traffic management, internet of things in the sky, and situation

Research on Physical Layer Encryption Technology of HST 5G communication system with spatial permutation modulation
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In high-speed train (HST) communication, the application of 5G technology is of great importance. The massive multi-input multi-output (massive MIMO) technology in HST communication has advantages, but there are problems of inter-channel interference and

Over-The-Air Testing Metrology of 5G Radios
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5G new radio (NR)(ie the global 5G standard) is introduced to significantly improve wireless system performance in terms of spectral efficiency, coverage, datarate, latency, number of connected devices and energy efficiency. As 5G matures, now is the time for its large-scale

A Compact Microstrip Patch Antenna using DGS for 5G Applications
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Due to the current Covid-19 pandemic circumstance all classes in instructive foundations are going in online mode. Subsequently all understudies are utilizing Mobile phones for going to classes and educators are utilizing cell phones for taking on the web classes. For

Design and Optimization of Dual-Band Branch-Line Coupler with Stepped-Impedance-Stub for 5G Applications
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ABSTRACT Article history: Received: 21 January Accepted: 23 Online: 11 June This paper presents a design optimization of a dual-band branch-line coupler with steppedimpedance-stub lines. This coupler operates over 5G NR frequency bands n5

Hybrid Spectrum Sensing Techniques in 5G Cognitive Radio Networks in Soft Computing: A
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Abstract This paper describes an updated and efficient method for Hybrid spectrum sensing in cognitive radio (CR) system utilizing soft computing paradigms. The suggested soft computing approach utilizes an artificial neural network and for learning and decision making as a solution

A Modified Rectangular Midband Microstrip Slot Antenna for WLAN WiFi and 5G Applications
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A modified rectangular Microstrip slot antenna for numerous applications like WLAN, Wi-Fi satellite telecommunication and 5G application is portrayed. The proposed antenna has dimension of 25 30 1.6 mm3. The structure consists of partial ground and DGS. The

Beyond Private 5G Networks: Applications, Architectures, Operator Models and Technological Enablers
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Private networks will play a key role in 5G and beyond to enable smart factories with the required better deployment, operation and flexible usage of available resource and infrastructure. 5G private networks will offer a lean and agile solution to effectively deploy

Fractal H-Vicsek MIMO Antenna for 5G Communications
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A Fractal H-vicsek MIMO antenna was designed in the band of 3.3 3.7 GHz for 5G applications is demonstrated in this paper. The proposed antenna is printed on a FR4 substrate material with relative permittivity of 4.3 and height of 0.8 mm, and dimension of the

An Overview and Performance Evaluation of an EPON-based 5G RAN Architecture enabled by Distributed Network Control Management
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The multifaceted technological boom as driven by mobile and IoT devices requires more bandwidth by the day. Some applications such as gaming and real-time streaming services in ultra-high definition have higher bandwidth as well low latency requirement. The only