6G 2021




Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces for 6G Systems: Principles, Applications, and Research Directions
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Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) or intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs), are regarded as one of the most promising and revolutionizing techniques for enhancing the spectrum and/or energy efficiency of wireless systems. These devices are capable of Launching from fifth-generation communications, which provide a single platform enabling a variety of data services, evolution towards sixth-generation ( 6G ) has been kicked off, envisioning future wireless networks to become distributed intelligent communications

AI and 6G security: Opportunities and challenges
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While 5G is well-known for network cloudification with micro-service based architecture, the next generation networks or the 6G era is closely coupled with intelligent network orchestration and management. Hence, the role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is immense in

Encapsulating toxic Rhodamine 6G dye, and Cr (VI) metal ions from liquid phase using AlPO4-5 molecular sieves. Preparation, characterization, and adsorption
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Anjani RK Gollakota a,* Venkata Subbaiah Munagapati b, Krushna Prasad Shadangi c, Guda Mallikarjuna Reddy d, Jet-Chau Wen a,b, Chi-Min Shu a Article history: Received 22 March 2021 Revised 13 Accepted 19 Available online 23

6G security challenges and potential solutions
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Although the fifth generation wireless networks are yet to be fully investigated, the vision and key elements of the 6th generation ( 6G ) ecosystem have already come into discussion. In order to contribute to these efforts and delineate the security and privacy aspects of 6G

Toward 6G communication networks: Terahertz frequency challenges and open research issues
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Future networks communication scenarios by the 2030s will include notable applications are three-dimensional (3D) calls, haptics communications, unmanned mobility, tele-operated driving, bio-internet of things, and the Nanointernet of things. Unlike the current scenario in The 5G wireless cellular system has emerged in response to the need for providing high- speed, reliable wireless connectivity not only to conventional wireless services, such as video streaming, but also to the so-called Internet of Things (IoT) system that interconnects

6G : The Next Horizon
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The first book on 6G wireless presents an overall vision for 6G an era of intelligenceof- everything with drivers, key capabilities, use cases, KPIs, and the technology innovations that will shape it. These innovations include immersive human-centric communication

6G Vision and Challenges: Complexity Analysis of M-MIMO Rate-less Based System with Various Pre-Coding Schemes
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Due to the expected essential role of the rate-less digital fountain codes and Massive-Multi- Input Multi-Output (M-MIMO) techniques in the 5G and 6G mobile wireless networks, this paper investigates the performance of M-MIMO enhancing system employing the Raptor

Enabling Technologies for 6G Air Interface Design
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The design philosophy of the 5G radio access network was inspired by the vision for the IoE, which is manifest in diversified usage scenarios such as eMBB, URLLC, and mMTC. The three representative requirements of these usage scenarios are 20 Gbit/s at 100 MHz

Bivalence Fuzzified Decision Stump Bootstrap Aggregation for Energy and Cost-Efficient 6G Communication
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Future Sixth generation ( 6G ) wireless networks are anticipatedto offer entirecoverage, improved spectral, energyandcost-efficient communication. The 6G will enable a network collectivelyand offer seamless wireless connectionsbetween the devices. While theWith the fast improvement of smart infrastructures and terminals, as well as an enhanced applications (such as augmented and virtual reality, holographic projection and remote surgery) with vivid prerequisites, modern networks (forthcoming 5G and 4G networks) will

FROM 5G TO 6G GOVERNANCE
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As a result of all these developments, the overall ecosystem will experience substantial changes which require careful governance. To this end, we make five recommendations related to technology, regulation, skills and human-centredness which we hope will not only

Learning to Dynamically Allocate Radio Resources in Mobile 6G in-X Subnetworks
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This paper investigates efficient deep learning based methods for interference mitigation in independent wireless subnetworks via dynamic allocation of radio resources. Resource allocation is cast as a mapping from interference power measurements at each subnetwork

A New Fast, Memory Efficient Wireless Electromagnetic Beamformer Antenna with Fast Tracking for 5/ 6G Systems.
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The much-anticipated year of 5G deployment has lapsed, and yet much research is ongoing on the 5G New Radio (NR) interface. The quality of service and user experience is dependent on a stable and signal strength of the wireless communication link. To serveAs demand for very large amount of data high speed is increasing day by day with requirement of wireless connectivity anywhere without depending upon cell size unlike cellular wireless network, anytime. This higher speed can be achieved by increasing high

Green Air-Ground Integrated Heterogeneous Network in 6G Era
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The research of three-dimensional integrated communication technology plays a key role in achieving the ubiquitous connectivity, ultra-high data rates, and emergency communications in the sixth generation ( 6G ) networks. Aerial networking provides a prom‑ising solution to

Fuzzy C-Means Clustering-Based mMIMO-NOMA Downlink Communication for 6G Ultra-Massive Interconnectivity
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Cooperation between massive multiple input multiple output (mMIMO) and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) can significantly boost the future sixth-generation ( 6G ) network capacity supporting ultra-massive interconnectivity. Cooperative mMIMO-NOMA has been

Error Comparison Based Patching (ECP) for Medium Access Control of Cell-free Massive MIMO Networks in 6G Terahertz Band Communications
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The future Internet is supposed to support a myriad of applications that generate many bursts of multimedia traffic. While the classical cell-based architecture of wireless networks cannot scale up to meet the area traffic capacity and connection density requirements put

Geographic Variation of Indigenous Hepatitis C Virus Subtypes 6g and 6w in an Endemic Area of Southern Taiwan
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Abstract Background and Aims: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 6 is the most genetically diverse GT and mainly distributed in Southeast Asia and south China but not Taiwan. Earlier studies showed the major GTs in Taiwan were GT 1b and GT 2 with very rare

MS Thesis Topic: AI-based 3D Mapping with 6G signals
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One of the technological enablers of 6G will be the use of very high carrier frequencies (24 GHz-1 THz). At these frequencies, it is necessary to use very fine beams for providing sufficient SNR. Since the channel attenuation increase with frequency, much finer beams

5G and Beyond; Paving the way for 6G
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In recent times, 5G has gained prevalence in learning and technology that it will be the game-changer of the coming decade. In the wake of the fourth industrial revolution, governments and businesses worldwide are also beginning to realize the seismic shift

4G, 5G, 6G 7G and Future Mobile Technologies
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From past year wireless technology makes tremendous growth. Evolution and revolution of wireless technology is reached at 7.5 G. Wireless technology FG (Future Generation) mobile communications will have higher data transmission rates than 6G and 7G. Wireless

Next Generation Technologies in Wireless Communication
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Abstract This review paper briefly discuss some of the tech- nologies, namely 6G and Massive MIMO, which will be in demand after 5G millimeter-wave communication, along with that a side by side comparison of 6G with 5G is done in order to get a better insight of key

Hexa-X
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Hexa-X The European 6G flagship project Abstract Hexa-X will pave the way to the next generation of wireless networks (Hexa) by explorative research (X). The Hexa-X vision is to connect human, physical, and digital worlds with a fabric of sixth generation ( 6G ) key enablers

A SURVEY ON MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES
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6G is the successor of 5G network system which will use higher frequencies to provide higher capacity and lower latency. This paper provides a comprehensive and comparative review on 3G, 4G, 5G and 6G wireless technologies

Supplementary Info
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Figure S3: (A) Emission spectra (450 nm excitation) of a QR-PSMA, QD9-PSMA, QD6-PSMA and Rhodamine 6G (Rh 6G ) solution with an absorbance of 0.06 at 450 nm. (B) Integrated fluorescence as a function of absorbanceChapter 1 provides an overview of the evolution of mobile communications systems from 1G to 4G, what 5G is, and a brief look into 6G 1 Xingqin Lin and Namyoon Lee Part I Fundamentals of 5G and 6G 2 Advanced Channel Coding

Pharmacodynamic Study of QingFei Paidu Decoction in the Treatment of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID
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Ephedrae Herba 9g, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle 6g Armeniacae Semen Amarum 9g, Cinnamomi 9g, Poria 15g, Bupleuri Radix 16g, Scutellariae Radix 6g Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatumcum Zingibere et Alumine

Noble-metal-free dye-sensitized selective oxidation of methane to methanol with green light (550 nm)
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2 Experimental section 2.1 Preparation of RhB/TiO Rh- 6G /TiO MB/TiO MO/TiO2 In general, both pollutant rhodamine B (20 mg) and ethanol (50 mL) were added to a beaker with volume of 150 mL. The beaker was sealed with a para film and sonicated for 10 min Satellite-assisted Internet of Things (IoT) communications, artificial intelligent (AI) empowered wireless communications have been expected as two of the key enablers for 6G visions, since they can help 6G achieve better intelli- gence, coverage in diverse scenarios besides

Jujube (Ziziphus jujube) honey treats stress induced anxiety behavior in mice.
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Methods: Following Jujube honey administration (at 2g/kg, 4g/kg and 6g /kg; body weight), the experimental mice were employed in open field and hole-cross test apparatus to evaluate neurologic properties and the anxiolytic activities were investigated using elevated plus

A study on utilization of yam and whole wheat flour in formulation of bakery product
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5) Sugar 150g 150g 150g 6) Oil 80g 80g 80g 7) Jam 200 g 200g 200g 8) Essence 2.5g 2.5g 2.5g 9) Eggless Powder 50g 50g 50g 10 Water 290 ml 290ml 290ml 11) Cake Gel 5- 6g 5- 6g 5- 6g 12) Calcium 3-4 g 3-4 g 3-4 g 13) Baking powder 6g 6g 6g 14) Salt 1g 1g 1g

TiO2_W MATERIAL USED AS ADSORBENT AND/OR PHOTOCATALYST IN WATER DEPOLLUTION
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Their adsorption and photocatalytic efficiencies were investigated in a series of laboratory tests performed with and without UV-A irradiation. The target molecule was Rhodamine 6G (R6G) Keywords: adsorption; wolfram doping; photocatalysis; Rhodamine 6G ; titanium dioxide

A Novel Low Complexity FTN Signaling Detector for Ultra High-Order QAM
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DRAFT Page 2. 2 I. Introduction 6G wireless communication systems are expected to support novel use cases that are mainly such new frequency bands suffer from very high absorption and be suitable only for short (few meters) range 6G communication applications

Efficacy of Guizhi Fuling Wan for Primary dysmenorrhea: protocol for a randomised controlled trial
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clearing away heat and blood. It consists of ve natural herbs: Guizhi (Cinnamon Twig) 6g Fuling (Poria Cocos) 6g Mudanpi (Cortex Moutan) 6g Chishao (Radix Paeoniae Rubra) 6g Taoren (Peach Kernel) 6g [22]. Participants in

NMR AND X-RAY INVESTIGATION OF NEW DIHYDROIMIDAZO-, TETRAHYDROIMIDAZOPYRIDINES
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The crystallographic details are summarized in Table (Figure S 8). Electrospray mass spectra of 4a, 4d and 6g were run with an ion-trap instrument (Esquire 6000 Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer) equipped with an electrospray (ESI) ion source

Monosodium Glutamate Maintains Antioxidant Balance in the Neuro-Retinal Axis of Male Wistar Rats
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Group I and IV were treated with MSG 6g /kg and 60 mg/kg subcutaneous, while groups II and III at 5% and 2% MSG feed supplement and Eosin staining. Results Calcium levels in the eye was reduced at high ( 6g /kg/day and 5% sc) MSG treatments while in

A Terahertz Demultiplexer Based on Metamaterials Applied to Terahertz Communication Systems
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This metamaterial is easy to process and is expected to be applied in future 6G wavelength division multiplexing systems 6G communication technology will become the focus of future communication systems due to its wider frequency band and faster transmission rate

A Novel Group Mobility Model for Software Defined Future Mobile Networks
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should be compensated by virtual architecture. This infrastructure is based on Software Defined Network which provides flexible and on-demand service to the future 5G/ 6G mobile network. A software defined networking (SDN