wireless sensor network 2021




Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) can be defined as a self-configured and infrastructure-less wireless networks to monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion or pollutants and to cooperatively pass their data through the network to a main location or sink where

Applications of WSN Internet of Things (IOT) Surveillance and Monitoring for security, threat detection. Environmental temperature, humidity, and air pressure. Noise Level of the surrounding

Sensors, in their most general form, are systems possessing a variable number of components. Three basic components have already been identified: a sensor element, sensor packaging and connections, and sensor signal processing hardware. However, there are additional components to certain sensors

Secured node detection technique based on artificial neural network for wireless sensor network
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The wireless sensor network is becoming the most popular network in the last recent years as it can measure the environmental conditions and send them to process purposes. Many vital challenges face the deployment of WSNs such as energy consumption and security

APPLICATION OF KMEANS CLUSTERING ALGORITHM FOR SELECTION OF RELAY NODES IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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In this paper, the application of K-means clustering algorithm for selection of relay nodes in wireless sensor network (WSN) was presented. The case study WSN has 120 sensor nodes that are randomly distributed in a region of 1200 m by 1200 m. The base station (sink or sink

Razalli Bin Azzuhri, S.; Issa, NR; Rahman, MT; Khyasudeen, MFb Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Network with an Unequal Cluster-ing Protocol Based on a
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A hot spot problem is a problem where cluster nodes near to the base station (BS) tend to drain their energy much faster than other nodes due to the need to perform more communication. Unequal clustering methods such as unequal clustering routing (UDCH)

IMPROVE THE PERFORMANCE OF TRANSPORT LAYER OF TCP PROTOCOL IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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ABSTRACT The Wireless Sensor Network is a network of many sensor nodes with wireless channels to communicate with others. With no centralized control and specified network connection, it can transfer to the outside world. At the same time, both nodes are capable of

CELL-LEACH BASED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR OPTIMIZED ENERGY CONSUMPTION
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ABSTRACT In this paper, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) originates an important role in the Cell-Leach based approach where WSN is known for Wireless Sensor Network . In general, it has a large set of nodes and many number of sensors connected to each node

System Performance of Wireless Sensor Network Using LoRa Zigbee Hybrid Communication
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Wireless sensor network (WSN) is considered as the fastest growing technology pattern in recent years because of its applicability in varied domains. Many sensor nodes with different sensing functionalities are deployed in the monitoring area to collect suitable data and

QUALITY OF SERVICE BASED ROUTING ALGORITHM FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network comprised of nodes having sensing, processing and communication abilities. Due to its inherent capabilities, WSN can be deployed at remote locations to monitor physical parameters changes. Sensor nodes are

Management of IoT with help of Wireless Sensor Network in Cloud
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This Internet-of-things (IoT) became very popular in todays research. IoT means all devices of a particular system should be connected with each other through internet. Cloud Computing and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are integrated for efficient management in

A Survey on Bio-inspired Routing Algorithms in Wireless Sensor Network
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Wireless networks with their attractive features are finding popularity in many applications such as remote surveillance, military, civil, environment monitoring, etc. The wireless networks are usually deployed in hostile environments. It is difficult to change the batteries in

Analysis of Load Balancing Techniques for Maximizing Life Time in Wireless Sensor Network
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Wireless sensor networks denote a set of little, less weighted wireless nodes. In this type of network the nodes which sense are dispersed in large physical regions to sense the data and the sink node is used to gather data from various sensor nodes, therefore data

HFLBSC: Heuristic and Fuzzy based Load Balanced, Scalable Clustering Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Network
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In spite of the severe limitations on the resources of the sensor nodes such as memory, 6 computational power, transmission range and battery, the application areas of Wireless Sensor Net-7 works (WSNs) are increasing day by day. The main challenge in WSNs is

A hybrid Meta-heuristic solution for Energy-Efficient routing in Software-Defined Wireless Sensor Network
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Abstract Software-Defined Networking (SDN) has been adopted as an emerging networking paradigm within Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). SDN enables WSNs with self- configuration and programmable control to dynamically and efficiently manage the network Internet of Things (IoT) is a rapidly growing technology and will be of great importance in the future consisting of a vast number of interconnected networks. One of the important networks that will be part of future IoT is Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) connected with the help of

SALP Swarm Optimization Approach for Maximization The Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Network
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In recent years, the maximization of a lifetime for wireless sensor networks is considered an important area for researchers. The wireless sensor networks (WSNs) contain two types of sensors that called sensor nodes and sink nodes which sensor node send information to the

JOB SCHEDULING AND RESOURCE PLANNING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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Abstract Devices in Internet of Things (IoT) network are connected in a systematic way to transfer data over the network . In automation it is required to process and schedule response without human or high processing power computer assistance. Devices in IoT

Energy Efficient Localization through Node Mobility and Propagation Delay Prediction in Underwater Wireless Sensor Network
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The long propagation delay of sensor nodes messages and flexibility are the mobile target localization schemes principal tasks in Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (UWSN). As propagation delay is one of the principal aspects, disturbing the time harmonisation of

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF S-MAC PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK USING NS2
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WSN shares one wireless communication medium for transmitting data packets, which are sending and receiving data packets. WSN also consists of a large number of sensor nodes. However, it has a limited source of energy. So, the communication protocol between layers

HIWAEO: Hybrid Improved Whale Artificial Ecosystem Optimization Algorithm based Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network
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Abstract Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a resource constraint network that utilizes more energy for transmitting and receiving the data. Hence energy efficiency is the vital issue faced by the WSN. Besides the packet routing process consumes more energy than the

Application of Power Gating Mechanisim Implementation of Wireless Sensor Network Protocol
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Wireless sensor networks or Wireless sensors and Actuator networks (WSAN) are spatially distributed autonomous sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions such as temperature, sound, pressure etc. and to cooperatively pass their data through the network

MORE PERFORMANCE IN THE MIDDLE OF A WIND FARM THANKS TO THE HETEROGENEOUS WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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The maintenance and control of wind turbines is currently becoming a scientific concern, especially with the growth in the number of wind turbines per fleet and with the various difficulties in accessing these machines in the wild. In this paper we propose a wireless

Weights-Based Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Network Protocol with Firefly Synchronization for Illegal Logging
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An effort to minimize illegal logging by utilizing advanced technology such as Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) are highly required. WSN is a communication solution between remote sensors located in isolated wide forest areas. However, the WSN challenge in a

Machine Learning Methods for Distributed Sensor Network Applications
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A novel pigeon-inspired optimization with QUasi-Affine TRansformation evolu- tionary algorithm for DV-Hop in wireless sensor networks Kuo PH, Lin ST and Hu J. DNAE-GAN: noise-free acoustic signal generator by integrating autoencoder and generative adversarial network

Optimized Cluster Head Selection with Traffic-Aware Reliability Enhanced Routing Protocol for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network (HWSN)
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Clustering-based routing protocols are mainly used for extending the nodes existence in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks (HWSNs). Several clustering protocols have been designed for splitting the network into different clusters and choosing the Cluster

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF LOW ENERGY-ADAPTIVE CLUSTERING HIERARCHCAL (LEACH) IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK USING NS2
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ABSTRACT A wireless sensor network (WSN) holds the promise of facilitating large-scale and realtime data in a complex environment such as defense military service, medical services, disaster management, wildlife monitoring, etc. Sensor networks have fault

A STUDY OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT LOAD-BALANCING MULTIPATH ROUTING SCHEME FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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Energy-efficient routing techniques for WSNs play a great role in doing so. In this work we articulate this problem and classify current routing protocols for WSNs into two categories according to their orientation toward either homogeneous or heterogeneous WSNs. They

SECURE TECHNIQUE FOR DATA TRANSMISSION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
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The wireless sensor network is made up of a vast number of sensors that are scattered around a geographic region where we must keep track of the developments 3. For control conditions, Wireless Sensor Network is able to drive devices, such as switches motors actuators

PRIORITY BASED CACHE ALLOCATION AND CONGESTION CONTROL PROTOCOL IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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Reliable data transmission in wireless sensor network plays a critical part with the presence of increased data traffic and congestion. Successful data transmission can be ensured by providing cache resources to store the data before transmission. Reliable Transport protocol

AN IMPLEMENTAION OF SNORT BASED INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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The IDS mechanism considers various factors like traversal path, time, energy, a lifetime of the network security of packet. The energy overhead generated by flooding control messages and another protocol support packets decrease the latency of the node as well as

HYBRID NODE WATCHING TECHNIQUE BASED DOS FLOODING ATTACK DETECTION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK
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Intrusion detection is the most concentrated research issue in the wireless sensor network where presence of intrusion activities are most difficult to find where there is no centralized architecture to monitor. One of the most frequently found intrusion activities in wireless

CLUSTER HEAD SELECTION OPTIMIZATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK VIA GENETIC-BASED EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHM
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Wireless sensor network (WSN) is an embedded system comprises of spatially distributed sensor nodes where an energy-efficient mechanism is needed to prolong the network lifetime. Existing approaches for this optimization problem have several drawbacks

Saving Energy and Maintaining Full Coverage in Wireless Sensor Networks with LEA3C Protocol
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Abstract The wireless sensor network has a number of energy- limited sensor nodes which are distributed in a geographically limited area I. INTRODUCTION A wireless sensor network is composed of many small devices called sensor nodes

FLAG: Fuzzy Logic Augmented Game Theoretic Hybrid Hierarchical Clustering Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks
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These sensor nodes forms a collaborative settings called a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) which col- lects useful information from a field of interest . Wireless sensor networks gained tremen- dous interest in a wide variety of applications like disaster management, home

A Markov Process-based Opportunistic Trust Factor Estimation Mechanism for Efficient Cluster Head Selection and Extending the Lifetime of Wireless Sensor
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: The lifetime of a sensor network completely relies on the potentialities of the utilized Cluster Head (CH) selection scheme that aids in building efficient Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Most of the

Bandwidth Control Sectoring Technique Protocol for Data Dissemination in Wireless Sensor Networks
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There seem to be typically several or groups of cells in a wireless sensor network Constricted space, speed of information processing and processing capacity are the actual mobile devices in a wireless sensor network (WSN) which have constraints

The Study of The Comparative Routing Methods in The Body Wireless Sensor Networks
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Figure one shows a sight of patient monitoring in a physical wireless sensor network . Since some of the sensors are planted in the body, so their batteries are not easily chargeable or changeable Fig. 1. Patient monitoring in a body wireless sensor network Wireless sensor network (WSN) is highly indispensable for securing network protection. Highly critical attacks of various kinds have been documented in wireless sensor network till now by many researchers. The Distributed denial of service (DDOS) attack is a typical kind

Certain Investigations on Military Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks
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Abstract: Now a days Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) tends to attracts scientific community and its applications become the topic for many studies Figure 1: Possible categories of WSN applications A big application field for the wireless sensor network is military defence

An Energy-Efficient Trust Based Secure Data Scheme In Wireless Sensor Networks
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For the development of this protocol in the wireless sensor network the following network assumptions will be made Link Stability Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Network , International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), Volume Issue 6S5. 38

Data Aggregation Using Squirrel Search Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks
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ABSTRACT In a wireless sensor network (WSN), individual sensor nodes have limitations such as energy consumption, packet delivery, and delay and network lifetime A wireless sensor network usually consists of hundreds of thousands of sensor nodes

An Enhanced routing Technique to improve the Network Lifetime of Cognitive Sensor Network
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In sensor networks, clustering is considered as one of the essential research fields that include For wireless ad-hoc networks and WSNs, various reported works on clustering are considered [9 The whole network is categorized as self-organized clusters in the clustering in the

A secure routing scheme to mitigate attack in wireless adhoc sensor network
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journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/cose A secure routing scheme to mitigate attack in wireless adhoc sensor network under the control of the attacker and cannot make indepen

Cooperation Between Mobile and Static Nodes in Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks
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In a mobile wireless sensor network it is a challenge to deal with connectivity problems, as links might get up and down frequently Mob. Comput., vol. 2006. [17] H. Zhang and C. Liu, A Review on Node Deployment of Wireless Sensor Network IJCSI Int. J. Comput. Sci

Artificial Neural Network Approach using Mobile Agent for Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks
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Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are having large demands in enormous applications for the decade. The main issue in WSNs is estimating the exact location of unknown nodes. All applications are dependent on the location information of unknown nodes in WSNs

Wireless Sensor and Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks for the Internet of Things: A Survey
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Wireless sensor network ( wireless ) iii. Infrastructure networks (wired) iv Wireless Sensor Network iii. Mobile Ad hoc Network Wireless Mesh Network Wireless Mesh Network (WMN) is an organized radio node arranged in a mesh topology where the name is derived

Intelligent Decision Making Algorithm for Balanced Cluster Formation in Wireless Sensor Networks
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Introduction: Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is compatible with home network environments with features such as home architecture, infrastructure and fault tolerance wireless sensor networks. According to Thanigaivelu et.al [21] a typical wireless sensor network

A Hybrid Glowworm Swarm Optimization for enhancing the lifespan of Wireless Sensor Networks
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emerging issues in Wireless sensor network communication. To enhance the lifespan of a 2016). The drawbacks of the existing works are whenever the Wireless sensor network based smart grid applications, conventional methods are used for gathering the global data and

Effect of Coronavirus Worldwide through Misusing of Wireless Sensor Networks
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healthcare. Wireless Sensor Network is an integrated infrastructure comprising sensing, computing, detecting, tracking, observing and reacting the individuals within geographic positioning systems (GPS) locations . This

HHO-LPWSN: Harris Hawks Optimization Algorithm for Sensor Nodes Localization Problem in Wireless Sensor Networks
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Abstract Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a prominent technology for remote area monitoring with the assimilation of the Internet of Things (IoT). Over the past decades, sensor node localization has become an essential challenge of WSNs Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are a number of sensitive nodes senses a physical phenomenon at the position of their deployment then sends information to the base station to take appropriate operation.(WSNs) are used in many applications such track military

Performance Analysis of a Dynamically Power Managed and Event-Based Wireless Sensor Node Enabled by Queue Discipline
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Hence, many key performance metrics need to be analysed for the design of an efficient Wireless Sensor Network Index Terms Wireless Sensor Network Dynamic Power Management, First In First Out Queue, Waiting Time, Utilization. 1. INTRODUCTION

Design and characteristics assessment of wireless vibration sensor for buildings and houses
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Thaker [22] developed a low-cost wireless sensor network for industrial and building automations based on WiFi network and integrated sensor system, connected to a Linux web server using PHP run-time environment. Muheden

Secure Data Aggregation Using Ranking Strategy and Intelligence Similarity Function (SDARIS) for Wireless Sensor Networks
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Therefore, with respect to sensor nodes, the battery lifetime and security are the greater challenge in Wireless Sensor Network Yuan et al., [21], presented data density correlation degree (DDCD) for clustering to aggregate data in Wireless Sensor Network

An Enhanced Energy-Efficient Hierarchical LEACH Pro-tocol to Extend the Lifespan for Wireless Sensor Networks
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Therefore, hierarchical routing is an interesting approach to simplify the operation of a large-scale wireless sensor network into intelligent transportation systems 7 References 1. Wang, L.: Application of Wireless Sensor Network and RFID Monitoring System in Airport Logistics

Application of Multi- sensor Data Fusion in Greenhouse
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A farmland environment information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network is designed, crop growth environment parameters are collected by sensor nodes distributed in the field, using CC2530 to build ZigBee data transmission network the informationWireless Sensor Network is a kind of Wireless Networks which have the same working principle as the conventional Wireless Networks Hou, R., Ren, W. and Zhang, Y., 200 October. A wireless sensor network clustering algorithm based on energy and distance

Forest Fire Detection Using Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks and Image Compression
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1. INTRODUCTION A Wireless Multimedia Sensors Network is an extends of Wireless Sensor Network by adding multimedia sensors (images, video, or audio) where every node can sense, compress and send sensed images to the Station Base

A Critical Survey on Overhead Control Traffic Reduction Strategies in Software-Defined Wireless Sensor Networking
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T. Bala, V. Bhatia, S. Kumawat, and V. Jaglan, A survey: Issues and challenges in wireless sensor network Int. J. Eng 79 95. S. Kaur and RN Mir, Energy Efficiency Optimization in Wireless Sensor Network Using Proposed Load Balancing Approach, Int. J. Comput422 REFERENCES 1. Nilima Zade, Shubhada Deshpande, R Kamatchi, A Review on Object Tracking Wireless Sensor Network an Approach for Smart Surveillance, in New Trends in

An Enhanced Efficient Leach Protocol (EELP) with Novel Cross Layer Technique to forward the Data Packets in Wireless Sensor Networks
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3. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY Efficient routing must be done for fast communication of data packets in Wireless Sensor network to keep the networks better performance and avoid latency Comparative study of routing protocols in wireless sensor network

Detecting Replica Node in Distributed Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks
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232. 14. Xing, K., Cheng, X., Liu, F. and Du, DHC (2008), Real-time detection of clone attacks in wireless sensor network , proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems pp. 3 10. 15