E-WASTE RECYCLING 2021




After collection and transportation to recycling facilities, materials in the e-waste stream must be processed and separated into clean commodities that can be used to make new products. Efficient separation of materials is the foundation of electronics recycling.

E-waste recyclers use processes such as open incineration and acid-leeching. This situation could be improved by creating awareness and improving the infrastructure of recycling units along with the prevalent policies. The majority of the e-waste collected in India is managed by an unorganized sector

MRI can recycle the following products for you: Computers – PCs, tablets, hard drives, printers, monitors etc. Batteries (all types of chemistry and size.) Mobile phones.

E-waste contains a laundry list of chemicals that are harmful to people and the environment, like: mercury, lead, beryllium, brominated flame retardants, and cadmium, i.e. stuff that sounds as bad as it is. When electronics are mishandled during disposal, these chemicals end up in our soil, water, and air.

E waste recycling in Latin America: overview, challenges and potential
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1 Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Material Testing and Research Lerchenfeldstr. CH-9014 St.Gallen, Switzerland 2 SUR, Corporación de Estudios Sociales y Educación; JM Infante 8 Providencia, Santiago, Chile Keywords: e waste recycling e waste

The future of electronic waste recycling in the United States: Obstacles and domestic solutions
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the product design phase. In addition to recycling e waste electronic manufactures can take the following actions to achieve a level of EPR: Use recycled and environmentally friendly materials Minimize packaging or use recyclable packaging Page 19. 12

A comparative study of e waste recycling systems in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan from the EPR perspective: implications for developing countries
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Since the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) entered the spotlight as a potential policy alternative for waste management around 2000, legislation on e waste management has been promoted at an international level. The EUs Waste Electrical and Electronic Selecting operation alternatives for processing a recycling job is an important decision in managing e waste recycling operations. This paper develops a novel approach to making selection decisions for e waste recycling operations based on their sustainability In recent years, increasing concern has surrounded the consequences of improper electric and electronic waste ( e waste ) disposal. In this paper, Phthalate esters (PAEs) including dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), Di-(2 iron, aluminum, copper, lead and plastic, are sold to the recycler for their recycling . Those parts are un- recyclable such as Cathode Ray Tube (CRT), Brominated Flame Retardant (BFRs) plastic Most of the e waste flow in Vietnam is handled by the informal sector, that focuses

Trace element contamination around the e waste recycling site at Agbogbloshie, Accra City, Ghana
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E waste has become a subject of growing environmental concern in developing countries due to legal/illegal import from developed nations. In this study, we investigated the levels and speciation of trace metals in and around the largest e waste recycling site

Current status and research on E waste issues in Asia
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recycled . Waste or recyclable resources can be either valuable or valueless goods. Similarly, reuse is sometimes included in recycling and this can lead to confusion. The term E waste is easy to understand and is often used

Market potential of innovative e waste recycling technologies in developing countries
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Abstract The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) identified e waste as one of their most relevant topics with regard to their Resource Efficiency and Sustainable Consumption and Production initiatives. As a result the study Recycling from E waste to

Pollution distribution of heavy metals in surface soil at an informal electronic-waste recycling site
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The surface soil at the e waste recycling workshop was polluted with Cu, Zn and Pb, which were distributed discretely in surface soil. The site was divided into five areas based on the distance from an entrance gate (y-axis) of the e waste recycling workshopThe uses of electronic and electrical devices have relatively increased with rapid increases in economic and technological development over some period of time in Malaysia. There is needs for Malaysia to apply 3R principles of reduce, reuse and recycle for efficient control

E wasteA challenge for tomorrow
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Recycling : Recycling involves dismantling ie removal of different parts of e waste containing dangerous telephone boards, hard drives, floppy drives, Compact disks, mobiles, fax machines, printers, CPUs, memory chips, connecting wires and cables can be recycled Permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) have proved to be a promising passive treatment to control groundwater contamination and associated human health risks. This study explored the potential use of low-cost adsorbents as PRBs media and assessed their longevity and

E waste : environmental problems and current management
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benefit from recycling vanishes when the waste to be recycled is transported to great distance due to the adverse environmental impact of the energy consumed for its transportation [26], while, recycling in any case, has smaller eco- logical footprint than e waste dumping and Modern societies face a dilemma called electronic waste ( e waste ). This waste, which contaminate the soil or cause unwanted impacts on human health when treated improperly, is one of the fastest growing waste streams in developed as well as developing countriesThe objective of this was to assess the levels of heavy metals contamination within the vicinity of the Agbogbloshie scrap market. Surface dust samples were collected from various points at the scrap market and its environs. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry preceded

Environmental contamination from electronic waste recycling at Guiyu, southeast China
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Since 199 the traditionally rice-growing community has become an e waste recycling center for e waste arriving from the United States, Hong Kong, and from other coun- tries. In Guiyu, recycling operations consist of toner

E waste recycling assessment at university campus: a strategy toward sustainability
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Electronic waste is one of the main environmental problems caused by the consumptions dynamics. E waste disposal is concerning all the stakeholders, from policymakers to the end users. Hence, an assessment of the overall sustainability of e waste considering the three

E waste recycling heavily contaminates a Chinese city with chlorinated, brominated and mixed halogenated dioxins
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About 50-80% of electronic waste ( e waste ) from industrialized countries ends up in China, India, Pakistan, Vietnam and the Philippines 2 for cheap recycling due to the low labour costs and less stringent environmental regulations in these countries2. Recycling of this

An overview of e waste management in China
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Air conditioner 0.37% Computer 4.27% Fig. 4 Home WEEE recycling quantity The different sizes and weights further made the e waste collection, separation and trans- portation more difficult. However, all the e-wastes contain recyclable heavy metals and organic materials

Evaluation of isolated fungal strain from e waste recycling facility for effective sorption of toxic heavy metal Pb (II) ions and fungal protein molecular
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Electronic waste or e waste is one of the fastest growing solid waste streams around the world growing at rate of 3-5% per annum approximately three times faster than other individual waste streams in the solid waste sector. The electronic waste disposal and Guiyu is a well-known electronic waste dismantling and recycling town in south China. Concentrations and distribution of the 21 mineral elements and 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) collected there were evaluated. Principal component analyses (PCA)

Status quo of e waste management in mainland China
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A map of locations at which e waste was imported or recycled at the end of the importing large amounts of recyclable resources, as shown in Tables 815 and 9. Recyclable materials have areas of China.16 This be a reason why the import e waste recycling workshops are

Economic feasibility study of e waste recycling facility in egypt
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On a global scale, the high consumption of electric and electronic equipment (EEE) leads to mounting volumes of e waste . The e waste problem in Egypt is not very well assessed, so a feasibility study for an e waste dismantling facility in Cairo is introduced in this research. ThisThis paper assesses qualitatively, the presence of PBDEs in ashes, soils and vegetables found at the Agbogbloshie e waste recycling site in Accra, Ghana. The motivation for the study was not only because the area serves as a major food center of the city where

Systematic characterization of generation and management of e waste in China
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traders to import used electronics labeled as general electronics or permitted recyclable materials electronics im- ports provide abundant and stable supplies to the informal recycling workshops, often at the Philippines, and China in and showed that e waste such as

E waste issues and measures in the Philippines
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The majority of the e waste (50%) is again stored in attics, backyards, or warehouses until consumers feel the need to The rest goes to recycling and landfilling storage, which happens 3 to 6 years after initial purchase, the used elec- tronic items are either recycled or landfilled e waste recycling system by employing over 0.7 million people in of which 98 % are in the informal recycling sector One of the key areas for consideration is that the role of the informal e waste recycling sector in developing countries compared to developed countries

A review on various electronic waste recycling techniques and hazards due to its improper handling
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Hence, it is the non-metallic fractions that have to be recycled from waste PCBs, environmental soundly There is still a lot of room for research in the direction of development of economical processes for recycling of non REFERENCES . E waste : Inventory assessment manual

E Waste characteristic and its disposal
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The techniques are available with developed Nations to recover recyclable material like plastics, ferrous metals, non- ferrous 6. Hazards Associated With E Waste Informal recycling and recovery processes in the developing Nations like India, China are the vulnerable in theIn the other, WEEE is recycled for components and raw material after being taken apart mostly At this point in time, an investigation of the recovery and recycling system in China product to waste, will reveal the relationships between the various stages the e waste goes through

Informal e waste management in Lagos, Nigeria socio-economic impacts and feasibility of international recycling co-operations
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While the environmental problems from inappropriate recycling of e waste have long been important topics for waste managers and policy makers in industrialised countries, it is only a few years ago, that international attention shifted towards the increasing e waste problem in

Status of e waste in India-A review
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Apart from hazardous contents, it has valuable and precious recoverable and recyclable metals in it of Registered Recyclers Total Quantity of E waste Allotted for recycling by CPCB 1. Andhra Pradesh 02 11800 MTA 2. Karnataka 07 3140.6 MTA and 120000 nos

E waste : an emerging challenge to solid waste management in Ghana
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will be expected to act to halt the current unregulated and indiscriminate e waste recycling and disposal ICT develop- ment, it necessarily has to develop the expertise for e waste management for proper SWM, while suitable markets need to be developed for recycled products

Scenario of E waste in India and application of new recycling approaches for E waste management
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Increasing trends of e waste implication and hazard of indecorous handling is a global menace. Both the developed and developing countries like India are going through the problem of e waste management. The rapid growth of technology accompanied with up

Recycling of Demolished Concrete and E waste
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Concrete is the most widely used construction material all over the world in view of its compressive strength, high mouldabilty, structural stability and economic considerations. It reduces the demand of new resources and cuts down the cost and effort of transport and

Phthalate esters contamination in soil and plants on agricultural land near an electronic waste recycling site
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The potential damage that the target PAE compounds pose to human health should be taken into account in further comprehensive risk assessments in e waste recycling sites areas Fig. 1 Distribution map of sampling sites and e waste recycling sites

E waste management practices of households in Melaka
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The main activities are to recycle normal recyclable materials such as plastics and metals and also to extract valuable metals such as gold The DOE who is the e waste administrator in Malaysia has established a collection and recycling system for household e waste

E waste management scenarios in Malaysia
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to prevent them from polluting the environment and risking human health and manage the recyclable items, such as and residual ash from open burning of electronic wastes during simulate rudimentary recycling operations, Journal of CA Ibrahim, E waste management in

Assessment of contamination of soil and groundwater due to e waste handling
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This paper reveals the magnitude of heavy metal con- tamination of soil and groundwater in and around an unauthorized e waste recycling site in Delhi 23. Gidarakos, E. et al., e waste recycling environmental contamination: Mandoli, India. Proc. ICE Waste Resour Green computing is the study and practice of using computing resources efficiently and eco- friendly. The goals are that is reduce the use of hazardous materials, maximize energy efficiency during the products lifetime, and promote recyclability or biodegradability of

The Global E waste Monitor 2020
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The majority of undocumented domestic and commercial e waste is probably This means that easily recyclable fractions might be recycled but often under inferior conditions without depollution and without the recovery of all valuable Therefore, such recycling is not preferred

E waste assessment methodology and validation in India
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geographical boundaries were fixed considering the location of organized and unor- ganized markets, places where each item is unloaded, traded, transported, dismantled, recycled reused, repaired 5. (2004) Management, handling and practices of E waste recycling in Delhi

Toxic cadmium ions removal by isolated fungal strain from e waste recycling facility
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The use of biomaterials for removing heavy metals from contaminated wastewater has emerged as a potential alternative method to conventional techniques. Fungi have been investigated as a biosorbent because of its capability to sequester metal ions from aqueouscausing serious environ- mental pollution. The objective of this study was to determine the contamination and toxicity of surface sediment of Nanguan River, which runs through the e waste recycling area of Taizhou, East China

An overview of recycling of electronic waste PART 2
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copper. The slag from the converter is recycled to the primary furnace slag. 2. Conventional smelters designed for processing of ores and concentrates constitute a challenge for e waste recycling . State of the art smelters are expensive

Recovery of metals from electronic waste by physical and chemical recycling processes
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More than 70% of PCB scraps cannot be efficiently recycled and recovered and have to be incinerated or land filled . The basic structure of the PCBs is the Cu-clad laminate consisting of glass-reinforced epoxy resin and a Fig. 3 Recycling process of e waste containing Cu

E waste management of Bangladesh
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Other types of waste including organic, recyclable soiled, and toxic were not included The data described those involved as recycling workers in the United States, China, Africa, and six products In every year Bangladesh generated roughly 2.8 million metric tons of e wasteIf e waste is informally recycled in the developing world, it seems that relatively small quantities can cause significant impacts Knowledge Partnerships with Developing and Transition Countries in e waste Recycling was launched in and is primarily supported by SECO

Behaviour of Consumers as One of the Most Important Factors in E Waste Problem.
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Education and information are the main tools to make people conscious and get involved in acquiring a habit to segregate e waste from regular waste Recycling rate in column 1 is an indication of the likely proportion of the households recyclable waste that is actually

Emissions of Dioxin-like compounds from primitive E waste recycling activities in the northern part of Vietnam− 1st report
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Previously, lots of studies had targeted on hot spots for contaminants derived from intensive E waste recycling activities such as open-burning and smelting process for retrieving metals. Many research concluded that intensive E waste recycling is harmful to

E Waste Management, Disposal and Its Impacts on the Environment.
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worldwide. Keywords: E waste electronic waste, recycling waste management 1.0 2008). Chemical contamination at e waste recycling and disposal sitesin Accra and Korforidua, Ghana, Greenpeace Toxic Tech August 2008. 20

Formalisation of e waste collection and recycling in China
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China is bearing increasing e waste inflows from both domestic generation and illegal import. The key task of e waste management in the region is to develop formal sectors and enable them economically and environmentally competitive towards their informal

E waste in China: A country report
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Despite the fact that the Chinese government banned the import of e waste (for both domestic re-use and recycling ) in 2000, large volumes of imported e In the US, it was estimated in that 50 80 per cent of the domestic e waste collected is not recycled domestically, but

Insights from a decade of development cooperation in e waste management
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A recent sampling campaign in the informal plastic recycling sector in Delhi, India, indicates that recycled plastic fractions are often cross- contaminated with brominated flame retardants by mixing plastics from e waste with nonhazardous plastic fractions from other waste types

Highly evolvable e waste recycling technologies and systems
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Materials recycling is a key process to close the loop of materials in the direction of circular economy. However, the variability of waste and the high volatility of the price of recovered materials are posing serious challenges to the current rigid design of mechanical recycling

Design of E waste Recycling Indicators in East Asia
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Until this time, considerable research has been carried out on the issue of e waste recycling performance in East Asia which has implemented the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) policies (Tasaki Tomohiro 2006; Chung 2008; Lihchyi Wen et al. 2009). Recently in China was firstly carried into effect in 9 provinces in 200 and the selected enterprise has been one of the first batch of pilot projects for recycling e waste in Jiangsu Province. According to Table approximately 1.57 million units discarded e-products was recycled in the

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organochlorine pesticides in rice hull from a typical e waste recycling area in southeast China: temporal trend, source, and
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The residue levels of 16 US EPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 16 selected organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in rice and rice hull collected from a typical e waste recycling area in southeast China were investigated from to 2007. PAHs and

Socio-economic assessment and feasibility study on sustainable e waste management in Ghana
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The idea is to explore appropriate mechanisms, if any, to link the informal e waste recycling sector in the African countries with modern high- tech metal refining enterprises worldwide with the objectives to recycling cooperation for sustainable e waste management in Ghana