ELECTRICAL POWER TRANSMISSION LINE IEEE PAPER 2022


Transmission lines carry high voltage electricity, typically at 345,000 volts, over long distances between the power generation plant and customers. In some cases, a large industrial customer may receive electricity directly from overhead transmission lines. Power transmission lines are used to connect power stations and substations, and for connections between substations, in order to efficiently transmit large amounts of electricity at high voltage without loss, and therefore play a crucial role in providing electricity. Transmission line voltages vary from 44,000 to over 765,000 volts. The higher the voltage, the more electricity the line can carry.

corona effect in transmission line The ionization of air surrounding the high voltage transmission lines causing the conductors to glow, producing a hissing noise, is called Corona Discharge or Corona Effect







Improving the Performance of Transmission Line Using Hybrid Technique
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electrical system has given rise to better electrical Technological innovations on transmission The devices are referred to as FACTS meaning not rigid irregular current transmission

Travelling waves in discrete electrical lattice with nonlinear symmetric capacitor
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confirming the fact that our line is the conventional righthanded transmission line . Figure 7 b) The In agreement with the left-handed nonlinear transmission line with Josephson junction,

A Novel Algorithm Design for Locating Fault Distances on HV Transmission Lines
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electrical faults on a transmission line . The proposed algorithm relies on the dynamics of current and voltage signals on the transmission line on a simulated transmission line prove that

Impact of High Voltage Transmission on I 2 r Losses Using A Simplified ETAP Model
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occurred on the transmission line that is to say, the transmission of electrical power at very losses along the line . Which illustrates the impact of high voltage transmission on I2R losses

Analysis Of Effects of Conductor Transposition on the 132kv Alaoji-Port Harcourt Transmission Line
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the transmission line system is the line losses and continual vandalism of the 132KV transmission as a power plant, to an electrical substation is known as electric power transmission . A

ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF FAULTS ON A 330 KV TRANSMISSION LINE NETWORK IN SOUTHERN NIGERIA FOR IMPROVE PERFORMANCE
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the behaviour of a transmission lines under fault conditions and Fault is an abnormal condition that involves an electrical to zero in single lineto-ground fault double lineto-ground fault,

Strategies for Redesigning High Performance FRP Wind Blades as Future Electrical Infrastructure
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The average number of poles per mile of transmission line is five. Therefore, simply based on an apples-to-apples comparison of a 200-mile transmission line the BladePole approach

Research on Transmission Fault Location Based on Scanning Data
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line during the fault location process of the transmission line it is In order to protect the transmission line when a fault occurs, it IEEJ Transactions on Electrical Electronic Engineering,

Backward-and forward-wave soliton co-existence due to second-neighbor coupling in a left-handed transmission line
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transmission line . We start with a detailed analysis of the dispersion curve and group velocity. We then use the quasi-discrete approximation with respect to long wavelength transverseAbstract: Transmission line fault detection is an important at how to detect generator and transmission line failures early and Between transmission lines and power customers, electrical

Modeling Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations in an Inductive Electrical Line and Construction of Implicit Wave Solutions
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The electrical line below is made up of several identical networks where G is the conductance of the resistor, R being the resistance of any resistor connected in series with an inductor

New Method of Transmitting Electricity
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phase electrical systems. In its abstract it is stated that an electrical energy transmission the same phases, and a single- line electrical transmission line which transmits further the thusly including Electrical System Safety and transmission line design and hazardous area classification for surface facilities. It is with the actual engineering application as the principle line

Stream: Engineering and Technology
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detection of faults based on their types and severity on the transmission line . This model scheme for six-phase transmission line with real-time validation. Neural Computing and

Maximization of injected power and efficiency based optimal location of DPFC using iterative procedure
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flexible AC transmission system in a transmission line under a steady state. To study the of the transmission line . As the length of the transmission line increases, the line inductive

EXTREMELY LOW FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS IN EGYPTIAN BUILDINGS NEAR HIGH VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION LINES
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magnetic fields underneath 132 kV overhead transmission line in Egypt are measured and It is impossible to generate and use electrical energy without creating these fields. Electrical

G. Gantaiah Swamy1
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transmission line discussed in , but these type of systems can capable to suppress challenges of electrical technique for wind source integrated tapped transmission line [16]. Now a

Reduction of Outages in Transmission Using Real-Time Technique
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in transmission lines The real-time technique was used to examine and adopted to reduce emergency load shedding in the transmission line . load shedding in the transmission line .

A New Fault Location Method Independent of Line Parameters
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line diagram of the selected 200 km, 500 kV transmission line . The PMU is installed at both ends of the line in parallel transmission line International Journal of Electrical Engineering

A CASE STUDY OF ELECTROMAGNETIC EXPOSURE FOR HIGH TENSION POWER LINES AND TRANSFORMER WITH AND WITHOUT BASE STATION
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transmission line . Here we have observed the electric and magnetic field beneath the transmission line by If current is flowing throughout the power line or when an electrical device is

REALISTIC METHODOLOGY FOR FAULT LOCATION AND PROTECTION TESTS BASED ON TRAVELING WAVES
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the components of the electrical system, including the transmission lines, and reproducing using traveling waves was first introduced in a transmission line protective relay in .

Real-Time Fault Location Using the Retardation Method. Electronics 202 1 980
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The above system description was derived for an electrical transmission line as the wave behavior is well known and there is considerable expertise in making the calculations; however

Development of Low-Cost Prototype N2 Laser System and Laser-Induced Fluorescence of Pyranine
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) nitrogen laser and its high-tension electrical pump source, along with its application study of Blumlein transmission line equivalent of nitrogen laser is designed in NI Multisim, voltage

Phase shifter based on the substrate integrated waveguide technology
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Substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) technology is widely known transmission line technology adapted for use in various types of microwave circuits. This article deals with the

Analysis of Voltage Rise Phenomena in Electrical Power Network With High Concentration of Renewable Distributed Generations
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The power flows and the voltage profiles of a traditional electrical distribution system cannot series connection with a transmission line (𝐿 𝑩 represent inductance of the line while the

Review Paper on Single and Three Phase Fault Identification System using Machine Learning
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prerequisites have pushed electrical utilities to operate transmission lines near their most The first section reviewed the basics faults encountered in transmission line along with old

THE IMPACT OF LINE PROTECTION OPERATE TIME ON CIRCUIT BREAKER WEAR
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the main paradigm of transmission line protection, declaring arc energy and transferred electrical charge (calculated from based on the transferred electrical charge measurements isloading on the loss of a major transmission line using the paired FACTS devices in Table 1. circuit, 500 MVA*69 KM transmission line that evacuates the bulk of geothermal power from

Enhancing Transient Stability of Nigeria 330kv Transmission Grid Using a High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC)
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transmission systems are integral part of the electrical power system, improving stability, reliability and transmission on Olorunsogbo to Ikeja West transmission line . It can be observed

Image Analysis using Deep Learning for Electrical Overhead Line Tower Management
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Electrical overhead line networks comprise assets for transmission and distribution of energy including towers and tower fittings. Fig. 2.1 shows a tower and several fittings like

Design of a Novel Split-Bowtie Slotted Multi-Resonant Antenna
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transmission line fed into one of the arms. The final antenna is fed with a transmission line Ata is a Professor at Palestine Polytechnic University in Hebron, working in the electrical

Design of a highly selective bandstop filter using dual path capacitive coupled SIR structure
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transmission lines of impedance Z and electrical length θ1 whereas θ = θ1. Path-1 has an electrical length of 90o, while path-2 has an electrical An ideal transmission line model is

Demand response planning in capacity market using microgrid
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power systems and electrical machines , . Development of the transmission system is a an alternative solution for development of transmission line in capacity market. An effective

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH OF LINE POWER UNLOADING AUTOMATICS WITH ITS TRIPPING CHARACTERISTICS CORRECTION
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The development cycle includes the tasks of tentative assessment of electrical equipment operating mode of transmission line . The algorithm for line power unloading automatics

Facts about Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) Controllers: Practical Installations and Benefits
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Arizona, in 199 which increased the transmission lines capacity by over 30 percent. Seven To reduce the need for new transmission lines, FACTS devices assist to distribute electrical

WaveGuides Transmission Lines: Electromagnetic Field Theory
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section transmission line problem, and solved with transmission line methods. When V and I are continuous at a transmission line Hence, the transmission line solution would also imply

Review on Power Transmission and Distribution Losses-A Modal Based on Available Empirical Data and Future Trends for all Countries Globally
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electrical engineering, which deals with generation, transmission and distribution of electrical Based on consideration of the safety issues and losses of transmission this paper sets outof transmission lines. While comparing with three phase HVAC transmission systems, HVDC transmission system is commendable in the following portions: (i) HVDC transmission line

Harmonic Modelling of Power Systems HV Cable: A Novel Approach
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transmission line through high voltage cable. The generated results indicated that the presence of cables in the power transmission Therefore, to model onshore and offshore electricalof transmission lines. While comparing with three phase HVAC transmission systems, HVDC transmission system is commendable in the following portions: (i) HVDC transmission line This work focuses on transmission line (TL)-based phase shifter implementing functional material liquid crystal (LC), which is a promising tunable dielectric generally utilized above 10

Automated RF Line Testing: test setup to execute RF measurements using microwave switches with Python
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3.1 Definition of Transmission Line A transmission line is typically a cable that conducts electromagnetic waves. A basic electrical cable can carry low frequency alternating current but

OPTIMAL SVC ALLOCATION IN POWER SYSTEMS USING TEACHING LEARNING BASED OPTIMIZATION
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To meet the increasing demand for electrical energy, the power system transmission line losses can be enormous. Voltage collapses and power outages result from these transmission

The Study of Capacitor Voltage Balancing Control for Hybrid Modular Multilevel Converter with Grid-Tied-Cascaded full Bridge Approach
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In the scenario of electrical energy transmission growth, HVDC are costly, the transmission line requires a diminished number of AC transmission frameworks, HVDC transmission

Implementation of SCADA System for Data Transmission 33/11 Kv Substation
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to reduce the levels of electrical energy expenditure and control and future electrical energy loading, calculate the amount of electrical electrical energy from the source to the consumer.

Fault Point Location Method, Based on Harmonics Analysis of a Distribution System
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In Chapter 4 an electrical equivalent diagram of a transmission line will be presented, followed by a model with three branches, since the final model in this paper is based on a modelA 800KM transmission line and SVC is modeled in the MATLAB . The outputs can be checked with optimized PSO and without PSO optimization. We find that the SVC with PSO

Wide area fuzzy controller with latency compensation in order damping of sub synchronous resonance in DFIG based wind farms
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with the capacitive series compensated transmission line the from the compensated power system and transmission line [23], The reference electrical torque is determined for obtaining

Design and Simulation for Novel Impact Microstrip Patch Antenna
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The dielectric constant is the ratio of the amount of electrical energy stored in an transmission line method, the cavitynethod and the full-wave method. In this paper, the

reduction of electromagnetic interference using algorithms to contain signals
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electrical connection that starts at the transmitter signal and ends at the receiver signal. Numerous articles have discussed the transmission line the order of transmission lines. We are

Lightning rod system: mathematical analysis using the rolling sphere method
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The electrical transmission sub- transmission and distribution systems must guarantee the safety and reliability of the electro-energy system in case of sudden changes in voltage and

Highly Selective UWB Bandpass Filter with Multi-Notch Characteristics Using Comb Shaped Resonator.
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lengths and characteristic admittance of the transmission line segments. The physical length and width of the transmission line sections contribute to calculating the electrical lengths

Automatic Data Acquisition of the Power line Inspection Using autonomous UAVs on Simulated Environment
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of power or transmission line with autonomous automatic UAVs vehicle to inspect the power line in a simulated environment. It Examine the electrical foundation using UAV requires to

Flexible ku/k band frequency reconfigurable bandpass filter
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Bandwidth reconfiguration is also possible on a coplanar waveguide transmission line by inserting varactors at appropriate positions on the transmission line . Separate efforts have

EMI radiation of power transmission lines in Malaysia
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These dimensions agree well with the transmission line design manual in I. Beck. have analyzed and computed the amount of electrical potential and EMF level at a specific point and

Design of Compact Branch- Line Coupler for Wi-Max Applications
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This paper proposes a simple method to reduce the size of the coupler by replacing each quarter wavelength transmission line with its equivalent pi-network. To avoid lumped elements,

Various Control Modes of HPFC Under Normal and Fault Conditions
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the distribution generation, storing devices and rising electrical loads add to the difficulties. This To increase the power transfer capacity in the transmission line the FACTS devices are

Bhaskar Mr. T. Papi Naidu2
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This system is having two areas connected by a tie- line with equivalent impedance of transmission line as X12. The current is expected to flow from area 1 to area 2. If due to load

Non‐unit protection scheme for HVDC transmission lines based on energy of voltage difference
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of HVDC transmission lines. As for the boundary features of the transmission line the voltage based on the second-order difference of transmission line voltage and its energy, which is

Self-healing Capability against Power Outage in Smart Grid
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capabilities to the existing AC transmission line is presented to point Hence, research in the state of the art electrical and most common electrical equipment in the transmission system,

electrical transmission line IEEE PAPER 2021





Development of Computer Modeling System for Analysis and Design of Electrical Transmission Lines
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Analysis. Keywords: Electrical Transmission Tower, Electrical Transmission Line High Intensity Wind, Finite Element Analysis, Database 1. INTRODUCTION transmission line affected by HIW: (1) the geometric structure of an electrical transmission line is very special. It is time

Accurate fault detection and location in power transmission line using concurrent neuro fuzzy technique
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Introduction The first AC power transmission line system was initially introduced in the year 1889 in the United States of America . The first electrical transmission line was connected be- tween Oregon city and Portland. This

Invariant Solutions and Bifurcation Analysis of the Nonlinear Transmission Line Model
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Page 1. Invariant solutions and bifurcation analysis of the nonlinear transmission line model Sachin Ku ∗ Department of Mathematics and Statistics Central University of Punjab, Bathinda 15100 Punjab, India. sachin1jan@yahoo.com

Solitary waves and modulation instability with the influence of fractional derivative order in nonlinear left-handed transmission line
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40 The main purpose of this work is to investigate the behavior of the dark and bright solitons by a nonlinear evolution equation with fractional order describing the waves propagation in nonlinear left-handed electrical transmission line giving by [3 40], ∂U ∂z β2 j−3 (2) 17. Karakose, E.: Performance evaluation of electrical transmission line detection and tracking algorithms based on image processing using UAV

Risk Mitigation: Human Factors II
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devastated the town of Paradise and Concow (see Figure 1). As reported by multiple articles that quoted from the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection investigation, the Camp Fire was started by a Pacific Gas and Electricity electrical transmission line of which

An efficient algorithm based on the multi-wavelet Galerkin method for telegraph equation
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1. Introduction Telegraph equation is introduced by Oliver Heaviside and is a linear second-order hyperbolic partial differential equations that describe the current and voltage on an electrical transmission line with distance

Realization of a polarization-insensitive optical frequency-domain reflectometer using an I/Q homodyne detection
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The application elds of the technology range from shape sensing, pipeline and electrical transmission line monitoring, structural health monitoring, or intrusion detection for perimeter security applications . Unlike optical time-domain

Alternative Modes of Natural Gas Transport
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was performed jointly by the Bonneville Power Administration and the Northwest Gas Association (Buchanan Christie) which concluded that the capital cost for an underground gas pipeline is 50% lower than the capital cost for an overland electrical transmission line

Novel Optical Solitons to the Perturbed Gerdjikov-Iva Equation Via Collective Variables
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Page 1. Novel Optical Solitons to the Perturbed Gerdjikov- Iva Equation Via Collective Variables Zara Hassan University of the Punjab Nauman Raza University of the Punjab Francisco Gomez (  jgomez@cenidet.edu.mx

Analytical Approaches for Fast Computing of the Thermal Load of Vehicle Cables of Arbitrary Length for the Application in Intelligent Fuses.
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398 Page 4. transformed. To avoid this problem, using Greens functions, expressions are derived, that can be transformed back into the time domain more easily. This approach is used in the electrical transmission line theory as well (Antonini)

Bioenergy Supply Chain Simulation and Improvement basedon Thailand Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP)
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Page 1. MASTERS THESIS Bioenergy Supply Chain Simulation and Improvement basedon Thailand Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) Masters Educational Program: Center for Energy Science and Technology Student Pornpawit Karpkerd

Partial Differential Equations in Applied Mathematics
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Page 1. Partial Differential Equations in Applied Mathematics 4 (2021) 100040 Mathematics journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/padiff

Accelerated fitted operator finite difference method for singularly perturbed parabolic reaction-diffusion problems
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Page 1. Uncorrected Proof Computational Methods for Differential Equations http://cmde.tabrizu. ac.ir Vol. *, No. *, *, pp. 1-13 DOI:10.22034/cmde.2020.39685.1737 Accelerated fitted operator finite difference method for singularly perturbed parabolic reaction-diffusion problems

CENAE-RDC
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16 USC 1531et seq.), for a proposal by Central Maine Power Company (CMP) to place temporary and permanent fill in numerous waterways and wetlands between Beattie Township and Lewiston, Maine in order to construct and maintain an aerial electrical transmission line

Improving Learning Electrical Engineering Student Activity via Computer Simulation
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e. Able to calculate Standing Wave (SWR) f. Able to model a transmission line as an electrical circuit g. Able to calculate transmission line parameters at low frequency and high frequency h. Able to use the graph method (Smith Chart) to solve problems on the transmission line

Accurate fault detection and location in power transmission line using concurrent neuro fuzzy technique
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Introduction The first AC power transmission line system was initially introduced in the year 1889 in the United States of America . The first electrical transmission line was connected be- tween Oregon city and Portland. ThisAlready, power generation has outpaced the capacity of the grid, resulting in spill of electrical energy. The severe cost time overrun in transmission line project due to the hurdles motivated this research work to assess the different challenging factor in the transmission line

the Transmission Line and Consideration of Corona Impact and Frequency Dependence and Analogy between Them
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ABSTRACT The waveform and amplitude of overvoltage generated in the transmission line due to lightning strikes are of great importance in the insulation coordination of electrical equipment in the power grid and the choice of lightning protection to inequality (voltage, transmission line capacity and power generation limitations) and equality constraints. The Genetic Algorithm optimization method was very effective in the area of DG allocation and capacity when it applied on the standard IEEE bus electrical networks

Solitary waves and modulation instability with the influence of fractional derivative order in nonlinear left-handed transmission line
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40 The main purpose of this work is to investigate the behavior of the dark and bright solitons by a nonlinear evolution equation with fractional order describing the waves propagation in nonlinear left-handed electrical transmission line giving by [3 40], ∂U ∂z β2 j−3 (2)

Lightning Surge Analysis of Transmission Line Towers with a Hybrid FDTD-PEEC Method
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1 Lightning Surge Analysis of Transmission Line Abstract This paper addresses lightning surges on the transmission systems with a new hybrid method, using a 1D FDTD model for the transmission line and a PEEC model for the tower and lightning channel

REVIEW ON POWER QUALITY IMPROVEMENT USING UNIFIED POWER FLOW CONTROLLER SYSTEM IN ELECTRICAL NETWORK
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power flow controller (UPFC) is an electrical device for giving quick acting reactive power remuneration on high-voltage power transmission organizations. It utilizes a couple of threestage controllable bridges to deliver current that is infused into a transmission line utilizing an Fault detection during power swing is a critical task as relays remain blocked leaving the system unprotected. Power swing in general is symmetrical, but asymmetrical power swing occurs during single-phase auto-reclosing operation. Both the power swings severely affect

SSSC to control Power flow in the Line
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power plants, power generation by renewable energy is inserting much more electrical power in Numerous problems in expansion of transmission lines are forcing existing transmission network to utilise FACTS controllers are capable of controlling power flow in the line upto its

Transmission capacity improvement using unified power flow controller with new control strategy
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electric market is increasing day by day, thereby pressing transmission lines due to inadequate sources of energy . Since electrical energy is problem of stability, security, economic and reliability for power supply . It is not possible to build a new transmission line because ittransmission and distribution systems Janak Acharya Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering Related papers The percentage of transmission line failures in adverse weather was varied from 0 to 100% in 10% increments

Improving the voltage quality and power transfer capability of transmission system using facts controller
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AC /Alternating Current/ ESS /Energy Storage System/ FACTS /Flexible AC Transmission System/ GUPFC /Generalized Power Flow Controller/ ID /Identification/ IEEE /Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers/ IPFC /Inter- line Power Flow Controller/ NR /Newton Raphson

STUDY AND EVELUATION SCHEME OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
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UNIT I: Introduction: Reactive power control in electrical power transmission lines Uncompensated transmission line series compensation Basic concepts of Static Var Compensator (SVC) Thyristor Controlled Series capacitor (TCSC) Unified power flow controller

Hybrid CPFSK/OQPSK modulation transmission techniques performance efficiency with RZ line coding based fiber systems in passive optical networks
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modulation transmission techniques performance efficiency with return-to-zero (RZ) line coding scheme for various bits/symbol, based on hybrid proposed modulation transmission techniques. Also, optical power and received electrical power variations are simulated with fiber

A Hybrid Scheme for Fault Locating in Transmission Lines Compensated by the Thyristor-Controlled Series Capacitors
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IEEE Index . Rajeswary, G. Raja, et al. Fuzzy-wavelet based transmission line protection scheme in the presence of tcsc. International Conference on Electrical Electronics, and Optimization Techniques (ICEEOT). IEEE. . Nale, Ruchita, and Monalisa BiswalEnhancement: A Case of Nigerian Electric Power Grid American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 201 Vol. No. 33-39 DOI:10.12691/ajeee-4-1-5 Ku and SB Dubey (2015), Enhancement of Transient Stability in Transmission Line Using SVC Facts

An Investigation on the Effect of Ground Resistance Value on the Lightning Discharge Current
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Back Flashover phenomenon analysis in power transmission substation for insulation coordination. In 11th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering (pp. 170-174). IEEE. LaForest, JJ Transmission line reference book. 345 kV and above. NoFilter, Fuzzy Logic Controller. 1. INTRODUCTION Electrical Power when transmitted through High Voltage Alternating Current (HVAC) Transmission lines to the load, some amount of power is wasted in terms of losses which occur in the transmission line due to its parameters

Compact 5G Hairpin Bandpass Filter Using Non-Uniform Transmission Lines Theory.
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Yazdani, A miniaturized Wilkinson power divider using nonuniform transmission line Journal of Compact UWB unequal split Wilkinson power divider using nonuniform transmission lines, Int on Computer, Control, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Khartoum, Sudan, pp

Creep strength of hybrid composites used in power transmission line conductors
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Creep strength of hybrid composites used in power transmission line conductors Abstract In this paper, the creep strength of hybrid composites used in the new generation of power transmission line conductors is predicted

A pulse amplitude modulation scheme based on in- line semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) for optical soliton systems
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IS Amiri, et al., Influence of device to device interconnection elements on the system behavior and stability, Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, vol. 1 no pp 307-3 1993. J. Witzens, et al., Design of transmission line driven slothence, enhance electrical energy supply within the entire power systems network. Through this voltage profiles are improved, energy losses are reduced, system stability is enhanced, power flow between parallel lines is optimized and the transmission line capability increased

Silicon-controlled Rectifier-based Electrostatic Discharge Protection Circuit with Additional NPN Parasitic Bipolar Junction Transistor for 5-V Application
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Fig. 5 shows the layouts of the fabricated devices and a 50 magnified image of the proposed device. In addition, transmission line pulse (TLP) measurements were used to verify the electrical characteristics and robustness [1 14]. Fig. 6 shows the Fig

Transmission Innovation Symposium
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generators from multiple electric utilities and a larger, and likely more diverse, electrical load, allows for transactions are implemented by each utility monitoring the flow on all the transmission lines that and then adjusting internal generation to keep the sum of the tie- line flows at ABSTRACT Electrical and Electronic systems are subjected to a wide range of power quality Restorer (DVR) as it gives compensation to sag, swell, improves the line regulation and VAR device that has seen applications in a variety of distribution and transmission applications

Compact active duplexer based on CSRR and interdigital loaded microstrip coupled lines for LTE application
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2020. 9. Keshavarz, R., M. Danaeian, M. Movahhedi, and A. Hakimi, A compact dual-band branch- line coupler based on the interdigital transmission line 19th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, 1 2011. 10

Minimization of losses by reconfiguration of radial distribution system using artificial intelligence (AI)
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Out of three functional areas of Electrical utility, the distribution sector needs more attention and it is difficult to standardize due to its complexity This project proposes an efficient approach to reduce active power loss in transmission line

Analysis of the performance of grounding grids buried in heterogeneous soil under impulse current
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systems,is based in transmission line approach of grounding grid and could be treated as well as circuit models [17]. Seixas and Kurokawa [18] have proposed electrical grounding systems model which could be simulated directly in the time domain using conventional software

Optimization of Micro strip antenna using 2×2 slot array for wireless application
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The array is fed by a probe of diameter 1.2mm in the middle of the thicker transmission line by using SMA of impedance 50 ohms If the dielectric constant is high, the electrical length of the antenna will be reduced but the bandwidth would be narrow

Design and Analysis of Dual-Band Circular Patch Antenna for X-Band Applications with Enhanced Bandwidth
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antenna is a crucial component in the wireless communication system which converts electrical waves to a simple circular patch antenna for better radiation along with wide transmission bandwidth antenna consists of a circular radiating patch, a 50-ohm feedline line a quarterCommunication Prof. Madhuri Zambre Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Modern College of Engineering Pune India madhurizambre01@gmail.com Article History LV is a central transmission line where it Page 3

Performance analysis of frequency on various substrate in microstrip patch antenna
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Rogers have distinct nature of low loss and uniform electrical and absorption properties which find major usage as substrates in antenna Fig. 1. shows the patch antenna with quarter-wave transformer. Following calculations are based on the transmission line model

Localization of Partial Discharge in a Transformer Winding Using Ladder Network A Review
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Electrical methods use digital filtering, capacitive component localization, and travelling wave. Likewise, electrical methods, lately some nonelectrical methods were also discovered which optical, chemical, acoustic methods are Multi-conductor transmission line (MTL) model

Enhanced Ultra-Wide Band Multistage Rectifier for Pulsed Signal Power Transmission
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Line (TRL) kit manufactured for this purpose The UWB power transfer requires a broad band RF power harvesting device to allow maximum power transmission to the of reducing the average power delivered by an electrical signal by efficiently cutting out it into discrete parts

Reduction of Power system losses in Transmission Network using Optimisaion Method
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Reduction of Power System Losses in Transmission Network 2Department of Electrical /Electronic Engineering, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, PMB 01660 power failure could be overcome by determining line losses, determining the phase values of theThe Electrical power system losses can be computed using several formulae in consideration of pattern of generation and loads by means of the following methods: Computing transmission losses as I2R By differential power loss method By computing line flows and line

Power quality improvement of 66-bus distribution system using SSC
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P.Ramesh and M.Damodara Reddy, Power Transfer Capa- bility Reliability Improvement in a Transmission Line using Distributed static series compensatorler, Interna- tional Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), 2(4)(2012), 553-562Padiyar Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, India 560012 AbstractThe Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) is a power electronic controller which can be used to control active and reactive power flows in a transmission line by injection




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