agriculture management



Wastewater use in irrigated agriculture : management challenges in developing countries
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Cities in developing countries are experiencing unparalleled growth and rapidly increasing water supply and sanitation coverage that will continue to release growing volumes of wastewater. In many developing countries, untreated or partially treated wastewater is used

Uncertainty, risk aversion and risk management in agriculture
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Uncertainty and risk are quintessential features in agriculture . After an overview of the main sources of agricultural risk, this paper tries to reveal whether farmers decision is risk averse or not through census data, and then the elements which affect farmers decision under risk

Labor management in agriculture : Cultivating personnel productivity
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A successful promotion policy should neither stifle present personnel nor eliminate managements option for outside recruitment. Some employers and workers feel the only evidence of career success is promotion. Fortunately, there are several other ways to ABSTRACT/Implementing the concept of sustainability through integrated approaches to natural resource management poses enormous challenges for both the rural communities and government agencies concerned. This paper reviews the underlying rhetoric of

Weather risk management for agriculture and agri-business in developing countries
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Risk is a pervasive characteristic of life in developing countries, especially in rural areas. The economies depend heavily on weather conditions, and experience frequent weather hazards, such as drought, floods and windstorms. These factors typically affect most

Risk management in agriculture
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Risk management in agriculture is important on several grounds: even if reducing farming risk does not always improve farmers welfare, failure to manage risks has direct repercussions on farmers incomes, market stability and potentially food security. The latter is

Climate-smart agriculture : a synthesis of empirical evidence of food security and mitigation benefits from improved cropland management
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Meeting the food demand of a global population expected to reach 9.1 billion in 2050 and over 10 billion by end of the century will require major changes in agricultural production systems. Improving cropland management is key to increase crop productivity without further

Risk management in agriculture and the future of the EUs Common Agricultural Policy
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Against this background, this paper looks at risk management policies in agriculture with a particular view on their use in the EU. The paper begins with a few comments on the nature of risk in agriculture and to role of governments in managing that risk (Section 2). It continues

Conservation agriculture in cereal systems of South Asia: Nutrient management perspectives
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In past, green revolution has paid dividends through impressive agricultural growth, which helped to keep balance between demand and supply in the past four decades. But, the real challenges have surfaced in the recent years with everincreasing food demand due to

Water management practices and climate in ancient agriculture : inferences from the stable isotope composition of archaeobotanical remains
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Carbon isotope discrimination ( 13 C) in charred grains from archaeological sites provides reliable information about water availability of ancient crops. However, as cereals are cultivated plants, they reflect not only climatic fluctuations, but also the effect on water

Knowledge management in agriculture : building upon diversity
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Abstract Knowledge increasingly has become a vital resource. Within our communities, institutions, and organizations, practical insights are needed for optimizing its use. Knowledge management needs to become an object of study. This article deals with two

Prehistoric landscape management in the Andean highlands: Raised field agriculture and its environmental impact
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The terrain within the Lake Titicaca Basin in the Andean highlands of Peru and Bolivia is a highly human-modified landscape. Archaeological investigations document that massive landscape modifications were undertaken throughout prehistory in order to intensively

Innovative approaches to financing extension for agriculture and natural resource management
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A close look at more recent development programmes with the goal to improve rural livelihoods reveals that support services for small farm households remain the key of any initiative. The support of extensionin its conventional sense has apparently lost importance

Risk management in agriculture
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The enterprise of agriculture is subject to great many uncertainties. Yet more people in India earn their livelihood from this sector than from all other sectors put together. This includes large number of the poor who have little means of coping with adversities. Understanding

Plant biotechnology: potential impact for improving pest management in European agriculture
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L Gianessi, S Sankula, N Reigner The National Center for Food and 2003 chilebio.cl Crop biotechnology has been widely discussed for the past decade. While the United States has planted millions of acres with genetically modified crops, in Europe, only Spain has any commercial biotech acres. The European Union and European countries are considering a

Approaches to pest management in organic agriculture : a case study in European apple orchards
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Although the European organic agriculture movement was founded by Rudolf Steiner and Hans Mueller in the years between 1924 and 1940, it was not until the 1980s that pest management researchers began to develop strategies to control pests in organic systems

Drivers for biodegradable/compostable plastics role of composting waste management sustainable agriculture
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Sustainability, industrial ecology, ecoefficiency, and green chemistry are the new principles that are guiding the development of the next generation of plastic and other products and processes. Thus, new products have to be designed and engineered from conception to

Effect of conservation agriculture management practices on maize productivity and selected soil quality indices under South Africa dryland conditions
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Conservation agriculture experiment was conducted under irrigated and dryland conditions during 2007/2008-summer cropping season to determine a suitable soil-crop management practice for increase maize yield. The study consisted of tillage practices (conventional

The social basis of environmental management in agriculture : A background for understanding Landcare
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Agriculture is seen by some purely as a technical activity. Farmers agricultural management practices are seen as the application of scientific knowledge which is generated in scientific research agencies (Depts of Agriculture CSIRO, Universities), and extended/diffused