printed circuit board IEEE PAPERS-2020



A printed circuit board, or PCB, is used to mechanically support and electrically connect electronic components using conductive pathways, tracks or signal traces etched from copper sheets laminated onto a non-conductive substrate

created an electrical path directly on an insulated surface by printing through a stencil (a shape cut into a board or paper) with special ink that could conduct electricity, just like wires could. This method was called “printed wiring” or “printed circuit.”



Worst-Case Coupled Voltage Analysis of Printed Circuit Board Traces
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➢ The exact coupled load-voltage to a PCB trace above an infinite ground plane due to an incident plane wave can be calculated using the Baum-Liu-Tesche (BLT) formulation . The BLT formulation accounts for both horizontal electric field on the substrate surface and

Development of a Printed Circuit Board Design Laboratory Course
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The lab course developed and described in this paper provides students with an opportunity to gain skills in the fundamental PCB design principles, which they can then use to build more advanced board circuitry as they progress through their curriculum. The course is

D-Mannitol a Novel Eco-friendly Complexing Material to Electroless Copper Plating for Printed Circuit Board
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Electroless plating finds application in the field of integrated circuits (IC), printed circuit boards (PCB) and in very large scale industry (VLSI). Methane sulphonic acid (MSA) is an alkyl sulfonic acid, having well-distinct chemistry which is also considered as a green

Design of an Open Electrowetting on Dielectric Device Based on Printed Circuit Board by Using a Parafilm M
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In recent years, the open electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD) device has been widely used in biomedical detection, chemical synthesis analysis, and so on. However, the cost of using ITO glass as surface material is difficult to meet the requirement for large-scale array chip

Determination of The Optimal Matrix Configuration for The Elements of a Printed Circuit Board (PCB)
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This research work aims to determine the optimal matrix configuration for the installation of PCB elements and study the functional dependency from the number of elements on the board the physical dimensions of the elements, inter elementary distances, the average

Cost-Effective Implementation of Air Filled SIWs on Printed Circuit Boards
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Abstract This paper presents a new cost-effective method for the production of air filled SIWs (AFSIW) in conventional printed circuit board (PCB) substrates with a CO2 Laser and how they can be implemented with standard PCB technology(The foil prevents polymer shear.) Thus, the base of the layer in the multilayer printed circuit board experiences internal stress associated with its compos- ite structure. If some of the copper is lost on etching, this internal stress expresses itself in deformation of the base

Recycled Metal Characterization of Printed Circuit Boards
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents the characterization of electronic components from Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) and the comparison with the characterization of the printed circuit board without its parts KEYWORDS: Electronics, Reuse, Metals, Printed Circuit Board

Fatigue Estimation of Board Level ElectronicPackages under Random Vibrations
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This project investigates the dynamic characteristics and dynamic response characteristics of the electronic package under JE standards of a specially designed PCB ( Printed Circuit Board ) with Ball Grid Array(BGA) packages (lead free solder joint) mounted on it RAM boards. The overflow product comprised of a calorific value of 4.5 9 106 J/kg and could be further used. Keywords Printed circuit board 4 Fluidization 4 Copper 4 Recovery 4 Grade 1 Introduction Technological and lifestyle

Six Sigma Case: The Improvement Welding Strength of LED Soft Board Process
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electronic products. It is the primary method to stick the electronic components on the printed circuit board . The technique is to fix the components on the surface of the printed circuit board after applying the solder paste. At presentA typical computer printed circuit board consists of 27% polymer, 28% ceramic, and 45% metals.8 The valuable metals in WPCBs are mainly copper, tin, gold, silver, palladium, etc., where copper accounts for more than 20%. 10 In

Integration of Printed Optical Waveguides in Printed Circuit Boards
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on circuit board level are re- quired . The high volume production process addressed in this paper is flexographic printing, which allows the production of circle segment shaped optical wave- guides on a planar substrate . The approach to integrate printed opticalKeywords Finite element analysis ¡ Modal analysis ¡ Printed circuit board ¡ Fatigue life ¡ Random vibration Y.-C. Lee, B.-T. Wang, Y.-S. Lai, C.-L. Yeh, R.-S. Chen, Finite element model verification for packaged printed circuit board by experimental modal analysis. Microelectron

Cost-Effective Implementation of Filters in Millimeter Wave Range on Printed Circuit Boards
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Another technology of great interest for many practical applications in standard low cost printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturing processes is the substrate integrated waveguide (SIW), because of its robustness against production tolerance . With regard to quality factor andChina. J Mater Cycles Waste 19(2):599 611 3. Ghodrat M, Rhamdani MA, Khaliq A, Brroks G, Samali B (2018) Thermodynamic analysis of metals recycling out of waste printed circuit board through secondary copper smelting. J

Multiwavelength microscopy as inspection method for printed circuit boards
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Experimental data This measurement method can be used for example for a printed circuit board (PCB) inspection when a production technology needs to be optimised. It can provide information about the height and the shape of each surface layer. 1 2 1 2 λ λ λ λ λ ∠=s . (1)

Atmospheric Plasma Surface Engineering of Printed Circuit Boards: A Novel Method to Improve the Adhesion of Conformal Coatings
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Introduction Historically, the vast majority of Printed Circuit Board Assembly (PCBA) conformal coatings were those used in high reliability mission critical material application areas such as automotive, aerospace, military, and medical products and gadgets leads to a massive generation of electronic waste, which can be con- sidered a valuable source of base and metallic values.1 3 Random-access memory (RAM) devices are memory storage devices for computers that contain a printed circuit board (PCB) with base

Improving Hydrometallurgical Methods for Processing Tin-containing Electronic Waste
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The main elements of a smartphone are the case, the printed circuit board the battery, and the display (Gu et al.). Using a solder consisting of tin and other elements, electronic components are mounted on a printed circuit board

COMBINATORIAL AND GEOMETRIC GRAPHS
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In addition, planarity and other related concepts are useful in many practical situations. For instance in the design of a printed circuit board the electrical engineer must know if he can make the required connections without an extra layer of insulation

Modelling the Fluxgate Sensors with Magnetic Field Concentrators
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focused on utilization of cores made of amorphous alloy ribbons, whereas the whole sensor can be developed within single printed board circuit . Such fluxgate sensors can measure magnetic field in one or two directions . As a result, printed circuit board based fluxgate

Resource allocation of flexible printed circuit production line by computer simulation
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line includes the number of operators, the number of vacuum curing machine, and the number of carrier board . Firstly, workflow was been analyzed in detail by the time study. The study was conducted on the back-end process of Flexible Printed Circuit (FPC) production

240-GHz Reflectometer with Integrated Transducer for Dielectric Spectroscopy in a 130-nm SiGe BiCMOS Technology
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The experimental dielectric sensing is demonstrated by using a binary methanol-ethanol mixture placed on the proposed on-chip dielectric sensor in the assembled printed circuit board . Keywords Dielectric sensor, heterodyne, reflectometer, SiGe, terahertz, mm-Wave

PCB DESIGN SEMINAR IEEE@ UC ASWIN BALASUBRAMANIAM
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WHAT IS A PCB Printed Circuit Board Custom designed boards built to function for a specific task Replaces circuits built using wires Page 20. REFERENCES Printed circuit board . Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Sept. 201 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printed_circuit_board

The perfect position of electrical components on PCBs in communication system industry From the mechanical aspects viewpoint
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ABSTRACT: The structure of a printed circuit board (PCB) is very complicated for Improving the reliability of printed circuit boards is critical to predicting the designation of any possible locations subject to vibration than others. Avoid placing heavy electronic components Methods of Investigation and Control [in Russian], Tekhno- sfera, Moscow (2004). 284 p. 6. YR Cho, YS Lee, and SK Rha, Electroless plated copper thin film for metallization of printed circuit board : Neutral pro- cess,

Remote Experimentation with Open-Access Full-Duplex Wireless in the COSMOS Testbed
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accessible compute node. The RF SI canceller box includes an RF canceller printed circuit board which emu- lates an integrated circuit implementation based on the technique of frequency-domain equalization. The Gen-2 canceller

Broadband miniature quadrature coupler on planar cells
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divider. Through the use of planar cells, it was possible to reduce the area occupied by the divider on the printed circuit board from 3786 mm2 to 1004.2 mm2. However, miniaturization reduces bandwidth by 10%. 1 Introduction

Temperature Dependence on Silver Conductivity and Adhesion Performance Between Silver and Flexible Substrate
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Printed circuit board (PCB) is the main component in almost all electronic devices. The increase in the demand for PCB cause dramatically increases of E-waste. The improper discard practice of printed circuit board (PCB) leads to human health and environmental problems

The effect of different shape pattern of metal interconnects on the electrical and mechanical properties of stretchable conductive circuit
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(2015). Waste printed circuit board recycling techniques and product utilization. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 28 234 243. Hicks, WT, Allington, TR, Johnson, V. (1980) The design considers simple, easily available printed circuit board (PCB) with RT/Duriod 5880 dielectric material between the patch and ground plane, which is inexpensive, fulfills the basic need of the application. Keywords

CNN BASED AUTOMATIC QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM FOR PCB BOARD DEFECT DETECTION USING COMPUTER VISION
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Robert Thibadeau, Printed circuit board inspection Carnegie Mellon University,1981. Nikola Zlatanov, PCB Design Process and Fabrication Challenges , Conference: PCB West, At Santa Clara, CA, September

Minimization of Crosstalk in PCB
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Abstract: This paper describes the cross-talk problems in printed circuit board design. Some I. INTRODUCTION Crosstalk is an unwanted electromagnetic coupling from source trace to the victim trace in the printed circuit board . It

Adaptive Irrigation System Based On Fuzzy Logic
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4 MANUFACTURING 4.1 PCB Designing The most vital element in electronic circuits and equipment is the Printed Circuit Board (PCB) 4.1 Designing Process Depend on printed circuit board manufacturer, there are numerous ways available for designing PCBs

Smart Controller for Industrial Internet of Things: Design and Implementation
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1) Analysis and selection of the microcontroller; 2) Development of a printed circuit board ; 3) Programming the main functionality of the microcon- troller; 4) Design and manufacture of the housing; 5) Assembly of the printed circuit board and assembly of the intelligent controller

MODELLING OF HEAT PROCESSES FOR DATA TRANSMISSION EQUIPMENT FOR OPERATION AT HIGH TEMPERATURE
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1438 The heating components on the printed circuit board (PCB) were identified using a thermal imager Testo 868.The thermography camera has an accuracy of ± 2 ºC, ± 2 % of the measurement value Silicone 2 Printed circuit board (PCB) 144x122x1.7 Laminate FR4 0.3

IPC-A-610 STANDARD IN ELECTRIC AND ELECTRONIC LABORATORY FOR ENGINEERING STUDENTS: A SYSTEMATIC
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Printed circuit board (PCB) creates platform for the majority of the electronic component placement Automated optical inspection (aoi) is commonly used in the electronic manufacturing sectors to fix solder joint and connectivity issues in the printed circuit board (pcb)

Flexible PCB Coils for Wireless Power Transfer System Using Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Induction
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Z Zhong, Y Zhong materials.international Abstract: A novel flexible coil using PCB( printed circuit board )printing technology was designed Keywords: Wireless Power Transfer(WPT); Flexible Electronics; Printed Circuit Board ; Flexible PCB Coil. by the authors

ANALYSIS OF MACHINE AVAILABILITY AT SURFACE-MOUNT TECHNOLOGY (SMT) LINE USING WITNESS SIMULATION
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The process is used to mount electronic components on the surface of printed circuit boards . The components need to be directly mounted onto the printed circuit board rather than wired or inserted through Page 2 Printed Circuit Board Passive Type

RECYCLING ELECTRONIC WASTE. STUDY FOR THE RECOVERY OF PRECIOUS METALS
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Abstract This paper presents the results obtained in recovering precious metals from electronic waste ( printed circuit board PCB) by using simple mechanical and chemical procedures Keywords: gold; silver; printed circuit board ; waste management. 1. Introduction

Design Optimization of Coreless Axial-flux PM Machines with
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In order to make full use of the advantages offered by these machines and avoid excessive eddy current losses in windings, advanced technologies for winding conductors need to be employed to suppress the eddy effect, such as the Litz wire and printed circuit board (PCB)

A Review on Experimental Analysis of Protective Coating Used During Micro Drilling of PCB
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722 Abstract: A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from copper sheets laminated onto a non-conductive substrate

Text Recognition in PCBs: An Object Character Recognition (OCR) Algorithm
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International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics Communication Engineering (IJARECE)., 2(1), 15-21. Joe G. 2014. Printed Circuit Board Deconstruction Techniques. 8th USENIX Workshop on Offensive Technologies (WOOT 14). Texas, United States, 8th-9th

A Framework for Automated Alignment Layer Identification of X-Ray Tomography Imaged PCBs
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Keywords printed circuit board ; reverse engineering; ma- chine learning; clustering; computer vision; pattern recognition; X-ray computed tomography; 1 I Fig. 1: Digital printed circuit board layout images of RASC PCB. Layers

Design of a high performance narrowband low noise amplifier using an on-chip orthogonal series stacked differential fractal inductor for 5G applications
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The proposed inductor is fabricated on a multilayer printed circuit board and the measurement results demonstrate twice the enhancement in inductance, 56% improvement in quality factor, and 33% reduction in series resistance when compared to the conventional series

A Novel Approach to the PCBAs Defects Detection Using Background Algorithm
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(E-mail: danielb.katze@gmail.com) Abstract Currently the AVI systems expand so much time to realize the inspection of PCBAs ( Printed Circuit Board Assemblies) component by component. In this article, we focused to provideESP32 integrates an antenna switch, RF balun, power amplifier, low-noise receive amplifier, filters, and power management modules. As such, the entire solution occupies minimal Printed Circuit Board (PCB) area HC-12-Wireless Transceiver Module- SI4463

Design of Compact Wide Band Microstrip Antenna
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The proposed antenna is etched onto a FR4 printed circuit board with an overall size of 35mm x 28mm x 1.6mm. The parameters are optimized using ADS simulation software.The minimum return loss of18dB is obtained at resonant frequency of 6.8 GHz

Press-fit Whiskers Risk Assessment by Simulation
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The press-fit technology, by definition, relies for the electrical contact in the mechanical contact pressure between Pin and Printed Circuit Board Fig. 3 Pin geometry and assembly with Printed Cir- cuit Board Page 3. layer copper 1.6 mm thick Printed Circuit Board (right) These made the signal integrity analysis is a challengine task to printed circuit board designers Xu and Wang investigated grounded guard trace to suppress interference due to clock trace in high speed printed circuit board

A Low-Profile RF Wire-to- Board Connector Design for Millimeter Wave Applications
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1. A clamshell type WTB connector is proposed, which uses the surface mount technology (SMT) to mount on a printed circuit board . A test board trace layout is designed with the ground coplanar waveguide (GCPW) on RO3003 substrate

DETECTION OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
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Page 41. 41 DETECTION OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS Gowri A (182MCA25) II MCA Introduction Detection of electrical components like transistor, capacitor, diode, PCB ( Printed Circuit Board ) and resistor is carried out by three major steps

EFFECTIVE CONTROL OF SOLAR POWER SYSTEM BY AUTOMATIC TRACKER
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WH Oo, KM Win, HH Win, T Aung maas.edu.mm The Proteus 8.1 software is a Printed Circuit Board (PCB) design software integrated with the simulation of the circuit design XVIII.No.2A 527 Creating Circuit Track Lines for PCB Design The TraxMaker is electronic design automation software for printed circuit board design

euspens 20th International Conference Exhibition, Geneva, CH, June 2020
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small tolerances. The accuracy of positioning the functional components on the printed circuit board (PCB) often does not fulfil the requested demands so that there is a need for compensating misalignment errors. For that purpose

DESIGN OF A MICROSTRIP MONOPOLE ANTENNA FOR ULTRA-WIDE-BAND APPLICATIONS
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ABSTRACT Now a days, Due to the property of they can be directly printed onto the circuit board due to this property patch or microstrip antennas are increasingly useful. Within the mobile phone market, Microstrip antennas are becoming very widespread

Printed Feed Network on a Single Surface for Dual Polarized Antenna Array
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Dual polarized (dual-pol) antenna arrays, with shared single-cross-slot-aperture (SCSA) elements, designed on printed circuit board are attractive choices , . In this regard, MSL feed-networks are conventionally implemented on separate layers to have high ports isolation

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