solar energy research papers 92







Solar Project funded by USDA Rural Energy for America Program (REAP)
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Solar Project funded by USDA Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Bruce Haley Pecan Producer Bonham Haley Mountain States Pecans Roswell, NM In Oct of 2010 I was introduced to the idea of Solar Energy.

Perspective of Solar Energy and Socio-economic decentralization in Bangladesh
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ABSTRACT Civilization is heading towards the zenith of technology where electricity is becoming an inevitable factor for socio-economic growth indicator of a country. Till now majority portion of world s electricity demand is met by oil, coal, natural gas etc.

Net-Zero Energy Homes: Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Scenario Analysis Based on Current and Future Costs
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respectively (NRCan 1997). In order to ensure future optimal integration of solar energy technologies and avoid snow accumulation, the attic type of roof was specified to be south facing and at a 45o slope. The building envelope

Solar Energy and Rural Development-an exploration into end-users impact evaluation
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ABSTRACT The current thesis addresses the question, in which way solar energy impacts on rural development in off-grid areas. For this a field study was conducted in the village Rema in Amhara region, Ethiopia, which utilizes solar home systems for lighting,

A STUDY OF SOLAR ENERGY RESOURCES IN INDIA
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ABSTRACT Renewable energy is energy which comes from natural resources such as sunlight wind rain tides and geothermal heat, which are renewable naturally replenished. About 16% of global final energy consumption comes form biomass with 10

Solar and Wind Energy Assessment and Forecasting
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Solar Energy Resource and Distribution Solar radiation concentrates on the spectrum between 200 and 4000 nanometers (nm). As Fig.  Solar energy can be converted directly or indirectly into other forms of energy, such as heat and electricity.

Analysis of the Thermodynamic Parameters of Adsorption on Silica Gel Machine for Cooling, Powered Solar Energy: Application Case
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 ABSTRACT The characteristics of solid absorbents have interesting applications in adsorption systems; the lack of rectification and the constant pressure in discontinuous engines. Besides with salt hydrates it is possible the utilization in the solar applications

Potential Applications for Solar Photocatalysis: From Environmental Remediation to Energy Conversion
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Utility Scale Solar Power with Minimal Energy Storage
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panaceas to power from fossil fuels, suffers from two deficiencies: the density of energy available, and the unreliability of power production. Density limits

Energy Efficient Solar Refrigeration System
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Abstract The scientific basis for the utilization of solar energy by man was acquired some years ago, but until recently it was not considered technologically feasible to make use of it on a large scale. Approaches can be devised to

Multiple Linear Regression Formula for the Probability of the Average Daily Solar Energyusing the Queue System
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ABSTRACT The multiple linear regression formula of the probability of the averaged daily solar energy reaching a specific location on the earth s surface in a calendar month was obtained with the assumption that the arrival process of clouds and solar

Potential of solar Energy in Zarqa Region
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ABSTRACT The purpose of this work is to present the potential of solar energy in Zarqa region. The solar radiation along year 2009 was obtained from Pyranometer which measures the global radiation over horizontal surfaces. Solar data in several different

Beam and Diffuse Solar Energy in Zarqa City
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ABSTRACT Beam and diffuse radiation data are extracted analytically from previous measured data on a horizontal surface in Zarqa city. Moreover, radiation data on a tilted surfaces with different slopes have been derived and analyzed. These data are

Organic Solar Cell-The Future Energy Resource
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scanners or medical imaging and solar power applications on uneven surfaces. Keywords: Organic Solar Cell, Renewable energy sources, Solar Energy Introduction The conversion of solar light into electric power requires the

The Impact of Financial Structure on the Cost of Solar Energy
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Executive Summary To stimulate investment in renewable energy generation projects, the federal government developed a series of support structures that reduce taxes for eligible investors-the investment tax credit, the production tax credit, and accelerated

Conference 8438: Photonics for Solar Energy Systems
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Up-conversion (UC) and down-conversion (DC) of sunlight are two possible routes for improving energy harvesting over the whole solar spectrum and overcoming the Shockley-Queisser limit for a singlejunction photovoltaic (PV) device. The effect of adding

SOLAR ENERGY APPLICATIONS IN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA
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Subsaharan Africa lies between the tropics and is bounded on the north by the Sahara desert and on the south by the Kalahari desert. It consists of fourty-four countries (45, if Namibia is included) and is inhabited by over four hundred and fifty million people..

Solar Radiation Models and Information for Renewable Energy Applications
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The amount of solar radiation finally reaching the surface of earth depends quite significantly on the concentration of airborne particulate matter gaseous pollutants and water (vapour, liquid or solid) in the sky, which can further attenuate the solar energy and change

chassis design of solar vehicle



Optimal design of a hybrid solar vehicle
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The last two terms account for: i) reduction in chassis weight if aluminum is used [14] and ii) cost reduction for Internal Combustion Engine in HSV (where it is assumed PICE = PEG/EG) withA comprehensive model for the study and the optimal design of a solar hybrid vehicle

Optimal design of a hybrid electric car with solar cells
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vehicles, an estimation of the additional costs related to hybridization and to solar panel installation The payback is assumed as objective function, while design variables X are represented by Car dimensions (l,w,h) and by the weight reduction factor of carchassis with respect

A parametric study of the design variables for a hybrid electric car with solar cells
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to power ratio are encouraging, a more detailed model for carchassis, relating power Vehicle, Proceedings of ESDA2002 6th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis Gomez de Silva, Jaime; Svenson, Ron (1993), Tonatiuh, the Mexican Solar Race Car

Rover chassis evaluation and design optimisation using the RCET
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The facilities and methodology used in the frame of this activity for validating the tools is also brieflyThis highlights the importance of using simulation tools for supporting the design of a rover chassis and[4] S. Michaud, L. Richter and al., RCET: Rover Chassis Evaluation Tools

Hybrid Vehicles and Solar Energy: a Possible Marriage
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of a general model considering both technical and economic aspects related to the design and operationComponent CC HSV Chassis 1100 936 ICE 150 71 EM 93 EG 29 PV 36 BatteriesBoth PO and IC strategies, if properly designed, correctly work in presence of a uniform

A web-based intelligent collaborative system for engineering design
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The tree structure is so designed that a designer at any time can work on any sub-tree of thethe tasks of the team is to design a reliable latch mechanism that holds the base frame with theas shown in Figures 2.13 and 2.14, from which the team needs to select the better design.

ExoMars rover chassis analysis and design
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Traction analysis is dependent on footprint, so cannot differentiate between chassis suspension designs unless they yieldIn fact, all chassis suspension systems are designed to provide just this – equal load distribution4. Selected baseline chassisdesign (from EADS Astrium)

Vehicle of change
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with today's truck plat- form derivatives, it will be possible to design the chassis Huge assembly plants put out three sizes of fuel-cell skateboard chassis [compact, midsizeChristopher E. Borroni-Bird Designing AUTOnomy, Available at www.sciam.com/explore%5fdirectory .cfm

International building code
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This publication is designed to assist those code users in identifying the specific code changes thatthe need for a modern, up-to-date building code addressing the design and installationbased principles that make possible the use of new materials and new building designs.

RCET: rover chassis evaluation tools
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A set of tools is being prepared in the frame of ESA activity [18191/04/NL] labelledis not only a complete set of tools for rover chassis evaluation and design, but alsoet al, Rover Mobility Performance Evaluation Tool (RMPET): A Systematic Tool for Rover Chassis Evaluation via

Sun-synchronous lunar polar rover as a first step to return to the moon
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and a clock to determine the full six degree-of-freedom pose of the rover in an absolute reference frame.To aid in the chassisdesign, we must simulate lunar terramechanics.This will be facilitated by a mobility fixture (similar to a treadmill) to allow the chassis to be run while

Method and experimental based design: An approach to freshman and sophomore engineering design projects
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This paper presents the design project activity designed into a freshman/sophomore sequence of courses required of engineering Chassis, drive train and cell mount designs evolved from matching the motor to the power source and load basedSecond Semester Design Activity

Attitude Control System Design for the Solar Dynamics Observatory
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attitude error is obtained by crossing the measured Sun vector in the body frame with themay be filtered with up to a fourth-order discrete filter, with a different design possible inAlthough the PD controller is not designed specifically for tracking, it is quite capable of acquiring within the solar array area and pioneered an unusual chassisdesign, a triangular chassis with abut there is a lot of room for improvement in the battery component of the cardesign.For example, in 1993, Hoerner said, Michelin designed a car tire with very low rolling resistance

Ecological interface design for solar car strategy: From state equations to visual relations.
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The resulting chassis energy balance graphical form is found at the top center of Fig.Visual representations must be designed with care, ensuring that they are supported by adequateWang, Joe Crampton, and Matthew Ying for their contributions to the interface design, as well

Investigating the design space for solar sail trajectories in the earth-moon system
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This information is also useful for potential hybrid solar-sail-low-thrust designs.Fig. (5). Rotation from the solarframe, S to the sailcraft frame, C via an intermediate frame, D . Page 6. Investigating the Design Space for Solar Sail Trajectories in the Earth–Moon System

The development of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV); a brief summary
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In November of 1879, the Reverend George W. Garrett designed, what was considered by some toUndersea Systems Institute) developed the EAVE vehicle (an open space-frame AUV) inThis system demands a detailed design of onboard energy management; both during the

Roaz autonomous surface vehicle design and implementation
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The transformation between body fixed coordinates and inertial frame measured positions is given by:In this work the design and current status of implementation for the autonomous surface vehicle The vehicle was designed to perform missions in river and estuarine scenarios

A Successful Interdisciplinary Engineering Design Experience
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Other analog parameters may include wind speed and frame vibration.Overall, the design experience was extremely good for the students.So, even though they designed a slow car, they were quite successful in their engineering analysis. Reference:

Design of an aerodynamic green car
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All the other components of the car will not be included in this report. Choice of the material for chassis is shortly going to be discussed.Page 21. 20 2.2 Solar power 2.2.1 The Solar array design They were originally designed for satellites, but at a tenfold price increase.

GOING GREEN: The ChallengesThe Solutions
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accomplished through space frame construction.The chassis and bodywork are constructed from carbon fiber and composite materials; low rolling resistancewater efficiency, energyatmosphere, materialsresources, indoor environmental quality and innovation in design.

Solar powered wheel chair: Mobility for physically challenged
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The height of the frame is 105cm, width is 57cm, and seating area is 41X41 cm2A purported advantage of this design is that no additional transmission system is needed, increasing theIt is designed to enable hemi-pelagic wheelchair users to drive, brake and steer a single

Interstellar probe using a solar sail: Conceptual design and technological challenges
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The concept developed by JPL's mission design team met all requirements.The spacecraft is designed for a mission to 200 AU with consumables to last to 400 AU (~30 year missionEach segment is unfolded by pulling on a wire connecting the segment to the center (7th frame).

Optimal design and control of axial-flux brushless dc wheel motor for electrical vehicles
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for the insulation Class H. The lower temperature around 48 Chappens at the frame surface, wheretype axial-flux brushless dc wheel motors of three and four phases have been successfully designed, fabricated and

Concept, design, and prototyping of XSAS: A high power extendable solar array for CubeSat applications
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parameter, is the orbital radius, is the zenith vector in body coordinates, and is the diagonal inertial matrix in the body frame.The standardized geometry of COTS chassis makes them unsuitable for use on these componentsThis design did not meet COTS and size requirements

Analog pressurized Mars rover design
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The equipment and cabinets inside the crew cabin are secured by steel bars welded to the outer frame.Our team used several general layout concepts to design the interior.This configuration is constrained by the existing truck chassis that was available as a base vehicle.

ROAZ and ROAZ II autonomous surface vehicle design and implementation
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The vehicle overall dimensions are 1.5x1x0.52m, and the hulls were designed in order toThe ROAZ II system followed a catamaran design and was developed in order to allow fullConsidering a pinhole camera model, image plane points relate to the camera frame points by

Experimental solar-based charging station for electric vehicles
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Probably this efficiency could be improved by a more judicious design of the charger elements. This regulator has been designed and implemented by two French students during the 2009dealt with the different tasks such as realization of the mechanical frame, assembling and

Sunrayce 97-A New Learning Experience for the Engineering Technology Students at Middle Tennessee State University
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1). The frame has a double roll cage built as an integral part and weighs 98 lb.An aerodynamic analysis image for one body design is shown in FIG. 2.4,5 Two team members have performed chassis impact safety analysis for the Solaraider II. 6 They

Development of the exomars chassis and locomotion subsystem
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Taking into account all design drivers, a detailed investigation of suitable passive suspensions was performed in the frame of the ESA activity Exomars Phase B1 Rover[2] S. Michaud, L. Richter and al., Rover Chassis Evaluation and Design Optimisation using the

Flight tests of an unmanned air vehicle with integrated multi-antenna GPS receiver and IMU: towards a testbed for distributed control and formation flight
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the direction cosine matrix describing the orientation of the estimated body frame relative to the inertial frame.Algorithms for cooperative flight path planning, approach traffic alerting, blunder recovery, and design of escape maneuvers will be designed and tested on the

Development of a Racing Strategy for a Solar Car
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Therefore, the comparison chart presented in Table 1.4 must be considered as a comparison of the initial design of an inexperienced team with the upper limit in Chassis Weight (w/o driver) [kg] Frame 165 carbon fiber, circular cross section Single front wheel Two rear wheels

A solar energy system for long-term deployment of AUVs
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battery chassis length: 480 mm has positive buoyancy of about 1 kg depth capability: 101 MPa 1000 mIn this case, the EMS and the recharging system was designed and manufactured by IMTP.The mission selection will be critical to the design of this vehicle.

Unmanned surface vehicles–a survey
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The Owl is a Jet Ski chassis equipped with a modified low-profile hull for increased stealth and An additional consideration for platform stability is the basic design of the USV.of RMS realized that this limita- tion need not apply to unmanned systems, and designed the RMS USV

Solar Eclipse: The Failure of a Promising Technology
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solar cars [7]. So for parts such as the motor and drive train, the frame/chassis, wheels, andPratt recalls one instance when he designed a motor controller that failed in a way suchThe design of this motor controller was extremely simple, consisting of two finite state machines.

Development of the University of Wisconsin's Parallel Hybrid-Electric Sport Utility Vehicle
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h April May Design Component Selection Building of Al Frame Component Arrival Steel Chassis Testing of Al Frame Testing Components Arrival of Al Frame Components in Frame Truck Drivable This option was the easiest to implement and fulfilled our design goals.

Solar aircraft: future need
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aircraft of size to fit in a small aeroshell for a scientific mission, has been designed and analyzed. Slightly less efficient than single crystal, but once set into a frame with 36 or so otherThese metrics are related to the design of the aircraft, the energy transmitter to the duration and

Introducing the Design Process to Beginners: The Spiral Model
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Mini-Baha vehicles have been designed and constructed as a two quarter Senior Design Each had also chosen to affiliate with one of four design teams: AerodynamicsElectrical, responsible for batteries, motor, controls, and Mechanical, responsible for chassis and suspension.

Photovoltaic solar panel resistance to simulated hail
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A total of sixteen panel designs from nine manufacturers were tested.Some additional discussion of the salient design features of these modules is considered necessary to betterspace between the top and bottom acrylic sheets, both being held in an extruded aluminum frame.
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solar energy research papers 91

solar energy research papers 93

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