Design of low-power CMOS transceiver front end for 2.4-GHz WPAN applications
1Rajalakshmi Institute of Technology, Kuthambakkam Post, National Highway 4, Chembarambakkam,
Chennai 600124, Tamil Nadu, India
2Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, India
3RFIC Technologies, ST Johns’ Road, Ulsoor, Bangalore 560042, India

Abstract. This paper describes the design of low-power direct conversion transceiver front end for WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network) applications using TSMC 0.13 lm CMOS technology. Subharmonic mixers are proposed to mitigate the drawbacks of DC offset problem in direct conversion receiver and injection locking problem in direct conversion transmitter. The receiver front end comprises a low-noise amplifier (LNA), balun and subharmonic mixer. The direct conversion transmitter front end adopts a subharmonic passive mixer, differential to single-ended converter, driver and power amplifier. The post-layout simulation results produce voltage gain of 29 dB, noise figure of 5.84 dB, IIP3 of – 12 dBm and 1.79 mW consumption power for receiver front end at a supply voltage of 0.8 V. The transmitter front end achieves conversion gain of 15 dB, 0 dBm output 1-dB compression point (OP1dB) and 4.27 mW power consumption.
Keywords. Low-noise amplifier; subharmonic mixer; power amplifier; CMOS.
1. Introduction
The Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Network (LR-WPAN) applications are increasing in our daily life such as automation and control, monitoring, asset tracking, security, etc. In LR-WPAN, the 2.4-GHz physical layer of the IEEE 802.15.4 standard attracts a lot of focus from the wireless industry. The emergence of LR-WPAN applications is continuously increasing the demand of System-on-Chip (SOC) products using CMOS technology. The advantages of CMOS technology have increased the need for recent research on low-power RF transceivers. To provide a longer battery life, low-power circuit techniques are essential to reduce power consumption in LR-WPAN transceiver front end while obtaining optimal performance.


@ engpaper.com published paper



[31] Akbarzhon Madaminov, “Recommendation Systems”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/recommendation-systems.htm
[32] Aathi oli.S , “REVIEW PAPER ON PHISHING ATTACKS”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/review-paper-on-phishing-attacks.htm
[33] Rania Fernando, “IoT based – Street Light Controlling System”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/iot-based-street-light-controlling-system.htm
[34] K. SAI BHARGAV, V. RAJENDRA, “Study on Data Structures for Machine Learning”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/data-structures-for-machine-learning.htm
[35]Brundha P, Guruprasad K N, Amith V Hiremath,Sirisha R, Chandrakanth G Pujari , “Face Detection Based Smart Attendance System Using Haar Cascade Algorithm”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/face-detection-based-smart-attendance-system.htm
[36] Afsana Nadaf , “RFID BASED LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/rfid-based-library-management-system.htm
[37] Mr. Vedant Thube, Neha Thakur, Mr. Siddhesh Balsaraf,Ms. Priyanka Hanchate, Dr. S. D. Sawarkar , “Accident Prevention using Eye Drowsiness & Yawning Detection”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/accident-prevention-paper.htm
[38] Abhishek A Hishobkar, Rutuja Gaonkar, Jagdish Chintamani , “DIGITAL DIARY”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/digital-diary.htm
[39] Pooman Suryavanshi, Aryan Ghadge, Manali Kharat , “TAXI SERVICE for VISUALLY IMPAIRED”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/taxi-service-for-visually-impaired.htm
[40] Mr. Pankaj yadav, Shila Jawale, Mr. Ashutosh Mahadik, Ms. Neha Nivalkar, Dr. S. D. Sawarkar , “NEWS ARTICLES CLASSIFICATION”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/news-articles-classification.htm
[41] Rahul Chavan, Manvee Bhoir, Gaurav Sapkale, Anita Mhatre, “Smart Tourist Guide System”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/smart-tourist-guide-system.htm
[42] Rutik Desai, Akash Jadhav,Suraj Sawant ,Neha Thakur , “Accident Detection Using ML and AI Techniques”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/accident-detection-using-ml-and-ai-techniques.htm
[43] Anagha Vishe,Akash Shirsath, Sayali Gujar, Neha Thakur , “Student Attendance System using Face Recognition”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/student-attendance-system-using-face-recognition.htm
[44] Ms.Sayali Patekar, Shila jawale, Ms.Pranali Kurhade, Mr.Shubham Khamkar , “Smart Classroom Application”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/smart-classroom-application.htm
[45] DOSHI SAKSHI, DEVYANI CHAUDHARI, POOJA GAIKWAD, RUTUJA CHABUKSWAR,MRS. SUJATA KOLHE, “TOURISM SIMPLIFIED THROUGH VOICE”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/tourism-simplified-through-voice.htm
[46] Afreen Fathima,Samreen Jameel, Pathan Ahmed khan , “ACCIDENT DETECTION AND ALERTING SYSTEM”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/accident-detection-and-alerting-system.htm
[47] Suman Zareen, Tuba Masood, Pathan Ahmed khan, “E-Commerce Web Application with Augmented Reality”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/e-commerce-web-application-with-augmented-reality.htm
[48] Lok Shan CHAN, “Selection of Waterfall and Agile Methodologies in Software Testing”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/selection-of-waterfall-and-agile-methodologies-in-software-testing.htm
[49] Barve Rutu, “CLOUD COMPUTING SYSTEM FOR GAMING”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/cloud-computing-system-for-gaming.htm
[50] Harshvardhan Singh, “Machine Learning: Fake News Blocking”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/machine-learning-fake-news-blocking.htm
[51] M.Al Batahari, “SERVERS ROOM MONITORING SYSTEM USING IOT”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/servers-room-monitoring-system-using-iot.htm
[52] AYUSHI ANKITA RAKSHIT, “VIRTUAL MASTER USING PYTHON”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/virtual-master-using-python.htm
[53] Baldeep Kaur, “REAL TIME SLEEP DROWSINESS DETECTION USING FACE RECOGNITION”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/real-time-sleep-drowsiness-detection-using-face-recognition.htm
[54] Suchitav Khadanga, “Two Stage CMOS Operational Amplifier From Specification to Design”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/opamp-operational-amplifier-design.htm
[55] nidhi sharma, “Introduction to Remote Sensing”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/introduction-to-remote-sensing.htm
[56] Rohith N Reddy, “COVID-19 Detection using SVM Classifier”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/covid-19-detection-using-svm-classifier.htm
[57] Swapnil Kole, “COVID-19 Database on Consortium Blockchain”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/covid-19-database-on-consortium-blockchain.htm
[58] TejalLengare, PallaviSonawane, PrachiGunjal, ShubhamDhire, Prof.Shaikh.J.N , “Accident Detection & Avoidance System in Vehicles”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/accident-detection-and-avoidance-system-in-vehicles.htm
[59] Abhishek Pawshekar, Deepti More, Akash Khade, Pratiksha Wagh, Ganesh Ubale, “Augmented Reality: to converting and placing object into 3D model”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/augmented-reality-survey.htm
[60] ABDUL KHADER.A.S, A.R.PRADEEP, Dr.T.V.Mallesh, S.R.Ramesh, “PARAMETRIC BEHAVIOUR OF BOX GIRDER BRIDGES UNDER DIFFERENT RADIUS OF CURVATURE & VARYING SPANS”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/parametric-behaviour-of-box-girder-bridges.htm
[61] Prof.Ubale.G.S, Pranjal Adhav,Pooja Gaikwad, Sushama Nadavade ,Pooja Kale , “Iot based Bridge Monitoring System”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/iot-based-bridge-monitoring-system.htm
[62] Divya Deewan, Priyanka Maheshwari, Sanjay Jain, “A REVIEW OF BATTERY-SUPERCAPACITOR HYBRID ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM SCHEMES FOR POWER SYSTEM APPLICATION”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/hybrid-energy-storage-system-schemes-for-power-system-application.htm
[63] Prof.Ansari.M.B, Pranjal Adhav,Pooja Gaikwad,Sushama Nadavade,Pooja Kale, “Survey on MyHelper IOT based Bridge Monitoring System”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/survey-on-myhelper-iot-based-bridge-monitoring-system.htm
[64] Shreyas.S.J, Saddam hussain, Chaithra E, “COMPARATIVE STUDY ON SEISMIC RESPONSE OF MASONRY INFILLED RC FRAME BUILDINGS AND MIVAN BUILDINGS WITH DIFFERENT PERCENTAGE OF WALL OPENINGS”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/seismic-response-of-masonry-infilled-rc-frame-buildings-and-mivan-buildings.htm
[65] Yusuf Ali Hassan, “Somali Power-Grid Significant Challenges”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/somali-power-grid-significant-challenges.htm
[66] Ahmed N. Elhefnawy, “Refractive IR Objective Optical Design Operating in LWIR band For Military Observation Applications”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/refractive-ir-objective-optical-design.htm
[67] S MANJULA, D SELVATHI and SUCHITAV KHADANGA, “Design of low-power CMOS transceiver front end for 2.4-GHz WPAN applications”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/low-power-cmos-transceiver-front-end.htm
[68] Suchitav Khadanga, “Fabrication of MEMS Pressure Sensor on thin film membrane”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/fabrication-of-mems-pressure-sensor-on-thin-film-membrane.htm
[69] Suchitav Khadanga and Dr. K.R.Suresh Nair, “An Introduction to Bluetooth”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/an-introduction-to-bluetooth.htm
[70] Suchitav Khadanga and S. Ahmad, “DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF LOW COST MICROWAVE OSCILLATOR”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/design-and-fabrication-of-low-cost-microwave-oscillator.htm
[71] Ameen Ahmed, Noushad S, Suchitav Khadanga, K.R.Suresh Nair, P.K.Radhakrishnan, “DEVELOPMENT OF LOW PHASE NOISE SMALL FOOT PRINT SURFACE MOUNT VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/development-of-low-phase-noise-small-foot-print-surface-mount-voltage-controlled-oscillator.htm
[72] Suchitav Khadanga , “Synchronous programmable divider design for PLL Using 0.18 um cmos technology”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/synchronous-programmable-divider-design-for-pll.htm
[73] Kavya.G.R, Shivaraju.G.D, Dr. T V Mallesh, S R Ramesh, “PROGRESSIVE COLLAPSE RESISTANCE OF FLAT SLAB BUILDING”, Engpaper Journal, https://www.engpaper.com/progressive-collapse-resistance-of-flat-slab-building.htm Copyright protected @ ENGPAPER.COM and AUTHORS https://www.engpaper.com