SOMALI POWER GRID SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGES


Yusuf Ali Hassan

Junior engineer
Electrical Electronics Telecommunication Engineering (EETE).
Dhaka International University of Bangladesh

Abstract
Since the collapse of the military government in Somalia, the lives and all basic needs of the nation have been shattered in 1991 and the role of the government has disappeared, such as Hospitals, Water Supplies, Power Supplies (Electric) and etc.
Thereafter, private companies were set up to meet the demand for electricity all of which use diesel generations imported from Gulf countries, on their production is very limited and their time life is short also their cost is high, and this is main of the reasons why electricity costs are rising high as I discussed of this paper.

Introduction
My personal research and reading has found reliable sources of Somali energy science who have presented comparative studies and publications.Somalia’s power sector faces significant challenges, including lack of sufficiently trained labor, a weak regulatory environment, high investment costs, scarcity of energy production supplies, and poor infrastructure. Given the unavailability of traditional project finance, coupled with local Islamic financial practices, Somalia has developed its own capital-raising mechanisms for infrastructure projects which are evolving as projects grow in size and scale. Companies have successfully raised significant sums from diaspora populations in the U.S. and beyond for energy projects. Despite great strides made recently by the private sector to increase the production and distribution of electricity, the annual consumption of electricity per capita remains among the lowest in Africa and customers pay a high rate 50-125 cents/kWh compared to 0.15 cents/kWh in Kenya and 0.6 cents/kWh in Ethiopia.. Private sector players supply more than 90 percent of power in urban and peri-urban areas using local private mini-grids. They have invested in diesel-based systems of between 500 kVA to 5000 kVA installed capacity per mini-grid. These mini-grids are normally zoned with each operator building, owning and operating the generation, transmission, distribution, maintenance and collecting tariffs. Thus, more than 68 percent of urban/peri urban areas have access to electricity, though at a high cost that might reach a maximum of $1/kWh, one of the costliest places in the world to buy power according to the World Bank papers.
General Production EnergyinSomalia
Since the fall of the central government of Somalia in 1991, electricity service has only played a unique role for Somalis. The generation capacity currently installed is approximately 106 megawatts (MW). as reported by us aid, Although most power companies rely on diesel generators, interest and investment are growing in integrated systems from solar and windenergy resources.
A question has asked one of the companies operating in Mogadishu in the field of electricity told me that they produce 70 megawatts (MW) of energy. In terms of its role as a company, the private energy company in Mogadishu is not the biggest one.

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